Vacuum Oil Company was a petroleum company in the United States, founded in 1866. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit It later merged with Socony, which eventually changed its name to Mobil, and today is part of ExxonMobil. Mobil Gas Station by David Shankbonejpg|thumb|Mobil gas station East Village section of New York City]] Mobil was a major American oil company The Exxon Mobil Corporation, or ExxonMobil, is an American oil and gas Corporation and a direct descendant of John D
The Vacuum Oil Company was incorporated in 1866 by Matthew Ewing and Hiram Bond Everest. Vacuum Oil Company was a Petroleum company in the United States founded in 1866 Hiram Bond Everest ( February 27, 1831 - March 6, 1913) was an American scientist and a professor of science at Wisconsin University  In 1879, Standard Oil Company, headed by John D. Rockefeller, purchased a three-quarter interest in Vacuum. Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing transporting refining and marketing company John Davison Rockefeller ( July 8, 1839 &ndash May 23, 1937) was an American Industrialist and philanthropist During the ensuing years, Rockefeller organized his various oil holdings into the Standard Oil Trust, with headquarters in New York. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Standard Oil Company of New York (Socony) founded with dissolution of Standard Oil in 1911. Mobil Gas Station by David Shankbonejpg|thumb|Mobil gas station East Village section of New York City]] Mobil was a major American oil company In 1930, Vacuum acquired Wadham's Oil Company and the White Star Refining Company. Wadham's Oil and Grease Company of Milwaukee was a chain of filling and service stations based in Milwaukee Wisconsin in the early 20th century
In 1931, Socony acquired all the assets of Vacuum Oil Co. and changed its name to Socony-Vacuum Corporation. In 1933, Socony-Vacuum and Standard Oil of New Jersey (later to become known as Esso, then Exxon) merged their Far East facilities and interests into a 50-50 venture called Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing transporting refining and marketing company Esso (SO is an international trade name for ExxonMobil and its related companies Exxon is a brand of fuel sold by ExxonMobil. History Exxon formally replaced the Esso, Enco, , or Stanvac. In 1934, Socony-Vacuum Corp. changed its name to Socony-Vacuum Oil Co. , Inc.
In 1955, the name was changed to Socony Mobil Oil Company, Inc. In 1966, there was a further change of name to the Mobil Oil Corporation.