Zeman, a man pronounced [ZEHmahn], and zemianka, a woman pronounced [ZEHmyahnkah], in Slovak, nemes pronounced [NEHmesh] in Hungarian, and nobilis in Latin, were the corresponding words for the title of the lowest-ranking nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary. The Slovak language ( slovenčina, slovenský jazyk, not to be confused with Slovenščina) sometimes referred to as "Slovakian" Hungarian ( magyar nyelv) is a Uralic language (more specifically a Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Nobility is a government-privileged title which may be either hereditary (see Hereditary titles) or for a lifetime The Kingdom of Hungary (short form Hungary) was a considerable state in Central Europe that existed from 1001 to 1918 then from 1919 to 1946 In the hierarchy it was placed under the baron. Baron is a specific Title of nobility. The word baron comes from Old French baron, itself from Old High German and Latin (liber
The Hungarian and Latin words (Latin was the kingdom's language of administration until the 19th century) could also be used in the more general sense of "a nobleman," but they had the specific meaning identifying a noble person of this particular rank in the kingdom. Hungarian ( magyar nyelv) is a Uralic language (more specifically a Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The Kingdom of Hungary (short form Hungary) was a considerable state in Central Europe that existed from 1001 to 1918 then from 1919 to 1946 The Slovak version of the title stemmed from an old broader word related to "land" (zem) that they were given when the largest number of them were ennobled, which was in return for helping King Béla IV to defend the country during the Mongol invasions of 1241-1242. The Slovak language ( slovenčina, slovenský jazyk, not to be confused with Slovenščina) sometimes referred to as "Slovakian" Béla IV (IV Béla (1206 &ndash 3 May 1270 King of Hungary and Croatia (1214-1270 Duke of Styria (1254-1258 The Battle of Mohi, or Battle of the Sajó River, (on April 11, 1241) was the main Battle between the Mongols and the Kingdom To serve in arms when called on became one of the zemans' few obligations towards the king.
For much of the kingdom's existence, the zemans answered only to the king, they were outside any other nobleman's power and did not fall under their county's judiciary. They did not pay taxes, were automatically members of the Diet, elected their county officials, could not be ordered to convert from Lutheranism (mostly Slovaks) and Calvinism (mostly Hungarians) to Catholicism during the Habsburgs' forceful Counter-Reformation, and enjoyed other privileges of people free of feudal oppression. Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther } The Slovaks or Slovakians are a western Slavic People that primarily inhabit Slovakia and speak the Slovak language, which is Calvinism (sometimes called the Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology) is a theological system and an approach to the Hungarians (or Magyars, magyarok are an Ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. The Counter-Reformation (also Catholic Reformation denotes the period of Catholic revival from the pontificate of Pope Pius IV in 1560 to the close of the Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval Europe Political system composed
Their title differed from the higher noblemen's titles in that it was inherited by all the zeman's children equally in each generation. Their ratio in society therefore did not decline as the population grew. A male zeman's children, sons as well as daughters, were all born zemans regardless of the status of their mother (when a female commoner married a zeman, her status was effectively raised). A female zemianka who married a commoner retained her noble status for the rest of her life, but it did not transfer to her husband and her children were born commoners.
The zemans were somewhat more concentrated in the kingdom's northern counties (present-day Slovakia). Upper Hungary is the usual English translation of two terms 1 Slovakia (long form Slovak Republic; Slovak:, long form, is a Landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million It is estimated that about 4. 6% households were zeman families in that region, although there were differences — some areas had fewer of them, some villages were inhabited predominantly by zemans.  Some zemans eventually became farmers not necessarily wealthier than their neighbors, but their status of the king's free and privileged subjects contributed to the dynamics of the kingdom's societies and to the development of its cultures. The Kingdom of Hungary (short form Hungary) was a considerable state in Central Europe that existed from 1001 to 1918 then from 1919 to 1946
The practical implications of their privileged status began to disappear with the reforms of Joseph II that gradually gave more freedom to the rest of the population and curbed the nobility's privileges as the kingdom became more firmly integrated in the Habsburg monarchy. Heir and co-regent Joseph was born in the midst of the early upheavals of the War of the Austrian Succession. The Kingdom of Hungary (short form Hungary) was a considerable state in Central Europe that existed from 1001 to 1918 then from 1919 to 1946 Habsburg Monarchy (alternatively Habsburg Empire) refers to the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor Among the Kingdom of Hungary's zemans with entries in Wikipedia were Anton Bernolák, Štefan Marko Daxner, Janko Jesenský, Adam František Kollár, Lajos Kossuth, Sándor Petőfi, and Jonáš Záborský. The Kingdom of Hungary (short form Hungary) was a considerable state in Central Europe that existed from 1001 to 1918 then from 1919 to 1946 Anton Bernolák ( 1 October 1762 in Slanica (Szlanica a now inundated village near Námestovo) – 15 January 1813 Štefan Marko Daxner ( 26 December 1822, Tisovec - 11 April 1892, Tisovec was a Slovak lower nobleman, politician Janko Jesenský ( December 30, 1874 in Martin (Túrócszentmárton present day Slovakia – December 27, 1945 in Adam František Kollár (1718-1783 − Adam Franz Kollár in older English sources a Slovak lower nobleman, was a historian ethnologist and as Lajos Kossuth (ˈlɒjoʃ ˈkoʃut Monok, September 19 1802 &ndash Turin, March 20 1894 was a Hungarian lawyer politician and Regent-President Sándor Petőfi (born January 1 1823, Kiskőrös, (slov Malý Kereš) Hungary – died most likely July 31 1849 Jonáš Záborský ( February 3 1812 in Záborie – January 23 1876 in Župčany) was a Slovak lower nobleman