|Viña del Mar|
|Nickname: "Ciudad Jardín"|
Location in Valparaíso Region
Location in Chile
Viña del Mar
|Regions||V - Valparaiso Region|
|Viña del Mar||May 31, 1878|
|- Mayor||Virginia Reginato Bozzo (UDI)|
|- Density||2. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Geography It is west but on the same latitude as the "Región Metropolitana de Santiago " ||-||} Chile is divided into 15 Regions (in Spanish, regiones; singular región) each of which is headed by an Intendant ( intendente Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the ||-||} Chile is divided into 15 Regions (in Spanish, regiones; singular región) each of which is headed by an Intendant ( intendente Geography It is west but on the same latitude as the "Región Metropolitana de Santiago " Events 1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great (19th dynasty becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Year 1878 ( MDCCCLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Independent Democrat Union ( Unión Demócrata Independiente, UDI is a Chilean conservative Political party. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 359/km² (6. 1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||n/a (UTC-4)|
|- Summer (DST)||n/a (UTC-3)|
|Website: Ilustre Municipalidad de Viña del Mar|
Viña del Mar (Spanish: "Vineyard by the Sea"), also known locally as La Ciudad Jardín (Spanish: "The Garden City"), is a Chilean commune and coastal city in Valparaíso Province, Valparaíso Region. Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the Valparaíso Province is one of the provinces of the Valparaíso Region, Chile. Geography It is west but on the same latitude as the "Región Metropolitana de Santiago " With a population of 286,931 (2002 census), it makes Chile's fourth largest city. It is also part of the Greater Valparaíso area, the country's second largest conurbation (pop. 803,683, 2002 census), which includes nearby Valparaíso and other cities. Valparaíso (literally in Spanish: Valle Paraíso (Paradise Valley and also called "Valpo" locally is a major city in Chile
Viña del Mar is best known as a tourist and beach destination (with multiple beaches including Reñaca, Las Salinas, Miramar, Casino, and others). Reñaca is a popular area of Beaches in the V región of Chile ( Valparaiso Region) by the Pacific Ocean. One of its key attractions are a gambling casino and a yearly music festival, Festival Internacional de la Canción de Viña del Mar (Spanish: "Viña del Mar International Song Festival"). A casino is in the modern sense of the word a facility that houses and accommodates certain types of Gambling activities The Viña del Mar International Song Festival (Festival Internacional de la Canción de Viña del Mar is a Music festival held annually during February since 1959 in Viña The city also hosts a yearly ATP tennis tournament in clay courts (Movistar Open). The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional Tennis players Tennis is a sport played between two players ( singles) or between two teams of two players each ( doubles) A clay court is one of the four different types of Tennis court. The Movistar Open is an ATP International Series men's tennis tournament held every year at the Centro de Tenis Las Salinas, at the Club Naval de Campo
The valley where Viña del Mar was founded was known as the valley of Peuco by the Changos, native inhabitants of the area dedicated to fishing. With the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores the valley was divided into two large haciendas. This article is about the Spanish explorer soldiers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuriesfor other uses see Conquistador (disambiguation A Conquistador Hacienda is a Spanish word for an estate usually but not always a vast Ranch. North of the Marga Marga creek up to the current location of Reñaca, Viña del Mar, and to the south up to the current Cerro Barón (Baron Hill), the Hacienda Las Siete Hermanas (The Seven Sisters).
Francisco Javier Álvarez authorized the construction of a railroad through his lands to join Santiago and the port of Valparaíso. The arrival of the railroad brought a young engineer Jose Francisco Vergara who married Francisco Javier Álvarez’s granddaughter, Mercedes Álvarez. It was José Francisco Vergara who instigated the idea of the creation of a new city independent of Valparaíso. Finally on May 30, 1878 the Chilean government authorized the creation of the new city of Viña del Mar. Events 1416 - The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund a supporter of Antipope John XXIII burns Jerome of Prague following Year 1878 ( MDCCCLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
In 1892 Salvador Vergara (son of José Francisco Vergara) commenced the development of the north bank of the Marga Marga creek under the name of Población Vergara, around the current Avenida Libertad(Liberty Avenue).
The establishment of Refinadora de Azúcar de Viña del Mar (Sugar Refining Company), CRAV in 1873 and the arrival of the British company of Lever & Murphy in 1883 gave the necessary economic push to transform the young city into one of the most important cities of Chile. The building of a military installation, Regimiento Coraceros in 1917, naval facilities in Las Salinas, and the housing of military and naval personnel furthered the city's growth. In 1925 the Teatro Municipal was opened in its current location in the eastern front of the city's downtown square, Plaza de Viña del Mar. In 1928 president Carlos Ibáñez del Campo authorised the creation of a casino, securing the future and the touristic character of the city. General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo ( November 3 1877 &ndash April 28 1960) was a Chilean Army officer and Political figure The Casino Municipal de Viña del Mar was opened on December 31, 1930. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. On January 31, 1931 the Presidential Palace was inaugurated in Cerro Castillo (Castle Hill) as a summer residence for the Chilean President. Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The touristic character of the city was furthered with the inauguration of the O'Higgins Hotel in 1936 and the inauguration of the Miramar Hotel by Caleta Abarca Beach in 1945. Later a number a number of small industries settled in the eastern part of the city, bordering the Marga Marga creek in El Salto, including a Coca-Cola bottling facility, meat processing facilities, and chemical factories. Coca-Cola is a carbonated Soft drink sold in stores restaurants and Vending machines in more than 200 countries
Viña del Mar was one of the four host cities of the 1962 football (soccer) World Cup. The 1962 FIFA World Cup, the seventh staging of the World Cup was held in Chile from May 30 to June 17. It is now home to CD Everton, a soccer team in the Chilean Premier division, which took its name from the English team. Everton de Viña del Mar, is a Chilean football club based in the city of Viña del Mar. Everton Football Club is an English football club located in the city of Liverpool.
Viña del Mar was declared a sister city of Sausalito, California (a city north of San Francisco), in 1971. Sausalito (from Spanish: sauzalito "small willow grove" from sauce "willow" + collective derivative -al meaning "place To demonstrate the sister city relationship, you can find a square (plaza) called "Viña del Mar" in downtown Sausalito, and a "Sausalito" stadium and "Sausalito" lagoon in Viña del Mar. Viña del Mar is also a sister city of Mar del Plata, Argentina since 1993. Mar del Plata is an Argentine city located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in the Buenos Aires Province, south of Buenos Aires. There are intentions to create such relationship with Guangzhou, China. Guangzhou ( Jyutping: Gwong²zau¹; Yale: Gwóngjàu) is the Capital and a Sub-provincial city
During the 1980s a global economic downturn seriously affected the city, a number of small and medium sized factories went bankrupt, including the stationery manufacturer Coda, and most importantly, CRAV, and Textiles Viña, two of the biggest employers in the city. Unemployment rose to alarmingly high rates and the military government of General Pinochet failed to take effective measures to combat unemployment. Unemployment occurs when a person is available to work and currently seeking work but the person is without work. Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (November Many factories started to consolidate their operations in Santiago making the situation even worse. The city has failed to fully recover from the blows inflicted by the economic downturn of 1982, but an increase in the number of international tourists visiting the city, and the recent high prices of copper in world markets have promoted an economic recovery.
Extensive commercial remodelation in the 15 Norte Avenue area, previously an abandoned industrial area, has seen most of the large Chilean retail chains settling in the area, which is now covered with large shopping malls, like Marina Arauco, cinemas, fast food stores, and supermarkets.
The city has benefitted from major investments in infrastructure that have greatly improved the traffic flow in the downtown area, especially in routes connecting Viña del Mar with Santiago, Valparaíso and Quilpue. Quilpué is called by the locals "Ciudad del Sol" (City of the sun because compared to Valparaíso (only 30 minutes away it has a lot more sunny days A modern and efficient subway (Merval) connects Viña del Mar with the cities of Limache and Valparaiso, following the original railroad tracks between Valparaiso and Santiago. Limache, is a commune of the V Region of Valparaiso, within the Province of Quillota, in the central zone of Chile
Visitors and locals enjoy the parks and water fountains of the city, including a large clock (Reloj de Flores) with its numbers made up of flowering plants, near Caleta Abarca beach and Miramar Hotel. Franz Ferdinand is a rock band that formed in Glasgow, Scotland in 2001 The Valparaiso Sporting Club horse racing track is another major landmark. Valparaiso Sporting Club is a Thoroughbred horse race track in Vina del Mar, Valparaiso Region, Chile. Jardín Botánico or Parque del Salitre, a rather large botanical garden on the outskirts of the city, was originally designed and built by an entrepreneur who got rich from exploiting saltpeter resources in northern Chile. Potassium nitrate is a Chemical compound with the Chemical formula K[[Nitrogen N]] O 3
A few buildings from the 1800s still remain after multiple earthquakes that have destroyed most of the old areas of the city. An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's crust that creates Seismic waves Earthquakes are recorded with a Seismometer Most of the older buildings that remain are located along Avenida Libertad (Liberty Avenue), Quillota Street and Quinta Vergara, a rather large park in the middle of the city. The presidential summer residence, Castillo Presidencial (Presidential Castle) is located on Cerro Castillo (Castle Hill).
