University City is the name given to an area of campuses and neighborhoods in West Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Cedar Park is a neighborhood located in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. West Philadelphia is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Its boundaries, as defined by the non-profit University City District organization, are: the Schuylkill River to the east; Spring Garden Street, Powelton Avenue, and Market Street to the north; Civic Center Boulevard, University Avenue and Woodland Avenue to the south; and 52nd Street to the west.  These boundaries encompass the neighborhoods of Cedar Park, Garden Court, Spruce Hill, Squirrel Hill, Powelton Village, Walnut Hill, and Woodland Terrace. Cedar Park is a neighborhood located in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Garden Court is a Neighborhood in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Spruce Hill is a neighborhood located in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Squirrel Hill is a neighborhood in West Philadelphia, south of Baltimore Ave and west of Clark Park. Powelton Village is a neighborhood of mostly Victorian mostly twin homes in the West Philadelphia section of the United States city of Philadelphia Walnut Hill is a neighborhood in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Woodland Terrace is a small neighborhood of Italianate twin mansions in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The boundaries also encompass several historic districts (view map) and the zip codes 19104, 19139, and 19143. The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS
The name University City was coined in the mid-1950s in an effort to encourage University of Pennsylvania faculty to move into the nearby neighborhoods as part of an urban-renewal effort. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.  At that time, Penn was the only university in the area, but the name now reflects the proximity of other institutions of higher education, including Drexel University (formerly the Drexel Institute of Technology) and the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia (formerly the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy), and Lincoln University, PA Graduate Center (now know as Lincoln University Plaza). Drexel University is a private Coeducational University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The University of the Sciences in Philadelphia (USP located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, offers bachelor's master's and doctoral degrees in Pharmacy Lincoln University ( LU) is America's first degree granting historically black university located in southern Chester County, Pennsylvania The eastern area of University City is home to the Penn and Drexel campuses, several medical institutions (including the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia), independent centers of scientific research, 30th Street Station, and the Cira Centre. The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is one of the largest and oldest Children's hospitals in the world 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Cira Centre is a 28-story office building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania clad in reflective Glass with a Steel structure designed by The western area, with its Victorian and early 20th century housing stock, is primarily residential and is home to a diverse population.
Blockley is one of the earliest names applied to this region. In 1677, William Warner, purchased 1,500 acres (6. 1 km²) from the local Indian tribe and named the area.  Blockley Township did not have a great reputation in 19th century. Blockley Township is a defunct township that was located in Philadelphia County Pennsylvania. "It was an ideal hideout for shadowy characters and evil-doers who crossed the river in skiffs after a thieving or smuggling job south of the city. As late as 1850 it was considered hazardous to be abroad alone in this area. "  The Blockley Almshouse, later known as Philadelphia General Hospital, was located here. The Blockley Almshouse, also known as Philadelphia General Hospital was a charity hospital and poorhouse located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Philadelphia proper was actually founded 5 years after Blockley, but its influence was quickly felt. People soon started calling the Township of Blockley by the made up name West Philadelphia.  Later, parts of Blockley were carved out to form the District of West Philadelphia. West Philadelphia Borough, also known as West Philadelphia District, is a defunct Borough that was located west of the Schuylkill River in Blockley
In 1735, Andrew Hamilton, a "Philadelphia Lawyer", purchased 300 acres (1. Andrew Hamilton (c 1676 – August 4, 1741) was a Scottish Lawyer in Colonial America, best known for his legal victory on behalf 2 km²) of land within Blockley Township. This area came to be known as Hamilton Village  and The Woodlands, a sprawling botanical garden and mansion were built here. Blockley Township is a defunct township that was located in Philadelphia County Pennsylvania. The gardens is now the Woodlands Cemetery. The Woodlands is a National Historic Landmark on the western banks of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia. Much of the rest of Hamilton Village is now covered by the 40th St. retail corridor.
A small section on the northern side of this area was once known as Greenville.  Situated near Lancaster Ave, Powelton Ave, and Market St. , Greenville served as a way point for travelers and cattle drivers. Many taverns and inns accommodated the generally rowdy travelers. Later, the area expanded in all directions with many German immigrants and offered much more than simple taverns. By the mid-20th century, the area had changed again to a neighborhood that was colloquially referred to as the Black Bottom, a nickname that referenced the neighborhood's racial and economic status. Black Bottom was a predominantly African American neighborhood in Philadelphia Pennsylvania that was razed for Urban renewal in the 1950s and 1960s Much of this neighborhood was destroyed as part of a gentrification plan in the 1960s. 
The late 19th and early 20th centuries were a time of enormous growth in the area. The arrival of electrified streetcars in the 1890s kickstarted development to the west of 43rd Street, and bridges and a tunnel in the first decade of the 20th century allowed people to easily commute into Center City.  This led to rapid development within the borders of University City and far beyond. It was around this time that the "local" neighborhood names like Spruce Hill and Cedar Park were established.
In the mid-1950s, the name University City was coined as a marketing tool by two realtors (former Penn graduates) in an attempt to attract Penn faculty back to the neighborhoods near Penn.  The boundaries were defined as extending from the "Schuylkill River to 52nd Street, and from Haverford Avenue to the Media-line railroad tracks south of Kingsessing Avenue — though over the years many have viewed it as a smaller domain". This has led to some community tension; some saw it as an attempt to secede from West Philadelphia. 
University City has a history of strained town and gown relations, particularly with Penn. Town and gown are two distinct communities of a university town; "town" being the non-academic population and "gown" metonymically being the The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Since the 1960s, Penn has led a series of gentrification and redevelopment programs that have changed the character of the area. Some locals call this "Penntrification" or "McPenntrification"  as it seems to only benefit those with a relationship to Penn.
Some, including local anarchists, believe Penn's actions divide the community. The Sadie Alexander public elementary school, which Penn helped to build and currently subsidizes, is closed to students outside its "catchment". The Penn Mortgage program is available only to Penn employees and only for homes purchased within Penn's definition of the boundaries of University City. The university is also active in branding the area as "University City", with its logo showing up next to the name on signs and bridges.
For decades, it had been generally understood that 40th Street was the "invisible campus boundary" between the residential neighborhoods to the west and the Penn campus to the east. In recent years the "Penn bubble" is said to have expanded further west. 
As part of the Housing Act of 1949, Congress established the "Slum Clearance and Community Development and Redevelopment" program, commissioning federal funds to "assist local communities in eliminating their slums and blighted areas and in providing the maximum opportunity for the redevelopment of project areas by private enterprise. The American Housing Act of 1949 was a landmark sweeping expansion of the federal role in mortgage insurance and issuance and the construction of public housing "  A few years prior, in 1945, the Redevelopment Authority of the City of Philadelphia (RDA) was formed with the power to acquire and redevelop land through condemnation proceedings. This power to take land reached University City when The West Philadelphia Corporation (WPC) was formed in 1959 by a group of local institutions including Penn.  By 1965, the WPC had developed a massive plan to demolish homes and redevelop the land as a center of private scientific research. Within four years, the University City Science Center had been established and most of the buildings on Market St. between 34th St. and 40th St. had been demolished. 
Penn's "Superblock", the area between 38th, 40th, Spruce, and Walnut streets, was also cleared and redeveloped as a follow-up to this plan.
In 2007, Penn bought 24 acres between its campus and the Schuylkill river, an area largely previously occupied by the United States Postal Service and known as the Postal Lands. (This 1994 map shows the area before the GE building was refurbished into the Left Bank and the Cira Centre was built. ) According to plans in the works since 2005, Penn officials intend to build several facilities and to connect its campus with the riverfront and Center City. New buildings will include a college house, parking garages, hotel and conference spaces and more green space on campus. A walkway will extend from Locust Walk across the Schuylkill River to Center City.
In addition, the former post office is to be turned into office space for the Internal Revenue Service. The In November 2007, Cira Center developer Brandywine Realty Trust broke ground for a 28-story mixed-used high-rise called Cira Center South, to be completed in 2010. Brandywine Realty Trust ( is a real estate development trust ( REIT) in the United States that buys sells leases and manages approximately 225 commercial properties no more  
University City is not to be confused with the University City District (UCD). University City is the name of the area of neighborhoods and campuses, while University City District is the name of a private, non-profit organization created by the University of Pennsylvania and other local institutions in 1997 in an effort to provide the area with additional safety, cleanup, and marketing services as well as help in coordinating district initiatives. 
The UCD has been criticized for its director's involvement in the Philadelphia mayoral election, 2007  and recent crimes committed by one of its employees. The 2007 Philadelphia mayoral election was held on November 6, 2007 when Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States elected Michael 
In 2007, the University City District released its updated University City Report Card.  This report card provided a detailed look at the area. The following information was accurate as of 2006.
There are 45,787 people, living in 16,625 households in University City. 29% of these households are classified as "Family" households and the remaining 71% are classified as "Non-Family". The average household size is 2. 0 people. Median household income is $23,749, and the median age of the residents is 23. 8 years. Median "Family" household income is $40,042. 8. 1% of households have incomes of $100,000 or more and 35. 2% have incomes of less than $15,000. The racial makeup of University City is approximately 42% Black, 35% White, 18% Asian/Pacific Islander, 4% Hispanic, with the remainder not classified. (UC Report Card: Households, Age, Income, Race; p. 7)
There are 63,878 employees in the area. The largest employers are, with employee count in parentheses, Penn (13,239), Penn Health (11,136), CHoP (6,855), Drexel-Main (2,706), AMTRAK (2,551), and The VA (2,100). The leading employment sectors were, not surprisingly, educational services (53. 1%) and health care services (21%). (UC Report Card: Employment; p. 8)
The median home sale is $312,000, an increase of 22% over 2005. The average monthly rent is $667 for a studio apartment, $823 for a one-bedroom apartment, and $1,174 for a two-bedroom apartment. (UC Report Card: Housing; p. 23)
Ordered by size (Number of students, 2006): 
Not including the scientific departments of the local universities