Stoke Newington shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||N16, E5, E8|
|UK Parliament||Hackney North and Stoke Newington|
|London Assembly||North East|
|List of places: UK • England • London|
Stoke Newington is a district in the London Borough of Hackney. The London Borough of Hackney ( is a London borough in North-East London and forms part of Inner London.
In modern terms, Stoke Newington can be roughly defined by the N16 postcode area (though this also includes parts of Stamford Hill and the almost extinct district of Shacklewell). The N (Northern postcode area, also known as the London N postcode area, is the part of the London postal district covering much of north London, Stamford Hill is a place in the north of the London Borough of Hackney, England near the border with Haringey. Shacklewell is a district within the London Borough of Hackney, roughly North-east of modern-day Dalston, (which historically was due South of Shacklewell Its southern boundary with Dalston is quite ill-defined too. Dalston is a district in the London Borough of Hackney, England, in Inner London. However, Stoke Newington was once a well-defined administrative unit. In 1899 the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington was formed out of the greater part of the parish of Stoke Newington. The Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965 when it became part of the London Borough Stoke Newington was an ancient Parish in the county of Middlesex. The resulting boundaries seem rather anomalous now; the entire eastern side of Stoke Newington High Street and beyond, including Stoke Newington Common, were included in the next door Metropolitan Borough of Hackney, but in fact this area was already part of the parish of Hackney - not Stoke Newington - and much of it would have been regarded as being in Shacklewell at the time. Stoke Newington Common is an open space in Stoke Newington in the London Borough of Hackney. }The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965 Hackney was a Parish in the ancient county of Middlesex. The parish church of St John-at-Hackney, was built in 1789 replacing the nearby former 16th century These apparent oddities became moot when in 1965, the Metropolitan Borough became part of the London Borough of Hackney. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. The London Borough of Hackney ( is a London borough in North-East London and forms part of Inner London.
Throughout all these changes, the core of Stoke Newington, centred around Stoke Newington Church Street, has retained its own distinct 'London village' character, and indeed, commentators such as Nikolaus Pevsner have confessed that they find it hard to see the district as being in London at all. Stoke Newington Church Street is a road in north London in the borough of Hackney. Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner, CBE, ( January 30, 1902 &ndash August 18, 1983) was a German-born British scholar of It also has large Orthodox Jewish and Turkish populations as well as a long term Irish population.
For one small district, Stoke Newington is endowed with a generous amount of open space. To its north, there is the extensive West Reservoir, now a non-working facility, but open for leisure and surrounded by greenspace, at the entrance to which is the architecturally bizarre Castle Climbing Centre, once the main Water Board pumping station. The Metropolitan Water Board was founded in 1903 to bring the nine private water companies supplying water to London under a single public body It was originally designed to look like a towering Scottish castle, and is now much-loved in the area.
South of these facilities is Clissold Park, an extensive swathe of parkland complete with a small menagerie, aviary and Clissold Mansion, a Grade II listed building, built for Jonathan Hoare, a local Quaker, in the 1790¹s. Clissold Park is a popular community Park located in Stoke Newington within the London Borough of Hackney. A listed building in the United Kingdom is a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural historical or cultural significance 
Tracking east from here and past the two Church of England parish churches, both called Saint Mary's (Stoke Newington strangely decided to retain the old one, unusual in a London parish), leads to Abney Park Cemetery, one of the most splendid and enlightened of Victorian London cemeteries. Abney Park in Stoke Newington, north-east London UK is a historic parkland originally laid out in the early 18th century by Lady Mary Abney and It is now a nature reserve, a role that it was in many ways originally intended for, as it was set up as an arboretum. An arboretum is a collection of trees Related collections include a fruticetum (from the Latin frutex, meaning shrub and a viticetum a collection of vines Finally, across the high street to the east is the fragmented Stoke Newington Common. Stoke Newington Common is an open space in Stoke Newington in the London Borough of Hackney. This, however, has its charms, largely due to the extensive and diverse programme of tree planting it has enjoyed in recent years.
