Trapeze artists, in lithograph by Calvert Litho. Co. , 1890.
- This article is about the aerial acrobatics apparatus. For other uses, see Trapeze (disambiguation).
Trapeze is the overall name for a collection of closely related aerial apparatus. All trapezes are horizontal cross-bars used by acrobats (more specifically, "aerialists"). Acrobatics (from Greek Akros, high and bat, walking is one of the Performing arts, and is also practiced as a Sport. They are often popularly associated with circuses. A circus is most commonly a traveling company of performers that may include acrobats, Clowns trained animals trapeze acts Hoopers, tightrope walkers
Braydon says: the trapeze (occasionally abbreviated to trap) is a short bar that is hung by two cords from a support higher up; when these cords and the support are included, the trapeze is shaped like a trapezoid. A trapezoid (in North America or a trapezium (in Britain and elsewhere is a Quadrilateral (a closed plane shape with four linear sides that has at least one
Common forms of the trapeze include:
- Static trapeze refers to a trapeze act in which the performer moves around the bar and ropes while the bar itself stays mostly in place. Static trapeze, also known as fixed trapeze, is a type of circus art performed on the Trapeze. The difficulty on a static trapeze is making every move look effortless. It is like dance in that most people of a reasonable level of strength can get onto the bar for the first time and do the tricks but an experienced artist will do them with infinitely more grace and style.
- Swinging trapeze or swinging single trapeze refers to an act done while the trapeze swings. For an example of this discipline, watch the trapeze act in Alegria. The performer builds up swing from a still position, and uses the momentum of the swing to execute their tricks. There are many tricks that are only possible on a swinging trapeze and most of them are far more difficult than tricks on a static trapeze. Usually these tricks are thrown on the peaks of the swing and involve exceptional dynamic movements that require excellent timing. Most of the tricks begin with the performer sitting or standing on the bar and end with the performer catching the bar in his/her hands or in an ankle hang (hanging off of the ankles by bracing them between the rope and the bar). This act requires a great deal of strength, grace, and flexibility.
- Flying trapeze refers to a trapeze act where a performer, or "flyer," grabs the trapeze bar and jumps off a high platform, or pedestal board, so gravity creates the swing. Brief history Trapeze dates back to 1856 when Jules Leotard used to swing from cables attached to air vents over the pool of his parents’ gymnasium in Toulouse The swing's parts are the cast out at the far end of the first swing, the beat back and rise as the performer swings back above the pedestal board, and then the trick is thrown at the far end of the second swing. The performer often releases the bar and is caught by another performer, the "catcher," who hangs by his knees on another trapeze, or sometimes on a cradle, which can be either stationary or also swinging. A flyer rarely weighs more than about 68 kg (150 pounds) to avoid damaging the catcher's shoulders, although people of any size are able to execute basic trapeze maneuvers. Flying trapeze is done over a net, or occasionally over water for a special exhibition.
The flying trapeze was invented in the late 19th Century in France by Jules Léotard. The French acrobatic performer Jules Léotard (c 1842 - 1870 was the man who inspired the 1867 song " The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze " He did his act from one swinging trapeze to another that had been released by his father who was standing on a platform. He is also said to have invented the full length skin tight costume that now bears his name.
The flying trapeze and its association with circuses was made even more popular by the 1867 George Leybourne song "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze", which was based on the success of trapeze artist Jules Léotard. Joe Sanders (1842 – 15 September 1884) better known as George Leybourne, was an English Music hall performer " The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze " also known as " The Man on the Flying Trapeze " is a very well-known 19th century Popular song The French acrobatic performer Jules Léotard (c 1842 - 1870 was the man who inspired the 1867 song " The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze " One of the greatest flyers of all time is Alfredo Codona of Mexico who set standards of skill and style in the 1920's that many aspire to and few achieve. Alfredo Codona ( 7 October 1893 &ndash 30 July 1937) was a Mexican Trapeze artist Codona was born in the state
- Washington trapeze, also known as "Heavy Trapeze" refers to a variation on static and swinging trapeze where a performer performs a headstand on the bar.
- Dance trapeze, also known as Single-point trapeze, refers to a low mounted trapeze used by many modern dance companies in aerial dance. See also Dance, Concert dance Modern dance is a dance form developed in the early 20th century Aerial modern dance is a Sub-genre of Modern dance first recognized in the United States in the 1970s The ropes of the trapeze are often together attached to a swivel, allowing the trapeze to spin. A swivel is a connection that allows the connected object such as a gun or Chair to rotate horizontally and/or vertically
- Doubles trapeze is a variation of static trapeze or swinging trapeze and features two performers working together and performing figures together on the same trapeze. Static trapeze, also known as fixed trapeze, is a type of circus art performed on the Trapeze.
- Multiple trapeze refers to a number of different shapes and sizes of trapeze, including Double Trapeze, Triple Trapeze and larger multiples designed for use by multiple simultaneous flyers. Multiple trapeze is an act entailing the use of more than one Trapeze, typically two or three Shaped Trapezes are apparatus that can take virtually any shape imaginable.
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- A trapezium.
- A swinging horizontal bar, suspended at each end by a rope; — used by gymnasts.
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