University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum
The University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum, 1,260 acres (5 km²), is an arboretum operated by the University of Wisconsin-Madison and located at 1207 Seminole Highway, Madison, Wisconsin. An arboretum is a collection of trees Related collections include a fruticetum (from the Latin frutex, meaning shrub and a viticetum a collection of vines Madison is the capital of the US state of Wisconsin and the County seat of Dane County. The arboretum is open daily without charge.
The arboretum was established in the early 1930s on farmland fields and pastures, when the university decided to re-establish natural landscapes upon the site. From 1935 to 1941 crews from the Civilian Conservation Corps provided most of the labor to accomplish this task. Civilian Conservation Corps ( CCC) was a Work relief program for young men from unemployed families established on March 21, 1933, by U Today the arboretum describes its collection of restored ecosystems as not only the oldest but also the most extensive in the United States. An ecosystem is a natural unit consisting of all plants animals and micro-organisms( Biotic factors in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical ( The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
Prairies and Savannas
More than 300 species of native plants that once dominated the landscape of southern Wisconsin have been restored to the arboretum's prairies and savannas. Wisconsin ( or wɪˈskɑnsɨn (French Ouisconsin) is one of the fifty United States of America, located in the north central part of the United States Prairie, from the French prairie ("meadow" "grassland" "pasture" refers to an area of land of low topographic relief that historically A savanna or savannah is a Tropical or Subtropical Grassland or Woodland Ecosystem.
- Curtis Prairie (60 acres) - described as the world's oldest restored prairie; a tallgrass prairie with big bluestem grass and Indian grass.
- Greene Prairie (50 acres) - planted by prairie expert Henry Greene during the 1940s and 1950s.
- Marion Dunn Prairie (4 acres) - amelioration of a settling pond.
- Marsh Connection - transition between Curtis Prairie and wetlands.
- Sinaiko Overlook Prairie (5 acres) - mesic to dry-mesic prairie dominated by Indian grass.
- Southwest Grady Oak Savanna - southern Wisconsin fire-adapted communities.
- Wingra Oak Savanna - open-grown bur oaks, currently being restored by the replacement of its understory of non-native trees, shrubs, and weeds with grassland species. The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of about 400 species of Trees and Shrubs in the Genus Quercus (from Latin
- Gallistel Woods (28 acres) - will eventually be representative of southern Wisconsin sugar maple forest. Acer saccharum ( Sugar Maple) is a species of Maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia
- Grady Dry Oak Woods - part of the southern Wisconsin fire communities.
- Noe Woods (41 acres) - white oaks and black oaks; the larger oaks are now about 150 years old. The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of about 400 species of Trees and Shrubs in the Genus Quercus (from Latin
- Wingra Woods (52 acres) - oak woods underplanted with sugar maple, basswood, and beech; gradually changing to a forest with sugar maple as the dominant species. Acer saccharum ( Sugar Maple) is a species of Maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia Tilia is a Genus of about 30 species of Trees native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest For the babyfood see Beech-Nut. Beech ( Fagus) is a genus of ten Species of Deciduous Trees in the
- Boreal Forest (14 acres) - spruce and fir plantings. Spruce refers to Trees of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of Coniferous Evergreen trees in the Family Pinaceae Firs ( Abies) are a genus of between 45-55 species of Evergreen conifers in the family Pinaceae.
- Leopold Pines (21 acres) - red and white pines planted between 1933 and 1937, with small numbers of red maple, white birch, and northern shrubs and ground plants. This article is about the tree For other uses of the term "pine" see Pine (disambiguation. Acer ( maple) is a Genus of Trees or Shrubs They are variously classified in a family of their own the Aceraceae, or Birch is the name of any Tree of the genus Betula ( Bé-tu-la) in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the
- Lost City Forest - mixed woodlands.
- Gardner Marsh - cattails, reed canary grass, exotic shrubs, and other woody vegetation. Typha is a Genus of about eleven Species of Monocotyledonous flowering plants in the Monogeneric family Typhaceae
- Redwing Marsh - habitat for redwinged blackbirds and waterfowl. The Red-winged Blackbird ( Agelaius phoeniceus) is a Passerine Bird of the family Icteridae found in most of North and much of
- Southeast Marsh - large wetland. A wetland is an area of Land consisting of Soil that is Saturated with Moisture, such as a Swamp, Marsh, or Bog
- Teal Pond Wetlands - sedge meadow and pond, with boardwalks. For the record label see Boardwalk Records. for the former Las Vegas hotel see Boardwalk Hotel and Casino.
- Wingra Marsh - relatively untouched wetlands.
- Longenecker Horticultural Gardens (50 acres) - more than 2,000 plants; a leading collection of trees, shrubs and vines in Wisconsin. Major displays of lilacs, flowering crabapples, viburnums, conifers (including a large collection of arborvitae cultivars), and dozens of other plant groups. The unrelated but somewhat similar-looking Chinaberry ( Melia azedarach) is sometimes called "lilac" too Malus, the apples, is a genus of about 30–35 species of small Deciduous Trees or Shrubs in the family Rosaceae. Viburnum ( Viburnum) is a Genus of about 150-175 species of Shrubs or (in a few species small Trees that were previously included Thuja (pronounced "thoo-ya" or " thoo-ja " is a genus of Coniferous Trees in the Cupressaceae (cypress More than 100 of Wisconsin's native woody plants are represented in the collections.
- Viburnum Garden - more than 80 species and varieties of viburnums, and 110 species and varieties of arborvitae. Viburnum ( Viburnum) is a Genus of about 150-175 species of Shrubs or (in a few species small Trees that were previously included Thuja (pronounced "thoo-ya" or " thoo-ja " is a genus of Coniferous Trees in the Cupressaceae (cypress
- Wisconsin Native Plant Garden (4 acres) - approximately 500 native Wisconsin plants, with demonstrations for home landscaping.
External links This list of botanical gardens in the United States is intended to include all significant Botanical gardens and Arboretums in the United States of America A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system.
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