A WTF taekwondo sparring match
|Also known as||Taekwon-Do, Tae Kwon-Do, Tae Kwon Do|
|Country of origin||Korea|
|Olympic Sport||Since 2000 (WTF regulations)|
Taekwondo (태권도; IPA: /tɛkwɒndoʊ/) is a Korean martial art. The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF is the International Federation (IF member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC for the competition events of the A strike is an attack with an inanimate object such as a Weapon, or with a part of the human body intended to cause an effect upon an opponent or to simply cause harm to Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF is the International Federation (IF member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC for the competition events of the Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language Romanization system in South Korea. McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language Romanization systems along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. Martial arts are systems of codified practices and traditions of training for Combat. Taekwondo is the national sport of South Korea. A national sport is a Sport or Game that is considered to be a intrinsic part of the culture of a Nation. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː It is also regarded as the world's most popular martial art in terms of number of practitioners, and sparring, or kyeorugi, is an official Olympic sporting event. Sparring is a form of Training common to many Martial arts. Although the precise form varies it is essentially relatively 'free-form' fighting with enough rules The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games In Korean, tae 태 跆 means "to trample with the foot"; kwon 권 拳 means "fist"; and do 도 道 means "way"; so taekwondo is loosely translated as "the way of the foot and fist". This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language See Hangul for details on the native Korean writing system
Taekwondo's popularity has resulted in the varied evolution of the martial art into several domains: as with many other arts, it combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise, meditation and philosophy. eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 Self-defense (or self-defence &mdash see spelling differences) is the act of defending oneself one's property or the well-being of another from physical harm Sport is an Activity that is governed by a set of rules or Customs and often engaged in competitively Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language
There are two main systems of taekwondo as well as traditional tae-kwon-do, which is cot competition oriented and focusses only on the self-defence and traditional value of the art. One comes from the Kukkiwon, the source of the sparring system "Shihap Kyorugi" which is an event at the summer Olympics and which is governed by the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF); the other comes from the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF), which was founded by General Choi Hong Hi, the father of taekwondo. Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Headquarters is an organization in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF is the International Federation (IF member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC for the competition events of the The International Taekwon-Do Federation or ( ITF) exists to promote and encourage the growth of the Korean martial art of Taekwondo. Choi Hong Hi ( 최홍희; 崔泓熙; 9 November 1918–15 June 2002 also known as General Choi, was a South Korean army General Although there are doctrinal and technical differences among the two taekwondo styles and the various organizations, the art in general emphasizes kicks thrown from a mobile stance, employing the leg's greater reach and power (compared to the arm). Doctrine (Latin doctrina) is a codification of beliefs or "a body of teachings quot or "instructions" taught principles or positions as the Circular motions that generate power are of central importance. Also important to the generation of power is the movement of the hips while performing a punch or a block. Taekwondo training generally includes a system of blocks, punches, and open-handed strikes and may also include various take-downs or sweeps, throws, and joint locks.
The oldest Korean martial art was an amalgamation of unarmed combat styles developed by the three rival Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Silla and Baekje. Korean martial arts ( Hangul: 무술 or 무예 Hanja: 武術 or 武藝 are the Martial arts that originated from Korea, or were adapted Goguryeo or Koguryo was an ancient Korean kingdom located in the northern and central parts of the Korean peninsula, southern Manchuria, and Silla (57 BC – 935 AD was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Baekje (18 BCE – 660 CE or Paekche, was a kingdom located in southwest Korea  Young men were trained in unarmed combat techniques to develop strength, speed, and survival skills. The most popular of these techniques was subak, with taekkyeon being the most popular of the segments of subak. Soobak redirects here For the song by K'naan, see Soobax. Subak, Soobak or Soo Bak-Gi is an ancient Korean Taekkyeon is a traditional Korean martial art with a dance-like appearance probably stemming from Subak.
