Tripolitania or Tripolitana (Arabic: طرابلس, transliterated: Tarābulus) is a historic region and an ex Province or State ("muhafazah" or "wilayah") of Libya (alongside Cyrenaica and Fezzan). Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Transliteration is the practice of Transcribing a Word or text written in one Writing system into another writing system or system of rules for such practice The Arabic word muhafazah (محافظة muḥāfaẓä plural محافظات muhafazat) is usually translated to Governorate in English occasionally to A wilāyah (ولاية or vilâyet (in Persian and Ottoman Turkish) is an administrative division usually Libya ( ليبيا ar-Latn Lībiyā; Libyan vernacular: Lībya; Amazigh:) officially the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Libya 5210 Wan Caza Luca Galuzzi 2007jpg|thumb|Wan Caza dunes in Fezzan
|History of Libya|
), in an old system of administrative divisions which was abolished in the early 1970s in favour of a system of smaller-size municipality or "baladiyat" singular "baladiyah") . The history of Libya includes the history of its rich mix of people added to the indigenous Berber tribes Libya ( ليبيا ar-Latn Lībiyā; Libyan vernacular: Lībya; Amazigh:) officially the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Prehistory Since Neolithic times the climate of North Africa has been drying With tenuous Byzantine control over Libya restricted to a few poorly defended coastal strongholds the Arab horsemen who first crossed into Pentapolis Cyrenaica in September 642 encountered little By the beginning of the 15th century the Libyan coast had minimal central authority and its harbours were havens for unchecked bands of pirates For a full treatment of the Italian invasion of 1911 see Italian invasion of Libya. The Kingdom of Libya, ( المملكة الليبية) originally called the United Kingdom of Libya came into existence on December 24, 1951 On November 21, 1949, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution stating that Libya should become independent before January 1, 1952. The Italo-Turkish or Turco-Italian War (also known in Italy as guerra di Libia, "the Libyan war" and in Turkey as Trablusgarp Savaşı) was fought Jews have lived in Libya since the 3rd century BC, when North Africa was under Roman rule This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a City, Town, or Village, or Baladiyah (بلدية is a type of Arabic Administrative division that can be translated as Municipality. The "Baladiyat"-system was subsequently changed many times and has lately become "Sha'biyat"-system. Shabiyah ( شعبية) (plural Shabiyat شعبيات is an Administrative division of Libya. What used to be Tripolitania in the old system became divided up into several "Baladiyat" or "Sha'biyat", see administrative divisions in Libya. Libya ( ليبيا ar-Latn Lībiyā; Libyan vernacular: Lībya; Amazigh:) officially the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab In the old system, Tripolitania included Tripoli, the capital city of Libya and a vast north-western portion of the country; in the subsequent systems, the "Baladiyah" or "Sha'biyah" of Tripoli has become much smaller than the original Tripolitania to include merely the city of Tripoli and its more immediate surroundings. Tripolis ( Arabic: طرابلس Ṭarābulus - also طرابلس الغرب Ṭarā-bu-lus al-Gharb Libyan vernacular: Because the City and the "Sha'biyah" are nowadays almost coextensive, the term Tripolitania is of more value for historical contexts than for contemporary ones. In Arabic the same word ( طرابلس ) is used for both the City and the region, and that word alone would be understood to mean only the City; in order to designate Tripolitania in Arabic, a word like "State", "Province" or "Sha'biyah" must be used as a qualifier.
The region was originally inhabited by Berbers; in the 7th century BC Phoenicians settled in colonies along the coast, which later came under the control of Carthage. Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. The 7th century BC started the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC. Phoenicia ( Phoenician: Phoenician nunsvg|12px|נ]]Phoenician nun Carthage (Καρχηδών Karkhēdōn, Carthago from the Phoenician קרת חדשת phn-Latn Qart-ḥadašt meaning new town) refers Numidia captured it in 146 BC, then the Romans came a century later, under whom Tripolitania became a prosperous area. Numidia (202 BC – 46 BC was an ancient Berber kingdom in present-day Algeria and part of Tunisia ( North Africa) that later alternated Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 The Vandals took over in 435, and were in turn supplanted by the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century. For the article on the Movie camera, see Arriflex 435. Events By Place Western Roman Empire August 3 - The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. The Arabs swept through in the 7th century. The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding The 7th century is the period from 601 to 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. The Ottoman Turks took charge in 1553, and kept it as the "vilayet of Tripoli" until 1911, when it was captured by Italy in the Italo-Turkish War. The Ottoman Turks were the subdivision of the Ottoman Muslim Millet that dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. A wilāyah (ولاية or vilâyet (in Persian and Ottoman Turkish) is an administrative division usually Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Italo-Turkish or Turco-Italian War (also known in Italy as guerra di Libia, "the Libyan war" and in Turkey as Trablusgarp Savaşı) was fought
Italy officially granted autonomy after the war, but gradually occupied the region. Originally administered as part of a single colony, Tripolitania was a separate colony from 26 June 1927 to 3 December 1934, when it was merged into "Libya". Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. Year 1927 ( MCMXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1800 - War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden, French Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
During World War II Libya was occupied by the Allies and until 1947 Tripolitania (and the region of Cyrenaica) were administered by the United Kingdom. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Year 1947 ( MCMXLVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Italy formally renounced its claim upon the territory in the same year.
It is important to note here that Tripolitania existed as an entity (State or "welaiya") at least since early Ottoman times (if not before in Islamic or Roman times), the list below starts from 1911 (onset of the Italian colonization era), for a more comprehensive and detailed lists, check these two links:  . Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year (Dates in italics below, indicate de facto continuation of office).
|1911||Independent government||In rebellion against Ottoman sovereignty|
|3 October 1911||Italian occupation|
|1911 to March 1913||Sulayman ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Baruni, Ruler of Tripolitania|
|16 November 1918||Tripolitanian Republic|
|16 November 1918 to November 1920||Ahmad Tahir al-Murayyid, Chairman of the Council of the Republic|
|18 May 1919||nominally under Italian Suzerainty|
|November 1920 to 1923||Ahmad Tahir al-Murayyid, Chairman of the Central Reform Board|
|12 November 1922||Annexed by Italy|
|October 1911||Raffaele Borea Ricci d'Olmo, Governor|
|11 October 1911 to 1912||Carlo Francesco Giovanni Battista Caneva, Governor|
|1912 to 1913||Ottavio Ragni, Governor|
|2 June 1913 to 1914||Vincenzo Garioni, Governor|
|1914 to 1915||Luigi Druetti, Governor|
|1915 to 1915||Iulio Cesare Tassoni, Governor|
|1915 to 1918||Giovanni Battista Ameglio, Governor|
|6 July 1920 to July 1921||Luigi Mercatelli, Governor|
|July 1921 to July 1925||Giuseppe Volpi, conte di Misurata, Governor|
|July 1925 to 24 January 1929||Emilio De Bono, Governor|
|24 January 1929 to 31 December 1933||Pietro Badoglio, Governor|
|1 January 1934||Incorporated into Libya|
|23 October 1942||British Administration|
|December 1942 to 26 January 1943||Maurice Stanley Lush, Governor|
|1943 to 1946||Travers Robert Blackley, Administrator|
|1946 to April 1949||Travers Robert Blackley, Administrator|
|April 1949 to 24 December 1951||Travers Robert Blackley, Resident|
|24 December 1951||Incorporated into Libya|