|City of Sunnyvale, California|
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
|- Mayor||Anthony (Tony) Spitaleri|
|- Total||22. Santa Clara County is a County located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The US state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. Santa Clara County is a County located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 6 sq mi (58. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 6 km²)|
|- Land||21. To help compare different Orders of magnitude and geographical regions we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km² 9 sq mi (55. 8 km²)|
|- Water||0. 7 sq mi (1. 8 km²)|
|Elevation||128 ft (39 m)|
|- Density||6,006. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 5/sq mi (2,318. 7/km²)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|- Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1656344|
Sunnyvale ([sʌniveil] or [sʌnivɛl]) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, United States. The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) UTC−8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Universal Coordinated Time by 8 hours Daylight saving time ( DST UTC−7 can be observed in Mountain Standard Time Zone Pacific Daylight Time Zone Canada The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks North American area code 408 is a Telephone Area code in California that includes Gilroy, Morgan Hill, Saratoga Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout Santa Clara County is a County located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the It is one of the major cities that make up the Silicon Valley. For the valley nicknamed "Silicone Valley" see San Fernando Valley. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 131,760.
The city is bordered by the San Francisco Bay and San Jose to the north, Moffett Federal Airfield to the northwest, Mountain View to the west, Los Altos to the southwest, Cupertino to the south, and Santa Clara to the east. San Francisco Bay is a shallow productive Estuary through which water draining from approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento Moffett Federal Airfield, also known as Moffett Field, is a joint civil-military Airport located 3 miles (5 km north of Mountain View, in Santa Los Altos (lɑːˈsæltoʊs is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the San Francisco Bay Area. Cupertino (ˌkuːpɚˈtiːnoʊ is a Suburban city in Santa Clara County, California, U Santa Clara California (ˌsæntəˈklærə founded in 1777 and incorporated in 1852 is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101. El Camino Real ( Spanish for The Royal Road, also known as The King's Highway) usually refers to the 600- Mile (966- Kilometer) In the US state of California, US Route 101 (also known as Highway 101, The 101, or simply 101) is one of the last remaining and
As part of the Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is headquarters to several high-tech companies such as Maxim Integrated Products, Juniper Networks, Palm, Inc., AMD, NetApp, Spansion, Yahoo!, Mirapoint, and Ariba, Inc. For the valley nicknamed "Silicone Valley" see San Fernando Valley. Headquarters (HQ denotes the location where most if not all of the important functions of an organization are concentrated High tech is Technology that is at the cutting edge —the most advanced technology currently available Maxim Integrated Products ( is a publicly traded company that designs manufactures and sells high-performance semiconductor products Juniper Networks, Inc ( is an Information technology company based in Sunnyvale California and founded in 1996 Palm Inc is a Personal digital assistant and Smartphone manufacturer headquartered in Sunnyvale, California that is responsible for popular NetApp Inc ( formerly Network Appliance Inc, is a proprietary Computer storage and Data management company headquartered in Sunnyvale California Spansion Inc is a joint-venture between AMD and Fujitsu that trades on NASDAQ under the symbol SPSN Sunnyvale is also home to several aerospace/defense companies; Lockheed Martin has a major facility in Sunnyvale, and Honeywell, Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems - Marine Systems (location of the Hendy Iron Works Museum), and Spirent Communications also have offices in Sunnyvale. Lockheed Martin ( is a large multinational Aerospace manufacturer and advanced technology Company formed in 1995 by the merger of Honeywell ( is a major American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of consumer products engineering services and aerospace systems Northrop Grumman Corporation ( is an Aerospace and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. Spirent Communications plc () is a British Telecommunications company based in Crawley, West Sussex. Sunnyvale is also the home to Onizuka Air Force Station (commonly called "the blue cube"). Onizuka Air Force Station is a United States Air Force installation in Sunnyvale California, at the intersection of U The base, named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka, is the primary artificial satellite control facility of the United States armed forces. Space Shuttle Challenger ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099 was NASA's second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service Ellison Shoji Onizuka ( June 24, 1946 - January 28, 1986) was a Japanese-American Astronaut from Kealakekua, This article is about artificial satellites For natural satellites also known as moons see Natural satellite. The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States
Sunnyvale is one of the few U. S. cities to have a single unified Department of Public Safety, where all personnel are trained as firefighters and police officers, so they can respond to emergencies in either capacity. The Department of Public Safety, also called an Office of Public Safety, is a state or local government umbrella agency in the United States which serves Firefighters are rescuers extensively trained primarily to put out hazardous Fires that threaten civilian populations and property to rescue people from car accidents collapsed A police officer (also known as a policeman or policewoman) is a warranted employee of a Police force.
Library services for the city are provided by the Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center. The Sunnyvale Public Library is a mid-sized public library serving the city of Sunnyvale California, USA
Sunnyvale is located at .(37. 368767, -122. 037055)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 6 square miles (58. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 6 km²), of which, 21. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 9 square miles (55. 8 km²) of it is land and 0. 7 square miles (1. 8 km²) of it (3. 05%) is water. The elevation is 130 feet above sea level.
Like most of the San Francisco Bay area, Sunnyvale has a mild, temperate climate and, as can be inferred from the name, is quite bright even on overcast days. Average daytime summer temperatures hover between 85 °F (29 °C) and 95 °F (35 °C), and during the winter, average daytime temperatures rarely go below 45 °F (7 °C). Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale.
On May 4, 1998, during an unusually strong thunderstorm, Sunnyvale and its neighbor Los Altos were hit by two freak tornadoes of nearly F2 intensity, causing upwards of $4 million in property damage. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) Los Altos (lɑːˈsæltoʊs is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the San Francisco Bay Area. A tornado is a violent rotating column of air which is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a Cumulonimbus cloud or in rare cases the base of a Cumulus The Fujita scale ( F-Scale) or Fujita-Pearson scale, is a scale for rating Tornado intensity based on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures No serious injuries were reported. Tornadoes are virtually unheard of in the San Francisco Bay Area, and these were even stranger because they exhibited anticyclonic rotation. The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly known as the Bay Area, or the Bay, is a geographically and ethnically diverse metropolitan region that surrounds the Anticyclonic rotation or circulation is movement in the direction opposite to the Earth's rotation 
When the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the Santa Clara Valley, it was heavily populated by the Ohlone. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. See Silicon Valley for a discussion of the technological aspects of the Santa Clara Valley The Ohlone people also known as the Costanoan and as the Muwekma, are the indigenous people of Northern California who have lived in the In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was built by Ohlone converts to Christianity. Mission Santa Clara de Asís was founded on January 12, 1777 and named for Clare of Assisi, the founder of the order of the Poor Clares. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings
In 1842, Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas was granted to Estrada and Inez Castro. Portions of the land given in this grant later developed into the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale. Two years later, in 1844, another land grant was provided to Lupe Yñigo, one of the few Native Americans to hold land grants. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States His land grant was first called Rancho Posolmi, named in honor of Posolmi village of the Ohlone that once stood in the area. The Ohlone people also known as the Costanoan and as the Muwekma, are the indigenous people of Northern California who have lived in the Rancho Posolmi was later known as Rancho Ynigo.
In 1844, Martin Jr. and Mary Murphy left Missouri and traveled by wagon along the California Trail to successfully cross the Sierra Nevada. Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee A wagon (in British English, sometimes waggon) or dray is a heavy four-wheeled Vehicle. The California Trail was a major overland Emigrant route across the Western United States from Missouri to California in the middle 19th The Sierra Nevada ( Spanish for "Snowy Range" is a Mountain range located in the U In 1850, Martin Murphy Jr. bought a piece of Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas for $12,500. Murphy established a wheat farm and Bay View. Murphy had the first frame house, which was shipped from New England, in Santa Clara County built. History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the Santa Clara County is a County located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U When he died in 1884, his land was divided among his heirs.
In 1860, The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad agreed to use Murphy Station and was allowed to lay tracks on Bay View. Lawrence Station was later established on the southern edge of Bay View.
In the 1870s, county property tax laws, imports and soil degradation caused wheat farming to become uneconomical in Santa Clara County. Small fruit orchards replaced the large wheat farms. In 1871, James and Eloise Dawson established the first fruit cannery in Santa Clara County. Fruit agriculture and canning soon became a major industry in the county. The invention of the refrigerated rail car further increased the viability of an economy based upon fruit. The fruit orchards become so prevalent that in 1886, the San Jose Board of Trade called Santa Clara County the "Garden of the World".
In the 1880s, Chinese workers made up 48% of the farm labor in Santa Clara County. This percentage reduced over time after the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed. The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law passed on May 6 1882 following revisions made in 1880 to the Burlingame Treaty of 1868 In the following decade, the 1890s, multitudes of immigrants from Italy, the Azores, Portugal, and Japan arrived to work in the orchards. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Azores ( Açores ɐˈsoɾɨʃ or) is a Portuguese Archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, about 1500 km (950  mi) from Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics.
In 1897, Walter Everett Crossman bought 200 acres (809,000 m²) and began selling real estate. He advertised the area as Beautiful Murphy. Later, in the 1900s, real estate developer Walter Crossman described it as "the City of Destiny".
Also in 1897, Encina school opened as the first school in Murphy. Previously, children in the town had to travel to Mountain View for school.
In 1901, the residents of Murphy were informed they could not use the names Encinal or Murphy for their post office. They decided to use the name Sunnyvale for the name of their town.
Sunnyvale continued to grow and in 1904, dried fruit production began. Dried fruit is fruit that has been dried, either naturally or through use of a machine such as a Food dehydrator. In 1906, the Joshua Hendy Iron Works relocated from San Francisco to Sunnyvale after the company's building was destroyed by fire after the 1906 earthquake. The Joshua Hendy Iron Works was an American Engineering company that existed from the 1850s to the late 1940s The ironworks was the first non-agricultural industry in the town. The Joshua Hendy Iron Works switched from producing mining equipment to other products such as marine steam engines. A steam engine is a Heat engine that performs Mechanical work using Steam as its Working fluid. In this same year, Libby, McNeill & Libby, a Chicago meat-packing company, decided to open its first fruit packing factory in Sunnyvale. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Today, a water tower painted to resemble the first Libby's fruit cocktail can label identifies the former site of the factory.
In 1912, the residents of Sunnyvale voted to incorporate, and Sunnyvale finally became an official city.
Fremont High School first opened in 1923. Fremont High School is a comprehensive, Co-educational, public Secondary school in Sunnyvale, California, United States It served as a military base before the school opened and through WWII; planes flying to/from Moffett field, which opened in 1933, commonly stopped here for fuel top-offs. A 1948 yearbook shows a military aircraft parked at one of the buildings as students watch nearby. Fremont High School has old military buildings on its campus including a Quonset hutinstalled after WWII, now used as a wrestling team facility.
In 1930, Congress decided to place the West Coast dirigible base in Sunnyvale. The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses The " West Coast " " Western Seaboard " or " Pacific Seaboard " are terms for the westernmost coastal states of the Western United States Terminology In some countries airships are also known as dirigibles from the French (fr ''diriger'' to direct plus -ible) meaning "directable" This naval airstation was later renamed Moffett Federal Airfield. Moffett Federal Airfield, also known as Moffett Field, is a joint civil-military Airport located 3 miles (5 km north of Mountain View, in Santa
In 1939, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, the forerunner of NASA) began research at Ames Laboratory. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program NASA Ames Research Center (ARC is a NASA facility located at Moffett Federal Airfield, which covers 43 acres at the borders of the cities of Mountain View
During World War II, the war economy began a change from the fruit industry to the high-tech industry in Santa Clara County. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Joshua Hendy Iron Works built marine steam engines, naval guns and rocket launchers to aid in the war effort. As the defense industry grew, a shortage of workers in the farm industry was created. Immigrants from Mexico came to Sunnyvale to fill this void of workers. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America.
Following the war, the fruit orchards and sweetcorn farms were cleared to build homes, factories and offices. Sweet corn ( Zea mays var rugosa) also called indian corn, sweetcorn, sugar corn, pole corn, or simply corn In 1956, the aircraft manufacturer Lockheed moved its headquarters to Sunnyvale. The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company was an American aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta In 1969, AMD was founded and based in Sunnyvale.
