|Transportation Security Administration|
|Agency Executive||Edmund "Kip" Hawley, Assistant Secretary/Administrator|
|Parent agency||Department of Homeland Security|
|http://www.tsa.gov TSA Official site|
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is a U.S. government agency that was created as part of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act passed by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President George W. Bush on November 19, 2001. Edmund S "Kip" Hawley is the current Administrator & Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security for the Transportation Security Administration, part of United The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA November 19, 2001) was enacted by the 107th United States Congress in the immediate aftermath of the The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. Events 1095 - The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. The TSA was originally organized in the U.S. Department of Transportation but was moved to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security on March 1, 2003. The United States Department of Transportation ( DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with Transportation Events 86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army enters in Athens, removing the Tyrant Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The agency is responsible for security in all modes of transportation. 
The TSA is a component of the Department of Homeland Security. With state, local and regional partners, the TSA oversees security for highways, railroads, buses, mass transit systems, pipelines, ports, and 450 U. S. airports. However, The bulk of TSA's efforts are in aviation security. As of March 2007, the TSA employs around 43,000 Transportation Security Officers (down from a high of nearly 60,000 in 2003), commonly referred to as "TSOs", formerly referred to as screeners. . TSA also employs Federal Air Marshals (FAMs), Transportation Security Inspectors (TSIs) and oversees the training and testing of explosives detection canine teams.
A Transportation Security Officer (TSO) performs security screening of persons and property and controls entry and exit points within an airport.
A Federal Air Marshal (FAM), while blending in with passengers, is tasked with detecting, detering, and defeating terrorist or other criminal hostile acts targeting U. S. air carriers, airports, passengers, crew, and when necessary, other transportation modes within the US's general transportation systems.
Transportation Security Inspectors (TSIs) conduct comprehensive inspections, assessments and investigations of passenger and cargo transportation systems to determine their security posture.
TSA's National Explosives Detection Canine Team Program prepares dogs and handlers to serve as mobile teams that can quickly locate and identify dangerous materials that may present a threat to transportation systems.
TSA was created by the federal government in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks. Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, sometimes called Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Detroit Metro Wayne Airport, Metro Airport, or simply The United States Department of Transportation ( DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with Transportation Prior to its creation, security screening was operated by private companies which had contracts with either:
With the arrival of the TSA, private screening has not disappeared completely. Under the TSA's Screening Partnership Program (SPP), privately operated checkpoints exist in the following airports: San Francisco International Airport; Kansas City International Airport; Greater Rochester International Airport; Tupelo Regional Airport; Key West International Airport; and Jackson Hole Airport. San Francisco International Airport is a major international Airport located south of downtown San Francisco, California, United States adjacent to the Kansas City International Airport, originally named Mid-Continent International Airport Greater Rochester International Airport is a county-owned public-use Airport located three Nautical miles (6 km) southwest of the Central business Tupelo Regional Airport is a public Airport located three miles (5 km) west of the city of Tupelo in Lee County, Mississippi Key West International Airport is a county-owned public Airport located two miles (3 km) east of the Central business district of Key West Jackson Hole Airport is a public Airport located seven miles (11 km north of the Central business district of Jackson, a town in Teton County   Private security firms have been approved by the TSA to provide security, but under the authority of the TSA. 
The organization was charged with developing policies to ensure the security of U. S. air traffic and other forms of transportation. The TSA says airport security and the prevention of aircraft hijacking are two of its main goals, though it is widely disputed whether the TSA aids in accomplishing these goals and if the TSA is necessary for their accomplishment. Airport security refers to the techniques and methods used in protecting Airports and Aircraft from Crime. Hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take over of an Aircraft, by a person or group usually armed
The TSA oversaw the Federal Air Marshal Service until December 1, 2003, when the program was officially transferred to the authority of the U.S. Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS is a United States federal government Law enforcement agency under the supervision of the Transportation Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. US Immigration and Customs Enforcement ( ICE) is the largest and primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS responsible In the U. S. government's 2006 fiscal year, the Federal Air Marshal Program was transferred back to the TSA. A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is a period used for calculating annual ("yearly" Financial statements in Businesses The TSA also currently oversees the Federal Flight Deck Officer program, which gives pilots the right to carry guns with them inboard to protect themselves in case of an emergency. The Federal Flight Deck Officer (FFDO program is run by the Federal Air Marshal Service with the aim of allowing select pilots of commercial airline flights to carry firearms
The TSA is solely responsible for carrying out screenings of passengers and their baggage (both checked and carry-on) at 450 airports across the country.
Confiscated items are available for sale to the public, if not claimed by their owner.  TSA is also working to combat baggage theft in many airports. It is working with local and other federal law enforcement agencies. In Las Vegas, a recent sting operation caught two airport employees stealing weapons. 
Transportation Security Officers, or "TSOs", are Emergency Personnel of the United States Federal Government and operate in a "Mission Critical" capacity for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. They are uniformed federal officers with no arrest powers, and do not carry firearms, OC spray or batons. TSOs are given the power of search and seizure due to language within the 4th Amendment. By purchasing an airline ticket, the person whose name appears on the ticket is consenting to the possibility of random searches of his person and items.
For the United States Government's fiscal year of 2007 an amount of $4,751,580,000 (4. 7 billion) dollars was appropriated for use (specifically for civil aviation security services) by the TSA. This appropriation was proposed in House Resolution 5441 and was signed into public law as Public Law 109-295. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate.
The starting salary for a TSO is $23,836 to 35,754 per year, not including locality pay.
TSA has faced a high level of criticism since its inception. Criticisms include but are not limited to:
Undercover operations to test the effectiveness of the airport screening processes are routinely carried out by the TSA's internal affairs unit and the Department of Homeland Security Inspector General's office. Security theater consists of Security countermeasures intended to provide the feeling of improved security while doing little or nothing to actually improve security In a civilian or military administration an Inspector General is a high ranking official charged with the mission to inspect and report on some bodies in their field of competency
A report by the Inspector General found that TSA officials had collaborated with Covenant Aviation Security at San Francisco International Airport to alert screeners of undercover tests. Covenant Aviation Security is a private airport security agency under contract with the Transportation Security Administration. San Francisco International Airport is a major international Airport located south of downtown San Francisco, California, United States adjacent to the From August 2003 until May 2004, precise descriptions of the undercover personnel were provided to the screeners. The handing out of descriptions was then stopped, but until January 2005 screeners were still alerted whenever undercover operations were going on. 
A report on undercover operations conducted in October 2006 at Newark Liberty International Airport was leaked to the press. Newark Liberty International Airport, first named Newark Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international Airport within the The screeners had failed 20 of 22 undercover security tests, missing numerous guns and bombs. The Government Accountability Office had previously pointed to repeated covert test failures by TSA personnel. The Government Accountability Office ( GAO) is the Audit, Evaluation, and investigative arm of the United States Congress.  Revealing the results of covert tests is against TSA policy, and the agency responded by initiating an internal probe to discover the source of the leak. 
In July 2007, The Times Union of Albany, New York reported that TSA screeners at Albany International Airport failed multiple covert security tests conducted by the TSA, including the failure to detect a fake bomb. Albany is the Capital of the State of New York and the County seat of Albany County. Albany International Airport is an airport of entry serving Albany, New York. 
On May 4, 2007, the Associated Press reported that a computer hard drive containing Social Security numbers, bank data, and payroll information for about 100,000 employees had been lost from TSA headquarters. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The Associated Press ( AP) is an American News agency. The AP is a Cooperative owned by its contributing Newspapers radio The United States Social Security Administration ( SSA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that administers Kip Hawley sent a letter to TSA employees alerting them to news of the missing hard drive and apologizing for the loss. The agency stated that it did not know whether the drive was lost or stolen but said that it has asked the FBI to investigate. 
In late September 2006, airline passenger Ryan Bird was detained by an airport law enforcement officer for writing "Kip Hawley is an idiot" on a plastic bag containing his toiletries. Bird wrote the comment to protest the rule the TSA had recently enacted requiring all airline passengers to store any liquid and gel items in their carry-on luggage in clear, plastic baggies. Liquid is one of the principal States of matter. A liquid is a Fluid that has the particles loose and can freely form a distinct surface at the boundaries of A gel (from the lat gelu &mdashfreezing cold ice or gelatus &mdashfrozen immobile is an apparently solid jelly-like material formed from a Luggage is any number of Bags cases and containers which hold a Traveller s articles during transit. Zipper storage bags, were patented by Robert W Vergobbi on May 18, 1954. Bird was detained by the TSA for nearly half an hour before being released. His account of the incident on FlyerTalk.com produced 83,000 hits within a couple of days, and the incident made national news. FlyerTalk is an Internet forum for discussion of Airline Frequent flyer programs Hotel Loyalty programs and other issues related 
In March of 2008, Mandi Hamlin was going through the check points at the Lubbock, Texas airport when a Transportation Security Officer stopped her about her nipple piercings. Mandi Hamlin states she was humiliated at the hands of this employee and her 4 colleagues. Mandi was told to step behind a curtain and remove the piercings or she would not be boarding her flight. Miss Hamlin states that while she was distraught, asking for pliers to remove the piercing, she overheard TSA Officers snickering at her. Hamlin, who is represented by Gloria Allred, filed a complaint with TSA. Gloria Rachel Allred (born Gloria Rachel Bloom on July 3, 1941) is an American Lawyer.
In a statement released by TSA, the agency stated that its employees followed procedure in this incident. The agency also stated they will be changing the procedures for clearing individuals with unresolved alarms.
In February 2007, Christopher Soghoian, a security researcher and blogger announced  that a TSA website was collecting private passenger information in a highly insecure manner. Christopher Soghoian (born c 1981 is a blogger activist and cybersecurity PhD student at Indiana University 's School of Informatics in Bloomington Indiana The website was intended to provide a way for passengers to file disputes in the event that they were incorrectly included on the No fly list. The No Fly List, sometimes called the terrorist watch list, is a secret list created and maintained by the United States government of people who are not permitted Passengers who submitted their information through the website were at risk of identity theft. TSA pulled, fixed and then relaunched the website within days, after the press picked up the story. 
In January 2008, The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform issued a report on the incident, the result of a one year investigation. 
The report stated that the flawed website had operated insecurely for over four months during which over 247 people had submitted personal information using the insecure web-forms.  According to the report, the TSA manager responsible for assigning the contract was a high-school friend and former employee of the the owner of the firm that created the website. 
The report also noted that "neither Desyne nor the technical lead on the traveler redress Web site have been sanctioned by TSA for their roles in the deployment of an insecure Web site. TSA continues to pay Desyne to host and maintain two major Web-based information systems. TSA has taken no steps to discipline the technical lead, who still holds a senior program management position at TSA. "
Behavior Detection Officers, or "BDOs" are TSA officers whose primary responsibility is to observe the behavior of passengers going through the security checkpoint. They watch for suspicious actions, such as overly nervous and agitated passengers, and ask them basic questions such as "where are you headed?" or "what is the purpose of your trip?" Sometimes police officers are called in to help ask additional questions and/or do a quick background check of the citizen in question. On April 1, 2008, Behavior Detection Officers successfully identified a passenger at Orlando International Airport, who was acting suspiciously near a ticket counter. After flagging the man for additional screening at the checkpoint, luggage x-ray detector workers discovered pipe bomb-making materials inside his bag. 
This program, while somewhat purported as successful by TSA, has came with a lot of controversy. Human rights organizations has flagged this program as a subtle way of profiling and/or smacking of George Orwell's 1984 Thought Police.
Throughout 2008, the TSA will begin implementing brand-new uniforms, which don a completely different look from the uniforms currently in use. The new uniforms will consist of a royal blue 65/35 polyester/cotton blend duty shirt, dark blue pants, a black tie, a wider black belt, and optional short sleeved shirts and black vests (for seasonal reasons). In addition, there will be a DHS federal badge and engraved nameplate, distinguishing the individual as a Federal Officer. The first airport to introduce the new uniforms will be Baltimore-Washington International Airport. Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport serves the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ( U Training is being conducted as the duties and responsibilities of the TSO evolves to the ever-changing agency.
The TSA requires access to air passengers' luggage for security screening in the USA, sometimes without the passenger being present. To allow luggage to be locked for protection against theft, the TSA has approved certain locks, identified by a logo on the locks. TSA personnel can open and relock these locks with tools and information supplied by the lock manufacturers. Luggage locked with other types of lock may be forced open. Various forms of padlock, lockable straps, and luggage with built-in locks are available. Padlocks are portable locks used to protect against Theft, Vandalism, Sabotage, Espionage, unauthorized use and harm Some locks indicate that they have been opened by the TSA.
A number of manufacturers produce TSA-compliant locks. Safe Skies manufactures and distributes their own patented TSA Approved luggage lock. Several firms purchase branding rights to use Travel Sentry mark. . The technology behind the TSA lock is protected by . As of 2007 a patent infringement lawsuit has been filed against Travel Sentry by the patent holder.
</noinclude>The Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA ( French: Administration canadienne de la sûreté du transport aérien, or ACSTA is a Canadian Crown corporation