Vocational Technical School (Russian: профессиона́льно-техни́ческое учи́лище) – "Professionalno-tehnicheskoye uchilishche" (acronym: PTU; ПТУ, пэ-тэ-у́) is a Soviet vocational education facility aimed to train qualified industrial workers and servicemen. Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Vocational education or Vocational Education and Training (VET also called Career and Technical Education (CTE prepares learners for jobs that are based Such schools are widespread in all post-Soviet countries (usually in every city).
PTUs form a government-funded nation-wide system for school graduates who don't intend to receive a university degree (see "Secondary education"). A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects Australia See also Education Instead, they are both educated generally and trained for non-academic occupations. PTU were specializing in almost all such professions, but the most spread are for construction and machinery positions. A machine is any device that uses Energy to perform some activity Specializations also included secretary (girls only), cook, waiter and even mosaic artist (needed drawing talents to apply). Art History Mosaics of the 4th century BC are found in the Macedonian palace-city of Aegae, and they enriched the floors of Hellenistic Usual entering age of students is 15 – after 8 years of ordinary school, usual background — peasants, lower working class, orphans etc. Two or three years of learning are typical. However, part of students enter after 10 years of ordinary school and learn during 1 year.
PTUs required no entering examination, provided with free hostels and meals. To examine somebody or something is to inspect it closely hence an examination is a detailed inspection or analysis of an object or person Hostels provide budget-oriented accommodation where guests can rent a bed, sometimes a Bunk bed in a Dormitory and share a bathroom Parents were also attracted by the 24-hour presence of “upbringers” – mentors whose task is to prevent students from deviative behavior. Further employment was also guaranteed, as well as possibility to continue education in university level. That is why PTUs played an important role in urbanizing rural communities and forming Soviet working class (see Urbanization). Rural areas can be large and isolated (also referred to as "the country" and/or "the countryside over the course of time Working class is a term used in academic Sociology and in ordinary conversation to describe depending on context and speaker those employed in specific fields or types Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing Society widely associates PTUs and their students with lower class and its negative attributes: bad manners, low educational level and alcoholism. Alcoholism is a term with multiple and sometimes conflicting definitions But these schools were unbeatable form of mass education, employment and distracting youth from crime.
In 1920-30ties the analogs of PTU existed, named as "schools of factory and plant apprenticeship"(Russian:"шко́ла фабри́чно-заводско́го учени́чества" – "Shkola fabrichno-zavodskogo uchenichestva", acronym: FZU; ФЗУ, фэ-зэ-у́), which were partly inherited from the vocational school system of the Russian Empire. Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya In 1940, they were reorganized to "vocational schools" (Russian:"реме́сленное учи́лище" – "Remeslennoye uchilishche"), and in 1959 – to PTUs. Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages
During transformation to market economy, PTUs suffered a huge blow since their graduates lost socialist employment guarantees. Many of PTUs were closed or merged and the number of students declined dramatically. Some PTUs were renamed and reformed into "lyceums" or "colleges" in attempt to gain higher status and establish tuition fees. This article is about Lyceum as school or as public hall Lyceum can also be short for Lyceum Theatre. College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution.