|War in Darfur|
|History of Darfur|
The Sudan Liberation Movement/Army or (Arabic: حركة تحرير السودانḥarakat taḥrīr as-Sūdan) (abbreviated as either SLM or SLA) is a loose association of Sudanese rebel groups who fought against the Janjaweed militiamen and Sudanese government forces in the Darfur conflict. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa. The Janjaweed ( Arabic: جنجويد; variously transliterated Janjawid, Janjawed or Jingaweit etc The term militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary Citizens to provide defense emergency law enforcement or Paramilitary service The War in Darfur is a military conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan. The Janjaweed are also responsible for widespread atrocities against Sudanese civilians in Darfur region. Darfur (دار فور daar foor, lit "realm of the Fur " is a region in Sudan.
Currently, it has largely divided into factions. The leader of the most brutal faction is Minni Minnawi and is now allied with the government. Minni Arcua Minnawi (born about 1972 is the leader of the largest faction of the Sudanese Liberation Army. Other leaders of factions that continue fighting the government include Ahmed Abdulshafi Bassey and, the founder of the movement, Abdulwahid Mohamed Nour who is largely supported by the people of Darfur. Ahmed Abdulshafi Yacoub Bassey is a leader of one of the factions of the Darfurian rebel group the Sudan Liberation Movement. Minnawi is hated by many people of Darfur including people from his own Zaghawa tribe. The peace agreement that is signed by Minnawi's faction is widely rejected by the Darfurians and especially by the Fur, the largest ethnic group in Darfur. The Jebel Marrah ("bad mountains") is home of the Fur tribe and current strong hold for the Fur faction of the SLA, led by Abdul Waheed. The Marrah Mountains ( Jebel Marra, جبل مرة bad mountains) is a range of volcanic peaks created by a Massif that rises up to 3000 m The Fur ( fòòrà in Fur, فور in Arabic) are a people of the western Sudan, principally inhabiting the region of Darfur Abdul Waheed or Wahid, formerly Donald Douglas Stewart-Whyte (born June 1986) is one of the suspects arrested in the United Kingdom on August 10
The Sudan Liberation Movement was known as the Darfur Liberation Front for a brief period of time after its emergence in February 2003. Darfur Liberation Front is the former name of the Sudan Liberation Movement. While the Darfur Liberation Front maintained a secessionist position, however, the Sudan Liberation Movement claims to have no secessionist intentions, and instead aims to overthrow the Khartoum regime and "create a united, democratic Sudan. "
On January 20, 2006, SLM declared a merger with the Justice and Equality Movement to form the Alliance of Revolutionary Forces of West Sudan. Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM is a rebel group involved in the Darfur conflict of Sudan. The Alliance of Revolutionary Forces of West Sudan was formed on January 20, 2006, when the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudan Liberation However, by May of that year, the SLM and JEM were again negotiating as separate entities.
On 30 September 2007, approximately 1,000 Sudan Liberation Army rebels mounted a major raid on an AMIS base, claiming the lives of at least 12 peacekeepers and wounding many more. The Haskanita raids were two raids by unidentified attackers in the Sudanese town of Haskanita ( Darfur) that occurred on 30 September 2007 The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS was an African Union (AU peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country's western region of Darfur with At least 50 personnel are as yet unaccounted for, presumed missing in action. The attack occurred just after sunset in the flashpoint, northern Darfur town of Haskanita, and comes amid increasing tensions and violence between the rebels and foreign peacekeepers, with the latter often accused of abrogating their neutrality and bias towards the central government.