Vidame, a French corruption of the official Latin term vicedominus ('vice-lord'), was a feudal title in France. Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval Europe Political system composed This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The vidame was originally, like the avoué (advocatus), a secular official chosen by the bishop of the diocese, with the consent of the count, to perform functions in the church's earthly interest, canonically incompatible with the clerical state, or at least deemed inappropriate, especially involving violence, even in the service of justice, and to act as protector, rather in the tradition of the Roman Defensores. An advocatus was an Attorney at law in the Middle Ages. It was used in Continental Europe as the title of the lay Lord charged with A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight In many rites of the Roman Catholic Church and in Anglican churches, a diocese is an administrative territorial unit administered by a Bishop. A count is a Nobleman in European countries The word count comes from French comte, itself from Latin
Unlike the advocate, however, the vice-dominus was at the outset an ecclesiastic, who acted as the bishop's lieutenant (locum tenens) or vicar. An advocate is one who speaks on behalf of another person especially in a legal context Dominus is the Latin word for master or Owner. As a Title of Sovereignty the term under the Roman Republic had all the Ecclesiology (from Greek grc ἐκκλησίᾱ ekklēsiā, "congregation church" and grc -λογία -logia) is the study of the Lieutenant (abbreviated Lt or Lieut) is a Military, Naval, Paramilitary, Fire service, Emergency medical services Locum, short for the Latin phrase locum tenens (lit " place-holder," akin to Lieutenant) is a person who temporarily fulfills In the broadest sense a vicar (from the Latin Vicarius) is a representative anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a superior But the causes that changed the character of the advocatus operated also in the case of the vidame.
During the Carolingian epoch, indeed, advocatus and vice-dominus were interchangeable terms; and it was only in the 11th century that they became generally differentiated: the title of avoué being commonly reserved for nobles charged with the protection of an abbey, that of vidame for those guarding an episcopal see. The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolings, or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family with its origins in the Nobility is a government-privileged title which may be either hereditary (see Hereditary titles) or for a lifetime An abbey (from Latin abbatia derived from Syriac abba "father" is a Christian Monastery or An episcopal see is the ecclesiastical domain of authority of a Bishop.
With the crystallization of the feudal system in the 12th century the office of vidame, like that of avoué, had become an hereditary fief. Under the system of Feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud, feoff, or fee, often consisted of inheritable lands or revenue-producing As a title, however, it was much less common and also less dignified than that of avoué. The advocati were often great barons who added their function of protector of an abbey to their own temporal sovereignty; whereas the vidames were usually petty nobles, who exercised their office in strict subordination to the bishop. Baron is a specific Title of nobility. The word baron comes from Old French baron, itself from Old High German and Latin (liber
The vidames usually took their title from the see they represented, but not infrequently they styled themselves, not after their official fief, but after their private seigneuries. This article is about the medieval system "Manors" redirects here Thus the vidame de Picquigny was the representative of the bishop of Amiens, the vidame de Gerberoy of the bishop of Beauvais (since King Philip Augustus himself was a pair de France, i. Philip II Augustus (Philippe Auguste ( 21 August[[ 165]] &ndash 14 July 1223) was the King of France from 1180 until his death Peerage of France (Pairie de France was a distinction within the French nobility which appeared in the Middle Ages. e. peer of the realm). Peer of the Realm is a term for a member of the (aristocratic highest social order (not considering the ruling dynasty in a kingdom notably a member of the Peerage
In many sees there were no vidames, their function being exercised by viscounts or chatelains. A viscount ( VAI-count is a member of the European Nobility whose comital title ranks usually as in the British peerage, above a Châtelain ( Med Lat castellanus, from castellum, a castle in France originally merely the equivalent of the English Castellan, With the growth of the central power and of that of the municipalities the vidames gradually lost all importance, and the title became merely honorary. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a City, Town, or Village, or
Their chief functions were to protect the temporalities of the see, to represent the bishop at the count's court of justice, to exercise the bishop's temporal jurisdiction in his name (placitum or curia vice-domini) and to lead the episcopal levies to war. A court is a forum used by a power base to adjudicate disputes and dispense civil, labour administrative and criminal Justice under its JUSTICE is a Human rights and law reform organisation based in the United Kingdom. In Law, jurisdiction (from the Latin ius iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak" is the practical Authority A Curia in early Roman times was a subdivision of the people i War is an international relations Dispute, characterized by organized Violence between National Military units In return, they usually had a house near the episcopal palace, a domain within and without the city, and sometimes the right to levy certain dues on the city. House generally refers to a Shelter or Building that is a Dwelling or place for Habitation by Human beings. A palace is a grand residence especially the home of a Head of state or some other high-ranking Public figure. A dominion, often Dominion, refers to one of a group of autonomous polities under sovereign authority within the British Empire and
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone