Stalybridge shown within Greater Manchester
|Population||22,568 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||0161 / 01457|
|European Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Stalybridge and Hyde|
|List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester|
Stalybridge is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one North West England is one of the nine official Regions of England. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The SK postcode area, also known as the Stockport postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Alderley Edge, Buxton, Cheadle, Cheadle The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Greater Manchester Police (" GMP " is the Home Office Police force responsible for policing the Metropolitan county of Greater The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and The Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the Metropolitan county of The North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust was formed on 1 July 2006 as part of Health Minister Lord Warner's plans to reduce the number of NHS North West England is a Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Stalybridge and Hyde is a County constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a partial list of places in Greater Manchester, in North West England. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2 England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It is 5. 7 miles (9. A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States 2 km) to the northwest of Glossop, 8 miles (12. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand Glossop is a small Market town within the High Peak borough of Derbyshire, England. 9 km) to the east of Manchester and 9. 1 miles (14. 6 km) to the north of Stockport. Stockport ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on elevated ground on the River Mersey at the influx of the rivers Goyt The town has a total population of 22,568. 
Historically a part of Cheshire, Stalybridge became a centre for textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution and the 19th century wealth of the town was built on the factory-based cotton industry, transforming an area of scattered farms and homesteads into a self-confident town. The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. Cheshire (or archaically the County of Chester) is a county in North West England. With the establishment of overseas colonies, the British Empire at the end of the 17th century/beginning of the 18th century had a vast source of raw materials and a vast market  After the decline of the cotton industry in the first quarter of the 20th century and the development of modern low density housing in the post-war period, the town is now semi-rural in character.
The name Stalybridge comes from the Old English word staef, meaning a staff or a stave, and leah, a clearing in a wood. The River Tame is a River in Greater Manchester, England. Source Rises on Denshaw Moor The full meaning of "Staeflegh" is therefore "a wood where staves are collected". The medieval Lords of the manor took de Stavelegh as their name, later becoming Staley. After the construction of a bridge over the Tame a settlement grew up which became an important market crossing point and by the 18th century was known as Stalybridge. 
The lordship of Longdendale was one of the ancient feudal estates of Cheshire. Longdendale is a valley in the north west of England, north of Glossop and south east of Holmfirth. Cheshire (or archaically the County of Chester) is a county in North West England. The lordship was created by the Earl of Chester in the late 12th century and encompassed the manors of Godley, Hattersley, Hollingworth, Matley, Mottram, Newton, Staley, Tintwistle and Werneth. The Earldom of Chester was one of the most powerful earldoms in Medieval England. This article is about the medieval system "Manors" redirects here Godley is a locality in Greater Manchester, England. If forms part of the metropolitan borough of Tameside. Hattersley is a residential area within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. Hollingworth is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. Matley is a semi-rural area of Greater Manchester, England. It is located in the metropolitan borough of Tameside between the towns of Stalybridge Mottram in Longdendale is a village in Longdendale, in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. Newton is an area of Hyde, in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. Tintwistle is a village and Civil parish in the High Peak district of the Non-metropolitan county of Derbyshire, Werneth is an area of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England It is west-southwest of Oldham's commercial centre and one of Oldham's most ancient localities William de Neville was the first lord of Longdendale, as appointed by the Earl of Chester.  Buckton Castle was probably built by William de Neville in the late 12th century. Buckton Castle is a Medieval Ringwork in the manor of Tintwistle near Carrbrook, Stalybridge, England.  As this was the only castle within the lordship it was probably the seat of the de Nevilles. 
The first records of the de Stavelegh family as Lords of the Manor date from the early 13th century. The title of Lord of the Manor arose in the English mediaeval system of Manorialism following the Norman Conquest. Staley Hall was their residence. Stayley Hall, also known as Staley Hall, is a Grade II* Listed Building in Stalybridge, Greater Manchester ( The present hall was built in the late sixteenth century on the same site as an earlier hall of the Stayley family, dating from before 1343. It is situated on a knoll making defence of the building a relatively easy affair. The external walls and the roofing slabs are made from locally quarried gritstone. Gritstone — otherwise called Millstone grit — is a Sedimentary rock composed of coarse sand grains with inclusions of small stones The inside of the building has been altered as parts of it were let as cottage tenaments and the plaster has fallen off showing the original lattices of wicker work and clay daub. Part of the staircase still remained in 1871 although the floor was dilapidated even then.
Sir Ralph Staley had no male heirs and after his death his daughter, Elizabeth Staley, married Sir Thomas Assheton, uniting the manors of Ashton and Staley. Elizabeth and Thomas had no sons. Margaret, the eldest of their two daughters married Sir William Booth of Dunham Massey The younger daughter, Elizabeth, was widowed without children. Dunham Massey is a Civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England She continued to live at Staley Hall until her death in 1553. In her will she left her share of the lordships to the Booths.
The manor of Staley remained in the possession of the Booth family until the death of George Booth, 2nd Earl of Warrington on August 2, 1758. George Booth 2nd Earl of Warrington ( May 2 1675 &ndash August 2 1758) was the son of Henry Booth 1st Earl of Warrington by his Upon his death, the Earldom of Warrington became extinct. His only daughter, Lady Mary Booth, the wife of Henry Grey, 4th Earl of Stamford, inherited all the Booth estates.
The manor of Staley was owned by the Grey family until the extinction of the Earldoms on the death of Roger Grey, 10th Earl of Stamford in 1976. At this point the family estates were dispersed. Stamford Street, Stamford Park, Stamford Golf Club and the two Stamford Arms pubs in Stalybridge are all named after the Grey family.
In the mid-18th century Stalybridge had a population of just 140. Farming and woollen spinning were the main means subsistence at this time.
In 1776 the town's first small water-powered mill for carding and spinning cotton was built at Rassbottom. In 1789 the town's first spinning mill using the principle of Arkwright's Water-Frame was built. Sir Richard Arkwright ( Old Style 23 December 1732 / New Style 3 January 1733 – 3 August The water frame is the name given to the Spinning frame, when water power was used to drive it By 1793 steam power had been introduced to the Stalybridge cotton industry and by 1803 there were eight cotton mills in the growing town containing 76,000 spindles. The Huddersfield Narrow Canal was completed in 1811 and still runs through the town. The Huddersfield Narrow Canal is an inland Waterway in northern England
The Luddite Riots
The rapid growth of Industry in Stalybridge was due to the introduction of machinery. This was, however, met with violent opposition. After the arrival of the Luddites in the area the doors of mills were kept locked day and night. The Luddites were a Social movement of British Textile artisans in the early Nineteenth century who protested&mdashoften by destroying mechanized Military aid was requested by the mill owners and a Scotch Regiment under the Duke of Montrose was sent to the town. A regiment is a Military unit, composed of a variable number of Battalions – commanded by a Colonel. The title of Duke of Montrose (named after Montrose, Angus) was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1488 for David Lindsay It was led by Captain Raines who made his headquarters at the Roe Cross Inn. The Luddite disturbances began in November 1811. Gangs of armed men destroyed power looms and fired mills. The first power loom, a mechanized Loom powered by a Drive shaft, was designed in 1784 by Edmund Cartwright and first built in 1785 later to be perfected The disturbances in Stalybridge culminated with a night of violent riot on 20th April 1812.