From the 16th century on, Stoke Newington has played a prominent role in assuring a water supply to sustain London's rapid growth. Hugh Myddleton's New River runs through the area and still makes a contribution to London's water. Sir Hugh Myddelton (or Middleton 1st Baronet ( 1560 - 10 December 1631) was a Welsh Goldsmith, Clothmaker, Banker The New River is a man-made waterway in England, opened in 1613 to supply London with fresh drinking water taken from the River Lee and from Amwell Although this originally terminated at the New River Head in Finsbury, since 1946 its main flow has ended at the reservoirs, though a slow ornamental trickle flows past the West Reservoir to go underground for a stretch on Green Lanes, reappearing for a time in Clissold Park only to disappear underground again on its way to Canonbury. Finsbury is a small district in the south of the London Borough of Islington and north of the City of London. Green Lanes, London, ( N16, N4, N8, N13 and N21) is a main road in North London and forms part of the A105 Canonbury is a residential district in the London Borough of Islington in the north of London The river bank, the New River Path , can be walked for some distance to the north through Haringey and on to its source near Hertford, though not all sections are open. The London Borough of Haringey (ˈhærɪŋgeɪ) is a Borough of North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by Hertford (standard pronunciations /'hɑːtֽfəd/ and /'hɑːֽfəd/ local pronunciation /'ɑːʔֽfəd/ is the affluent County town of Hertfordshire,
The East and West Reservoirs, to the north of Clissold Park, are quite substantial for urban facilities. They were constructed in 1833 to purify the New River water and to act as a water reserve. As mentioned, the West Reservoir is now a leisure facility, offering sailing, canoeing and other water sports, plus Royal Yachting Association- approved sailing courses. The Royal Yachting Association ( RYA) is the national governing body for Watersports in the United Kingdom. Its local pump station is set out as a visitor centre, with a café, and pieces of the old hydraulic machinery can be viewed in the main pump hall. The other main pumping station at the reservoir gates, now a climbing centre (as mentioned above) was designed in its distinctive castellated style by William Chadwell Mylne (a past Snell Exhibitioner) and built in 1856. William Chadwell Mylne (April 1781 &ndash 25 December 1863 was a British Engineer and Architect. The Snell Exhibition is an annual scholarship awarded by Balliol College Oxford and its recipients are referred to as Snell Exhibitioners.
Besides the water board facilities and the New River, Clissold Park also contains two large ornamental lakes, a home to many water birds and a population of terrapins. A terrapin is a Turtle that lives in fresh or Brackish water Taxonomy Although sometimes superficially similar to Sea turtles These lakes - purportedly the remains of clay pits dug for the bricks used in the building of Clissold House - are all that is left to mark the course of the Hackney Brook, one of London's lost rivers, which once flowed from west to east across Stoke Newington on its way to the River Lea. The Hackney Brook is one of the Subterranean rivers of London. The River Lee or River Lea in England originates in Leagrave Park, Leagrave, Luton in the Chiltern Hills and flows generally southeast In flood at this point, the brook was known to span 10 metres. The two lakes are not actually fed from the brook, which has long disappeared into the maze of sewers under London, but from the mains supply - ultimately the New River.
Stoke Newington or 'new town in the wood', has been lightly settled for many hundreds of years, close to larger neighbouring Saxon settlements near the River Lea. For their language see Anglo-Saxon language. Anglo-Saxon is the term usually used to describe the invading Tribes in the south The River Lee or River Lea in England originates in Leagrave Park, Leagrave, Luton in the Chiltern Hills and flows generally southeast In the nineteenth century it was discovered that Stoke Newington Common and Abney Park Cemetery had been part of a Neolithic working area for axe-making, some examples of which can be seen in the Museum of London. Stoke Newington Common is an open space in Stoke Newington in the London Borough of Hackney. Abney Park in Stoke Newington, north-east London UK is a historic parkland originally laid out in the early 18th century by Lady Mary Abney and The Museum of London documents the history of London from the Prehistoric to the present day
Stoke Newington is recorded as part of the Ossulstone hundred in the county of Middlesex in the Domesday Book of 1086. Ossulstone was an ancient hundred in the south east of the county of Middlesex, England. A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State. Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and the second smallest by area. The Domesday Book (ˈduːmzdeɪ bʊk also known as Domesday, or Book of Winchester) was the record of the great survey In the 17th century, for administrative purposes the west of Stoke Newington High Street became part of the new Finsbury division and the east part of the Tower division. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar The Finsbury Division was one of four divisions of the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the County of Middlesex, England. The Tower Division was a liberty, a historical form of local government in the ancient county of Middlesex, England. Both divisions were in 1889 then incorporated into the County of London. Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The County of London was a ceremonial county and administrative county of England from 1889 to 1965
In the Middle Ages and Tudor times it was a very small village a few miles from the city of London, frequently visited by wayfarers as a pit stop before journeying north, Stoke Newington High Street being part of the Cambridge road (A10). London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. At this date the whole Manor was owned by St. Paul's Cathedral and yielded a small income, enough to support part of their work. St Paul's Cathedral, is the Anglican Cathedral on Ludgate Hill, in the City of London, and the seat of the Bishop of London. During the 17th century the Cathedral sold the Manor to William Patten who became the first Lord of the Manor. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar His initials 'WP' and the motto 'ab alto' can be seen inscribed above the doorway of the old church next to Clissold Park. Clissold Park is a popular community Park located in Stoke Newington within the London Borough of Hackney. A century later it passed to Lady Mary Abney who drew up the first detailed maps of field boundaries and began to lay out a manorial parkland behind today's Fire Station on Church Street, with the aid of Dr Isaac Watts and her daughters. Isaac Watts ( July 17, 1674 – November 25, 1748) is recognised as the "Father of English Hymnody" as he was the first prolific and
During the early 19th century, as London expanded, the Manor of Stoke Newington was 'enfranchised' to be sold in parcels as freehold land for building purposes. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar Gradually the village became absorbed into the seamless expansion of London. It was no longer a separate village by the mid to late 1800s.
Being on the outskirts at this time, many expensive and large houses were built to house London's expanding population of nouveau riche whose journey to the commercial heart of the capital was made possible by the birth of the railways and the first omnibuses. Nouveau riche ( French for "new rich" or new money, refers to a person who has acquired considerable Wealth within his or her The latter were first introduced into central London in the 1820s by George Shillibeer, following his successful trial in a more limited capacity of the first school bus in the world for William Allen and Susannah Corder's novel Quaker school at Fleetwood House, Abney Park in Stoke Newington. George Shillibeer ( August 11, 1797, St Marylebone, London – August 21, 1866, Brighton England) was an William Allen FRS, FLS ( August 29, 1770 &ndash September 30, 1843) was an English scientist and Philanthropist
St Mary's Lodge on Lordship Road - the 1843 home of noted architect and District Surveyor John Young - is the last-surviving of several grand detached homes built in the area around that time for well-off members of the new commuter class.
As a late Victorian and Edwardian suburb, Stoke Newington prospered, and continued in relative affluence and civic pride with its own municipal government until changes brought about by the Second World War.
Gibson Gardens, an early example of quality tenement buildings erected for the housing of 'the industrious classes' were built off Stoke Newington High Street in 1880 and still stand today. Gibson Gardens is a well-known historic tenement block of flats in Stoke Newington in London England The flats were built by the Metropolitan Association
During World War II, much of the area was damaged in the Blitz, and many were made homeless, although the level of destruction was much lower than in those areas of East London further south, such as Stepney or Shoreditch, or even in next-door Hackney. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941 in World War II. Stepney is an inner-city district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. Shoreditch is an area of London within the London Borough of Hackney. The death toll, too, was relatively low, almost three-quarters of civilian deaths being due to one tragic incident on 13 October 1940, when a crowded shelter, at Coronation Avenue off the high street, received a direct hit. Events 54 - Nero ascends to the Roman throne 409 - Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The memorial to all the residents of the Borough who died in the air raids, including local Jewish people, can be seen in Abney Park Cemetery. Abney Park in Stoke Newington, north-east London UK is a historic parkland originally laid out in the early 18th century by Lady Mary Abney and And (like Hackney and Tottenham), Stoke Newington avoided most of the later V-weapon attacks, which fell disproportionately on South London; only a total of seven V-1s and two V-2s hit the borough.
So most of the historic buildings at the heart of Stoke Newington survived, at least in a repairable state. A notable exception was the classically grand Parish Church of West Hackney, St James's, on Stoke Newington High Street, which dated from 1824. This was so severely damaged in the October 1940 bombing that the entire church had to be demolished, never to be rebuilt. It was replaced after the war by a much more modest structure, St Paul's, which is set well back from the street. Traces of the old church's stonework can still be seen facing the High Street.
After the war a substantial amount of residential housing, particularly to the east of modern Stoke Newington, in Hackney borough at the time, had been either destroyed or left in such a bad state that it was seen by the urban planners of that era as better to demolish it. Postwar redevelopment has replaced many of these areas with large estates, some more successful than others. Much of this residential redevelopment was planned by Frederick Gibberd, the designer of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral. Sir Frederick Ernest Gibberd (7 January 1908 - 9 January 1984 was an English Architect and Landscape designer Gibberd was born in Coventry Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King (usually shortened to Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral) is a Roman Catholic Cathedral in Liverpool
Ever a home to radicals, Communist Party meetings were held in the Town Hall in the post-war years. And although Stoke Newington became part of the London Borough of Hackney in 1965, it has never quite lost its own identity. The London Borough of Hackney ( is a London borough in North-East London and forms part of Inner London. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. Indeed, following the 1960s, it increasingly became home to a number of squatters, artists, bohemians and also political radicals. Famously, the 'Stoke Newington 8' were arrested on 20 August 1971 at 359 Amhurst Road for suspected involvement in The Angry Brigade bombings. Events 636 - Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. The Angry Brigade (also known as the Stoke Newington Eight) was a British libertarian communist Militant group responsible for a long string
The most famous examples of political terrorism by Stoke Newington residents, none originally from the area, are Patrick Hayes, Jan Taylor and Muktar Said Ibrahim. The first two were convicted of two bombings and had substantial links to the huge lorry bombs of the 1990s. Both were arrested, firing at officers in Walford Road and later sentenced to thirty years imprisonment. The third, Muktar Said Ibrahim, was arrested in Farleigh Road and later convicted of planting a failed bomb on the 26 bus, misfiring later in Shoreditch on the 21st July 2005. Muktar Said Ibrahim (born c 1977 also known as Muktar Mohammed Said, has been found guilty of involvement in the attempted July 21 attacks Shoreditch is an area of London within the London Borough of Hackney. On 21 July, 2005, four attempted bomb attacks disrupted part of London 's Public transport system two weeks after the 7 July 2005 London
These days, Stoke Newington is a very multicultural area, with large Asian, Irish, Turkish, Jewish and Afro-Caribbean communities. British Asians are British citizens who are immigrants or descendants of immigrants from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka Irish migration to Britain (also known as the Br[[Irish people|irish]]) has a lengthy history due to the close proximity of and complex relationship between British Turks are either Turkish people who live in the United Kingdom even though having been born outside the UK or are British-born but have Turkish British Jews (often referred to collectively but imprecisely as Anglo-Jewry) are British subjects of Jewish descent or religion who maintain a connection to The British African Caribbean community are residents of the United Kingdom who are of West Indian background and whose ancestors were indigenous to Africa The area continues to be home to many new and emerging communities such as Polish and Somali immigrants. Polonia, the name for Poland in Latin and many Romance and other languages refers in modern Polish to the Polish Diaspora Somalis ( Soomaaliyeed, الصوماليون are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa, also known as the Somali Peninsula. In recent years, the area has undergone a rapid gentrification, attracting many affluent professionals and the housing around Stoke Newington Church Street in particular has become increasingly desirable. It is also worth noting that Stoke Newington is home to both a very large lesbian community and the greatest number of young families in London. A lesbian is a Woman who is romantically or sexually attracted only to other women
On Saturday mornings, the playground of William Patten Primary school, in Stoke Newington Church Street, hosts an active farmers' market. This was the first farmers’ market in the UK to have only organic and biodynamic producers.
Although Stoke Newington contains only one Grade I listed building (St Matthias Church), it contains a fair number of Grade II* buildings for one London district. Fyfe Antony Dangerfield Hutchins (born 7 July 1980) is an English Musician and Songwriter, best known for being Guillemots (sometimes written gUiLLeMoTs) are a BRIT Award nominated Indie rock band formed in November 2004 by Fyfe Dangerfield A listed building in the United Kingdom is a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural historical or cultural significance Unsurprisingly, given its nature, residential buildings are strongly represented, and this becomes even more clear when the lowest grade, Grade II, is considered, where almost whole streets are listed in some cases.
Grade II (selective)
There are many Grade II listed properties on Stoke Newington Church Street, the historical heart of the district, and two other notable residential streets to the west of the district — Albion Road and Clissold Road — are replete with listed properties.
Stoke Newington has many good pubs and bars and a lively music scene, including contemporary jazz, and some comedy. Stoke Newington School (SNS is a media arts & science college situated in Stoke Newington, in the London Borough of Hackney. The Worshipful Company of Skinners (known as The Skinners' Company) is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. A few venues: Maggie's Bar (formerly Stage B), Ryans and the Lion, all on Stoke Newington Church Street, The Others, above the snooker hall on Manor Road, and Bodrums, farther down the High Street on the same side. The Vortex Jazz Club also used to be on Church Street. The Vortex Jazz Club is a London venue that primarily features live contemporary Jazz.
|Section 12:||Capital Ring Walking Route||Section 13:|
|Highgate||Stoke Newington||Hackney Wick|
The Capital Ring is a strategic walking route that is being promoted by London's 33 local councils led by the City of London Corporation in partnership with the Greater Highgate is a suburb of North London on the north-eastern corner of Hampstead Heath. Hackney Wick is an area in the London Borough of Hackney in East London.