In 2003 most of the few remaining orchards owned by C. J. Olson were demolished for a shopping center including a Borders, Starbucks Coffee, and Game Stop. Borders Group ( is an international bookseller based in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Starbucks Corporation ( is an international Coffee and coffeehouse chain based in Seattle Washington. GameStop Corporation ( is the world's largest Video game and entertainment software retailer This development is named Cherry Orchard. The last bit of commercial orchard in Sunnyvale, located next to Las Palmas park, was recently replaced with homes and shops. However, there are still many city owned orchards, such as the Heritage Orchard next to the Sunnyvale Community Center.
In 2006, work began on demolition of the Silicon Valley Wave Mall. The enclosed mall, built in 1979, was slated to be replaced by a mixed-use shopping and residential development somewhat akin to a watered down Santana Row in San Jose and expected to define "downtown" for Sunnyvale. The project stalled in 2005, however. In 2007, the City Council approved the transfer of the project and the property to a new developer, which is now going at full speed. The west double decker parking lot has been demolished as well as the main building. The new parking garage west of Macy's is structurally complete and is slated to open in October of 2008. Seismic Isolating Foundations are underway for the 9 story office towers and tractors are constantly at work on the project. The two anchor stores (Macy's and Target) at either end of the vacant land are still open for business. In addition, there is an adjacent one-block-long traditional downtown area on S. Murphy Avenue (between Evelyn and Washington) with restaurants and stores.
In 2007, work began on construction of the Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum, located next to the Sunnyvale Community Center and the Heritage Orchard. Scheduled to be dedicated in September 2008, the museum is a replica of the original "Murphy Family Home" which was demolished in 1961.
As of the census of 2000, there were 131,760 people, 52,539 households, and 32,679 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 6,006. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 5 people per square mile (2,318. 7/km²). There are 53,753 housing units at an average density of 946. 0 persons/km² (2,450. 4 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city is 53. 27% White, 32. 27% Asian, 2. 22% African American, 0. 46% Native American, 0. 32% Pacific Islander, 7. 19% from other races, and 4. 25% from two or more races. 15. 48% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 52,539 households out of which 27. 6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50. 0% were married couples living together, 8. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37. 8% were non-families. 27. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 49 and the average family size was 3. 06.
In the city the population was spread out with 20. 4% under the age of 18, 7. 7% from 18 to 24, 41. 3% from 25 to 44, 19. 9% from 45 to 64, and 10. 6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105. 9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106. 5 males.
Under the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the city was $74,409, and the median income for a family was $81,634, but under the Census Bureau's 2006 estimates, these figures have risen to $79,926 and $98,568, respectively. Income, refers to consumption opportunity gained by an entity within a specified time frame which is generally expressed in monetary terms 
Under the 2000 Census, males had a median income of $65,165 versus $43,051 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,524. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 3. 7% of families and 5. 4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 5% of those under age 18 and 5. 2% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Sunnyvale is located in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Elaine Alquist, and in the 22nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Sally Lieber. The California State Legislature is the state legislature of the U The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Elaine Kontaminas Alquist (born August 21 1944 in Chicago Illinois) is currently a Democratic State Senator from California The California State Assembly is the Lower house of the California State Legislature. Sally Lieber (born April 24, 1961 in Detroit Michigan) is a Democratic California State Assembly member and former Mountain Federally, Sunnyvale is located in California's 14th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +18 and is represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo. California's 14th congressional district is located between San Francisco and San Jose The Cook Partisan Voting Index ( CPVI) sometimes referred to as simply the Partisan Voting Index ( PVI) is a measurement of how strongly an American Anna Georges Eshoo (born December 13, 1942) is a US politician who has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives
Sunnyvale has several neighborhoods, and while they are not "official" enough to be named on a map, they are the principal designations that are used by the many neighborhood associations recognized by the city. These neighborhoods include
The City of Sunnyvale maintains a neighborhood association registry.
The southern half of Sunnyvale is predominantly residential, while most of the portion of Sunnyvale north of U. S. Highway 101 is zoned for industrial use.
The far eastern section of El Camino Real in Sunnyvale has a significant concentration of businesses owned by South Indian immigrants. 
