|Comune di Trani|
Municipal coat of arms
Location of Trani in Italy
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|Area||102 km² (39 sq mi)|
|Population (as of December 31, 2004)|
|- Density||525/km² (1,360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET, UTC+1|
|Patron||San Nicola Pellegrino|
|- Day||May 3|
Trani is a seaport of Apulia, southern Italy, on the Adriatic Sea, in the province of Bari, and 40 km by railway west northwest of that town. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo Apulia ( Italian: Puglia) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east the Ionian Sea Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Province of Bari (Provincia di Bari is a province in the Apulia (or Puglia region of Italy. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan
The city of Turenum appears for the first time in the Tabula Peutingeriana, a 13th century copy of an ancient Roman itinerary. The Tabula Peutingeriana ( Peutinger table) is an Itinerarium showing the Cursus publicus, the road network in the Roman Empire. Travel literature is Travel writing considered to have value as Literature. The name, also spelled Tirenum, was that of the Greek hero Diomêdês. Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance Diomēdēs or Diomed ( Greek: Διομήδης English translation: "God-like cunning" or "advised by Zeus" is a Hero The city was later occupied by the Lombards and the Byzantines. The Lombards ( Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from First certain news of an urban settlement in Trani, however, trace back only to the 9th century. The 9th century is the period from 801 to 900 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era.
The most flourishing age of Trani was the 11th century, when it became an episcopal see in place of Canosa, destroyed by the Saracens. Canosa should not be confused with Canossa in northern Italy Canosa di Puglia (or simply Canosa; Latin: Canusium Saracen was a term used by Europeans in the Middle Ages for Fatimids at first then later for all who professed the religion of Islam. Its port, well placed for the Crusades, then developed greatly, becoming the most important on the Adriatic Sea. The Crusades were a series of military campaigns of a religious character waged by much of Christian Europe against external and internal opponents In the year 1000 Trani issued the Ordinamenta Maris, which are considered today the most ancient maritime codex of Middle Ages. In that period many great families from the main Italian Maritime Republics (Amalfi, Pisa and Venice) established themselves in Trani. Amalfi is also a town in the Antioquia Departament in Colombia. Pisa is a city in Tuscany, central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the Arno River on the Ligurian Sea. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Trani, in turn, maintained a consul in Venice from 12th century. Consul (abbrev cos; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the The presence of other consulates in many northern Europe centres, even in England and Netherlands, shows Trani's trading and political importance in the Middle Ages.
Emperor Frederick II built a massive castle in Trani. Frederick II ( December 26, 1194 &ndash December 13, 1250) of the Hohenstaufen dynasty was a Pretender to the title Under his rule, in the early 13th century, the city reached its highest point of richness and prosperity.
By the 12th century, Trani already housed the largest Jewish community of Southern Italy, and was the birth place of one of the greatest medieval rabbis of Italy: Rabbi Isaiah ben Mali di Trani (c. Judaism (from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, derived from the Hebrew יהודה Yehudah, " Judah " in Hebrew יַהֲדוּת Yahedut Geography Southern Italy forms the lower "boot" of the Italian peninsula containing the ankle (Abruzzo and Molise and southern Lazio the toe (Calabria and the heel Rabbi (pronunciation, although in English usually) in Judaism, means a religious ‘teacher’ or more literally ‘my great one’ when addressing any master Isaiah di Trani ben Mali (the Elder (c 1180 &ndash c 1250 ( Hebrew: ישעיה בן מאלי הזקן דטראני) was a prominent Italian Talmudist 1180-1250), a prolific and prominent commentator and halakhic authority. Halakha ( הלכה; alternative transliterations include Halocho and Halacha) is the collective body of Jewish Religious law The great talmudist Rabbi Moses ben Joseph di Trani (1505-1585) was born at Thessaloniki, three years after his family had fled there from Trani due to antisemitic persecution. The Talmud ( Hebrew: he תַּלְמוּד is a record of Rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and history Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη), Thessalonica, or Salonica is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Macedonia Antisemitism (alternatively spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism; also rarely known as judeophobia) is the Prejudice against or hostility
