|Derivative forms||Western swing|
Western music is a form of folk music originally composed by and about the people who settled and worked throughout the western United States and western Canada. Traditional music is the term now used in the terminology of Grammy Awards for what used to be called " folk music " The Western United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American West or simply the West &mdashtraditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost This article is about the style of old-time American music The term string band also referred to the ensembles now known as Scratch bands part of the Music of the A mandolin is a musical instrument in the Lute family (plucked or strummed The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The double bass is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed String instrument used in the modern symphony orchestra. The violoncello (abbreviated to cello, or 'cello, plural cellos or celli —the c is tʃ The banjo is a Stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments A harmonica is a free reed Wind instrument which is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers or This article is about the Musical genre. For the popular western swing Steel guitar tuning see E9 tuning. The Western is a fiction Genre seen in Film, Television, Radio, Literature, Painting and other Visual arts. Folk music can have a number of different meanings including Traditional music: The original meaning of the term "folk music" was synonymous The Western United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American West or simply the West &mdashtraditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost The Canadian Prairies is a region in western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions natural or political Directly related musically to old English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballads, western music celebrates the life of the cowboy on the open ranges and prairies of western North America. A ballad is a Poem usually set to Music; thus it often is a story told in a Song.  The Mexican music of the American Southwest also influenced the development of this genre. Western music is related to country music, which shares similar origins but developed in the Appalachians and reflected the life of the people of that region. Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. The Appalachian Mountains ( often called the Appalachians, are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. Guitars, fiddles, and the accordion are the most common instruments used in Western music. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The accordion is a portable box-shaped Musical instrument of the hand-held Bellows -driven free-reed aerophone family sometimes referred to as a Squeezebox
The origins of Western music can be traced back to the folk music traditions of England, Scotland, and Ireland. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world The music was brought to North America during the mid-nineteenth century by pioneers and ranchers who settled the western plains, the Rocky Mountains, and the American Southwest. Mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a Mountain range in western North America. The mix of ethnic English, Scotish, Irish, German, Mexican, and Eastern European peoples who settled these regions gave the music its unique qualities. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. Reflecting the realities of the range and ranch houses where the music originated, the early cowboy bands were string bands supplemented occasionally with the harmonica. This article is about the style of old-time American music The term string band also referred to the ensembles now known as Scratch bands part of the Music of the A harmonica is a free reed Wind instrument which is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers or Otto Gary, an early cowboy band leader, stated authentic Western music had only three rhythms, all coming from the gaits of the cowpony—walk, trot, and lope. 
In 1908, N. Howard Thorp published the first book of Western music, titled Songs of the Cowboys. The book was very popular west of the Mississippi. The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to It included many songs of unknown authorship, but it contained the first popular cowboy song, "Little Joe, the Wrangler," which was written by Thorpe.  The book did not include musical notation.
In 1910, John Lomax, in his book Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads, first gained national attention for Western music. John Avery Lomax (September 23 1867 - January 26 1948 was a pioneering musicologist and folklorist. His book contained many of the same songs as Thorp's book (he collected most of them before Thorp's was published). However, Lomax's compilation included many musical scores. Lomax published a second collection in 1919 titled Songs of the Cattle Trail and Cow Camp.
With the advent of radio and recording devices the music found an audience previously ignored by music schools and Tin Pan Alley. A university school of music or college of music, or academy of music or conservatoire ( French, but used in British English) &mdash Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City -centered music publishers and Songwriters who dominated the popular  Many Westerners preferred familiar music about themselves and their environment.
The first successful cowboy band to tour the East was Otto Gray's Oklahoma Cowboys put together by William McGinty, an Oklahoma pioneer and former Rough Rider. Otto Gray and his Oklahoma Cowboys were the first nationally famous cowboy band and the first cowboy band to appear on the cover of Billboard (June 6 1931 Oklahoma ( is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. The Rough Riders was the name bestowed by the American press on the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry Regiment during the Spanish-American War The band appeared on radio and toured the vaudeville circuit from 1924 through 1936. They recorded few songs however, so are overlooked by many scholars of Western Music. 
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, western music became widely popular through the romanticization of the cowboy and idealized depictions of the west in Hollywood films. Singing cowboys, such as Roy Rogers and Gene Autry, sang cowboy songs in their films and became popular throughout the United States. Roy Rogers (born Leonard Franklin Slye) (November 5 1911 &ndash July 6 1998 was a singer and Cowboy Actor. Orvon Gene Autry ( September 29 1907 &ndash October 2 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Film producers began incorporating fully orchestrated four-part harmonies and sophisticated musical arrangements into their motion pictures. Bing Crosby, the most popular singer of that time, recorded numerous cowboy and western songs. During this era, the most popular recordings and musical radio shows included western music. Western swing also developed during this time. This article is about the Musical genre. For the popular western swing Steel guitar tuning see E9 tuning.
By the 1960s, Western music was in decline. Relegated to the Country and Western genre by marketing agencies, popular Western recording stars released albums to only moderate success. Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. Rock and Roll dominated music sales and the Hollywood recording studios dropped most of their Western artists. Rock and roll (also known as rock 'n' roll) is a form of Music that evolved in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s with roots in mostly African Caught unawares by the boom in Country and Western sales from Nashville that followed, Hollywood rushed to cash in. In the process, Country and Western music lost its regionalism and most of its style. Except for the label, much of the music was indistinguishable from Rock and Roll or Popular. Some Western music traditionalists oppose the association of Western music with the Country and Western genre, which does not reflect the spirit of true Western music.
Still, many Westerners prefer music about themselves, their culture, and the land around them. Older music is still available at retail stores in major population centers, through mail-order, or by the internet. New Western music is constantly written and recorded, and performed all across the American West and western Canada.
In recent years, Michael Martin Murphey has almost single-handedly resurrected the cowboy song genre, promoting western singers and groups and cowboy poets. Michael Martin Murphey (born March 14, 1945) is a writer and performer of American Music. The singing group Riders in the Sky recorded a mix of Western and Western Swing and have won Grammy Awards for their work with Disney on Toy Story 2 and Monsters, Inc. This article is about the group For the song see (Ghost Riders in the Sky A Cowboy Legend. This article is about the Musical genre. For the popular western swing Steel guitar tuning see E9 tuning. The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards)—or Grammys —are presented annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Toy Story 2 is a 1999 Academy-Award -nominated CGI Film, the Sequel to Toy Story; the third Monsters Inc is a 2001 Computer animated Comedy film and the fourth feature-length film produced by Pixar Animation Studios.