Steven Borough (September 25, 1525-July 12, 1584), English navigator, was born at Northam, Devon on September 25, 1525. Events 303 - On a voyage preaching the Gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Northam is a small town in Devon, England, lying north of Bideford and south of Westward Ho!. Events 303 - On a voyage preaching the Gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France
In 1553 he took part in the expedition which was dispatched from the Thames under Sir Hugh Willoughby to look for a northern passage to Cathay and India, serving as master of the Edward Bonaventure, on which Richard Chancellor sailed as pilot in chief. The Thames ( is a major River flowing through southern England. Cathay is the Anglicized version of "Catai" and an alternative name for China in English India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Richard Chancellor (d 1556 was an English Explorer and Navigator; the first to penetrate to the White Sea and establish relations with Separated by a storm from the Bona Esperanza and the Bona Confidentia, the other two ships of the expedition, Borough proceeded on his voyage alone, and sailing into the White Sea, in the words of his epitaph, "discovered Moscouia by the Northerne sea passage to St. The White Sea (Бе́лое мо́ре Vienanmeri is an Inlet of the Barents Sea on the northwest coast of Russia. Nicholas (Archangel)".
In a second expedition, made in the Serchthrift in 1556, he discovered Kara Strait, between Novaya Zemlya and Vaygach Island. The Kara Strait (Russian Пролив Карские Ворота Proliv Karskiye Vorota) is a 56 km wide channel of water between the southern end of Novaya Zemlya Novaya Zemlya (Но́вая Земля́ also spelled Novaja Zemlja, lit Vaygach Island (Вайга́ч is an Island in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic Sea between the Pechora Sea and the In 1560 he was in charge of another expedition to Russia, and, probably in 1558, he also made a voyage to Spain. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.
At the beginning of 1563 he was appointed chief pilot and one of the four masters of Elizabeth I of England's ships in the Medway, and in this office he spent the rest of his life. He died on 12 July 1584, and was buried at Chatham. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. His son, Christopher Borough, wrote a description of a trading expedition made in 1579-1581 from the White Sea to the Caspian Sea and back. The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged Sea.
His younger brother, William Borough, born in 1536, also at Northam, served as an ordinary seaman in the Edward Bonaventure on her voyage to Russia in 1553, and subsequently made many voyages to St. Nicholas. Later he transferred his services from the merchant adventurers to the crown. As commander of the Lion he accompanied Sir Francis Drake in his Cadiz expedition of 1587, but he got himself into trouble by presuming to disagree with his chief concerning the wisdom of the attack on Lagos. Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c 1540 &ndash 27 January 1595 was an English Privateer, navigator, Slaver, and politician Cádiz ( Spanish:) is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the province of the same name, a province which is one of eight He died in 1599.
He was the author of A Discourse of the Variation of the Compas, or Magneticall Needle (1581), and some of the charts he made are preserved at the British Museum and Hatfield. The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London.