The area of the city, bounded by Fremont Avenue & Cupertino to the South, and Los Altos to the West, is considered to be more desirable to reside as measured by home values.
Sunnyvale is served by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (both light rail and buses) and the Caltrain commuter rail. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA is a Special-purpose district responsible for public transit services congestion management specific highway improvement For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. Caltrain ( AAR reporting marks JPBX) is a California Commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and the Santa Clara The SR 85, US 101, SR 237, and I-280 freeways run through the city. State Route 85, commonly known in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, United States as Highway 85, is a Highway which connects In the US state of California, US Route 101 (also known as Highway 101, The 101, or simply 101) is one of the last remaining and State Route 237 runs from El Camino Real ( SR 82) in Mountain View to Interstate 680 in Milpitas. Interstate 280 (I-280 is a 57 mile (92 km long interstate Freeway in the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California A segment of State Route 82 runs through the center of the city, following the path of historic El Camino Real. State Route 82 runs from US Route 101 at Blossom Hill Road in San Jose to Interstate 280 in San Francisco following the San Francisco El Camino Real ( Spanish for The Royal Road, also known as The King's Highway) usually refers to the 600- Mile (966- Kilometer) Sunnyvale has also been listed by the League of American Bicyclists as a Bicycle Friendly Community at the bronze level, having multiple on-street and off-street bike lanes, bicycle-activated traffic signals, and bicycle accommodations on both VTA and Caltrain. The League of American Bicyclists (LAB is a non-profit membership organization which promotes cycling for fun fitness and transportation through advocacy and Education Segregated cycle facilities are Roads tracks paths or marked lanes designated for use by Cyclists from which motorised traffic is generally excluded Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA is a Special-purpose district responsible for public transit services congestion management specific highway improvement Caltrain ( AAR reporting marks JPBX) is a California Commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and the Santa Clara The Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee advises the city council on the continued development of the bicycle plan for the city.
Sunnyvale has wide and well maintained roads. Most large streets, such as El Camino Real, have a large, landscaped center median.
For commercial passenger air travel, Sunnyvale is well served by three nearby international airports. The closest, Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport (SJC) is a 9. Norman Y Mineta San José International Airport in Santa Clara County, California, United States. 5 mile drive from downtown Sunnyvale by car. It is also accessible by Caltrain, VTA light rail and VTA bus (with both the Caltrain and Light Rail stations requiring transfer to a free shuttle bus to get to the airport terminal). The next closest is San Francisco International Airport (SFO), which is 27. San Francisco International Airport is a major international Airport located south of downtown San Francisco, California, United States adjacent to the 7 miles by car. SFO is also transit accessible via Caltrain and Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). The Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (OAK), which is 37. Oakland International Airport ( also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is a public Airport located ten miles (15 km) south of 5 miles by car. Access to Oakland airport by public transit is possible via multiple transfers.
Sunnyvale has consistently ranked as one of the safest ten cities (for cities of similar size) in the United States according to the FBI's crime reports. The following airports are located in the area around the San Francisco Bay, including the major cities of San Jose, San Francisco, and Oakland, as well From 1966 to at least 2004, Sunnyvale never placed below fifth in safety rankings among U. S. cities in its population class. One of Sunnyvales police officers was convicted of extorting one of the asian night clubs for protection money.  In 2005, Sunnyvale ranked as the 18th-safest city overall in the U. S. , according to the Morgan Quitno Awards.  In spite of this ranking, Sunnyvale does have some gang crime. Gangsters redirects here For the computer game see Gangsters (video game. The primary sources of this type of crime is the Norteño affiliated Varrio Via Sol, and the Sureño affiliated Sunnyvale Sur Trece. The Norteños ( Spanish: for "Northerners") also Norte, are affiliated with Nuestra Familia (Our Family are a coalition The Mexican Mafia, also known as La eMe (Spanish for the letter M is a Mexican Criminal organization, and is one of the oldest and most powerful  The associated gang activity occurs in the areas around Columbia Middle School and the Lakewood/Fairwood areas, respectively.
The gang activity is considered far below that of street gangs located in Southern California and is addressed by the city through after-school programs and a "Zero Tolerance" policy for gang-related crimes.