William McCrum was a wealthy Irish linen manufacturer and sportsman, most famous for being the inventor of the penalty kick in football. The Irish people ( Irish: Muintir na hÉireann, na hÉireannaigh, na Gaeil) are a Western European Ethnic group who originate Linen is a Textile made from the Fibers of the Flax plant Linum usitatissimum. A penalty kick is a type of free kick in Association football, taken from twelve yards (approximately eleven metres out from goal and with only the goalkeeper of Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered
William was the son of the linen millionaire Robert Garmany McCrum who was the builder of the Victorian era model village of Milford and High Sheriff for County Armagh. Culture The Victorian fascination with novelty resulted in a deep interest in the relationship between modernity and cultural continuities Model villages were created in the United Kingdom by some of the first Industrialists Eighteenth-century industrialists such as Arkwright and Milford is a small Village in County Armagh, Northern Ireland, one mile from Armagh city The High Sheriff is or was a law enforcement position in Anglosphere countries County Armagh ( Contae Ard Mhacha in Irish - from the height of Macha) is a county in Ulster in the north east of Ireland He studied at The Royal School, Armagh and then Trinity College, Dublin and later worked for the family business including a time as London representative and one of the managing directors of linen manufacturers McCrum, Watson and Merver. The Royal School Armagh is a co-educational voluntary Grammar school in the city of Armagh, Northern Ireland. Trinity College Dublin ( TCD; Irish Coláiste na Tríonóide Baile Átha Cliath; Latin: Collegium Sacrosanctae et Individuae Trinitatis Reginae William was not a success at running the family business and had to sell the Milford mill in 1931. A cotton mill is a Factory housing spinning and Weaving Machinery Cotton was a leading sector in the Industrial Revolution, as cotton
When not travelling the world he spent a large proportion of his life living in Milford where he was a Justice of the Peace and representative of many sporting clubs and committees including Milford Football Club, Milford and Armagh Cricket Clubs, and Armagh Rugby Football Club. A Justice of the Peace ( JP) is a Puisne Judicial officer appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries
He played for many years as goalkeeper for Milford Everton FC including in the first season of the Irish Football League (1890-1891). Milford finished bottom of the league with 0 points from 14 games, having conceded 62 goals and scored only 10, and were relegated.
'Master Willie' as he was known to the villagers also spent his spare time taking part in amateur theatrics in the Milford village hall, called the McCrum Institute. In the United States, a village hall is the seat of government for Villages It functions much as a City hall does within cities He died after a long illness in December 1932 in an Armagh boarding house.
A memorial is due to be built in Milford to commemorate him. 
It was in his role as member of the Irish Football Association that McCrum proposed the idea of the penalty kick in order to stop the prevalent practice at the time of defenders professionally fouling an attacking player in order to stop a goal. The Irish Football Association ( IFA) is the organising body for football in Northern Ireland, and had historically been the governing body for the whole The idea was submitted to the June 1890 meeting of the International Football Association Board by the Irish FA's general secretary and IFAB representative Jack Reid. The International Football Association Board ( IFAB) is the body that determines the Laws of the Game of association football.
The original proposal read: If any player shall intentionally trip or hold an opposing player, or deliberately handle the ball within twelve yards from his own goal line, the referee shall, on appeal, award the opposing side a penalty kick, to be taken from any point 12 yards from the goal line, under the following conditions: All players, with the exception of the player taking the penalty kick and the goalkeeper, shall stand behind the ball and at least six yards from it; the ball shall be in play when the kick is taken. A yard (abbreviation yd) is a unit of Length in several different systems including English units Imperial units and United A referee presides over a game of Association football. The referee has "full authority to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to which A goal may be scored from a penalty kick.
The proposal initially generated much derision and indignation amongst footballers and the press as the 'Irishman's motion' or the 'death penalty' as it was known, conceded that players might deliberately act unsportingly. This went against the Victorian idea of the amateur gentleman sportsman. Victorian morality is a distillation of the moral views of people living at the time of Queen Victoria (reigned 1837 - 1901 in particular and to the moral climate The term gentleman (from Latin gentilis, belonging to a race or "gens" and "man" Cognate with the French word gentilhomme Public opinion may have changed after an FA Cup quarter final between Stoke City and Notts County on 14 February 1891 where an indirect free kick after a deliberate handball on the goal line did not result in a goal. The Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the FA Cup, is a knockout cup competition in English football, run by and named after Stoke City Football Club is a football club based in Stoke-on-Trent, England. Notts County Football Club is a football club based in Nottingham, England, and the oldest of all the clubs that are now professional Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common An indirect free kick is a method of restarting play in a game of association football. In many outdoor ball sports goal line refers to the line which a team is attempting to advance the ball towards
The penalty kick rule was approved as number 13 in the Laws of the Game, a year after it was proposed, on the 2 June 1891, at the Alexandra Hotel in Glasgow 'after considerable discussion' and with changes affecting where the goalkeeper and other players could legally stand. The Laws of the Game are the rules governing a game of Association football. Events 455 - The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom In many team Sports a goalkeeper (termed goaltender netminder, goalie, or keeper in some sports