|Discipline||peer-reviewed medical journal|
|Publisher||Joseph Onwhyn (Britain)|
|Publication history||founded 1823|
The Lancet is one of the oldest peer-reviewed medical journals in the world, published weekly by Elsevier, part of Reed Elsevier. An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of Knowledge which is taught or Researched at the college or university level Peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work research or Ideas to the scrutiny of others who are A medical journal is a Scientific journal devoted to the field of Medicine. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Year 1823 ( MDCCCXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common An International Standard Serial Number ( ISSN) is a unique eight-digit number used to identify a print or electronic Periodical publication. Peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work research or Ideas to the scrutiny of others who are A medical journal is a Scientific journal devoted to the field of Medicine. Elsevier, the world's largest Publisher of Medical and Scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group Reed Elsevier is a global Publisher and information provider It came into being in autumn 1992 as the result of a merger between Reed International a British It was founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley, who named it after the surgical instrument called a lancet, as well as an arched window ("to let in light"). Year 1823 ( MDCCCXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Thomas Wakley ( July 11, 1795 &ndash May 16, 1862) was an English surgeon
The present editor-in-chief is Richard Horton. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Richard Horton, MB BS BSc FRCP FMedSci, is the present editor-in-chief of The Lancet, a United Kingdom The Lancet takes a stand on several important medical issues - recent examples include criticism of the World Health Organization, rejecting the efficacy of homeopathy as a therapeutic option and disapproval during the time Reed Exhibitions hosted arms industry fairs. This article has been the subject of edit wars and has been placed on probation The arms industry is a global Industry and Business which Manufactures and sells Weapons and Military technology and equipment.
The Lancet has a significant readership throughout the world with a high impact factor. The impact factor, often abbreviated IF, is a measure of the Citations to science and social science journals. It publishes original research articles, review articles ("seminars" and "reviews"), editorials, book reviews, correspondences, amidst other regulars such as news features and case reports. The Lancet is considered to be one of the "core" general medical journals, the others being the New England Journal of Medicine, the Canadian Medical Association Journal, the Journal of the American Medical Association, and the British Medical Journal. The New England Journal of Medicine ( N Engl J Med or NEJM) is an English-language Peer-reviewed Medical journal published The Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ is a general medical journal that is published biweekly by the Canadian Medical Association (CMA JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association is an international peer-reviewed general Medical journal, published 48 times per year by the American The Lancet's impact factor is currently ranked #2 among general medical journals [ISI Journal Citation Reports].
The Lancet has now given birth to a few sub-speciality journals, all bearing the parent title - The Lancet Neurology (neurology), The Lancet Oncology (oncology) and The Lancet Infectious Diseases (infectious diseases). Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies Tumors ( Cancer) and seeks to understand their development diagnosis treatment and prevention An infectious disease is a clinically evident Disease resulting from the presence of Pathogenic microbial agents including Pathogenic viruses Pathogenic All of them have established significant reputations as medical journals, though most started out publishing only review articles.
Prior to 1990, Lancet had volume numbering that reset every year. Issues in January to June were in volume i, with the rest in volume ii. In 1990, Lancet moved to a sequential volume numbering scheme, with two volumes per year. Volumes were retro-actively assigned to the years prior to 1990, with the first issue of 1990 being assigned volume 335, and the last issue of 1989 assigned volume 334. The table of contents listing on Science Direct uses this new numbering scheme.
The Lancet was severely criticized after it published a paper in 1998, in which the authors linked the MMR vaccine with autism. The MMR vaccine is a mixture of three live Attenuated viruses administered via injection for Immunization against Measles, Mumps and Rubella Language development. The terminology In February 2004 The Lancet published a partial retraction of the paper (Lancet 2004;363:750). Dr Horton went on the record to say the paper had "fatal conflicts of interest" because one of the authors had a serious conflict of interest that he had not declared to The Lancet .
The Lancet published a controversial estimate of the Iraq war's Iraqi death toll--around one hundred thousand--in 2004. In 2006 a followup study by the same team suggested that the violent death rate in Iraq was not only consistent with the earlier estimate, but had increased considerably in the intervening period (Lancet surveys of casualties of the Iraq War). The Lancet, one of the oldest scientific Medical journals in the world published two peer-reviewed studies on the effect of the 2003 invasion The second survey estimated that there had been 654,965 excess Iraqi deaths as a consequence of the war. The 95% confidence interval was 392,979 to 942,636. In Statistics, a confidence interval (CI is an interval estimate of a Population parameter. 1849 households that contained 12,801 people were surveyed. 
In January 2006, it was revealed that data had been fabricated in an article by the Norwegian cancer researcher Jon Sudbø and 13 co-authors published in The Lancet in October 2005 . Jon Sudbø (born May 3, 1961) is a dentist and formerly a consultant oncologist and Medical researcher at The Radium Hospital in The fabricated article was entitled "Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of oral cancer: a nested case-control study". . Within a week after this scandal surfaced in the news, the high-impact New England Journal of Medicine published an expression of editorial concern regarding another research paper published on a similar topic in the journal. The New England Journal of Medicine ( N Engl J Med or NEJM) is an English-language Peer-reviewed Medical journal published