Tula is a town of 28,432 (2005 census) in the southwestern part of the state of Hidalgo in central Mexico, some 100 km to the north-northwest of Mexico City. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México DF, México or simply Méjico) is the Capital city of Mexico The modern town is known as Tula de Allende; also a state municipality that covers part of the southeastern portion of the Pre-Columbian city. Municipalities ( municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences The present-day municipality has a population of 93,296 and an areal extent of 305. 8 km² (118. 07 sq mi), which includes numerous smaller outlying towns, the largest of which are El Llano, San Marcos, and San Miguel Vindho.
Nearby are the remains of the ancient capital city of the Toltecs, also known as "Tula" or as "Tollan". Toltec-style Vessel 1jpg|thumb|250px|right|A rather expressive orange-ware clay vessel in the Toltec style This article is about the historic cities In the science fiction television series Stargate SG-1, the "Tollan" are an advanced human civilization see Usually identified as the Toltec capital around 980 CE, the city was destroyed at some time between 1168 or 1179. Events By Place Europe Otto II renounces his claim to Lorraine.
The site is at and around the junction of two rivers, the Río Rosas and the Río Tula. A pictogram ( also spelled pictogramme) or pictograph is a Symbol representing a Concept, object, activity place or event Rio Tula is a River in Hidalgo state in central Mexico. It runs through the ancient town of Tula. The two largest clusters of grand ceremonial architecture are nicknamed "Tula Grande" (the most visited by tourists) and "Tula Chico". Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel Remains of other buildings extend for some distance in all directions. In the residential areas streets were laid out in a grid pattern.
The city was the largest in central Mexico in the 9th and 10th centuries, covering an area of some 12 km² with a population of at least some 30,000, possibly significantly more. While it might have been the largest city in Mesoamerica at the time, some Maya sites in the Yucatán may have rivaled its population during this period. Mesoamerica or Meso-America (Mesoamérica is a Region extending approximately from central Mexico to Honduras and Nicaragua, defined The Maya civilization is a Mesoamerican Civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the Pre-Columbian Americas Yucatán is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula.
Distinctive Toltec features here include terraced pyramids, colonnaded buildings, and relief sculptures, including the characteristic chacmools, reclining figures that may have been avatars of the rain god, Tlaloc. A pyramid is a Building where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point Chac-Mool is the name given to a type of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican stone statue Avatar or Avatara (अवतार IAST Avatāra) is often inaccurately translated into English as incarnation For the fictional character from the Legends of Dune books see Titan (Dune#Tlaloc. There are two large courts for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame. The Mesoamerican ballgame was a Sport with ritual associations played for over 3000 years by the Pre-Columbian peoples of Mesoamerica. Some of the architecture is similar to that at Chichen Itza. Chichen Itza (tʃiːˈtʃɛn iːˈtsɑː from Chi'ch'èen Ìitsha' "At the mouth of the well of the Itza " is a
The site was extensively looted in Aztec times, with much of the artwork and sculpture carted off. Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political
The first scholarly description of the ruins was made by Antonio García Cubas of the Mexican Society of Geography and History in 1873. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The first archaeological excavations were conducted in the 1880s by French antiquarian Désiré Charnay. Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of Electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Claude-Joseph Désiré Charnay ( 2 May 1828 - 24 October 1915) was a French traveller and Archaeologist notable both for A twenty year archaeological project under Jorge Acosta of Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) began in 1940. Jorge Acosta (born May 29 1964 in Colombia) is a retired US-Colombian Soccer forward. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In the 1970s further excavations and restorations of some structures were conducted by INAH and the University of Missouri–Columbia. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. The University of Missouri (also known as the University of Missouri–Columbia, Mizzou, or MU) is a public land-grant and research
Parts of the site are open for tourist visits, and Tula has a small museum. A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the