The term war poet came into currency during and after World War I. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All A number of poets writing in English had been soldiers, and had written about their experiences of war. A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" Quite a number had died, most famously Rupert Brooke, Isaac Rosenberg, Wilfred Owen, and Charles Sorley. Rupert Chawner Brooke (middle name sometimes given as Chaucer) was an English Poet known for his idealistic war sonnets written during the First World Isaac Rosenberg ( November 25, 1890 - April 1, 1918) was an English poet of the First World War who was considered Wilfred Edward Salter Owen MC (18 March 1893 &ndash 4 November 1918 was an English Poet and Soldier, regarded by many as one of the leading Captain Charles Hamilton Sorley ( 19 May, 1895 &ndash 13 October, 1915) was a British Poet of World Others such as Siegfried Sassoon had survived, but made a reputation based on scathing poetry written from the disabused point of view of the trench soldier who had lost faith in his military superiors. Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, CBE MC ( 8 September 1886 &ndash 1 September 1967) was an English poet and Author
At the time the term soldier poet was also used, but then dropped out of favour. The evolution of the concept was connected to a distinction drawn, between poets who were anti-war in attitude, and more traditional war poetry.
There was probably as much poetry of quality written on the German side of the Western Front; but it was in English poetry, such as that of Wilfred Owen, that the war poem became an established genre marker and attracted growing popular interest. See Western Front (disambiguation for other meanings Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World The history of English poetry stretches from the middle of the 7th century to the present day Wilfred Edward Salter Owen MC (18 March 1893 &ndash 4 November 1918 was an English Poet and Soldier, regarded by many as one of the leading A genre (ˈʒɑːnrə also /ˈdʒɑːnrə/ from French "kind" or "sort" from Latin: genus (stem gener-) is a loose set Americans and Canadians contributed notable work (John McCrae wrote In Flanders Fields which is on the Canadian $10 bill), and the French had their own war poetry. Lieutenant Colonel John Alexander McCrae ( November 30, 1872 &ndash January 28, 1918) was a Canadian Poet " In Flanders Fields " is one of the most famous Poems written during the First World War, and has been called "the most popular poem" produced during French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people According to Patrick Bridgwater in The German Poets of the First World War, the closest comparison to Owen would be Anton Schnack; and Schnack's only peer would be August Stramm. August Stramm ( July 29, 1874 &ndash September 1, 1915) was a German Poet and Playwright who is considered
It is perhaps not a well-defined question, what makes a war poet (compare, say, Brooke and Georg Trakl). Georg Trakl ( February 3, 1887 – November 3, 1914) was a pre-eminent Austrian poet The public may have seen war poems as reportage and direct emotional links to the soldier. Reportage sometimes refers to the total body of media coverage of a particular topic or event including news reporting and analysis " the extensive reportage of recent
Robert H. Ross characterises 'war poets' as a subgroup of the Georgian Poetry writers: those who were in uniform (including therefore Robert Graves, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Nichols and Siegfried Sassoon). Georgian Poetry was the title of a series of anthologies showcasing the work of a school of English Poetry that established itself during the Robert Graves (24 July 1895 &ndash 7 December 1985 was an English Poet, Translator and Novelist. Isaac Rosenberg ( November 25, 1890 - April 1, 1918) was an English poet of the First World War who was considered Robert Malise Bowyer Nichols ( September 16 or September 6, 1893 – December 17, 1944) was an English writer known as a War Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, CBE MC ( 8 September 1886 &ndash 1 September 1967) was an English poet and Author
Robert Graves served in the trenches and survived, David Jones also; Graves did not use war experience as poetic material (making it autobiography in Goodbye to All That), or, more accurately, later suppressed what he had made of it; and Jones postponed its use, incorporating it into modernist forms. David Jones CH ( 1 November 1895 – 28 October 1974) was both an artist and one of the most important first generation British An autobiography, from the Greek αὐτός autos "self" βίος bios "life" and γράφειν graphein "to write" Good-bye to All That is the Autobiography of Robert Graves. First published in 1929 the work is a landmark anti-war memoir of life in the trenches These and other WWI poets are listed here: World War I poets.
The Spanish Civil War produced a substantial volume of poetry in English and, of course, Spanish too, and other languages — there were English-speaking poets serving on both sides. The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict in Spain that started after an attempted Coup d'état committed by parts of the army against the government of
By the time of World War II the role of 'war poet' was so well-established in the public mind that 'where are the war poets?' became a topic of discussion. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Times Literary Supplement ran an editorial 'To the Poets of 1940' right at the end of 1939 (still during the phony war, therefore). The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969 is a weekly literary review published in London by News International An editorial, leader (UK or leading article (UK is an article in a Newspaper or Magazine that expresses the opinion of the Editor The Phoney War, also called the Twilight War by Winston Churchill, der Sitzkrieg in German ("the sitting war" a Robert Graves gave a radio talk 'Why has this War produced no War Poets?' in October 1941. Stephen Spender also replied at about the same time, T. S. Eliot a year later. Sir Stephen Harold Spender CBE, ( 28 February 1909 – 16 July 1995) was an English Poet, Novelist Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26 1888 – January 4 1965 was a poet Dramatist, and Literary critic.
Alun Lewis and Keith Douglas are the standard critical choices amongst British war poets of that time, and Karl Shapiro made a reputation based on poetry written during the Pacific war; there was probably more heavyweight poetry written in French from 1939-1945, than in English. Alun Lewis ( July 1, 1915 - March 5, 1944) was a Poet of the Anglo-Welsh school Keith Castellain Douglas ( January 24, 1920 - June 9, 1944) was an English Poet. Karl Jay Shapiro (b November 10 1913, Baltimore Maryland – d The reason may be to do with the onward march of technology and the fact that soldiers spent less of their time sitting in trenches waiting for something to happen.
The expectation of war poetry can be noted in a character from the C. S. Forester novel The Ship who is a poet serving in a Royal Navy ship in the Mediterranean around 1942, and who is killed in action. Cecil Scott Forester was the Pen name of Cecil Louis Troughton Smith ( August 27 1899 – April 2, 1966) an English Benjamin Britten's War Requiem made use of war poem texts, as does Robert Steadman's "In Memoriam". Edward Benjamin Britten Baron Britten, OM CH (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976 was an English Composer, conductor, The War Requiem, Op 66 is a large-scale non- liturgical setting of the Requiem Mass composed by Benjamin Britten in 1962 Robert Steadman (born April 1 1965) is a British Composer of classical music who mostly works in a Post-minimalist style
Jay Nemeth's debut collection, War of Vietnam, won the 1972 Yale Younger Poets Award. The Yale Series of Younger Poets Competition is an annual event of Yale University Press aiming to publish the first collection of a promising American Poet The collection's various vignettes use colloquial speech to document a soldier's experience in Vietnam. It was the first collection of poems to emerge from the war.
There has been little recognition of war poetry from any subsequent conflict, certainly when compared with novels. That is not to say, at all, that such conflicts have not affected poets and what they write.