Thomas Couture (December 21, 1815 – March 30, 1879) was an influential French history painter and teacher. Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian Year 1815 ( MDCCCXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 240 BC - 1st recorded Perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Year 1879 ( MDCCCLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
He was born at Senlis Oise, France and at age 11, Thomas Couture's family moved to Paris where he would study at the industrial arts school (École des Arts et Métiers) and later at the École des Beaux-Arts. Senlis is a town and commune located about 50 km north of central Paris, France in the Picardie région, in the Oise is a department in the north of France named after the Oise River. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city The École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers or ENSAM is a French Engineering institute and Grand établissement and a prominent member École des Beaux-Arts ("School of Fine Arts" refers to a number of influential Art schools in France. He failed the prestigious Prix de Rome competition at the École six times, but he felt the problem was with the École, not himself. This article concerns the French government prize For similarly named prizes aimed at other countries' nationals see Prix de Rome (disambiguation. Couture finally did win the prize in 1837.
In 1840, he began exhibiting historical and genre pictures at the Paris Salon, earning several medals for his works, in particular for his 1847 masterpiece, "Romans in the Decadence of the Empire. " Shortly after his this success, Couture opened an independent atelier meant to challenge the École des Beaux-Arts by turning out the best new history painters.
Couture's innovative technique gained much attention and he received Government and Church commissions for murals during the late 1840s through the 1850s. However, he never completed the first two commissions, while the third met with mixed criticism. Upset by the unfavorable reception of his murals, in 1860 he left Paris for a time returning to his hometown of Senlis where he continued to teach young artists who came to him. In 1867 he thumbed his nose at the academic establishment by publishing a book on his own ideas and working methods.
During his lifetime, Couture taught such later luminaries of the art world as Edouard Manet, Henri Fantin-Latour, and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes. Henri Fantin-Latour ( January 14, 1836 - August 25, 1904) was a French painter and lithographer. Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, ( 14 December 1824 – 24 October 1898) was a French painter, who became the president
Asked by a publisher to do an autobiography, Thomas Couture responded with words that are even more appropriate today: "Biography is the exaltation of personality --- and personality is the scourge of our time. "
Thomas Couture died at Villiers-le-Bel, Val-d'Oise and was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France. Villiers-le-Bel is a commune in the French department of Val-d'Oise, in the northern suburbs of Paris. Val-d'Oise is a French department named after the Oise River, located in the Île-de-France region. Père Lachaise Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise officially cimetière de l'Est, "East Cemetery" is the largest Cemetery in the city of Paris Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||French history painter and teacher|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 21, 1815|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Senlis, Oise, France|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 30, 1879|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Villiers-le-Bel, Val-d'Oise, France|