Those who demonstrated strong natural aptitude were selected as trainees in the new special warrior corps, called the Hwarang. The Hwarang were an elite group of male youth in Silla, an ancient Korean kingdom that lasted until the 10th century It was believed that young men with a talent for the liberal arts may have the grace to become competent warriors. These warriors were instructed in academics as well as martial arts, learning philosophy, history, a code of ethics, and equestrian sports. Their military training included an extensive weapons program involving swordsmanship and archery, both on horseback and on foot, as well as lessons in military tactics and unarmed combat using subak. Soobak redirects here For the song by K'naan, see Soobax. Subak, Soobak or Soo Bak-Gi is an ancient Korean Although subak was a leg-oriented art in Goguryeo, Silla's influence added hand techniques to the practice of subak. Goguryeo or Koguryo was an ancient Korean kingdom located in the northern and central parts of the Korean peninsula, southern Manchuria, and Silla (57 BC – 935 AD was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
In spite of Korea's rich history of ancient and traditional martial arts, Korean martial arts faded into obscurity during the Joseon Dynasty. Korean society became highly centralized under Korean Confucianism and martial arts were lowly regarded in a society whose ideals were epitomized by its scholar-kings. Korean Confucianism is the form of Confucianism developed in Korea.  Formal practices of traditional martial arts such as subak and taekkyeon were reserved for sanctioned military uses. Soobak redirects here For the song by K'naan, see Soobax. Subak, Soobak or Soo Bak-Gi is an ancient Korean Taekkyeon is a traditional Korean martial art with a dance-like appearance probably stemming from Subak. However folk practice of taekkyeon as a kicking game still persisted into the 19th century. 
During the Japanese occupation (1910-1945), the practice of tae-kyon was banned. Korea under Japanese rule refers to the period between 1910 and 1945 when Korea was forcibly annexed by the Japanese Empire.  Although the art essentially vanished, some aspects of taekkyeon may have survived through underground teaching and folk custom. As the Japanese colonization established a firm foothold in Korea, the few Koreans who were able to attend Japanese universities were exposed to Okinawan and Japanese martial arts, and some received black belts in these arts. Okinawan martial arts refers to the Martial arts which originated among the indigenous people of Okinawa Island, most notably Karate, Tegumi, Japanese martial arts refers to the enormous variety of Martial arts native to Japan. Koreans in China were also exposed to Chinese martial arts. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Kung fu and wushu are popular terms that have become synonymous with Chinese Martial arts.
After World War II and the liberation of Korea, several Kwans (schools) arose. This article is about martial arts For the Finnish music band see Kwan Kwan (관 Hanja: 館 in Korean literally means building or They included: Chung Do Kwan, Moo Duk Kwan, Jidokwan (or Yun Moo Kwan), Chang Moo Kwan, Han Moo Kwan, Oh Do Kwan, Jung Do Kwan, Kang Duk Won,and Song Moo Kwan. Chung Do Kwan, founded in 1944 is the first of nine schools or Kwan teaching what came to be known as Taekwondo. Moo Duk Kwan is split into two groups One is Soo Bahk Do, formerly Tang Soo Do, and earlier Hwa Soo Do. Jidokwan is one of the original nine schools of the modern Korean martial arts that became Taekwondo and was founded in what is now South Korea At the end of World War II several Kwans arose In the late 1950s these Kwans united under the name Tae Soo Do. Han Moo Kwan was founded in August 1954 by Great Grand Master Kyo Yoon Lee and is one of the nine original Kwans that later formed Kukkiwon Taekwondo Oh Do Kwan is one of the important Taekwondo schools in Korea Jung Do Kwan was founded in 1956 by Young Woo Lee, and was the last of the original nine Kwans that formed the Kukkiwon. Kang Duk Won was one of the original 9 Kwans that eventually merged to create the Kukkiwon system Song Moo Kwan is "The Ever Youthful House Of Martial Arts Training All taught Japanese-influenced systems.  Most were based on Japanese Karate, most notably Shotokan Karate. ( or is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands from indigenous fighting methods and Chinese Kenpō. is a school of Karate, developed from various Martial arts by Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957 and his son Yoshitaka Funakoshi (1906–1945 As these arts began to be taught openly by Koreans who had learned it in Japan, they were taught under such names as kongsudo and tangsudo. According to Steven D. Capener:
This process of development can be broadly outlined as follows: Japanese karate called kongsudo or tangsudo was introduced to Korea just after liberation from Japan by Koreans who had learned karate in Japan. Upon returning, these Koreans opened karate gymnasiums promoting what they were teaching as karate, much like the process followed by the early Judo instructors. Well after these schools became established, the need to "Koreanize" was felt. The process of Koreanization consisted of three main aspects. The first was the selection of a new, non-Japanese name. The second was the creation of a system of techniques and training which was distinctly different from that of karate, and the third was the attempt to establish t'aegwondo's existence and development within the historical flow of Korean civilization.
The liberation of Korea also brought renewed interest in indigenous arts. Song Duk-ki gave a Taekkyeon demonstration for Republic of Korea President Syngman Rhee. Taekkyeon is a traditional Korean martial art with a dance-like appearance probably stemming from Subak. Syngman Rhee or Yi Seungman ( March 26, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was the first president of South Korea.  Korean nationalism led to the development of a new, clearly Korean art from the Japanese Karate base, influenced by memories of past Korean martial arts and by a desire to create an art that could be practiced as a competitive sport. ,
In 1952, at the height of the Korean War, South Korea held a massive show of patriotism, including a martial arts display where all the Kwans of Korea displayed their skills. Major Nam Tae Hi stole the show when he smashed 13 roof tiles with a forefist punch. Following the demonstration, President Syngman Rhee instructed General Choi Hong Hi to introduce the martial arts to the Korean army. 
By the end of the Korean War, nine schools of martial arts had emerged, and South Korean President Syngman Rhee ordered that the various schools unify under a single system. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Syngman Rhee or Yi Seungman ( March 26, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was the first president of South Korea. A governmental body selected a naming committee's submission of "tae-kwon-do". Following the submission of the name "taekwondo" on April 11, 1955 by General Choi Hong Hi, the name was unanimously accepted. Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) Choi Hong Hi ( 최홍희; 崔泓熙; 9 November 1918–15 June 2002 also known as General Choi, was a South Korean army General  The Korean Taekwondo Association (KTA) was formed in 1959 to facilitate the unification.  Shortly thereafter, taekwondo made its debut worldwide. Standardization efforts in South Korea stalled, as the kwans continued to teach differing styles. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Another request from the Korean government for unification resulted in the formation of the Korea Tae Soo Do Association, which changed its name back to the Korean Taekwondo Association in 1965 following a change of leadership. Tae Soo Do was the name some major Kwans (or schools of post- Korean war South Korea agreed to call their Martial art.
General Choi is also known to be the author of the first English taekwondo syllabus book, entitled "Taekwon-Do" published by Daeha Publication Company in 1965. General Choi later founded the ITF on March 22nd 1966 in Seoul, South Korea. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Choi claimed to have studied Korean martial arts when young and earned a black belt in Shotokan karate in Japan from a mysterious man named Mr. is a school of Karate, developed from various Martial arts by Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957 and his son Yoshitaka Funakoshi (1906–1945 Kim. However, every Kwan senior disagrees with this statement. Subsequently, Choi fell out of favor with the authorities in South Korea and moved his organization to Canada in 1972. It is also worth noting that he is regarded by ITF taekwondo practitioners as the founder of taekwondo and equally worth noting that all the major Kwan leaders disagree and state that taekwondo was founded by many men, not one.
In 1972, the Korea Taekwondo Association Central Dojang was opened. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A few months later, the name was changed to the Kukkiwon. Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Headquarters is an organization in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. The following year, the WTF was formed. The International Olympic Committee recognized the WTF and taekwondo sparring in 1980, and the sport was accepted as a demonstration event at the 1988 Seoul and the 1992 Barcelona Summer Olympic Games. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) It became an official medal event as of the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. Taekwondo is one of two Asian martial arts (judo being the other) in the Olympic Games. meaning "gentle way" is a modern Japanese martial art ( Gendai budō) and Combat sport, that originated in Japan in the late The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games
Both the ITF and WTF operate internationally, and taekwondo is one of the most popular martial arts in the world. Although competition is a significant feature of taekwondo, many practitioners study taekwondo for personal development, to learn self-defense, or for a combination of reasons.
The two different systems of taekwondo are named after their respective organizations, the ITF and the WTF (Kukkiwon). The ITF was founded in 1966 by General Choi Hong Hi. Choi Hong Hi ( 최홍희; 崔泓熙; 9 November 1918–15 June 2002 also known as General Choi, was a South Korean army General After his death in 2002, a number of succession disputes splintered the ITF into three different groups, all claiming to be the original. Two of the three are located in Austria, with the third in Canada. The unofficial training headquarters of the International Taekwondo Federation are located at the Taekwondo Palace located in Pyongyang, North Korea and was founded in the mid-1990s.
The Kukkiwon is headquartered in South Korea and was founded in 1972 by a group of Kwan leaders from the KTA. Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Headquarters is an organization in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː
Although the terms "WTF" and "Kukkiwon" are often mistakenly used interchangeably, the Kukkiwon is a completely different organization which trains and certifies instructors and issues official dan and pum certificates worldwide. The Kukkiwon has its own unique physical building that contains the administrative offices of Kukkiwon (World Taekwondo Headquarters) in Seoul, South Korea and is the system of taekwondo. The WTF is just a tournament committee and is not a style or a system.
The three ITF's are private organizations. There are many other private organizations like the ATF, ATA, CTF, ITU, ITW, ATFF, ITO, ITAF, ITFA, IAT, USSTA, OTA, FOTA, PTFOA, and so on. The American Taekwondo Association (ATA was founded in 1969 in Omaha Nebraska by Haeng Ung Lee of South Korea. Events and competitions held by private organizations are mostly closed to other taekwondo students. However, the WTF-sanctioned events allow any person, regardless of school affiliation or martial arts style, to compete in WTF events as long as he or she is a member of the WTF Member National Association in his or her nation, which is open to anyone to join, and holds a Dan certificate issued by Kukkiwon. The major technical differences among these many organizations revolve around the patterns, called hyeong 형, pumsae 품새, or teul 틀, sets of prescribed formal sequences of movements that demonstrate mastery of posture, positioning, and technique, sparring rules for competition (e. The Korean terms hyeong, pumsae and teul (meaning "form" or "pattern" are all used to refer to Martial arts forms that are g. ITF light-contact versus WTF full-contact), and philosophy.
In addition to these private organizations, the original schools (kwans) that formed the organization that would eventually become the Kukkiwon continue to exist as independent fraternal membership organizations that support the WTF and the Kukkiwon. This article is about martial arts For the Finnish music band see Kwan Kwan (관 Hanja: 館 in Korean literally means building or The official curriculum of the kwans is that of the Kukkiwon. This article is about martial arts For the Finnish music band see Kwan Kwan (관 Hanja: 館 in Korean literally means building or The kwans also function as a channel for the issuing of Kukkiwon dan and pum certification (black belt ranks) for their members. Each kwan has its own individual pledge of tenets and manners that describes the organization's goals for personal improvement. For example, the tenets of Oh Do Kwan and the ITF are: courtesy (ye-ui 예의), integrity (yom-chi 염치), perseverance (in-nae 인내), self-control (geuk-gi 극기), and indomitable spirit (baek-jeol-bul-gul 백절불굴). The Jidokwan manners are: view, feel, think, speak, order, contribute, have ability, and conduct rightly. Jidokwan is one of the original nine schools of the modern Korean martial arts that became Taekwondo and was founded in what is now South Korea
Some organizations also recognize one or two additional tenets beyond the five original Oh Do Kwan tenets; these are community service (sa-hui-bong-sa 사회봉사) and love (sa-rang 사랑).
Taekwondo is known for its emphasis on kicking techniques, which distinguishes it from martial arts such as karate or southern styles of kung fu. Because the specific Taekwondo techniques learned to progress to the next rank vary from school to school this is only a partial listing of techniques in general In Martial arts, Combat sports or Violence, a kick is a strike using the Foot, leg, or Knee (also known as a knee ( or is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands from indigenous fighting methods and Chinese Kenpō. Kung fu and wushu are popular terms that have become synonymous with Chinese Martial arts. The rationale is that the leg is the longest and strongest weapon a martial artist has, and kicks thus have the greatest potential to execute powerful strikes without successful retaliation. One defining kick of taekwondo is the back kick.
Taekwondo as a sport and exercise is popular with people of both sexes and of many ages. Physically, taekwondo develops strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and stamina. An example of the union of mental and physical discipline is the breaking of boards, which requires both physical mastery of the technique and the concentration to focus one's strength. Breaking is a Martial arts skill that is used in competition demonstration and testing
A taekwondo student typically wears a uniform (dobok 도복), often white but sometimes black or other colors, with a belt (tti 띠) tied around the waist. The belt indicates the student's rank. The school or place where instruction is given is called the dojang.
Although each taekwondo club or school will be different, a taekwondo student can typically expect to take part in most or all of the following:
Some taekwondo instructors also incorporate the use of pressure points, known as ji ap sul as well as grabbing self-defense techniques borrowed from other martial arts, such as Hapkido and Judo. Hapkido (also spelled hap ki do or hapki-do) is a dynamic and eclectic Korean martial art. meaning "gentle way" is a modern Japanese martial art ( Gendai budō) and Combat sport, that originated in Japan in the late
Taekwondo ranks are separated into "junior" and "senior" or "student" and "instructor" sections. The junior section typically consists of ten ranks indicated by the Korean word geup 급 (also Romanized as gup or kup). The junior ranks are usually identified by belts of various colors, depending on the school, so these ranks are sometimes called "color belts". Geup rank may be indicated by stripes on belts rather than by colored belts. Students begin at tenth geup (usually indicated by a white belt) and advance toward first geup (usually indicated by a red belt with a black stripe as 1st Guep).
The senior section is made up of nine full ranks of black belt. These ranks are called dan 단, also referred to as "black belts" and "degrees" (as in "third dan" or "third-degree black belt"). Black belts begin at first degree and advance to second, third, and so on. The degree is often indicated on the belt itself with stripes, Roman numerals, or other methods; but sometimes black belts are plain and unadorned regardless of rank.
To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges. Promotion tests vary from school to school, but may include such elements as the execution of patterns, which combine various techniques in specific sequences; the breaking of boards, to demonstrate the ability to use techniques with both power and control; sparring and self-defense, to demonstrate the practical application and control of techniques; and answering questions on terminology, concepts, history, and so on, to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the art. For higher dan tests, students are sometimes required to take a written test or to submit a research paper in addition to taking the practical test.
Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed fairly rapidly, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan.
In contrast, promotion from one dan to the next can take years. The general rule is that a black belt may advance from one rank to the next only after the number of years equivalent to the rank. For example, a newly-promoted third-degree black belt may not be allowed to promote to fourth-degree until three years have passed. Some organizations also have age requirements related to dan promotions, and may grant younger students pum 품 (junior black belt) ranks rather than dan ranks until they reach a certain age. Dan ranks usually have titles associated with them, such as "master" and "instructor". At some schools it doesn't matter whether a student is a pum or a dan – the same titles and respect are associated with the rank. However, these titles and their associations with specific ranks vary among schools and organizations. Example: According to the Kukkiwon and the World Taekwondo Federation Master is 5th degree (dan or pum), and Grandmaster is 7th degree and up. Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Headquarters is an organization in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF is the International Federation (IF member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC for the competition events of the Neither dan has anything to do with the title of instructor or sabumnim. To be a sabumnim, one must take the course at Kukkiwon and become certified as such. Rules may differ from system to system. To learn more about them, check with the specific organizations.
The two main taekwondo organizations have their own rules and standards when it comes to ranks and the titles that go with them; for details, see Kukkiwon and International Taekwondo Federation. Kukkiwon, also known as the World Taekwondo Headquarters is an organization in the Gangnam-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. The International Taekwon-Do Federation or ( ITF) exists to promote and encourage the growth of the Korean martial art of Taekwondo.
Since taekwondo developed in several different kwans, there are several different expressions of taekwondo philosophy. Two are detailed in the articles for the International Taekwondo Federation and Jidokwan. The International Taekwon-Do Federation or ( ITF) exists to promote and encourage the growth of the Korean martial art of Taekwondo. Jidokwan is one of the original nine schools of the modern Korean martial arts that became Taekwondo and was founded in what is now South Korea
Taekwondo competition typically involves sparring, breaking, patterns, and self-defense (hosinsul). Sparring is a form of Training common to many Martial arts. Although the precise form varies it is essentially relatively 'free-form' fighting with enough rules Breaking is a Martial arts skill that is used in competition demonstration and testing The Korean terms hyeong, pumsae and teul (meaning "form" or "pattern" are all used to refer to Martial arts forms that are However, in Olympic taekwondo competition, only sparring is contested; and in Olympic sparring WTF competition rules are used. 
Under WTF and Olympic rules, sparring is a full-contact event and takes place between two competitors in an area measuring 10 meters square. Each match or bout consists of three non-stop rounds of contact with rest between rounds. Junior fighters fight in 2-minute rounds with a 30-second break, while senior fighters fight in 3-minute rounds with 30-second breaks. Points are awarded for permitted, accurate, and powerful techniques to the legal scoring areas; light contact to a scoring area does not score any points. A kick or punch that makes contact with the opponent's hogu (a trunk protector that functions as a scoring target) scores one point; a kick to the head scores two points. The word Bogu refers to the armor for Kendo A hogu is the armour worn by practitioners of Taekwondo during Sparring. Punches to the head are not allowed. If a competitor is knocked down by a scoring technique and the referee counts, then an additional point is awarded to the opponent.
At the end of three rounds, the competitor with the most points wins the match. If, during the match, one competitor gains a 7-point lead over the other, or if one competitor reaches a total of 12 points, then that competitor is immediately declared the winner and the match ends. In the event of a tie at the end of three rounds, a fourth "sudden death" overtime round will be held to determine the winner, after a 30-second rest period.
The ITF sparring rules are similar, but differ from the WTF rules in several respects. Hand attacks to the head are allowed; flying techniques score more points than grounded techniques; the competition area is slightly smaller (9 meters square instead of 10 meters); and competitors do not wear the hogu used in Olympic-style sparring (although they are required to wear approved foot and hand protection equipment). The ITF competition rules and regulations are available at the ITF information website. 
ITF competitions also feature performances of patterns, breaking and "special techniques", a category where competitors preform prescribed board breaks at great heights.
AAU Competitions are very similar, except that different styles of pads and gear are allowed. Any gear that has the Olympic symbol and not the WTF logo on it is approved.
In taekwondo, Korean language commands are often used. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a Multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games) is a biennial Multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast South Asian Games (also known as SAF Games or SAG & formerly known as South Asian Federation Games) are a bi-annual Multi-sport event held among This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language See Hangul for details on the native Korean writing system For words used in counting, see Korean numerals. The Korean language has two regularly used sets of numerals a Sino-Korean system and a native Korean system
|Swieo||쉬어||At ease, relax|
|Dwiro dora||뒤로 돌아||Turn around (about turn)|