In American football, a touchback is a ruling which is made and signaled by the referee when the ball crosses into or through the end zone not in control of the team which put it into play. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with A referee is a person who has authority to make decisions about play in many Sports Officials in various sports are known by a variety of titles including referee A touchback is not a play, but a result of events that may occur during a play.
Kickoffs into the end zone which are fielded but not returned and punts which enter the end zone result in a touchback. Also, a touchback results when a ball carrier fumbles the ball within the field of play and the ball is either not recovered prior to crossing the end line and being out of play or is recovered in the defender's end zone by the defensive team. Additionally, if the defensive team intercepts a forward pass in the defender's end zone, and then makes no effort to return the pass, a touchback is awarded. A forward pass that is thrown through and out of the end zone, however, is not a touchback; it is an incomplete pass. In several forms of Football a forward pass is when the ball is thrown in the direction of the opponent's end line
In college football, if a defensive player gains possession of the ball during a play, between his own five-yard line and goal line, and the player's original momentum carries him into the end zone, there is no touchback. College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, Colleges and military academies Instead, the ball is dead at the point where possession changed. In the National Football League, this rule applies only to pass interceptions (regardless of whether they occur inside the five-yard line). The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league.
In standard outdoor American football, the team awarded the touchback receives possession of the ball at its own 20-yard line. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with In arena football, and other indoor football games, a touchback results in the team awarded the touchback receiving the football at its own five-yard line; this can result from any of the above events except for punting, which is not a part of arena football. This article is about the sport of Arena Football See Arena Football (video game for the EA Sports Video game of the same name This article discusses indoor variations of American football for indoor versions of association football (soccer see Futsal and Indoor soccer and for the (In arena football, a kicked ball usually bounces back into play off of the rebound nets, but the above can still occur when the ball lands in the slack nets behind the goalposts after a kickoff, passes under the rebound nets and out of play, or in the event of fumbles and interceptions. )
In Canadian football, the failure to advance a kicked ball out of the goal area results in a single point being scored by the kickers, as well as possession by the receivers at their 35-yard line. In accordance with the Manual of Style (see) Canadian English is used throughout this article (see Canadian_English#Spelling) A single ( single point, rouge or UNO) in Canadian football, is awarded when the ball is kicked into the end zone by any legal means other than A turn-over by fumble or interception in the defense's goal area results in a scrimmage on the 25-yard line with no points awarded. In the Canadian game the term touchback is not used.
A special rule applies in college football and the NFL with regard to field goal attempts. A field goal (formerly "goal from the field" in US football and Canadian football is a goal that may be scored during general play ("from If a missed field goal occurs in these leagues, where the other team receives possession of the ball depends on the spot from which the ball has been kicked. The ball will be placed either on the twenty or the line of scrimmage of the play in which the attempt was made in college football; either the twenty or the place from which the ball was kicked in the NFL. (In either case, the ball goes to the spot which is further from the goal line. ) The purpose of this rule is to discourage low-percentage, long-range field goal attempts and to deemphasize the advantage which can accrue when only one team has a kicker who has a reasonable possibility of success from a great distance. In American high school football, the missed field goal, regardless of where attempted on the field, results in a touchback as long as the attempt breaks the plane of the goal line, and in arena football, the field goal is treated as if it were a punt (punts are disallowed in arena football). High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution