The Oz Film Manufacturing Company was an independent film studio from 1914-1915. An independent film, or indie film, is a film that is produced outside of the Hollywood Studio system, a series of oligopolistic practices by several A movie studio (aka film studio) is in the established sense of the term a company that distributes films. It was founded by L. Frank Baum (president), Louis F. Gottschalk (vice president), Harry Marston Haldeman (secretary), and Clarence R. Lyman Frank Baum ( May 15 1856 &ndash May 5 1919) was an American Author, Actor, and Independent filmmaker Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk ( October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American Composer born in St Rundel (treasurer) as an offshoot of Haldeman's social group, The Uplifters, that met at the Los Angeles Athletic Club. Los Angeles Athletic Club (LAAC is an Athletic club in Los Angeles California, USA. Its goal was to produce quality family-oriented entertainment in a time when children were primarily seeing violent Westerns. The Western is a fiction Genre seen in Film, Television, Radio, Literature, Painting and other Visual arts. It was a critical but not a commercial success; even under a name change to Dramatic Feature Films, it was quickly forced to fold. Dramatic Feature Films was an unsuccessful Silent film venture by Frank Joslyn Baum, son of L
The company is best known for three of its films that survive, albeit with missing footage, today: The Patchwork Girl of Oz, The Magic Cloak of Oz, and His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz. The Patchwork Girl of Oz was a 1914 film made by L Frank Baum 's The Oz Film Manufacturing Company. The Magic Cloak of Oz is a 1914 film directed by J Farrell MacDonald His Majesty the Scarecrow of Oz is a 1914 film production directed by J
The studio was located on Santa Monica Boulevard between Gower Street and Lodi Street. State Route 2 is a State highway in the US state of California. Gower Street is a street in Los Angeles California, which begins at the corner of First Street in the Hancock Park district as a residential street becomes primarily The facility would later be used by Famous Players-Lasky and National Film Corporation of America. Famous Players-Lasky Corporation was an American Motion picture company formed in 1916 from the merger of Famous Players Film Company and the Jesse It was considered state-of-the-art at the time. It was used almost exclusively for interior shots. Exterior shots were done outdoors rather than simulated in the studio.
J. Farrell MacDonald directed all of the film productions and acted in some of them. J Farrell MacDonald ( 6 June 1875&ndash 2 August) was an American film Character actor and director who played supporting roles and occasional leads L. Frank Baum wrote all the scripts, and Louis F. Gottschalk wrote complete original scores that were sent out with the films, at time when improvising stock cues from the repertoire was common. Lyman Frank Baum ( May 15 1856 &ndash May 5 1919) was an American Author, Actor, and Independent filmmaker Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk ( October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American Composer born in St A film score is a broad term referring to the music in a film which is generally categorically separated from songs used within a film James A. Crosby was the studio cinematographer, and Will H. White was the technical director. The records do not show who was responsible for film editing. Film editing is an art of storytelling practiced by connecting two or more shots together to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an
Among the major players at the company were Violet MacMillan, Frank Moore, Pierre Couderc, Juanita Hansen, Mai Wells, Raymond Russell, Todd Wright, Vivian Reed, and J. Charles Haydon, with animals portrayed by Fred Woodward, who had appeared in the stage version of The Wizard of Oz back in 1902. Violet MacMillan ( March 4, 1887 – December 29, 1953) was an American Actress in Broadway theatre productions Pierre Couderc ( 18 November, 1896 &ndash 6 October, 1966) was a French Screenwriter, Actor, Acrobat, Juanita Hansen ( March 3, 1895 – September 26, 1961) was an American Motion picture actress. Vivian Reed ( 17 April, 1894 &ndash 19 July, 1989) was an American actress of the silent era. J Charles Haydon (1876 &ndash 15 October, 1943) was an American Film director, actor and Screenwriter of the silent era. The Wizard of Oz was a 1902 Musical play extravaganza based on The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L A newcomer on the second project, Mildred Harris, would become more famous for her marriage to Charles Chaplin. Mildred Harris ( November 29, 1901 &ndash July 20, 1944) was an American Actress of the Silent film era Another member of the company was Dick Rosson, whose younger brother, Harold Rosson, would go on to shoot The Wizard of Oz (1939). Harold G "Hal" Rosson, ASC ( August 24, 1895 – September 6, 1988) was an American Cinematographer during The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical - Fantasy film mainly directed by Victor Fleming and based on the 1900 children’s
The Patchwork Girl of Oz was accepted onto the Paramount distribution program, but when the picture fared poorly, Paramount refused to take on the additional productions. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and Distribution company, based in Hollywood California. The remaining films were finally accepted onto the Alliance program. The Magic Cloak of Oz was not released until 1917. The prints currently circulating are based on two two-reelers of a British release, known as The Magic Cloak and The Witch Queen, and are missing a reel of material.
The Patchwork Girl of Oz was released in early September, The Magic Cloak of Oz ready by late September, and His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz was screened in October but did not get distribution. The Alliance program released a fourth feature, The Last Egyptian, from an exotic orientalist adventure novel that Baum had written but declined authorship credit for commercial reasons, in early December. Oriental studies is the academic field of study that embraces Near Eastern and Far Eastern societies and cultures languages peoples history and archaeology in recent The studio claimed to be going strong well into the next year, but released only short subjects, and the held-up His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz, retitled The New Wizard of Oz to capitalize on the popularity of the stage play well-remembered from the previous decade.
Lost from the company are a series of four short subjects titled Violet's Dreams, which starred Violet MacMillan and Fred Woodward. This was the whole of the company's new output in 1915 prior to the name change.
Each of these films depicted Violet's interaction with animals (played by Woodward), and magical opportunities to do things she is otherwise not allowed to do, such as visit a country circus prohibited to her because of her gender. Gender comprises a range of differences between men and women extending from the biological to the social
George Cochrane produced a film in 1917 based on these materials titled Like Babes in the Woods. This film should not be confused with The Babes in the Woods, an adaptation of the Hansel and Gretel story made by Chester Franklin and Sidney Franklin, also from 1917. Hansel and Gretel ( Hänsel und Gretel) is a Fairy tale of Germanic origin adapted by the Brothers Grimm and earlier by Giambattista Sidney Franklin ( 21 March 1893, San Francisco - 18 May 1972, Santa Monica) was an Academy Award -winning The Babes in the Woods has been released on videocassette; Like Babes in the Woods is a lost film. Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto Magnetic tape as opposed to movie film.
The studio was rented out to others, and was eventually demolished. Unlike the case with The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908), Baum invested none of his own money in the venture and was not financially affected by the studio's failure, though it is probable it impacted his health, which took a turn for the worse not long after the failure. The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays was an early attempt to bring L
Frank Joslyn Baum, Baum's eldest son and sometime attorney, who handled East Coast distribution from an office in Times Square, took over the company and renamed it Dramatic Feature Films, which made one feature and one short, probably from scripts by the younger Baum. Frank Joslyn Baum (born 3 December 1883 - 2 December 1958) was a Lawyer, Soldier, Writer, and Film Times Square is a major intersection in Manhattan, New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue and stretching from West Dramatic Feature Films was an unsuccessful Silent film venture by Frank Joslyn Baum, son of L Although ads announced the release of the feature film, The Gray Nun of Belgium, it it does not appear to actually have been released. The Gray Nun of Belgium was a 1915 film announced for release on the Alliance Program by Dramatic Feature Films, Frank Joslyn Baum 's short-lived successor While some speculate that Baum would have allied himself with United Artists had he been able to sustain the company, there is no evidence for this, nor evidence that he had ever met UA's founding members, Charles Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith, though Gottschalk went on to work with all of them. This article is about the film studio Previously it was affiliated with a cinema chain bearing its name now owned by Regal Entertainment Group. Mary Pickford ( April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979) was an Academy Award -winning Canadian motion picture Douglas Fairbanks ( May 23 1883 – December 12 1939) was an American Actor, Screenwriter, director David Llewelyn Wark "D W" Griffith (January 22 1875 &ndash July 23 1948 was a premier pioneering Academy Award -winning American Film director. It is known that fairy tale/fantasy films were produced more frequently by 1917.
The four feature films were considered lost for many years. By the 1980s, all three fairy tale films were made available on home video. All of the feature films have been released on both DVD and VHS with the exception of The Last Egyptian. The Museum of Modern Art owns a worn copy that was used in Bill Morrison's Decasia, but it remains unreleased and is not part of their screening repertoire. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, USA, on 53rd Street between Fifth Bill Morrison (born in Chicago, November 17, 1965) is a New York -based Filmmaker and artist best known for his experimental collage Decasia is a 2002 Found footage film by Bill Morrison, featuring an original score by Michael Gordon. The shorts remain lost.
In L. Frank Baum's pseudonymous novel, Aunt Jane's Nieces Out West, the series' principals are introduced to a filmmaker named Otis Werner, who is clearly a send-up of Otis Turner, who made some earlier Oz films, mostly without Baum's input. Aunt Jane's Nieces Out West is the penultimate novel in the Aunt Jane's Nieces series written by L Otis Turner ( 29 November, 1862 &ndash 28 March, 1918) was an American Film director, Screenwriter and Film The nieces decide to establish their own film company for children, and Uncle John name-drops "Hans Andersen, Frank Baum, and Lewis Carroll" as among those whose fairy tales had already been adapted to the screen. Hans Christian Andersen (ˈhanˀs ˈkʰʁæʂd̥jan ˈɑnɐsn̩ in Danish or simply H Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (ˈdɒdsən (27 January 1832 &ndash 14 January 1898 better known by the Pen name Lewis Carroll (/ˈkærəl/ was an English The novel was written during the midst of the company's existence and published before the company's fall, and ends before the girls actually do establish such a company.