The Roman Revolution is a book by Sir Ronald Syme, a noted Tacitean scholar, recounting the final years of the ancient Roman Republic and the creation of the Roman Empire by Caesar Augustus. A Book is a set or collection of written printed illustrated or blank sheets made of Paper, Parchment, or other material usually fastened together Sir Ronald Syme OM ( 11 March, 1903 &ndash 4 September, 1989) New Zealand -born Historian, was an eminent Tacitus is remembered first and foremost on his place as Rome 's greatest historian the equal&mdashif not the superior&mdashof Thucydides, the ancient Greeks' foremost The Roman Republic was the phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by a Republican form of government a period which began with the overthrow of the The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial Augustus ( Latin: IMPERATOR·CAESAR·DIVI·FILIVS·AVGVSTVS September 23 63 BC – August 19 AD 14) born Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was Published by Oxford University Press in the summer of the momentous year of 1939, it was immediately controversial; its main conclusion was that the structure of the Republic and its Senate were inadequate to the needs of Roman rule, and that Augustus was merely doing what was necessary to restore order in public life, a situation and reasoning uncomfortably reminiscent of contemporary events in Nazi Germany and the other fascist regimes of the time. Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers
Syme relies on prosopography, especially the work of Friedrich Münzer, to show the extent to which Augustus achieved his unofficial but undisputed power by the development of personal relationships into a "Caesarian" party, then used it to defeat and diminish the opposition one by one. In historical studies, prosopography is an investigation of the common characteristics of an historical group whose individual biographies may be largely untraceable by means Friedrich Münzer ( 22 April 1868 - 20 October 1942) was a German classical scholar noted for the development of Prosopography The process was slow, with the young Octavian initially just using his position as a relative of Julius Caesar to pursue Caesar's assassins, then over a period of years gradually accumulating personal power while nominally restoring the Republic. In addition, the portrait he paints of Augustus as a somewhat sinister autocratic figure is immensely influential among subsequent generations of classicists.
His conclusion of inevitability is less strongly supported than his elucidation of the takeover process, since at each point we see that Augustus is exercising his free choice, albeit for what he sees as the good of his country. In The Last Generation of the Roman Republic, Erich Gruen offered an effective opposing point of view, arguing that the traditional view of the Republic's decay is not actually supported by the objective evidence. Erich Stephen Gruen (born May 1935 in Vienna, Austria) is a notable American classicist and ancient historian.
The Roman Revolution has been reprinted regularly by OUP since its first appearance, most recently in 2002 (ISBN 0-19-280320-4). See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. A revised German translation was published by Klett-Cotta in 2003 (Die römische Revolution).