|Shang Tang (Zi Lu) 商湯 (子履)|
|Ancestral name (姓):||Zi (子)|
|Given name (名):||Lu (履)|
|Courtesy name (字):||Tai Yi (太乙)|
|King of Shang Dynasty|
|Dates of reign:||1675 BC–1646 BC|
|Temple name:||Tai Zu (太祖)|
|Posthumous name:||Tang (湯)|
|Dates are in the proleptic Julian calendar|
King Cheng Tang of Shang of China (in Chinese:"湯", born Zi Lü, in Chinese:"子履") (1675 BC-1646 BC). Chinese family name is one of the hundreds or thousands of Family names that have been historically used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic Chinese given names ( Chinese: 名字 Pinyin: míngzì are often made up of one or two characters Unlike Western personal names there is great variety A Chinese style name, sometimes also known as a courtesy name ( zì) is a given name to be used later in life The Shang Dynasty ( Chinese: 商[[wiktionary 朝|朝]] or Yin Dynasty ( 殷[[wiktionary 代|代]] was according to traditional sources the Temple names are commonly used when naming most Chinese, Korean ( Goryeo and Joseon periods and Vietnamese (such dynasties as A posthumous name is an honorary name given to royalty nobles and sometimes others in some cultures after the person's death The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar to dates preceding AD 4 when its quadrennial leap year stabilized The Shang Dynasty ( Chinese: 商[[wiktionary 朝|朝]] or Yin Dynasty ( 殷[[wiktionary 代|代]] was according to traditional sources the China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National
Tang was the first ruling king of the Shang dynasty in Chinese history. The Shang Dynasty ( Chinese: 商[[wiktionary 朝|朝]] or Yin Dynasty ( 殷[[wiktionary 代|代]] was according to traditional sources the He overthrew Jie, the last ruler of the Xia dynasty. King Jie ( given name Gui(癸 was the last ruler of the Xia Dynasty of China, and is blamed for its fall The Xia Dynasty ( of China is the first dynasty to be described in ancient historical records such as Records of the Grand Historian and
He was the head of his tribe for more than 17 years, and during that time period, he employed wise men as civil officials and revamped his government.
Seeing that the Xia Dynasty has began to falter, Tang initiated eleven wars against Xia Dynasty, taking large quantities of land and subduing many vassal states. After an internal rebellion in Xia, Tang swept away the Xia armies in one final victory in 1600 BC. He then set Jie into exile until he died.
Tang's reign was regarded as a good one by the Chinese. He lowered taxes and the conscription rate of soldiers. His influence spread to the Yellow River, and many outlying tribes became vassal states. The Yellow River or Huang He / Hwang Ho ( Hatan Gol Queen river) is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze River) and the He also established Anyang as the new capital of China. Anyang ( is a Prefecture-level city in Henan province, People's Republic of China.
Tang, his given name is Lu(履). His ancestor is Yilu(乙履), married with Jiandi(简狄), daughter of Gaoxin(高辛氏). Yilu had a son called Yao Situ(尧司徒), he was appointed as Vassal by Xia King by his contribution to his people. and after 13 generations, born a man called Zhuggui(主癸), father of Tang.
After 18 years as leader of Shang tribe, which was Xia's state, Tang defeated Xia and he got his throne in the year of Guihai(癸亥). His capital was at Hao(亳).
The war between Xia and Shang happened in the year of Renwu(壬戌).
He built a palace called Xia She (夏社) to remember Xia Dynasty,
In the 19th year of his regime (2nd year after defeated Xia), there was a drought.
The Di(氐) and Qiang(羌) people sent envoy to worship him, also regarded him as their king.
In the 20th year of his regime, there was a drought and the last king Jie of Xia died at Tingshan(亭山). King Jie ( given name Gui(癸 was the last ruler of the Xia Dynasty of China, and is blamed for its fall He banned dancing and singing, in order to plead with heaven to rain.
In the 21st year of his regime, there was drought again. Tang made Golden coins to be given to the poor family that sold their children caused by the drought, so that they can buy their children back.
From the 22nd year to 24th year of his regime, there was still drought.
After 5 years of continuous drought, Tang prayed at Sanglin(桑林), promised that if it did not rain, he will sacrifice himself to the God who in charge of Raining. Finally it rained.
In the 25th year of his regime, he wrote Dahu music(大濩乐). This year was the first time he hunted.
In the 27th year of his regime, he moved the 9 bronze vessels, or ding(鼎), made by Yu of Xia, to the Shang Palace.
In the 29th year of his regime, he died. He ruled 13 years after defeated Xia.
Tang of Shang
|King of China|
1675 BC–1646 BC