|The God Delusion|
|Media type||Hardcover, Paperback, Audio book|
|Preceded by||The Ancestor's Tale|
The God Delusion is a 2006 book by British biologist Richard Dawkins, holder of the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS, FRSL (born 26 March 1941 is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and Popular science The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning " Knowledge " or "knowing" is the effort to discover, and increase human understanding Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of Literature or Information &ndash the activity of making information available for public view Bantam Books is a major US publishing house owned by Random House and is part of the Bantam Dell Publishing Group A hardcover (or hardback or hardbound) is a Book bound with rigid protective covers (typically of cardboard covered with Cloth Paperback, softback, or softcover describe and refer to a Book by the nature of its binding. The Ancestor's Tale (subtitled A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life) is a 2004 Popular science Book by Richard Dawkins Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS, FRSL (born 26 March 1941 is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and Popular science Charles Simonyi (Simonyi Károly born September 10 1948 is a Hungarian Computer software executive who as head of Microsoft 's application software The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the
In The God Delusion, Dawkins contends that a supernatural creator almost certainly does not exist and that belief in a god qualifies as a delusion, which he defines as a persistent false belief held in the face of strong contradictory evidence. God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. See also List of deities A deity is a Postulated Preternatural or Supernatural Being, who is always A delusion is commonly defined as a fixed False Belief and is used in everyday language to describe a belief that is either false fanciful or derived from Deception Evidence in its broadest sense includes anything that is used to determine or demonstrate the Truth of an assertion He is sympathetic to Robert Pirsig's observation in Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance that "when one person suffers from a delusion it is called insanity. Robert Maynard Pirsig (born September 6, 1928, Minneapolis Minnesota) is an American Writer and Philosopher, mainly known Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance An Inquiry into Values is the first of Robert M When many people suffer from a delusion it is called religion. "
As of November 2007, the English version of The God Delusion had sold over 1. 5 million copies and had been translated to 31 other languages.  It was ranked #2 on the Amazon.com bestsellers' list in November 2006. Amazoncom Inc ( is an American electronic commerce ( E-commerce) company in Seattle Washington.  In early December 2006, it reached #4 in the New York Times Hardcover Nonfiction Best Seller list after nine weeks on the list. The New York Times Best Seller List is widely considered to be the preeminent list of best-selling books in the United States.  It remained on the list for 51 weeks until September 30, 2007. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.  It has attracted widespread commentary, with several books written in response.
Dawkins had argued against creationist explanations of life in his previous works on evolution. "Creationism" can also refer to Creation myths in general or to a concept about the origin of the soul. eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 The theme of The Blind Watchmaker, published in 1986, is that evolution can explain the apparent design in nature. The Blind Watchmaker is a 1986 book by Richard Dawkins in which he presents an explanation of and argument for the theory of Evolution by means of In The God Delusion he expands upon this argument against the existence of God. In Logic, an argument is a Set of one or more Declarative sentences (or "propositions") known as the Premises along
Dawkins had long wanted to write a book openly criticising religion, but his publisher had advised against it. Criticism of religion involves Criticism of the concept of Religion, the validity of religion the practice of religion and the consequences of religion By the year 2006, his publisher had warmed to the idea. Dawkins attributes this change of mind to "four years of Bush". George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States.  By that time, a number of authors, including Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, who together with Dawkins were labelled "The Unholy Trinity" by Robert Weitzel, had already written books openly attacking religion. Sam Harris (born 1967 is an American Non-fiction writer and Philosopher. Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949) is a British Author, Journalist, Literary critic and American  These books did well on best-seller lists, and have spawned an industry of religious responses.  According to the Amazon.co.uk website, the book led to a 50% growth in their sales of books on religion and spirituality (including anti-religious books such as The God Delusion and God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything) and a 120% increase in the sales of the Bible. Amazoncom Inc ( is an American electronic commerce ( E-commerce) company in Seattle Washington. Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin 
The book contains ten chapters. The first few build a case that there is no God, while the rest discuss religion and morality. It is dedicated to the memory of Dawkins' late friend Douglas Adams, whom Dawkins quotes as having said, "isn't it enough to see that a garden is beautiful without having to believe that there are fairies at the bottom of it too?"
Dawkins writes that The God Delusion contains four "consciousness-raising" messages:
Since there are a number of different theistic ideas relating to the nature of God(s), Dawkins defines the concept of God that he wishes to address early in the book. He coins the term "Einsteinian religion", referring to Einstein's use of "God", as a metaphor for nature or the mysteries of the universe. Albert Einstein ( German: ˈalbɐt ˈaɪ̯nʃtaɪ̯n; English: ˈælbɝt ˈaɪnstaɪn (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955 was a German -born theoretical  He makes a distinction between this "Einsteinian religion" and the general theistic idea of God as the creator of the universe who should be worshipped. A creator deity is a Deity in a Creation myth responsible for the creation of the World (or Universe) This article refers to the religious act For the album by Michael W  This becomes an important theme in the book, which he calls the God Hypothesis.  He maintains that this idea of God is a valid hypothesis, having effects in the physical universe, and like any other hypothesis can be tested and falsified.  Thus, Dawkins rejects the common view that science and religion rule over non-overlapping magisteria. The relationship between religion and science has long held interest for scholars particularly in the Philosophy of science, the Philosophy of religion, and Stephen Jay Gould (September 10 1941 &ndash May 20 2002 was a prominent American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science
Dawkins surveys briefly the main philosophical arguments in favour of God's existence. Arguments for and against the existence of God have been proposed by philosophers theologians and others Of the many philosophical proofs that he discusses, he singles out the Argument from Design for lengthy consideration. A teleological argument, or argument from design, is an Argument for the Existence of God or a creator based on perceived evidence of order purpose design Dawkins concludes that evolution by natural selection can explain apparent design in nature. eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 
He writes that one of the greatest challenges to the human intellect has been to explain "how the complex, improbable design in the universe arises", and argues that there are two competing explanations:
This is the basic set-up of his argument against the existence of God, the Ultimate Boeing 747 gambit, where he argues that the first attempt is self-refuting, and the second approach is the way forward. The Ultimate Boeing 747 gambit is an Argument for the improbability of the Existence of God. 
The second half of the book begins by exploring the roots of religion and seeking an explanations for its ubiquity across human cultures. Dawkins advocates the "theory of religion as an accidental by-product – a misfiring of something useful" as for example the mind's employment of intentional stance. The intentional stance is a theory of mental content proposed by Daniel C Dawkins suggests that the theory of memes, and human susceptibility to religious memes in particular, can explain how religions might spread like "mind viruses" across societies. A meme (miːm consists of any idea or behavior that can pass from one person to another by learning or imitation 
He then turns to the subject of morality, maintaining that we do not need religion to be good. Morality (from the Latin la moralitas "manner character proper behavior" has three principal meanings Instead, our morality has a Darwinian explanation: altruistic genes, selected through the process of evolution, give people natural empathy. Darwinism is a term used for various different movements or concepts related to a greater or lesser extent to Charles Darwin 's work on Evolution. He asks, "would you commit murder, rape or robbery if you knew that no God existed?" He argues that very few people would answer "yes", undermining the claim that a God is needed to make us behave morally. In support of this view, he surveys the history of morality, arguing that there is a moral Zeitgeist that continually evolves in society. The Moral Zeitgeist is a term used to describe the progress of modern human Morality. As it progresses, this moral consensus influences how religious leaders interpret their holy writings. Thus, Dawkins states, morality does not originate from the Bible, rather our moral progress informs what part of the Bible Christians accept and what they now dismiss. 
