Commune of Valence
|Canton||Chief town of 4 cantons|
(8 avril 2008-2014)
|Elevation||106 m–191 m|
(avg. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Rhône-Alpes ( Franco-Provençal: Rôno-Arpes; Occitan: Ròse Aups) is one of the 26 regions of France, located on the In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division A prefecture ( préfecture) in France can refer to: the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a ''département'' The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. The arrondissement of Valence is an arrondissement of France located in the Drôme département, in the Rhône-Alpes The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. 123 m)
|Land area¹||36. 69 km²|
|- Density||1,751/km² (1999)|
|INSEE/Postal code||26362/ 26000|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0. As of January 1, 2008, 64473140 people live in the French Republic. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE to identify various entities including communes Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open|
|2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) only counted once. C D E|
Valence (Occitan Valença) is a commune in south-eastern France, the capital of the département of Drôme, situated on the left bank of the Rhône, 65 miles south of Lyon on the railway to Marseille. Occitan ( IPA BrE: /ˈɒksɪtn/ AmE: /ˈɑksəˌtɑn/ known also as Lenga d'òc or Langue d'oc (native name occitan The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division The Rhone, or the Rhône is one of the major Rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ||-||} Lyon, also known as Lyons in English is a city in east-central France. Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ Its inhabitants are called Valentinois. Formerly the duchy of Valentinois, it was ruled by the Duke of Valentinois, a title which is still claimed by the Sovereign Prince of Monaco, though he has no actual administrative control over the area. Duke of Valentinois ( French: Duc de Valentinois; Italian: Duca Valentino) formerly Count of Valentinois, is a title of The Reigning Prince or Princess of Monaco is the sovereign Monarch and Head of state of the Principality of Monaco.
Known in Roman times as Valentia Julia, the city had been the capital of the Segalauni, and the seat of a celebrated school prior to the Roman conquest. It became a colony under Augustus, and was an important town of Viennensis Prima under Valentinian I. This article is about a type of political territory For other uses see Colony (disambiguation. Augustus ( Latin: IMPERATOR·CAESAR·DIVI·FILIVS·AVGVSTVS September 23 63 BC – August 19 AD 14) born Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was Flavius Valentinianus, known in English as Valentinian I, ( 321 - November 17, 375) was Roman Emperor from 364 until his death It was the seat of a bishopric perhaps as early as the 4th century. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 4th century (per the Julian calendar and Anno Domini / Common era) was that Century
In the fifth century Valentia was ravaged by the Alans and other barbarians: Ataulf besieged and captured Jovinus at Valentia in 413. The Alans or Alani (occasionally but more rarely termed Alauni or Halani) were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people "Barbarian" is a pejorative term for an uncivilized person either in a general reference to a member of a nation or Ethnos perceived Ataulf (sometimes Athavulf, Atawulf, or Athaulf — "noble wolf" — Latinized as Ataulphus or Adolphus in Spanish and Jovinus is a Roman Cognomen, most often used for a 5th century Roman usurper emperor The city fell successively under the power of the Burgundians, the Franks, the Arabs of Spain, the sovereigns of Arles, the emperors of Germany, the counts of Valentinois, the counts of Toulouse, as well as its own bishops, who struggled to retain the control of the city they had won in the fifth century. The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from mainland Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group Arles (aʁl̥ Provençal Occitan: Arles in both classical and Mistralian norms is a City in the south of France, The first comites ( counts) of Toulouse were the administrators of the city and its environs under the Merovingians No succession of such royal These bishops were often in conflict with the citizens and the counts of Valentinois and to strengthen their hands against the latter the pope in 1275 united their bishopric with that of Die. Valence ( Occitan Valença) is a commune in southeastern France, the capital of the department of Drôme, situated Die ( French: Die pronounced dee; Occitan: Diá) is a commune, former episcopal see and Sub-prefecture
The citizens put themselves under the protection of the dauphin, and in 1456 had their rights and privileges confirmed by Louis XI and put on an equal footing with those of the rest of Dauphiné, the bishops consenting to recognize the suzerainty of the dauphin. The Dauphin of France (Dauphin de France—strictly Dauphin of Viennois ( Dauphin de Viennois)—was the title given to the Heir apparent of the Louis XI ( July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483) called the Prudent (le Prudent and the Universal Spider ( Middle The Dauphiné or Dauphiné Viennois is a former province in southeastern France, roughly corresponding to the present departments ' of the In the 16th century Valence became the center of Protestantism for the province in 1563. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. The town was fortified by King Francois I. Francis I (September 12 1494 &ndash March 31 1547 was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547 It became the seat of a celebrated university in the middle of the 15th century; but the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 struck a fatal blow at its industry, commerce and population. The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant the Calvinist Protestants of
The Cathedral of St. Apollinaris, which has an interesting apse, was rebuilt in the 11th century in the Romanesque style of Auvergne and consecrated in 1095 by pope Urban II. Valence Cathedral ( Cathédrale Saint-Apollinaire de Valence) is a Roman Catholic Cathedral in Valence, Drôme, dedicated to Saint APSE standing for Ada Programming Support Environment is a program or set of programs to support Software development in the Ada programming language. Regional characteristics of Romanesque architecture|Romanesque art Romanesque architecture is the term that is used to describe the architecture of Middle Ages Europe which Auvergne ( Occitan: Auvèrnhe/Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a Province of Pope It suffered extensive damage in the French Wars of Religion, but it was restored in the first decade of the 17th century. The French Wars of Religion (1562 to 1598 between French Catholics and Protestants ( Huguenots involved both civil infighting As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar The porch and the stone tower above it were rebuilt in 1861. Year 1861 ( MDCCCLXI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The church contains the monument of Pius VI, who died at Valence in 1799. Pope Pius VI (December 27 1717 &ndash August 29 1799 born Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi, Pope from 1775 to 1799 was born at Cesena. Year 1799 ( MDCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The library and the museum containing Roman antiquities, sculptures, and a picture gallery are housed in the old ecclesiastical seminary. 
The most notable of the monuments erected in this city to its natives include those to Émile Augier the dramatist by the duchess of Uzès (1897), and to General Championnet. Guillaume Victor Émile Augier ( September 17, 1820 &ndash October 25, 1889) was a French Dramatist. Uzès is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Jean Étienne Vachier called Championnet ( 1762 - January 9, 1800) French general enlisted in the army at an early age and served in the
The industries of the city include metallurgical products, textiles, leather goods, jewelry and munitions, and it also serves as a processing and trade center for the surrounding agricultural region.
Some of the big hi-tech companies settled here are leading in their domains like Thales (Former Thomson-CSF, electronic systems for avionics and defence), Crouzet/Schneider (Automatic systems), Alcatel space (Aerospatial systems), Ascom Monetel (Automatic paytax systems), etc. The Thales Group ( is a French Electronics company delivering mission-critical information systems and services for the Aerospace, Defense Thomson-CSF was a major electronics and Defense contractor. In December 2000 it was renamed Thales Group. Alcatel-Lucent is one of the world's biggest industry players in Telecommunications that provides hardware software and services to Service Providers Enterprises and
Valence is now developing its high level educational role in the Drôme/Ardèche area with one INPG engineering school (ESISAR), one IUT (Institut Universitaire de Technologie) and annexes of three universities (UPMF, UJF, Stendhal). Ardèche ( Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ESISAR (Ecole Supérieure d'Ingénieurs en Systèmes Industriels Avancés Rhone-Alpes is an engineering school of the Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble. Université Joseph Fourier ( Joseph Fourier University) is a French university situated in the city of Grenoble and focused on the fields of sciences Henri-Marie Beyle ( January 23, 1783 &ndash March 23, 1842) better known by his Pen name Stendhal, was a 19th-century Many other and more specialized schools are also located in Valence.
Valence is twinned with: