Ventriloquism is an act of stagecraft in which a person (a ventriloquist) manipulates his or her voice so that it appears that the voice is coming from elsewhere. Stagecraft is a generic term referring to the technical aspects of theatrical film and video production The act of ventriloquism is ventriloquizing and the ability to do so is commonly called in English the ability to "throw" ones voice. However, the term "throwing one's voice" is misleading, because it implies that a sound's physical origin has changed, when really the change has been perceptual and not physical.
The illusion of ventriloquism is just that, an illusion. A ventriloquist is skilled at speaking without moving his or her lips. The audience therefore actually detects the sound of the voice from the ventriloquist’s mouth, but sees only the mouth of the puppet moving. Thus, two modalities are in conflict. Vision detects the location of the speaker as distinct from where audition (hearing) localizes the speaker. When these two modalities are in conflict, our perceptual system must resolve audition in determining where objects are located in space. The unconscious mind, therefore, resolves the discrepancy between these two modalities by hearing the voice as if it is coming from the moving mouth of the puppet. This short-term change in perception is called capture. This specific capture concerning ventriloquism is an example of ‘visual capture’ because the visual system dominates the auditory system. While the illusion is extremely convincing, ventriloquists do not actually have the ability to ‘throw’ their voices. However, they are skilled at deceiving audiences through their practice of speaking intelligible sounds without moving their mouths and moving the dummy’s mouth in synchrony with the sound of their own voice.
The Greeks called this gastromancy (Greek: εγγαστριμυθία) and it was often closely aligned with aspects of necromancy in that it was used to make it seem that the spirits of the dead had returned to pass on information retrieved from beyond the grave. Ramdas Padhye is India's leading Ventriloquist, Puppeteer and puppet-maker Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Necromancy ( Greek νεκρομαντία nekromantía) is a form of Divination in which the practitioner seeks to summon "operative spirits" In the Middle Ages it was thought to be similar to witchcraft. As Spiritualism led to stage magic and escapology, so ventriloquism became more of a performance art as, starting around the 16th century, it shed its mystical trappings. Spiritualism is a Religion founded in part on the writings of the Swedish mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772 Escapology is the practice of escaping from restraints or other traps
The most familiar type of ventriloquist seen today is a nightclub performer sitting on a stool with a wooden dummy on his or her lap. A nightclub (or "night club" or "club" is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark This comedic style of ventriloquism is, however, a fairly recent innovation, which began in the days of Vaudeville in the late 19th century. Vaudeville was a Genre of variety entertainment prevalent on the stage in the United States and Canada, from the early 1880s The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar The vaudeville acts did not concentrate on humor as much as on demonstrating the ventriloquist's ability to deceive the audience and his skill in switching voices. Humour or humor (see spelling differences) is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke Laughter and provide Amusement For this reason, many of the performers used multiple figures, switching quickly from one voice to another. Jules Vernon was one of the more famous American vaudeville ventriloquists who used multiple figures. Jules Vernon ( 2 April 1867 - 17 May 1937) was born Walter Lester Pope Knyvette, in East India, as the son of an English Englishman Fred Russell pioneered the use of one single figure with his dummy, Coster Joe. Fred Russell (born Thomas Frederick Parnell, September 29 1862, London &ndash October 14 1957, Wembley) was Perhaps the most famous vaudeville ventriloquist, however, The Great Lester, used only one figure Frank Byron Jr. Harry Lester (1878 &ndash 1956 born Maryan Czajkowski in Poland, best known by his Stage name The Great Lester, was a seminal Vaudeville , and it is The Great Lester's success which paved the way for the ventriloquist-with-one-figure routine which is ubiquitous today.
Ventriloquism was immensely popular in the middle of the 20th century, thanks in great part to the work of one of the Great Lester's students, Edgar Bergen. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Bergen popularized the idea of the comedic ventriloquist. Bergen, together with his favorite figure, Charlie McCarthy, hosted a radio program that was broadcast from 1937 to 1956. It was the #1 program on the nights it aired. Bergen continued performing until his death in 1979, and his popularity inspired many other famous ventriloquists who followed him, including Paul Winchell, Jimmy Nelson, and Señor Wences. Paul Winchell ( December 21, 1922 – June 24, 2005) born Pinkus Wilchinski (the family later shortened it to Wilchin) Señor Wences ( April 17, 1896 &ndash April 20, 1999) was a prominent 20th century Ventriloquist whose popularity grew with his frequent Ventriloquism's popularity waned for a while, due likely to modern media's electronic ability to convey the illusion of voice, the natural special effect that is the heart of ventriloquism. A number of modern ventriloquists have developed a following as the public taste for live comedy grows.
Louis Albert Russo made his first network appearance in 1949. Billed as The One Man Twosome, [ Louis Russo, pseudonym [Russ Lewis]] employed as his primary figure character Brooklyn Birch. His career saw him through burlesque, circus, night clubs and vaudeville at Radio City Music Hall in New York City. There followed the Steve Allen Show, Ed Sullivan Show, The Hollywood Palace, The Dean Martin Show, Rowan and Martin, Mike Douglas Show and Joey Bishop talk shows. The Steve Allen Show was an award-winning US television Variety show hosted by Steve Allen from June 1956 to June 1960 on NBC, and The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television Variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, The Hollywood Palace is an hour-long Television Variety show that was broadcast weekly (generally on Saturday night on ABC from January The Dean Martin Show is a TV variety - comedy series that ran from 1965 to 1974, for 245 episodes Here Comes The Judge redirects here for the 1968 song see Shorty Long. The Mike Douglas Show was an American daytime Television Talk show hosted by Mike Douglas that ran from 1961 to 1982 Joey Bishop ( February 3 1918 &ndash October 17 2007) was an American entertainer who was perhaps best known for being a member In total, the ventriloquist logged over 30 national TV guest appearances. Las Vegas, major showrooms world tours with numerous legends of the entertainment world- Liberace, Jayne Mansfield, Alan King, as well as USO shows in Vietnam, and distant Strategic Air Command bases. The actor ventriloquist was a member of the first USO troupe to cross the Arctic Circle, entertain American troops, and perform for a U. S. President, Jimmy Carter. Russo Louis continued to perform into the early 21st century.
Ramdas Padhye, ventriloquist, puppeteer and puppet maker from India, has been performing for the last 40 years, and is famous all over India with his dummies Ardhavatrao and his other puppet Bunny (the rabbit that starred in the commercial Lijjat Papad). Ramdas Padhye is India's leading Ventriloquist, Puppeteer and puppet-maker A puppeteer is a person who manipulates an inanimate object — a Puppet — in real time to create the illusion of life Satyajit Padhye, son of Ramdas, is a third generation ventriloquist and puppeteer who is carrying on the art of ventriloquism to next generations. Satyajit Padhye, son of Indian Ventriloquist and Puppeteer Ramdas Padhye, is a budding Ventriloquist, puppeteer and Puppet maker Dr. A. K. Rao, also from India, is a veterinary surgeon by profession; he has actively performed ventriloquism since 1980. With his partner, "Johnny," he had staged more than thousand shows by the year 1990 all over the country; though he is still performing this art, he is more or less a quasi-professional, because of his professional commitments. Together with many other disciples, Dr. Rao learned this art from Prof. M. M. Roy, who is one of the oldest professional ventriloquists in India, responsible for making this art popular among the masses in India. David Strassman performs his ventriloquism in theaters throughout the British Comonwealth, and uses robotics to augment his characters' movements, expanding upon an idea originated in the early 1950s by New York ventriloquist Stanley Burns. David Strassman (born 1957 is an American Ventriloquist, who is best known for his ventriloquism acts with the characters Ted E
Jay Johnson co-starred on the sitcom Soap with his dummy Bob. Jay Johnson (born July 11, 1949 in Lubbock Texas) is a Ventriloquist best known for his role on the television show Soap Soap is an American Sitcom that originally ran on ABC from 1977 to 1981 He is currently appearing both on and off Broadway with his one man (but many-dummy) show entitled "The Two and Only. " Ronn Lucas and his figure Scorch "burn up" the Las Vegas showrooms. Ronn Lucas is a Ventriloquist and stand-up comedian He grew up in El Paso Texas and graduated from Eastwood High School in 1972
Terry Fator, the 2007 winner of the NBC reality show America's Got Talent, is known for impersonating famous singers through his puppets. Terry Fator, aka "The Human Jukebox" (born June 10, 1965) is a Ventriloquist, impressionist, comedian and singer from Mesquite The second season of America's Got Talent, an American television reality show talent competition premiered on the NBC He has repeatedly expressed that one of his goals is to bring ventriloquism back into the popular culture as a valid art form. Popular culture (or pop culture) is the Culture — patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activities significance and importance —
Jeff Dunham is a modern ventriloquist with several puppets, such as Peanut, Walter, Achmed, and José Jalapeño. Jeff Dunham (born 1960 in Dallas Texas) is an American Ventriloquist and stand-up comedian He also owns a small version of himself, Little Dummy, which belongs to Peanut. His constant self-mockery and the diversity of the puppets has led him to winning “Funniest Male Stand-Up Comic” at the American Comedy Awards twice, an honor shared with the likes of Jerry Seinfeld, Jeff Foxworthy, and Robin Williams. Additionally, for the second time in two years, viewers recently voted Dunham to third place in Comedy Central’s “Standup Showdown. ” Jeff tours the comedy circuit and has appeared on many television shows, including his own Comedy Central special, which was made into a double-platinum DVD titled "Arguing with Myself," and another DVD called "Spark of Insanity. Comedy Central is an American Cable television and Satellite television channel that carries predominantly Comedy programming "
Many ventriloquists attend conferences, such as the Vent Haven ConVENTion and I-Fest, to hone their skills and to connect with others in their performing community. I-Fest is short for the I nternational Fest ival of Christian Puppetry and Ventriloquism, a six-day annual conference sponsored by Denver These gatherings offer performances, competitions, panel discussions, and workshops for beginners and professionals alike.
One difficulty ventriloquists face is that all the sounds they make must be made with lips slightly separated. For the bilabial sounds /b/, /p/, and /m/, the only choice is to replace them with others. In Phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a Consonant articulated with both Lips The bilabial consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet The dental sounds /v/, /t/, /d/, and /n/ can replace them successfully enough that, if spoken quickly, it is difficult to notice a difference.
The theme of ventriloquists with sinister puppets and/or a split personality is quite common, well known examples include: