The Pumpkinification of (the Divine) Claudius or Apocolocyntosis (divi Claudii) is a political satire on the Roman emperor Claudius, probably written by Seneca the Younger. Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus or Claudius I ( August 1, 10 BC &ndash October 13, AD 54 ( Tiberius Claudius Drusus from birth to Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known simply as Seneca, or Seneca the Younger; Σένεκας in Ancient Greek literature (c It is the only example of Menippean satire from the classical era that has survived. Menippean satire is a term broadly used to refer to Prose Satires that are rhapsodic in nature combining many different targets of Ridicule into The title plays upon "apotheosis", the process by which dead Roman emperors were recognized as gods.
"Apocolocyntosis" is in fact Latinized Greek, and sometimes transliterated Apokolokyntosis. In the manuscripts the anonymous work bears the title Ludus de morte Divi Claudii ("Play on the death of the Divine Claudius"). The title Apokolokyntosis ("Pumpkinification" or "Gourdification") comes from the Roman historian Dio Cassius, who wrote in Greek. Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus ( Greek:) (c 155 or 163/164 to after 229 known in English as Cassius Dio, Dio Cassius, or Dio was Dio Cassius attributed authorship of a satirical text on the death of Claudius, called Apokolokyntosis, to Seneca the Younger.  Only much later was the work referred to by Dio Cassius identified (with some degree of uncertainty) with the "Ludus" text. 
The work traces the death of Claudius, his ascent to heaven and judgment by the gods, and his eventual descent to Hades. Hades (from Greek, Hadēs, originally, Haidēs or, Aidēs, probably from Indo-European *n̥-wid- 'unseen' refers both to the ancient At each turn, of course, Seneca mocks the late emperor's personal failings, most notably his arrogant cruelty and his inarticulateness. After Apollo persuades Clotho to kill the emperor, Claudius walks to Mount Olympus, where he convinces Hercules to let the gods hear his suit for deification in a session of the divine senate. Clotho or Klotho (Greek 'Κλωθώ' &mdash the "spinner" &mdash was the youngest of the Moirae of Greek mythology, otherwise known as Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος also transliterated as Ólympos, and on Greek maps Óros Ólimbos) is the highest Mountain in Greece Hercules is the Roman name for the Mythical Greek hero Heracles, son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmena. The Roman Senate was a political institution in Ancient Rome. Proceedings are in Claudius' favor until Augustus delivers a long and sincere speech listing some of Claudius' most notorious crimes. Augustus ( Latin: IMPERATOR·CAESAR·DIVI·FILIVS·AVGVSTVS September 23 63 BC – August 19 AD 14) born Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was Unfortunately most of the speeches of the gods are lost through a large gap in the text. Mercury escorts him to Hell. "Alipes" redirects here For the Centipede Genus, see Alipes (centipede. On the way, they see the funeral procession for the emperor, in which a crew of venal characters mourn the loss of the perpetual Saturnalia of the previous reign. Saturnalia is the feast with which the Romans commemorated the dedication of the temple of the god Saturn In Hades, Claudius is greeted by the ghosts of all the friends he has murdered. These shades carry him off to be punished, and the doom of the gods is that he should shake dice forever in a box with no bottom (gambling was one of Claudius' vices): every time he tries to throw the dice they fall out and he has to search the ground for them. Suddenly Caligula turns up, claims that Claudius is an ex-slave of his, and hands him over to be a law clerk in the court of the underworld. Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31 AD 12 &ndash January 24 AD 41 more commonly known by his nickname Caligula (kəˈlɪɡjʊlə was a Roman Emperor
Seneca had some personal reason for satirizing Claudius, as the emperor had banished him to Corsica. Corsica (Corse Corsican and Italian: Corsica) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily In addition, the political climate after the emperor's death may have made attacks on him acceptable. However, alongside these personal considerations, Seneca appears also to have been concerned with what he saw as an overuse of apotheosis as a political tool. If an emperor as flawed as Claudius could receive such treatment, he argued elsewhere, then people would cease to believe in the gods at all.
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Astbury, Raymond (1988). "The Apocolocyntosis. " The Classical Review ns 38 (1988): 44-50.
Braund, D. C. (1980). "The Aedui, Troy, and the Apocolocyntosis. " The Classical Review ns 30 (1980): 420-5.
Colish, Marcia (1976). "Seneca's Apocolocyntosis as a Possible Source for Erasmus' Julius Exclusus. " Renaissance Quarterly 29 (1976): 361-368.
Relihan, Joel (1984). "On the Origin of 'Menippean Satire' as the Name of a Literary Genre. " Classical Philology 79 (1984): 226-9.