In music, a theme is the initial or primary melody. Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. In Music, a melody (from Greek μελῳδία - melōidía, "singing chanting" also tune, voice, or The Encyclopédie Fasquelle (Michel 1958–61) defines a theme as follows:
After the principal theme is announced, a second melody, sometimes called a countertheme or secondary theme, may play. In Music, a melody (from Greek μελῳδία - melōidía, "singing chanting" also tune, voice, or
In a three-part fugue, the principal theme is announced three times in three different voices -- soprano, alto, bass -- or some variation of that. In Music, a fugue (ˈfjuːg is a type of contrapuntal composition or technique of composition for a fixed number of parts, normally referred This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. Alto is a musical term derived from the Latin word altus, meaning "high" that has several possible interpretations Bass (ˈbɛɪs as in base) when used as an adjective is used to describe tones of low Frequency or range.
In a four-part fugue, the principal theme is announced four times. A motif is a short melodic figure used repeatedly which may be used to construct a theme. In Music, a motif or motive is a perceivable or salient recurring fragment or succession of notes that may be used to construct the entirety or parts
A leitmotif is a motif or theme associated with a person, place, or idea. A leitmotif (ˌlaɪtmoʊˈtiːf (also leitmotiv; lit "leading motif" is a recurring Musical theme, associated with a particular person place See also figure and cell. In Music, a figure is a recurring fragment or succession of Notes that may be used to construct the Accompaniment. In Music a cell is similar to a figure or motif. The 1957 Encyclopédie Larousse defines a cell as follows "a small
Thematic changes and processes are often structurally important, and theorists such as Rudolph Reti have created analysis from a purely thematic perspective. The term musical form refers to two related concepts the type of composition (for example a musical work can have the form of a Symphony, a Rudolph Réti ( Serbian: Рудолф Рети Rudolf Reti) (born November 27, 1885; died February 7, 1957, in Montclair Fred Lerdahl describes thematic relations "associational" and thus outside his cognitive based generative theory's scope of analysis. Fred Lerdahl (born March 10 1943) is the Fritz Reiner Professor of Musical Composition at Columbia University
Music without themes, or without recognizable, repeating, and developing themes is called athematic. Examples include the pre-twelve tone or early atonal works of Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, and Alban Berg. Arnold Schoenberg ( pronounced ˈʃøːnbɛrk (13 September 1874 &ndash 13 July 1951 was an Austrian and later American Composer, associated with WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> Anton Webern (December 3 1883 &ndash September 15 1945 was an Austrian Composer Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9 1885 &ndash December 24 1935 was an Austrian Composer. Schoenberg (1975): "intoxicated by the enthusiasm of having freed music from the shackles of tonality, I had thought to find further liberty of expression. In fact. . . I believed that now music could renounce motivic features and remain coherent and comprehensible nevertheless. "
Music based on one theme is monothematic while music based on several themes is polythematic. For example, most fugues are monothematic and most pieces in sonata form are polythematic. In Music, a fugue (ˈfjuːg is a type of contrapuntal composition or technique of composition for a fixed number of parts, normally referred Sonata form is a Musical form that has been used widely since the early Classical period. (Randel 2002, p. 429).