The God Delusion is not just a defence of atheism, but it also goes on the offensive against religion. Dawkins considers this hostility justified because he sees religion as subverting science, fostering fanaticism, encouraging bigotry against homosexuals, and influencing society in other negative ways. Religious fanaticism is Fanaticism associated with a Religion. Homosexuality refers to sexual behavior with or attraction to people of the same sex or to a Homosexual orientation.  He is most outraged about the indoctrination of children. He equates the religious indoctrination of children by parents and teachers in faith schools to a form of mental abuse. Children usually acquire the religious views of their Parents though they may also be influenced by others they communicate with such as peers and teachers A faith school is a School that has a particular religious character or has formal links with a religious organisation Dawkins considers the labels "Muslim child" or a "Catholic child" equally misapplied as the descriptions "Marxist child" or a "Tory child", as he wonders how a young child can be considered developed enough to have such independent views on the cosmos and humanity's place within it. A Muslim (مسلم pronounced Muslim, not Muzlim) is an adherent of the Religion Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In the political tradition of some English-speaking countries, the term Tory has referred to a variety of political parties and Creeds since it was
The book concludes with the question whether religion, despite its alleged problems, fills a "much needed gap", giving consolation and inspiration to people who need it. According to Dawkins, these needs are much better filled by non-religious means such as philosophy and science. He argues that an atheistic worldview is life-affirming in a way that religion, with its unsatisfying "answers" to life's mysteries, could never be. An appendix gives addresses for those "needing support in escaping religion".
While the book was published with endorsements from notable intellectuals, such as Nobel laureate and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA James D. Watson, Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker, as well as popular writers of fiction and the illusionists Penn and Teller, it received mixed reviews from critics. Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18 1954 is a prominent Canadian - American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, and author Penn & Teller ( Penn Fraser Jillette and Teller) are Las Vegas headliners whose act is an amalgam of illusion and Comedy. The review aggregator Metacritic reported the book had an average score of 59 out of 100, based on 22 reviews. Metacritic is a Website that collates reviews of music Albums games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and Books.  The book was nominated for Best Book at the British Book Awards, where Richard Dawkins won the Author of the Year award. The British Book Awards are given annually and promoted by the UK Publishing industry trade journal Publishing News.  It has been controversial, and has provoked responses from both religious and atheist commentators.  In the 2007 paperback edition, Dawkins responds to many of the criticisms that these reviewers raise. 
Alvin Plantinga, Anthony Kenny, Thomas Nagel,, Michael Ruse, and other philosophers have responded to the arguments of the book about the existence of God, especially Dawkins' argument that God almost certainly does not exist, the Ultimate Boeing 747 gambit. The Ultimate Boeing 747 gambit is an Argument for the improbability of the Existence of God. Alvin Carl Plantinga (born 1932 is a contemporary American Philosopher known for his work in Epistemology, Metaphysics, and the Philosophy Sir Anthony John Patrick Kenny FBA (born 16 March 1931 in Liverpool) is an English Philosopher whose interests lie Thomas Nagel (born July 4 1937 is an American Philosopher, currently University Professor and Professor of Philosophy and Law Michael Ruse (born June 21, 1940 in Birmingham England) is a philosopher of science working on the philosophy of biology and is well known Richard Swinburne has responded to parts of The God Delusion that interact with Swinburne's writings. Richard G Swinburne (born December 26, 1934) is an eminent British Professor and Philosopher primarily interested in the 
Plantinga writes that Dawkins' argument is that because the Universe has so much information in it, a hypothetical creating God would have to be enormously complex and thus enormously improbable. He states that Dawkins does not support this assertion without already assuming materialism. The Philosophy of materialism holds that the only thing that can be truly proven to exist is Matter, and is considered a form of Physicalism. Plantinga concludes that the book's argument "really doesn't give even the slightest reason for thinking belief in God mistaken, let alone a delusion". 
Some reviewers were highly critical of Dawkins' lack of scholarship on theology and the philosophy of religion. Philosophy of religion is a branch of Philosophy that is concerned with the philosophical study of religion including arguments over the nature and existence of God religious Dawkins is explicitly dismissive of theology in the God Delusion, and in the words of John Cornwell "there is hardly a serious work of philosophy of religion cited in his extensive bibliography". John Cornwell (born 1940 is an English journalist and author He is best known for various books on the Papacy, most notably Hitler's Pope.  This sentiment was echoed by other reviewers, from theologians, such as Alister McGrath, to scientists otherwise sympathetic to Dawkins' position, such as H. Allen Orr. Alister E McGrath (born January 23, 1953) is a Christian theologian, with a DPhil in Molecular biophysics, noted for his work on H Allen Orr is University Professor and Shirley Cox Kearns Professor of Biology at the University of Rochester.  One of the most emphatic formulations of this objection was by Marxist literary critic Terry Eagleton in the London Review of Books:
What, one wonders, are Dawkins's views on the epistemological differences between Aquinas and Duns Scotus? Has he read Eriugena on subjectivity, Rahner on grace or Moltmann on hope? Has he even heard of them? Or does he imagine like a bumptious young barrister that you can defeat the opposition while being complacently ignorant of its toughest case?
Other reviewers, however, praised Dawkins' argumentation. Terence Francis Eagleton (born 22 February, 1943, Salford then in Lancashire) is regarded by many as Britain's most influential living Literary The London Review of Books (or LRB) is a Fortnightly British literary and political magazine Epistemology (from Greek επιστήμη - episteme, "knowledge" + λόγος, " Logos " or theory of knowledge Karl Rahner, SJ ( March 5, 1904 &mdash March 30, 1984) was a German theologian one of the most influential Roman Jürgen Moltmann (born April 8, 1926) is a German Protestant theologian. Australian philosopher Russell Blackford wrote that although the rebuttals of theistic arguments are not as extensive as those written by professional philosophers of religion, the book is far from dumbed down:
Dawkins no doubt simplifies at times, or makes debatable points; importantly, however, he does not mislead the reader or commit any obvious blunders (at least, I could find none). Russell Blackford is an Australian writer philosopher and critic based in Melbourne Victoria. This is extraordinarily impressive in a work of such vast ambition and interdisciplinary scope.
Dawkins himself replies to the charge of inadequate scholarship in the preface to the new edition of the book. He states that he only considered thinkers who actually argue for God's existence, rather than just assume it, and asks, "Do you have to read up on leprechology before disbelieving in leprechauns?" He thereby endorses PZ Myers' analogy of the "Courtier's reply", that being expected to debate the finer points of religious scholarship as an atheist is like having to have read "learned tomes on ruffled pantaloons and silken underwear" before claiming that the Emperor is, in fact, naked. In Irish mythology, a leprechaun (leipreachán Paul Zachary "PZ" Myers (born March 9, 1957) is an American biology professor at the University of Minnesota Morris (UMM and "The Emperor's New Clothes" ( Keiserens nye Klæder) is a Fairy tale by Danish Poet and Author Hans Christian Andersen 
American physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, writing in Nature, says that although a "fan" of Dawkins' science writing, he wishes that Dawkins "had continued to play to his strengths". Lawrence M Krauss (born May 27, 1954) is Foundation Professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration and the Physics Department and Director Nature is a prominent Scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869 Krauss suggests that an unrelenting attack upon people's beliefs might be less productive than "positively demonstrating how the wonders of nature can suggest a world without God that is nevertheless both complete and wonderful. " Krauss is disappointed by the first part of the book, but quite positive about the latter part starting from Dawkins' discussion of morality. He remarks, "Perhaps there can be no higher praise than to say that I am certain I will remember and borrow many examples from this book in my own future discussions. " In particular, he praises the treatment of religion and childhood, although refraining from using the term "child abuse" himself. Criticism of religion involves Criticism of the concept of Religion, the validity of religion the practice of religion and the consequences of religion 
Writing in the Guardian, Stephen D. Unwin, author of The Probability of God, which is the focus of Dawkins' criticisms of Bayesian methods for the proof of God's existence, notes that Dawkins' views are "hardly shocking as certainty is the position of almost all participants in the God debate. Stephen D Unwin is a Physicist and author best known for his book The Probability of God. "
Skeptic Michael Shermer, describes the book as "a powerful polemic against the infusion of religion into nearly every nook and cranny of public life. Michael Brand Shermer (born September 8, 1954 in Glendale California) is an American science writer historian of science founder of The Skeptics " But Shermer considers The God Delusion much more than a polemic. He stresses the consciousness-raising messages of the book, and praises its latter part, describing the closing chapter as "a tribute to the power and beauty of science, which no living writer does better. " However, he was put off by the provocative title and Dawkins' derogatory references to religious believers. Also, he is not convinced by Dawkins' argument that without religion, there would be "no suicide bombings, no 9/11, . . . ", suggesting that many of the evils that atheists attribute to religion alone are primarily driven by political motives. Nevertheless, he concludes that the book "deserves multiple readings, not just as an important work of science, but as a great work of literature. "
Joan Bakewell reviewed the book for The Guardian, stating "Dawkins comes roaring forth in the full vigour of his powerful arguments, laying into fallacies and false doctrines", and suggesting that it is a timely book: "These are now political matters. Dame Joan Dawson Bakewell DBE (born 16 April 1933 in Stockport) is an English Journalist and Television presenter The Guardian (until 1959 The Manchester Guardian) is a British Newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. Around the world communities are increasingly defined as Muslim, Christian, Jewish, and living peaceably together is ever harder to sustain. . . . Dawkins is right to be not only angry but alarmed. Religions have the secular world running scared. Secularism is generally the assertion that governmental practices or institutions should exist separately from Religion or religious beliefs This book is a clarion call to cower no longer. "
Michael Skapinker in the Financial Times, while finding that "Dawkins' attack on the creationists is devastatingly effective", considers him "maddeningly inconsistent. The Financial Times ( FT) is a British international business Newspaper. " He argues that, since Dawkins accepts that current theories about the universe (such as quantum theory) may be "already knocking at the door of the unfathomable" and that the universe may be "not only queerer than we suppose, but queerer than we can suppose", "the thought of how limited our comprehension is should introduce a certain diffidence into our attempted refutations of those who think they have the answer". Quantum mechanics (QM or quantum theory) is a physical science dealing with the behavior of Matter and Energy on the scale of Atoms 
Mary Wakefield writes in the Daily Telegraph that Dawkins fails to understand why people believe in God, adding, "I'll eat my Sunday hat if this book persuades even the most hesitant half-believer to renounce religion". For "The Daily Telegraph" in Australia see The Daily Telegraph (Australia. 
To the claim that the book is written as a polemic, and that Dawkins is being shrill and intolerant, he argues that this only seems to be so in comparison with most discussions on the subject of religion. Polemics (pəˈlɛmɪks/ /poʊ- is the practice of disputing or controverting religious, philosophical, or political matters Religion is traditionally seen as a subject that should be discussed in extremely polite terms, but Dawkins does not understand why it should receive such a special status. He compares his work with restaurant reviews to show that his writing is not rude in comparison. 
Over the charge that his book is only likely to be read by atheists and is unlikely to convince anyone to change their mind, Dawkins says that many people are secretly interested in atheism but are worried about admitting to this and discussing it. He also says that, even if his book were only to be read by atheists, it could still provide for an exchange of ideas. 
Andrew Brown writes a critical review titled "Dawkins the dogmatist" in Prospect in which he considers that "In his broad thesis, Dawkins is right. Not to be confused with The American Prospect magazine Prospect is a monthly British general interest Magazine Religions are potentially dangerous, and in their popular forms profoundly irrational". He criticises, however, the assertion that "atheists . . . don't do evil things in the name of atheism" and notes that "under Stalin almost the entire Orthodox priesthood were exterminated simply for being priests. Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party See also Eastern Orthodox Church Structure and organization The Slavic Orthodox Church is organized in a hierarchical structure " Furthermore, he cites Robert Pape that religious zealotry is neither necessary nor sufficient for suicide bombers, and concludes that the book is "one long argument from professorial incredulity. This article is about suicide attacks for political and/or military reasons The argument from ignorance, also known as argumentum ad ignorantiam ("appeal to ignorance") or argument by lack of imagination, is a Logical fallacy "
Nobel-prize winning biologist David Baltimore welcomes the book in American Scientist as a reaction to the irrationality that he sees in US social and political life. David Baltimore (born March 7, 1938) is an American biologist American Scientist (ISSN 0003-0996 (not to be confused with Scientific American) is an illustrated bimonthly Magazine about Science and Religion dominates the news, he writes, be it jihad, opposition to stem-cell research, or teaching intelligent design. Jihad (جهاد ʤɪhæːd an Islamic term, is a religious duty of Muslims. Stem cell controversy is the ethical debate centered on research involving the creation usage and destruction of Human embryonic stem cells Some opponents of the research argue Intelligent He finds the title of The God Delusion worth savoring as it conveys the core of Dawkins' argument, and the book worth reading for its wide-ranging discussion of religion. However, he states that while Dawkins' arguments against religion are much based on evolution, Dawkins does not come to terms with the "many scientists who believe both that evolution is a natural process over billions of years and that there is a God". Thus, Baltimore maintains that the focus of the book is on those who disbelieve evolution and are therefore fundamentalists. In conclusion, he says he is glad that Dawkins wrote this book at a time when, as he opines, "In the United States, there is an increasingly pervasive assumption that Christianity is our state religion. A state religion (also called an official religion, established church or state church) is a religious body or Creed officially "
Marek Kohn in The Independent suggests that in this book "passions are running high, arguments are compressed and rhetoric inflated. Marek Kohn is a British science writer on Evolution, biology and society The Independent is a British compact Newspaper published by Tony O'Reilly 's Independent News & Media. The allusion to Chamberlain, implicitly comparing religion to the Nazi regime, is par for the course. Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 &ndash 9 November 1940 was a British Conservative Politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom " He also argues that "another, perhaps simpler, explanation for the universality and antiquity of religion is that it has conferred evolutionary benefits on its practitioners that outweigh the costs. Without more discussion, it is not clear that Dawkins' account should be preferred to the hypothesis that religion may have been adaptive in the same way that making stone tools was. "
In the Daily Telegraph, Kenan Malik commends Dawkins' intellectual case for atheism, but believes that Dawkins misunderstands what makes religion attractive to believers, and exaggerates its role in modern conflicts. Kenan Malik (born 1962 is an Indian born British writer lecturer and broadcaster trained in neurobiology and the history of science Malik is skeptical that a world without religion, as John Lennon asks us to imagine, would be as utopian as Dawkins paints it. John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (born He concludes by stating "if you want an understanding of evolution or an argument for atheism, there are few better guides than Richard Dawkins. But treat with extreme caution the pronouncements of any one who takes his political cue from an ex-Beatle. "
Daniel Dennett, a prominent American philosopher and author, wrote a review for Free Inquiry, where he states that he and Dawkins agree about most matters, "but on one central issue we are not (yet) of one mind: Dawkins is quite sure that the world would be a better place if religion were hastened to extinction and I am still agnostic about that. Daniel Clement Dennett (born March 28 1942 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a prominent American philosopher whose research Free Inquiry is a bi-monthly Journal of secular humanist opinion and commentary published by the Council for Secular Humanism, which is part Agnosticism ( Greek: α- a-, without + γνώσις gnōsis, knowledge after Gnosticism) is the philosophical view that the " In Dennett's view many "avowedly religious people" are actually atheist, but find religious metaphors and rituals useful. However, he applauds Dawkins' effort to "raise consciousness in people who are trapped in a religion and can't even imagine life without it. " He continues by stating his regret that neither he himself nor Dawkins deal with theist arguments as patiently as they might, noting that "Serious argument depends on mutual respect, and this is often hard to engender when disagreements turn vehement", but concludes by suggesting that "Perhaps some claims should just be laughed out of court. "
Dawkins repeats his long-standing opposition to the argument that the masses need religion. He considers it to be patronising and elitist to hold that intellectuals can be trusted with atheism but the majority of people need to believe in religion. Dawkins has been involved in the popularisation of science, and he believes that this is a much better support for society than religion. 
Writing in Harper's, Pulitzer Prize winning novelist and essayist Marilynne Robinson criticises the "pervasive exclusion of historical memory in Dawkins's view of science," with particular reference to scientific eugenic theories and practices. Harper's Magazine (also Harper's) is a monthly general-interest Magazine of literature politics culture finance and the arts The Pulitzer Prize, ˈpʊlɨtsɚ PULL-it-sər is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in Newspaper journalism, Marilynne Robinson (born 1943 is an American Author. Her 1980 novel Housekeeping (see 1980 in literature) won a Hemingway Foundation/PEN Eugenics is a social Philosophy which advocates the improvement of Human Hereditary traits through various forms of intervention She argues that Dawkins has a superficial knowledge of the Bible and accuses him of comparing only the best of science with the worst of religion: "if religion is to be blamed for the fraud done in its name, then what of science? Is it to be blamed for the Piltdown hoax, for the long-credited deceptions having to do with cloning in South Korea? If by 'science' is meant authentic science, then 'religion' must mean authentic religion, granting the difficulties in arriving at these definitions. Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin The "Piltdown Man" is a famous hoax consisting of fragments of a skull and jawbone collected in 1912 from a gravel pit at Piltdown a village near Uckfield Hwang Woo-Suk ( Korean: 황우석 born 29 January 1953 is a South Korean. " Robinson suggests that Dawkins' arguments are not properly called scientific but are reminiscent of logical positivism, notwithstanding Dawkins' "simple-as-that, plain-as-day approach to the grandest questions, unencumbered by doubt, consistency, or countervailing information. Logical positivism (later and more accurately called logical empiricism) is a school of philosophy that combines Empiricism, the idea that observational evidence is "
The Economist praised the book: "Everyone should read it. The Economist is an English-language weekly news and International affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London Atheists will love Mr Dawkins's incisive logic and rapier wit and theists will find few better tests of the robustness of their faith. Even agnostics, who claim to have no opinion on God, may be persuaded that their position is an untenable waffle. " The review focuses on Dawkins' critiques of the influence of religion upon politics and the use of religion to insulate political positions from criticism. "The problem, as Mr. Dawkins sees it, is that religious moderates make the world safe for fundamentalists, by promoting faith as a virtue and by enforcing an overly pious respect for religion. "
To those who claim that Dawkins misrepresents religious people and argue that fanatics are a small minority, Dawkins replies that this is not true, and that intolerant fanatics have huge influence in the world. 
Dawkins has been described as an "atheist fundamentalist". He rejects this label, saying fundamentalism implies a belief system that is impervious to change, while his atheism is based on the scientific method of reasoning. Fundamentalism refers to a "deep and totalistic commitment" to a belief in and strict adherence to a set of basic principles (often Religious in nature a reaction Scientific method refers to bodies of Techniques for investigating phenomena He says that if new scientific evidence were found that disproved evolution, then he would willingly give up his belief in evolution and natural selection, whilst a genuine fundamentalist would remain firm in his/her belief no matter how much opposing evidence came to light. eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 Natural selection is the process by which favorable Heritable traits become more common in successive Generations of a Population of 
In Turkey, where the book has sold at least 6000 copies, a prosecutor launched a probe into whether The God Delusion is "an attack on holy values" following a complaint in November 2007. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The Turkish publisher and translator, Erol Karaaslan, faced a prison sentence if convicted of inciting religious hatred and insulting religious values.  As is also the case for other controversies in Turkey, such as that involving Orhan Pamuk's statement on the Armenian Genocide, Sylvia Tiryaki points out that "an investigation of this kind on behalf of a claim from a citizen can be opened – but also closed as fast as possible – in any other country. Ferit Orhan Pamuk (born on 7 June 1952 in Istanbul) generally known simply as Orhan Pamuk, is a Turkish Novelist and professor of Comparative "
In April 2008, the court acquitted the defendant. In ruling out the need to confiscate copies of the book, the presiding judge stated that banning it "would fundamentally limit the freedom of thought". 
Chronological order of publication (oldest first)