Headquarters in Geneva
|Org type||Specialized Agency|
|Head||Director-General of WIPO|
|United Nations World Intellectual Property Organization|
|Portal||United Nations Portal|
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)  is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations. Geneva (Genève is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French -speaking Dr Kamil Eltayed Idris ( كامل إدريس) (born on August 26 1945 August 26 1953 or August 26 1954 is a Sudanese international Civil servant Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa. Wikimedia Commons (or simply Commons) is a repository of Free content images sound and other multimedia files The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security WIPO was created in 1967 with the stated purpose "to encourage creative activity, [and] to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world". Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Intellectual property ( IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical literary and artistic works inventions and symbols names 
WIPO currently has 184 member states,  administers 23 international treaties , and has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. A Treaty is an agreement under International law entered into by actors in international law namely States and International organizations. Geneva (Genève is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French -speaking Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation The current Director-General of WIPO is Kamil Idris. Dr Kamil Eltayed Idris ( كامل إدريس) (born on August 26 1945 August 26 1953 or August 26 1954 is a Sudanese international Civil servant Almost all UN Members as well as Vatican City are Members of WIPO (non-members are the states of Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu and Vanuatu, as well as the entities of Palestinian Authority, Sahrawi Republic, and Taiwan). This article lists the member states of the United Nations (UN. Vatican City, officially the State of the Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano is a Landlocked sovereign City-state whose territory Kiribati or ( kirr-i-bas or KEE-ree-buhss ˈkiɾibas in Gilbertese) officially the Republic of Kiribati, is an Island nation located in The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI is a Micronesian nation of islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean The Federated States of Micronesia is an Island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, north of Papua New Guinea. Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru, is an Island nation in the Micronesian South Pacific. Palau, officially the Republic of Palau (Beluu er a Belau is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, some 500 miles (800  km) east The Solomon Islands is a country in Melanesia, east of Papua New Guinea, consisting of nearly one thousand islands East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste (officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste) is a country in Southeast Asia. Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian Island nation located in the Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaii and Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu ( French: République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu) is an Island The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic ( SADR) (' الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية) is a partially REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES
The predecessor to WIPO was the BIRPI (Bureaux Internationaux Réunis pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle, French acronym for United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property), which had been set up in 1893 to administer the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. The United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI was an international organization French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Acronyms, initialisms, and alphabetisms are Abbreviations that are formed using the initial components in a phrase or name Year 1893 ( MDCCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing Copyright The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, signed in Paris, France, on March 20, 1883, was one of the first Intellectual
WIPO was formally created by the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (Signed at Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and as amended on September 28, 1979). The Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, or WIPO Convention, was signed at Stockholm, Sweden, on July 14, ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the Events 1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father Philip II of France. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) Under Article 3 of this Convention, WIPO seeks to "promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world. " WIPO became a specialized agency of the UN in 1974, as above-mentioned.
Unlike other branches of the United Nations, WIPO has significant financial resources independent of the contributions from its Member States. In 2006, over 90% of its income of just over CHF 250m  was expected to be generated from the collection of fees by the International Bureau (IB) under the intellectual property application and registration systems which it administers (the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Madrid system for trade marks and the Hague system for industrial designs). The franc ( German: Franken, French and Romansh: franc, Italian: franco; code: CHF The Patent Cooperation Treaty ( PCT) is an International Patent Law Treaty, concluded in 1970 The Madrid system for the international registration of marks, also conveniently known as the Madrid system or simply Madrid, is the primary international system for A trademark or trade mark, represented by the symbols ™ and ®, or mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual The Hague System is an International Industrial design Law Treaty, concluded in 1925 in the Hague the Netherlands and revised at London (1934 Industrial design rights are Intellectual property rights that protect the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian
As with all United Nations multi-government forums, WIPO is not an elected body. WIPO usually attempts to reach decisions by consensus, but in any vote, each Member State is entitled to one vote, regardless of population or contribution to the funding. This is important, because there is a significant North-South divide in the politics of intellectual property. The North-South Divide is the socio-economic and political division that exists between the wealthy developed countries, known collectively as "the Intellectual property ( IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical literary and artistic works inventions and symbols names During the 1960s and 1970s, developing nations were able to block expansions to intellectual property treaties, such as universal pharmaceutical patents which might have occurred through WIPO. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. Developing countries are countries that haven't reached Western-style standards of democratic government free market economy industrialization social programs and human rights guaranties Pharmacology (from Greek grc φάρμακον pharmakon, "drug" and grc -λογία -logia) is the study of how Drugs A patent is a set of Exclusive rights granted by a State to an inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an
In the 1980s, this led to the United States and other developed countries "forum shifting" intellectual property standard-setting out of WIPO and into the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which later evolved into the World Trade Organization, where the North had greater control of the agenda. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. The 'General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade' (typically abbreviated 'GATT' was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organization (ITO This strategy paid dividends with the enactment of Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. TRIPS redirects here For the new microprocessor design see TRIPS architecture.
Much of the important work is done through committees, including for example the Standing Committee on Patents (SCP), the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR), the Advisory Committee on Enforcement (ACE), and the Intergovernmental Committee (IGC) on Access to Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore, and the Working Group on Reform of the Patent Cooperation Treaty.
In October 2004, WIPO agreed to adopt a proposal offered by Argentina and Brazil, the "Proposal for the Establishment of a Development Agenda for WIPO" - from the Geneva Declaration on the Future of the World Intellectual Property Organization . October 2004: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - This proposal was well supported by developing countries, and by a large contingent of civil society. A number of civil society bodies have been working on a draft Access to Knowledge , or A2K, Treaty which they would like to see introduced.
The Washington Post reported in 2003 that Lois Boland (USPTO director of international relations) said "that open-source software runs counter to the mission of WIPO, which is to promote intellectual-property rights. " Also saying, "To hold a meeting which has as its purpose to disclaim or waive such rights seems to us to be contrary to the goals of WIPO. " 
WIPO has established WIPOnet, a global information network. The project seeks to link over 300 intellectual property offices (IP offices) in all WIPO Member States. In addition to providing a means of secure communication among all connected parties, WIPOnet is the foundation for WIPO's intellectual property services.