Aldabra Giant Tortoise
from Aldabra atoll in the Seychelles. The Aldabra Giant Tortoise ( Geochelone gigantea) from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest Tortoises in Aldabra is a raised Coral Atoll in the Aldabra Group of islands in the Indian Ocean that form part of the Seychelles. Seychelles (seɪˈʃɛl or /seɪˈʃɛlz/ in English and seʃɛl in French) officially the Republic of Seychelles (République des Seychelles Creole
Tortoises or land turtles are land-dwelling reptiles of the family of Testudinidae, order Testudines. Chordates ( Phylum Chordata) are a group of Animals that includes the Vertebrates together with several closely related Invertebrates Reptiles, or members of the class Reptilia are air-breathing Cold-blooded Vertebrates that have skin covered in scales as opposed to hair or feathers Turtles, Tortoises, and Terrapins are ectothermic Reptiles most of whose Body is shielded by a special Cryptodira is the taxonomic Suborder of Testudines that includes most living Tortoises and Turtles Cryptodira differ from Pleurodira Testudinoidea is a superfamily within the taxinomic suborder Cryptodira of Testudines. UserPolbot. --> Cylindraspis is a genus of recently extinct giant Tortoises. Dipsochelys is a genus of giant Tortoise restricted to Madagascar (extinct and Seychelles islands, containing six species Geochelone is a Genus of Tortoises Geochelone Tortoises which are also known as geoclelone tortoises or typical tortoises, can Gopherus is a Genus of Tortoises commonly referred to as gopher tortoises. UserPolbot. --> Homopus is a genus of Turtle in the Testudinidae family Indotestudo is a genus of Tortoises UserPolbot. --> Kinixys is a genus of Turtle in the Testudinidae family UserPolbot. --> Manouria is a genus of Turtle in the Testudinidae family Stylemys (meaning "pillar mouse" is the first Fossil genus of dry land Tortoise belonging to the order Chelonia discovered in Testudo is a Genus of Tortoises found in North Africa western Asia and Europe Turtles are Reptiles of the Order Testudines (all living turtles belong to the Crown group Chelonia) most of Reptiles, or members of the class Reptilia are air-breathing Cold-blooded Vertebrates that have skin covered in scales as opposed to hair or feathers Tortoises or land Turtles are land-dwelling Reptiles of the family of Testudinidae', order Testudines. Turtles are Reptiles of the Order Testudines (all living turtles belong to the Crown group Chelonia) most of Like their marine cousins, the sea turtles, tortoises are shielded from predators by a shell. Sea turtles ( Superfamily Chelonioidea) are Turtles found in all the world's oceans except the Arctic Ocean. The top part of the shell is the carapace, the underside is the plastron, and the two are connected by the bridge. A carapace is a dorsal section of an Exoskeleton or shell in a number of animal groups The plastron is the nearly flat part of the shell structure of a Turtle or Tortoise, what one would call the belly similar in composition to the Carapace The tortoise has both an endoskeleton and an exoskeleton. An endoskeleton is an internal support structure of an Animal. An exoskeleton is an external Skeleton that supports and protects an animal's body in contrast to the internal Endoskeleton of for example a Human. Tortoises can vary in size from a few centimeters to two meters. Tortoises tend to be diurnal animals with tendencies to be crepuscular depending on the ambient temperatures. In Animal behavior, diurnality indicates an Animal that is active during the Daytime and rests during the Night. Crepuscular is a term used to describe animals that are primarily active during Twilight, hence at Dawn and at Dusk. They are generally reclusive animals. The biggest operational difference between tortoises and turtles is that tortoises are unable to swim; indeed, they cannot float, whereas turtles can.
Although the word "turtle" is widely used to describe all members of the order Testudines, it is also common to see certain members described as terrapins, tortoises or sea turtles as well. Precisely how these alternative names are used, if at all, depends on the type of English being used.