The social unrest did not stem the growth of Stalybridge. By 1814 there were twelve factories and by 1818 the number had increased to sixteen. The Industrial Revolution led to a rapid increase in the town's population in the early part of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution was a period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when major changes in agriculture manufacturing and transportation had a profound effect on the The population of the town by 1823 was 5,500. In the following two years, due in part to an influx of Irish families seeking better wages, the population rose to 9,000. Stalybridge was among the first wave of towns to establish a Mechanics' Institute with a view to educating the growing number of workers. Historically Mechanics' Institutes were educational establishments formed to provide Adult education, particularly in technical subjects to working men Only a year after the establishment of Manchester Mechanics Institute, Stalybridge founded an Institute of its own. The University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology ( UMIST) was a University based in the centre of the City of Manchester Its doors opened on September 7, 1825 on Shepley Street with a reading room on Queen Street. Events 1251 BC - A Solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes Greece. Year 1825 ( MDCCCXXV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common
On 9th May 1828, the Stalybridge Police and Market Act received royal assent establishing Stalybridge as an independent town with a board of 21 commissioners. The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which a constitutional monarch completes the legislative process of Lawmaking by formally assenting to an Every male over the age of 21 who was the occupier of a rateable property under the act was entitled to vote at the election of the commissioners. On December 30, 1831 the Town Hall and Market were officially opened. Events 1460 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield. 1816 - The Treaty of St Year 1831 ( MDCCCXXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a In 1833 the Commissioners set up the Stalybridge Police Force, which was the first of its kind in the country. By this year the population of the town had reached 14,216 with 2. 357 inhabited houses. 
In 1834 a second bridge was built over the Tame. It was downstream of Staley bridge and constructed of iron. 
The Plug Riots
The second Chartist Petition was presented to Parliament in April 1842. For chartism in financial markets see Technical analysis, and for the British socialist journal see Chartist (magazine Chartism was Stalybridge contributed 10,000 signatures. After the rejection of the petition the first general strike began in the coal mines of Staffordshire. The second phase of the strike originated in Stalybridge. 
A movement of resistance to the imposition of wage cuts in the mills, also known as the Plug Riots, it spread to involve nearly half a million workers throughout Britain and represented the biggest single exercise of working class strength in nineteenth century Britain. On 13th August 1842 there was a strike at Bayley's cotton mill in Stalybridge, and roving cohorts of operatives carried the stoppage first to the whole area of Stalybridge and Ashton, then to Manchester, and subsequently to towns adjacent to Manchester, using as much force as was necessary to bring mills to a standstill. The movement remained, to outward appearances, largely non-political. Although the People's Charter was praised at public meetings, the resolutions that were passed at these were in almost all cases merely for a restoration of the wages of 1820, a ten-hour working day, or reduced rents. For chartism in financial markets see Technical analysis, and for the British socialist journal see Chartist (magazine Chartism was
" . The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844 is one of the best-known works of Friedrich Engels. Friedrich Engels (28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895 was a German social scientist and philosopher, who . . multitudes of courts, back lanes, and remote nooks arise out of [the] confused way of building. . . Add to this the shocking filth, and the repulsive effect of Stalybridge, in spite of its pretty surroundings, may be readily imagined. "
John Summers first established an iron forge in Stalybridge in the 1840s. Later, he and his sons developed this into a major business, and employed over 1,000 local men in their factory, the largest in the town. 
The Ashton, Stalybridge and Liverpool Junction Railway Company was formed in 19 July 1844 and the railway was connected to Stalybridge on October 5, 1846. Ashton Stalybridge & Liverpool Junction Railway (AS&LJR was formed in 1844 and was taken over by the Manchester and Leeds Railway in 1847 Events 711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. Year 1844 ( MDCCCXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Events 869 - The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople For the game see 1846 (board game. Year 1846 ( MDCCCXLVI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display On 9 July 1847 the company was acquired by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Year 1847 ( MDCCCXLVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR was a major British railway company before the 1923 Grouping. On 1 August 1849 the Manchester, Stockport and Leeds Railway connected Stalybridge to Huddersfield and later to Stockport. Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Year 1849 ( MDCCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Huddersfield ( is a large Market town within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England, 190 miles (306km north Stockport ( is a large town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on elevated ground on the River Mersey at the influx of the rivers Goyt This line later became part of the London and North Western Railway. The London and North Western Railway (LNWR L&NWR was a Railway company of the United Kingdom which existed between 1846 and 1922
The Cotton Famine
On the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, the Stalybridge cotton mills rapidly ran short of cotton. Thousands of operatives were laid off. In October 1862, a meeting was held in the Stalybridge Town Hall which passed a resolution blaming the Confederate States of America and their actions in the American Civil War for the cotton famine in Lancashire. The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South The Lancashire Cotton Famine, also known as The Cotton Famine or the Cotton Panic (1861 &ndash 1865 was a depression in the textile industry in northwest Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea By the winter of 1862-1863 there were 7,000 unemployed operatives in the town. Only five of the town's 39 factories and 24 machine shops were employing people full-time. Contributions were sent from all over the world for the relief of the cotton operatives in Lancashire and at one point three-quarters of Stalybridge workers were dependent on relief schemes. By 1863 there were 750 empty houses in the town. A thousand skilled men and women left the town in what became known as "The Panic".