The city's gambling casino is the oldest in Chile and also the most visited and luxurious. The casino was designed with art deco style and is surrounded by well-tended gardens (hence the city's nickname). Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939 affecting the decorative arts such as Architecture, Interior design, and Industrial In 2002 a hotel (Hotel del Mar) was added to the 1930's building, resembling the architectural features of the original building.
Palacio Rioja, a magnificent mansion built by Fernando Rioja in 1907, located on Quillota Street, houses an environmental museum. The Fonck Museum, located in Cuatro Norte Street, has a large exhibition of pre-Columbian articles, and a large moai (Easter Island statue made of volcanic rock), the only one in mainland Chile, is also on display. Moai (or mo‘ai) (ˈmoʊаɪ are Monolithic human figures carved from rock on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island Palacio Carrasco, built by Emilio Carrasco in 1912, now houses the Municipal Library and also is used for arts exhibitions. The building is also surrounded by nice gardens adorned with fine sculptures including a Rodin. Palacio Vergara located in Quinta Vergara was built by Blanca Vergara (daughter of José Francisco) in 1906 and it is now owned by the municipality. It currently houses the School of Fine Arts and has produced important Chilean artists like the painter Giancarlo Bertini.
Palacio Brunet (also known as "Castillo Yarur") was built in 1923 by Adolfo Brunet on Cerro Castillo, close to the presidential mansion. Currently it is owned by Carabineros de Chile (Chilean police) and is used as a reception center for illustrious visitors. Carabineros de Chile are the uniformed Chilean national Police force and Gendarmery, created on April 27, 1927. It was declared a national monument in 2005.
Numerous bars and restaurants have recently opened in the area around Plaza México and Avenida San Martín, offering Chilean and international cuisine. Seafood restaurants are located on the Camino Costero (Coast Roadway) that joins Viña del Mar and Con-Cón, a coastal town to the north.
Several educational institutions are located in the city such as Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez and the School of Architecture of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, PUCV (Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso), both located in the beach-suburb of Recreo. Adolfo Ibáñez University (Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez (UAI is a private university of Chile pertaining to the Adolfo Ibáñez Foundation 211 1139rrjpg|frame|Sweet cherry orchard at the PUCV Experiment Station in Quillota. The PUCV's Faculty of Education is located in Sausalito near the lagoon of the same name. Also, the Universidad de Valparaiso has campuses in the city sush as the one housing faculties of Marine Sciences and Engineering. University of Valparaíso (Universidad de Valparaíso is a university in Chile. The Universidad de Viña del Mar, a private university, has a number of campuses across the city. Viña del Mar University ( Spanish: Universidad de Viña del Mar, or UVM) is an autonomous private institution of higher education recognized by the
There are a number of private secondary schools, such as The Mackay School, Colegio Sagrados Corazones (Sacred Hearts School), Colegio Seminario San Rafael(Saint Raphael Seminary School) and The Pan-American College, the latter in the suburb of Miraflores Bajo.
The Chilean navy (Armada de Chile) also operates several technical schools and a planetarium in Las Salinas, at the northwest edge of the city.
The city is the birth place of Alberto Hurtado, the second Chilean Catholic saint and founder of the Hogar de Cristo (Home of Christ) foundation, writer Maria Luisa Bombal, the author of La Ultima Niebla (The Last Fog), former Chilean president Patricio Aylwin, tennis player Nicolás Massú and Slayer vocalist Tom Araya. Saint Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga (born Luis Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga on January 22, 1901 Viña del Mar, Chile - August 18 María Luisa Bombal ( Viña del Mar, 6 July 1910 &ndash 6 May 1980) was a Chilean author Patricio Aylwin Azócar (born November 26, 1918) was the first President of Chile after its return to democratic rule in 1990 following Nicolás Alejandro Massú Fried (born October 10 1979, in Viña del Mar Chile) nicknamed Vampiro ( Spanish: "vampire" Slayer is an American Thrash metal band founded by Guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King in Tom Araya (born Tomás Enrique Araya June 6, 1961 in Viña del Mar, Chile Araya's older brother played the Guitar
|Cities||Valparaíso | Viña del Mar | Concón | Quilpué | Villa Alemana|
|Universities||Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso | Federico Santa María Technical University | University of Valparaíso | University of Educational Sciences "Playa Ancha"|
|Culture & Sports||El Mercurio de Valparaíso | Santiago Wanderers|