To avoid confusion, the word chelonian is popular among veterinarians, scientists, and conservationists working with these animals as a catch-all name for any member of the order Testudines. It is based on the Ancient Greek word χελώνη (chelone, modern Greek χελώνα), meaning tortoise. The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage in the development of the Hellenic language family spanning the Archaic (c
Female tortoises dig nesting burrows in which they lay from one to thirty eggs.  Egg laying typically occurs at night, after which the mother tortoise covers her clutch with sand, soil, and organic material. The eggs are left unattended, and depending on the species, take from 60 to 120 days to incubate.  The size of the egg depends on the size of the mother and can be estimated by examining the width of the cloacal opening between the carapice and plastron. In zoological anatomy a cloaca is the posterior opening that serves as the only such opening for the intestinal and urinary tracts of certain animal species A carapace is a dorsal section of an Exoskeleton or shell in a number of animal groups The plastron is the nearly flat part of the shell structure of a Turtle or Tortoise, what one would call the belly similar in composition to the Carapace The plastron of a female tortoise often has a noticeable V-shaped notch below the tail to facilitate passing the eggs. Upon completion of the incubation period, a fully-formed hatchling uses an egg-tooth to break out of its shell. In oviparous biology a hatchling is the newborn of Animals that develop and emerge from within hard-shell eggs. In some egg -laying Animals the egg tooth is a small sharp cranial protuberance used by Offspring to break or tear through the egg's surface during It digs to the surface of the nest and begins a life of survival on its own. Hatchlings are born with an embryonic egg sac which serves as a source of nutrition for the first 3 to 7 days until they have the strength and mobility to find food. Juvenile tortoises often require a different balance of nutrients than adults, and therefore may eat foods which a more mature tortoise would not. For example, it is common that the young of a strictly herbivorous species will consume worms or insect larvae for additional protein. Herbivory is a form of Predation in which an Organism, known as a herbivore, consumes principally Autotrophs ref name=Campbell>Campbell
There are many old wives tales about the age of turtles and tortoises, one of which being that the age of a tortoise can be deducted by counting the number of concentric rings on its carapace, much like the cross-section of a tree. An old wives' tale or old wives' saws is a type of Urban legend, similar to a proverb which is generally passed down by old wives to a younger generation A tree is a perennial Woody plant. It is most often defined as a woody plant that has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground on a single main stem or This is, of course, not true, since the growth of a tortoise depends highly on the access of food and water. A tortoise that has access to plenty of forage (or is regularly fed by its owner) will grow faster than a desert tortoise that goes days without eating.
Tortoises generally have lifespans comparable with those of human beings, and some individuals are known to have lived longer than 150 years. Because of this, they symbolize longevity in some cultures, such as China. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National The oldest tortoise ever recorded, almost the oldest individual animal ever recorded, was Tui Malila, who was presented to the Tongan royal family by the British explorer Captain Cook shortly after its birth in 1777. Tu'i Malila (c 1777 – May 19, 1965) was the name of a Tortoise given to the royal family of Tonga Tui Malila remained in the care of the Tongan royal family until its death by natural causes on May 19, 1965. Events 1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships 110 men and This means that upon its death, Tui Malila was 188 years old.  The record for the longest-lived vertebrate is succeeded only by one other, a koi fish named Hanako whose death on July 17, 1977 ended a 226 year life span. (kɔɪ or more specifically (niɕikigoi literally " brocaded carp" are ornamental domesticated varieties of the Common carp Cyprinus carpio. Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays 
The Alipore Zoo in India was the home to Adwaitya, which zoo officials claimed was the oldest living animal until its death on March 23, 2006. The Alipore Zoological Gardens (also informally called the Alipore Zoo Calcutta Zoo or Kolkata Zoo is India 's oldest formally stated Zoological park (as opposed India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Adwaita (meaning "one and only" in Sanskrit) (c 1750 – 23 March 2006) was the name of a male Aldabra Giant Tortoise in Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Adwaitya (sometimes spelled with two d's) was an Aldabra Giant Tortoise brought to India by Lord Wellesley who handed it over to the Alipur Zoological Gardens in 1875 when the zoo was set up. The Aldabra Giant Tortoise ( Geochelone gigantea) from the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, is one of the largest Tortoises in Zoo officials state they have documentation showing that Adwaitya was at least 130 years old, but claim that he was over 250 years old (although this has not been scientifically verified). Adwaitya was said to be the pet of Robert Clive. Adwaita (meaning "one and only" in Sanskrit) (c 1750 – 23 March 2006) was the name of a male Aldabra Giant Tortoise in Clive of India redirects here For the film see Clive of India (film.  Harriet, a resident at the Australia Zoo in Queensland, was apocryphally thought to have been brought to England by Charles Darwin aboard the Beagle. Harriet is a female Name. The name is an English version of the French Henriette, a female form of Henri. Australia Zoo is located in the Australian state of Queensland on the Sunshine Coast near Beerwah / Glass House Mountains. First Voyage On 27 September 1825 Beagle docked at Woolwich for repairs and fitted out for her new duties at a total cost of £5913 Harriet died on June 23, 2006, just shy of her 176th birthday. Events 1180 - First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan 1305 - The Flemish Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Many, though not all, species of tortoises are sexually dimorphic, though the differences between males and females vary from species to species. Sexual dimorphism is the systematic difference in form between individuals of different Sex in the same Species. In some species, males have a longer, more protruding neck plate than their female counterparts, while in others the claws are longer on the females. In most tortoise species the female tends to be larger than the male. (Some believe that males grow quicker, while the female grows slower but larger. ) The male also has a plastron that is curved inwards to aid reproduction. The plastron is the nearly flat part of the shell structure of a Turtle or Tortoise, what one would call the belly similar in composition to the Carapace The easiest way to determine the sex of a tortoise is to look at the tail. The females, as a general rule have a smaller tail which is dropped down whereas the males have a much longer tail which is usually pulled up and to the side of the rear shell.
Most land based tortoises are herbivores, feeding on grazing grasses, weeds, leafy greens, flowers, and certain fruits. Herbivory is a form of Predation in which an Organism, known as a herbivore, consumes principally Autotrophs ref name=Campbell>Campbell Their main diet consists of alfalfa, clover, dandelions, and leafy weeds, although they will also eat various insects. Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa) is a flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop Alsike redirects here Alsike Sweden is also a town in the Knivsta Municipality, Sweden. Insects ( Class Insecta) are a major group of Arthropods and the most diverse group of Animals on the Earth with over a million described Feeding tortoises cat or dog food is a common mistake, as both cat and dog food contain too much protein and lack other important nutrients for tortoises. Tortoises are not carnivores, and should not be fed large amounts of protein, as it may cause shell deformation and other medical problems.
Many people make the mistake of assuming that all captive tortoises can be fed on the same diet. In reality, tortoise species vary greatly in their nutritional requirements. There is no "one fits all" diet. What works for one species won't always work for another. Commercial pellets are definitely to be avoided for all species, as they contain too much protein.
The following species list largely follows Ernst & Barbour (1989), as indicated by The Reptile Database. However, the newly erected genera Astrochelys, Chelonoidis and Stigmochelys have been retained within Geochelone. Geochelone is a Genus of Tortoises Geochelone Tortoises which are also known as geoclelone tortoises or typical tortoises, can
In Hinduism, Kurma (Sanskrit: कुर्म) was the second avatar of Vishnu. Hinduism is a religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Sanskrit (sa संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, for short sa संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam) is a historical Avatar or Avatara (अवतार IAST Avatāra) is often inaccurately translated into English as incarnation For other meanings see Vishnu (disambiguation. Vishnu ( IAST viṣṇu Devanagari विष्णु (honorific Like the Matsya Avatara also belongs to the Satya yuga. This article concerns the Hindu avatar For the ancient kingdom see Matsya Rajya. Avatar or Avatara (अवतार IAST Avatāra) is often inaccurately translated into English as incarnation The Satya Yuga ( Devanagari: सत्य युग also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the " Vishnu took the form of a half-man half-tortoise, the lower half being a tortoise. He is normally shown as having four arms. He sat on the bottom of the ocean after the Great Flood. An ocean (from Greek, ''Okeanos'' (Oceanus) is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the Hydrosphere. The story of a Great Flood (also known as the Deluge) sent by a Deity or deities to destroy Civilization as an act of Divine retribution is a A mountain was placed on his back by the other gods so that they could churn the sea and find the ancient treasures of the Vedic peoples. A mountain is a Landform that extends above the surrounding Terrain in a limited area with a peak See also List of deities A deity is a Postulated Preternatural or Supernatural Being, who is always The Vedic Period (or Vedic Age) is the period in the History of India during which the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, were being
Many tortoises have specific temperature, roaming space, light, air moisture, and diet requirements. They are difficult to breed in captivity, so many are caught in the wild. Tortoises need outdoor space to roam. It is not possible to house-train a tortoise.
A baby Testudo marginata emerges from its shell
Testudo graeca ibera,Testudo hermanni boettgeri,Testudo hermanni hermanni,Testudo marginata sarda
A young (3. The Marginated Tortoise ( Testudo marginata) is a species of Tortoise found in Greece Italy and the Balkans in southern Europe 5 years) Sulcata Tortoise Geochelone sulcata
Aldabra Giant Tortoise Geochelone gigantea
App 22 year old Leopard Tortoise
An African Spurred Tortoise from the Oakland Zoo
Pair of tortoises mate in a zoo