Trani entered a crisis under the Anjou and Aragonese rule (14th-16th centuries), as its Jewish component was persecuted. Anjou is a former County (c 880) Duchy ( 1360) and province centred on the city of Angers in the lower Under the House of Bourbon, however, Trani recovered a certain splendour, thanks to the generally improved condition of Southern Italy economy and the construction of several magnificent buildings. The House of Bourbon is an important European Royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Trani was province capital until the Napoleonic age, when Joachim Murat deprived it of this status in favour of Bari. The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions Joachim-Napoléon Murat (born Joachim Murat) ( Gioacchino Napoleone Murat) ( March 25 1767 &ndash October 13 1815) Bari ( Barium in Latin, Bàrion or Vàrion in Greek, Bare in Neapolitan In 1799, moreover, the French troops provoked a massacre of Trani's population, as it had adhered to the Neapolitan Republic. Year 1799 ( MDCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Parthenopaean Republic (Italian Repubblica Partenopea) was a French -supported Republic in the territory of the Kingdom of Naples, formed
Trani has lost its old city walls and bastions, but the 13th-century fort has been extensively restored as a museum and performance venue and is open to the public. See also List of cities with defensive walls A defensive wall is a Fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors A bastion is a structure projecting outward from the main enclosure of a Fortification, situated in both corners of a straight wall (termed curtain with the shape Some of the streets in and around the Ghetto area remain much as they were in the medieval period, and many of the houses display more or less of Norman decoration. For other buildings in Normandy see Architecture of Normandy.
The main monument of Trani is the Cathedral, which is also called Cathedral of St. Nicholas the Pilgrim, a Greek assassinated at Trani in 1094 and canonized by Urban II. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Pope It lies on a raised open site near the sea, and was consecrated, before its completion, in 1143. It is a basilica with three apses, built in the characteristic white local limestone. Limestone is a Sedimentary rock composed largely of the Mineral Calcite ( Calcium carbonate: CaCO3 It has also a large crypt and a lofty tower, the latter erected in 1230-1239 by the architect whose name appears on the ambo in the cathedral of Bitonto, Nicolaus Sacerdos. In terms of European architecture a crypt (from the Latin crypta and the Greek κρυπτη, kryptē) is a stone chamber or Bitonto is a city and Comune in the Province of Bari ( Apulia region Italy. It has an arch under it, being supported partly on the side wall of the church, and partly on a massive pillar. An arch is a structure that spans a space while supporting weight (e The arches of the Romanesque portal are beautifully ornamented, in a manner suggestive of Arab influence; the bronze doors, executed by Barisanus of Trani in 1175, rank among the best of their period in Southern Italy. The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding Geography Southern Italy forms the lower "boot" of the Italian peninsula containing the ankle (Abruzzo and Molise and southern Lazio the toe (Calabria and the heel The capitals of the pillars in the crypt are fine examples of the Romanesque. The interior of the cathedral has been widely modernized, but the crypt remains similar to the origins.
Near the harbor is the Gothic Palace of the Doges of Venice, which is now used as a seminary. A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences) or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the Weather or are stored Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the A seminary, theological college, or divinity school is a specialized and often live-in Higher education institution for the purpose of instructing students The Church of Ognissanti which at one stage was the chapel of a Knights Templar hospital has a Romanesque relief of the Annunciation over the door. In Christianity the Annunciation ( grc Ευαγγελισμός της Θεοτόκου, Evangelismós tēs Theotókou in Greek) is the revelation San Giacomo and San Francesco also have Romanesque facades; the latter, together with Sant'Andrea, have Byzantine domes. A facade or façade (fəˈsɑːd is generally one side of the exterior of a Building, especially the front but also sometimes the sides and rear Byzantine architecture is the Architecture of the Byzantine Empire.
The vicinity of Trani produces an excellent wine, Moscato di Trani; and its figs, olive oil, almonds and grain are also profitable articles of trade. Wine is an Alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of Grape juice Ficus is a Genus of about 850 Species of woody Trees Shrubs Vines Epiphytes and hemi-epiphytes in the family Olive oil is a fruit oil obtained from the olive ( Olea europaea; family Oleaceae along with Lilacs Jasmine and ash trees The Almond ( Prunus dulcis, syn Prunus amygdalus Batsch Amygdalus communis L
For further sites on Trani see: