|The Royal Swedish Navy|
Coat of arms of the Royal Swedish Navy. A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short in European tradition is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people
|Founded||June 7, 1522|
|Part of||Swedish Armed Forces|
|Rear Admiral Anders Grenstad|
|The Swedish Naval Ensign|
The Royal Swedish Navy (Swedish: Marinen) is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. Events 1099 - The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Swedish ( is a North Germanic language spoken by more than nine million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along the It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet (Kungliga Flottan) – as well as marine units, the so-called Amphibious Corps (Amfibiekåren). A fleet, or naval fleet is a large formation of Warships, and the largest formation in any Navy. Marines (from the English adjective marine, meaning of the sea, from Latin language mare, meaning sea via French adjective Amfibiekåren ( the Amphibious Corps) is the coastal defence arm of the Swedish Navy.
In Swedish, Royal Swedish Navy vessels are given the prefix "HMS," short for Hans/Hennes Majestäts Skepp (His/Her Majesty's Ship). Swedish ( is a North Germanic language spoken by more than nine million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along the A ship prefix is a combination of letters usually abbreviations used in front of the name of a civilian or naval Ship. In English, the prefix "HSwMS" (for "His Swedish Majesty's Ship") is rather used.
The old Swedish kings (ca. 800s - 1300s) organised a Royal Swedish Navy along the coastline via an organisation referred to as "ledungen". These would be combined rowing and sailing ships (without artillery). This organisation became obsolete with the development of society and warfare. Probably no later than in the 14th century, the duty to serve in "ledungen" was replaced by tax. In 1427, when Sweden was still part of the Kalmarunion (with Denmark and Norway), Swedish warships did however participate in the naval battle of Öresund (the Sound) against the Hanseatic League. It is unclear how this force was organised and exactly on what basis. On June 7, 1522, one year after the separation of Sweden from the Kalmar Union, Gustav Vasa purchased a number of ships from the hanseatic town of Lübeck which is often recorded in official Swedish history since the 19th century as the birth of the current Royal Swedish Navy. Events 1099 - The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins The Kalmar Union ( Danish, Norwegian and Swedish: Kalmarunionen) is a historiographical term meaning a series of Personal Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson (Colloquial 15th century Upplandic Gösta Jerksson) and later known as Gustav Vasa (12 May 1496 – 29 September Lübeck ( is the second largest City in Schleswig-Holstein, in Northern Germany, and one of the major (The museum ship Vasa in Stockholm was e. History During the 17th century Sweden went from being a small poor and peripheral northern European kingdom of little influence to one of the major players in continental politics g a 17th-century ship of the Royal Swedish Navy (Kungliga flottan)). As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar
The Amphibious Corps dates back to January 1, 1902, when a separate "Coastal Artillery" (Kustartilleriet) was established, and Marinen came into use as the name of the service as a whole. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The Swedish Coastal artillery has its origin in the Archipelago Artillery that was raised in 1866 The last decade of the 20th century saw the abandonment of the coastal fortifications and the force became a more regular marine corps, renamed Amfibiekåren (the Swedish Amphibious Corps) in 2000. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Marines (from the English adjective marine, meaning of the sea, from Latin language mare, meaning sea via French adjective Amfibiekåren ( the Amphibious Corps) is the coastal defence arm of the Swedish Navy. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
Until recently, the Navy was led by the Chief of the Navy (Chefen för Marinen, CM), who was typically a Vice Admiral. Vice Admiral is a naval rank equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority This office has been eliminated, and the highest officer of the Navy is now the Naval Inspector (Marininspektören), Rear Admiral Anders Grenstad.
The Amphibious Corps uses the same system of rank as the Army. The Swedish Army ( Swedish: Armén) is the Army branch of the Swedish Armed Forces, the military of Sweden. The present Supreme Commander, General Håkan Syrén, was taken from this service. The Supreme Commander (Överbefälhavaren ÖB) the highest military officer in Sweden and the Commander-in-Chief of the Swedish Armed Forces General Håkan Erik Gunnar Syrén (born January 31, 1952) is a General of the Swedish Amphibious Corps and the Supreme Commander
In the decades following World War II, the Royal Swedish Navy was organised around three light cruiser groups (Tre Kronor, Göta Lejon and Gotland). A cruiser is a large type of Warship, which had its prime period from the late 19th century to the end of the Cold War. In the early 1960's a decision was implemented to scrap the cruisers and move towards a ligher fleet. The last cruiser "Göta Lejon" was sold in 1970 to Chile (where she was renamed "Almirante Latorre"). Still, the fleet at the time contained some 24 destroyers and frigates for surface warfare (mainly in the Baltic Sea) and anti-submarine warfare. In naval terminology a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance Warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, Convoy For the bird see Frigatebird. A frigate /ˈfrɪgɪt/ is a warship It can be noted that the Royal Swedish Navy started to experiment with missiles as early as in 1944 (based on a recovered German V2-missile). Otherwise, the main armament of the fleet was artillery and torpedoes for surface warfare and anti-submarine rockets for anti-submarine warfare. Helicopters (Alouette, Boeing Vertol) were introduced in the late 1950's and 1960's and this fleet air arm remained an integral part of the fleet and its operations until an independent helicopter arm was created in 1990's. In 1972, the government decided to scrap all military protection of merchant shipping to allow the de-commissioning of all destroyers and frigates. This limited the endurance of the navy considerably, but the use of smaller short-range ships was at the time deemed adequate by the government for anti-shipping missions along the coast and in the archipelago. In the 1980's this assessment was proven somewhat wrong by repeated failures by the Royal Swedish Navy in anti-submarine warfare operations with inadequate ships and equipment. Today the largest (surface) combat ships are corvettes who combine surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare and mine clearance functions with a better endurance and seaworthiness than the budget fleet from the 1980's. A corvette is a small maneuverable lightly armed Warship, originally smaller than a Frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft, although many
Surface warships in the Swedish navy are since the 1980's named after Swedish cities, while the submarines, also since the 1980's, are named after Swedish provinces and the minehunters are named after Swedish islands. This is a list of towns with former City status in Sweden ( Swedish: stad, plural städer) The provinces of Sweden, Landskap, are historical geographical and cultural regions The surface ships are mostly small, relying on agility and flexibility. Examples of these are the Stockholm and Göteborg class corvettes. The Navy is currently taking into service a new, larger, class of stealth corvettes, the Visby. Stealth technology also known as LOT (Low Observability Technology is a sub-discipline of military Electronic countermeasures which covers a range of techniques used with History Much of the design was based on the experiences learned from the experimental ship HMS Smyge. Also, a new submarine class, Gotland, similar to the older Västergötland, has recently been commissioned. A submarine is a Watercraft that can operate independently below water as distinct from a Submersible that has only limited underwater capability Features The Gotland class attack submarine is one of the most moden submarines of the Swedish Navy in service mainly designed for submarine missions such as anti-shipping operations Units Its air independent Stirling engine enables submerged endurance never before seen in conventional submarines. Air-independent propulsion (AIP is a term that encompasses technologies which allow a submarine to operate without the need to surface or use a snorkel to access atmospheric A Stirling engine is a closed-cycle regenerative Heat engine with a Gaseous working fluid A submarine is a Watercraft that can operate independently below water as distinct from a Submersible that has only limited underwater capability The Gotland is presently on lease with crew and all to the US Navy and is based in San Diego.
The Amphibious Corps is built around the Stridsbåt 90H, a small combat boat capable of carrying 21 soldiers for fast transports and landings in the archipelago. History In 1988 Dockstavarvet won a competition to design and manufacture a replacement for the aging Tpbs 200 class It is also equipped with larger transport boats, but relies on the army, navy and air force for heavy transports and protection.
For many years the Swedish Navy was built around mainly two tasks, to stop a full-scale invasion over the Baltic Sea and protection of Swedish merchant shipping (Sweden's geographical location on the Scandinavian peninsula effectively makes it an island. History The Stockholm Class Corvette started as a study for a ship with increased endurance a project called Ytattack-81 (Surface combatant-81 which was built on the Units History Much of the design was based on the experiences learned from the experimental ship HMS Smyge. History In 1988 Dockstavarvet won a competition to design and manufacture a replacement for the aging Tpbs 200 class Design As a mine countermeasure vessel the hull is made out of Glass-reinforced plastic in order to lower acoustic and magnetic signatures as well as provide improved Building christening and commissioning The Ronald Reagan was the first aircraft carrier to be named in honor of a living former president Features The Gotland class attack submarine is one of the most moden submarines of the Swedish Navy in service mainly designed for submarine missions such as anti-shipping operations Units Landing craft are Boats and seagoing vehicles used to convey a Landing force ( Infantry and Vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an Operators; Finnish Navy: G 98-99 G 101-G 135 Swedish Navy 1-100 See also Uisko class landing craft History Carlskrona was refitted in 2002 at a cost of 225 million Swedish crowns. History She served as a Minelayer from 1976 until 1998 when she was refitted to her current role as a command ship History The Swedish Navy bought HMS Trossö from Estonia 1997 and she entered service 1998 History Originally built as a diving platform to serve offshore Oil platforms she was bought and converted to a submarine rescue ship A schooner (ˈskuːnɚ is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts Schooners were first used by the The Baltic Sea is a Brackish inland sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N Latitude and from 20°E to 26°E Longitude. 90% of all import and export to Sweden is performed by merchant shipping). In 1972, the government at the time however decreed that other measures than military should protect merchant shipping (no details were ever disclosed what those "other measures than military" would actually consist of).
Today the navy is changing rapidly. With the collapse of the Soviet Union it is argued that the only viable threat in the local area disappeared. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 However, with the re-armament of Russia, its unstable democratic development, and the potentially increased strategic importance of the Baltic Sea , there are voices that Sweden needs to patrol the Baltic Sea. From 1995, Sweden and Swedish mine-clearance units furthermore took the lead in clearing the waters of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania from thousands of mines and other explosives.
The army and air force have a strong presence in UN missions. The Swedish Army ( Swedish: Armén) is the Army branch of the Swedish Armed Forces, the military of Sweden. The Swedish Air Force (Swedish Flygvapnet) is the Air force Branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. This is a list of UN peacekeeping missions since the United Nations was founded in 1945 with the dates of deployment the name of the related conflict and the name of the UN The Swedish Navy has four rapidly deployable units on 30 days standby. These are a corvette squadron (two Göteborg class) with a support ship, a minecountermeasures squadron (two Landsort class) with a support ship, one submarine, and a forward naval support element. In the near future there will also be an amphibious unit on 30 days standby.
The Swedish naval UN operation started in October 2006 when the corvette HMS Gävle joined the United Nations Mission in Lebanon, UNIFIL for surveillance missions along the coast of Lebanon. HMS Gävle was relieved by HMS Sundsvall. HMS Sundsvall returned to Sweden in september 2007.