|Operas by Antonín Dvořák|
The Jacobin (Jakobín in Czech) is an opera in three acts by Antonín Dvořák to an original Czech libretto by Marie Červinková-Riegrova. Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( (often pronounced in English as; DVOR-zhahk; September 8 1841 – May 1 1904 was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed King and Charcoal Burner ( Král a uhlíř) Op 14 is a three-act (23 scene Comic opera by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák The Stubborn Lovers ( Tvrdé palice) Op 17 is a one-act Comic opera in 16 scenes by Czech composer Antonín Dvořák. Vanda is a Grand opera by Antonín Dvořák. The Czech Libretto was written by Václav Beneš-Šumavský and František Zákrejs after The Cunning Peasant ( Šelma sedlák in Czech is an Opera by Antonín Dvořák. Dimitrij is an Opera by Antonín Dvořák in 4 acts set a libretto by Marie Červinková-Riegrová The Devil and Kate, Op 112 B201 ( Čert a Káča in Czech) is an Opera in three acts by Antonín Dvořák to a Czech Rusalka is an Opera by Antonín Dvořák. The Czech Libretto was written by the poet Jaroslav Kvapil (1868-1950 Armida is an Opera by Antonin Dvorak in four acts set to a libretto by Jaroslav Vrchlický that was originally based on Torquato Tasso 's epic Czech (ˈʧɛk čeština ˈʧɛʃcɪna in Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers it is the majority language in the Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( (often pronounced in English as; DVOR-zhahk; September 8 1841 – May 1 1904 was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed A libretto is the text used in an extended Musical work such as an Opera, Operetta, Masque, sacred or secular Oratorio and Červinková-Riegrova took some of the story's characters from the story by Alois Jirásek, "At the Ducal Court", but devised her own plot around them. Alois Jirásek (ˈalojs ˈjɪraːsɛk ( August 23, 1851, Hronov – March 12, 1930, Prague) was a Czech writer The first performance was at the National Theatre, Prague, 1889. The Národní Divadlo or the National Theatre in Prague is known as the Alma Mater of Czech Opera, and as the national Prague (ˈprɑːg Praha (ˈpraɦa see also other names) is the Capital and Largest city of the Czech Republic. Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Červinková-Riegrova revised the libretto, with Dvořák's permission, in 1894, notably in the last act. Dvořák himself revised the music in 1897. The composer felt great affection for the subject of the opera, as the central character is a music teacher, and Dvořák had in mind his former teacher Antonin Liehmann, who had a daughter named Terinka, the name of one of the opera's characters. 
John Clapham has briefly discussed the presence of Czech musical style in the opera.  H. C. Colles has described this opera as "the most subtle and intimate of his peasant operas", and noted "how clearly its scenes are drawn from life". 
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 1889|
(Conductor: - )
|Count Vilém of Harasov||bass|
|Bohuš, his son||baritone|
|Julie, Bohuš's wife||soprano|
|Benda, the schoolmaster and choirmaster||tenor|
|Terinka, his daughter||soprano|
|Jiří, a young gamekeeper||tenor|
|Filip, the Count's Burgrave (chief-of-staff)||bass|
|Adolf, the Count's nephew||baritone|
|Lotinka, the keeper of the keys at the castle||alto|
Bohuš has returned to his home-town, incognito, with his wife Julie. This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. The tenor is the highest male voice within the Modal register, just above the Baritone voice Alto is a musical term derived from the Latin word altus, meaning "high" that has several possible interpretations Bohemia (Čechy; Bohemia Czechy is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands, currently the Year 1793 ( MDCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common His mother is dead and his father, the Count, has disowned him and has become a recluse. Meanwhile, the Count's Burgrave pays court to the schoolmaster Benda's daughter, Terinka, who is, however, in love with Jiří. The Burgrave is suspicious of Bohuš and Julie, especially as they have come from Paris, where the Count's son is said to be allied with the Jacobins. The Jacobin Club was the largest and most powerful political club of the French Revolution. To everyone's surprise, the Count himself now appears, confirming that he no longer regards Bohuš as his son, and that his heir will be his nephew Adolf. Adolf and the Burgrave rejoice, while Bohuš and Julie, hidden among the crowd, are horrified at the turn that events have taken.
In the school, Benda rehearses a chorus of children and townsfolk, together with Terinka and Jiří as soloists, in a cantata which will celebrate Adolf's new position. After the rehearsal, Terinka and Jiří declare their love, but Benda returns and announces that his daughter must marry the Burgrave. An argument develops, but suddenly the people return, alarmed at the rumour that sinister Jacobins have arrived in the town. The townsfolk run away in terror as Bohuš and Julie arrive to ask Benda if he can accommodate them for a few days. He is inclined to refuse, but when they reveal that they are Czechs who have sustained themselves in foreign countries through singing the songs of their native land, he, Terinka and Jiří are overcome with emotion and are happy to shelter them. The Burgrave comes to woo Terinka, but she rejects him. When Jiří defies him, the Burgrave threatens to force him into the army, but suddenly Adolf enters, wanting to find out if the "Jacobin" (Bohuš) has been arrested. The Burgrave prevaricates, but Bohuš himself arrives and reveals who he is. He and Adolf quarrel, and Adolf orders Bohuš's arrest.
At the castle, Jiří tries to see the Count to tell him that his son has been imprisoned, but is himself arrested at the behest of Adolf and the Burgrave. Lotinka admits Julie and Benda, and goes to fetch the Count. Julie hides, and Benda tries to prepare the old man for a reconciliation with Bohuš. The Count, however, is still angry with his son for marrying and leaving Bohemia and for his alleged Jacobin sympathies. Benda departs, and the Count laments his lonely life and wonders whether he has, after all, misjudged his son. Offstage, Julie sings a song that the late Countess used to sing to Bohuš when he was a child, and the Count, recognising it and overcome with emotion, asks Julie where she learnt it. Once he discovers that it was his son who taught it to her, his anger returns, but Julie is able to convince him that Bohuš, far from being a Jacobin, supported the Girondins and had been condemned to death by the Jacobins. The Girondists (in French Girondins, and sometimes Brissotins or "Baguettes" were a political faction in France within the Legislative She now reveals that Bohuš is in prison and that she is his wife, but the celebrations are about to start, and she leaves.
The children and townsfolk rejoice, and the Count announces that he will present his successor to them. Adolf is overjoyed, but the Count first enquires of him and the Burgrave whether there are any prisoners that he can pardon as part of the festivities. They reluctantly admit that there are, and Bohuš and Jiří are summoned. The Burgrave realises that the game is up as the Count denounces the scheming Adolf and embraces Bohuš and Julie. Bohuš praises the loyalty of Jiří and Terinka, and the Count joins their hands. Benda gives them his blessing, and the opera ends with a minuet, a polka and a chorus praising the Count and his new-found happiness with his son and his family. A minuet, sometimes spelled menuet, is a Social dance of French origin for two persons usually in 3/4 time. The polka is a fast lively Central European Dance and also a genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas