Tharros (also spelled Tharras, Greek: Θάρρας, Ptol., Tarrae or Tarras) was an ancient city on the west coast of Sardinia, Italy, and is currently an archaeological site in the località of San Giovanni di Sinis, comune of Cabras, in the Province of Oristano. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Claudius Ptolemaeus ( Greek: Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; after 83 &ndash ca Sardinia (sɑrˈdɪnɪə Sardegna Sardigna or Sardinnya is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily) Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest A località, in Italy, is the name given to inhabited places that are not accorded a more significant distinction in administrative law such as a Frazione In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic Administrative division of both provinces and regions and may be properly approximated in Oristano (Provincia di Oristano Provìntzia de Aristanis is a province in the autonomous island region of Sardinia in Italy. It lies on a peninsula that forms the northern cape of the Gulf of Oristano. Tharros, mentioned by Ptolemy and in the Itineraries, seems to have been one of the most considerable places on the island. Claudius Ptolemaeus ( Greek: Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; after 83 &ndash ca The Antonine Itinerary (in Latin: Antonini Itinerarium) is a register of the stations and distances along the various roads of the Roman empire, containing
Archaeological research done in the area of Tharros has established that in the eighth century BCE the town was founded by Phoenicians. The 8th century BC started the first day of 800 BC and ended the last day of 701 BC. Phoenicia ( Phoenician: Phoenician nunsvg|12px|נ]]Phoenician nun On the remains of a former nuragic village on top of the hill called Su Muru Mannu they founded a tophet, an open air sacred place common for several installations of Phoenicians in the western Mediterranean, and seen as a sign of urbanization. The nuraghe (IPA) (plural in Italian nuraghi, while in Sardinian nuraghes) is the main type of Megalithic Edifice found in Sardinia For the sacred precinct of Carthage with that name see Carthage. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing Excavations have shown that from the eighth century BCE until the abandonment of Tharros in the 10th century CE the place has been inhabited, first by Phoenicians, then by the Punics and then under Roman domination. The Punics, (from Latin pūnicus meaning Phoenician were a group of Western Semitic speaking peoples originating from Carthage Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC The town was destroyed by Saracen raiders. Saracen was a term used by Europeans in the Middle Ages for Fatimids at first then later for all who professed the religion of Islam. Certainly there has always been a strong Sardic element in the whole period. Sardinia (sɑrˈdɪnɪə Sardegna Sardigna or Sardinnya is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily) An inscription records the repair of the road from Tharras to Cornus as late as the reign of the emperor Philip. Marcus Julius Philippus or Philippus I Arabs (c 204 - 249 known in English as Philip the Arab or formerly (prior to World War II in (De la Marmora, Voy. en Sardaigne, vol. ii. pp. 359, 477. ) The Antonine Itinerary correctly places it 18 miles from Cornus and 12 from Othoca (modern Santa Giusta near Oristano). The Antonine Itinerary (in Latin: Antonini Itinerarium) is a register of the stations and distances along the various roads of the Roman empire, containing Santa Giusta ( Phoenician and Latin: Othoca) is a Comune (municipality in the Province of Oristano in the Italian Oristano (Aristanis is a town and commune in Sardinia, Italy, the capital of the Province of Oristano. (Itin. Ant. p. 84; Ptol. iii. 3. § 2. )
The area is now an open air museum and still excavations are done bringing to light ever more details of the past of this town. What is to be seen is most of the period of Roman domination or early Christianity. Early Christianity is commonly defined as the Christianity of the three centuries between the Crucifixion of Jesus ( c Amongst the interesting structures is the tophet itself, bath installations, temple foundations and a part of the area with houses and artisan workshops. This page is on buildings used for Roman bathing For the activity in general see Ancient Roman bathing.