The World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization that helps Members (Governments usually represented by Customs administrations from 170 countries) communicate and co-operate on customs issues. International Organization is a peer-reviewed Academic journal that covers the entire field of International affairs. Customs is an Authority or agency in a Country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods It was established in 1952 as the Customs Co-operation Council; it adopted its current name in 1994. Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar)
Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, it develops agreed rules on customs procedures and provides advice and assistance to customs services. Brussels (Bruxelles pronounced; Brussel pronounced) officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those It has established an international standard classification of commodities called the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, which is used to classify goods for tariff purposes the application of tariffs. The Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System (HS of tariff nomenclature is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers for classifying traded products developed For other uses of this word see Tariff (disambiguation. A tariff is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary The WCO has 170 members; see World Customs Organization member states. The following countries are members of the World Customs Organization. The current Secretary General is Michel Danet (1999-present) from France. See also General Secretary. A number of International organizations, Communist parties and other bodies use the title Secretary This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.
The WCO does not deal with tariff and trade disputes; these issues fall under the jurisdiction of the World Trade Organization.
In June 2005, the WCO adopted the Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade ("SAFE"), an international instrument containing 17 standards that promotes security, trade facilitation, anti-corruption, and revenue collection. Because of SAFE's complexity, the WCO launched in January 2006 a Customs capacity building program called the WCO Columbus Programme, which focuses on comprehensive needs assessments for WCO Members using the WCO Diagnostic Framework tool. The World Customs Organization’s (WCO Columbus Program is a Customs capacity building program works to promote Customs modernization and implementation of their WCO standards to secure
On 1 July 2006 Tapani Erling from Finland was elected chairman of the council of the organisation, replacing Pravin Gordhan (2000-2006) from South Africa, who had held the chair for the past five years. Tapani Erling (born 22 May 1945 is a Finnish Economist. He is the Director-General of Finnish Customs. Finland, officially the Republic of Finland ( is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa