Thomas Tyrwhitt (March 27, 1730–August 15, 1786) was an English classical scholar and critic. Events 196 BC - Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt. 1309 - Pope Clement V excommunicates Year 1730 ( MDCCXXX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Year 1786 ( MDCCLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland "Classical literature" redirects here For literature in Classical languages outside the Graeco-Roman sphere see Ancient literature. The word critic comes from the Greek el κριτικός ( el-Latn kritikós) "able to discern" which in turn derives from the word
He was born in London, where he also died. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. He was educated at Eton and Queen's College, Oxford (fellow of Merton, 1755). Eton College, or just Eton, is a world-famous British Independent school for boys founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. The Queen's College, founded 1341 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. See also Wardens of Merton College Oxford. Merton College is also the name of a college in the London Borough of Merton. In 1756 he was appointed under-secretary at war, in 1762 clerk of the House of Commons. Year 1762 ( MDCCLXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords In 1768 he resigned his post, and spent the remainder of his life in learned retirement. In 1784 he was elected a trustee of the British Museum, to which he bequeathed a portion of his valuable library. The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London.
His principal classical works are:
Special mention is due of his editions of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1775–1778); and of Poems, supposed to have been written at Bristol by Thomas Rowley and others in the Fifteenth Century (1777–1778), with an appendix to prove that the poems were all the work of Chatterton. Geoffrey Chaucer (c 1343 – 25 October 1400? was an English author poet Philosopher, bureaucrat, courtier and Diplomat. The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in Prose, the rest in verse) Bristol ( ˈbrɪstəl is a city, Unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, west of London Thomas Chatterton ( November 20 1752 – August 24 1770) was an English poet and forger Tyrwhitt's friend the bibliophile Thomas Crofts is credited with introducing Tyrwhitt in 1776 to George Catcott who possessed the 'manuscripts'of the poems. The Reverend and Learned Thomas Crofts FRS FSA ( 1722 - 8 November 1781) was a British Bibliophile, Anglican priest Fellow of the Initially Tyrwhitt had been convinced of the genuineness of them and pressed for publication in 1777. It was only when the third edition was published that Tyrrwhitt recanted and pronounced them forgeries (see LF Powell 'Thomas Chatterton and the Rowley Poems' Review of English Studies Vol 7 July 1931)
In 1782 he published a Vindication of the Appendix in reply to the arguments of those who maintained the genuineness of the poems. Year 1782 ( MDCCLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common While clerk of the House of Commons he edited Proceedings and Debates of the House of Commons, 1620–1621 from the original manuscript in the library of Queen's College, Oxford, and Henry Elsynge's (1598–1654) The Manner of holding Parliaments in England.