The Bread Riots
In 1863 the relief committee decided to substitute a system of relief by ticket instead of money. The tickets were to be presented at local grocers shops. An organised resistance was organised culminating on Friday 20th March 1863.
The Murphy Riots
In 1867 Stalybridge was disturbed by the arrival of William Murphy. William Murphy may refer to William Parry Murphy (1892-1987 American physician and Nobel laureate William Murphy (Irish politician Records of this man indicate that his sole interest was to sow the seeds of dissent between Roman Catholics, who by this time had grown to significant proportions, and Protestants. He succeeded in this goal only too well for a full year. During 1868 there were a number of violent disturbances and rioting created by this man who described himself as a "renegade Roman Catholic". In his lectures to the public "pretending to expose the religious practices of the Roman Catholic Church", he became a master at whipping up a crowd into a frenzy. Newspaper reports of the time told of his common practice of waving a revolver in the air in "a most threatening manner". On one occasion he incited a riot of such proportions that Fr. Daley, the parish priest of St. Peter's took to the roof of the church to defend it. A man was shot. The Parish Priest was tried but eventually acquitted at the Quarter Sessions. The Courts of Quarter Sessions or Quarter Sessions were periodic courts held in each County and County borough in England and Wales until Following this incident, the community began to settle down and Murphy chose to extend his political activities elsewhere.
In 1867, the Victoria Bridge on Trinity Street was built. The Victoria Market Hall was constructed in 1868 and the Public Baths were opened in May 1870. The baths were presented as a gift to the town by philanthropists and benefactors Robert Platt (1802-1882), born in Stalybridge, and his wife Margaret Platt (1819-1888), born in Salford. Robert Platt ( 11 November 1802 - 13 June 1882) was born in Stalybridge, Cheshire, the son of cotton manufacturer George Platt The Stalybridge Boro' Band was formed in March 1871, holding its first rehearsals and meetings at the Moulders Arms, Grasscroft Street, Castle Hall. The band was known as the 4th Cheshire Rifleman Volunteers (Boro' Band) until 1896. The founder and first conductor was Alexander Owen who conducted the band until at least 1907.
The character of Stalybridge altered over the 20th century. At the turn of the century the cotton industry was still strong and the population of the town reached its peak in 1901, at 27,623, but as trade dwindled the population began to decline and, despite the intensified employment of the war years, the main industry of Stalybridge continued to fail.
Gorse Hall was the site of a murder in 1909, where local mill owner George Harry Storrs was brutally dispatched. Gorse Hall was the name given to two large houses in Stalybridge, Greater Manchester, England, on a hill bordering Dukinfield. George Harry Storrs (1861-1909 was murdered in 1909 by an unknown assailant The case is examined in The Stabbing of George Harry Storrs by Jonathan Goodman.  and featured in an episode of the television series In Suspicious Circumstances in 1995  and A Most Mysterious Murder with Julian Fellowes in 2005. Julian Alexander Kitchener-Fellowes DL (born 17 August 1949 in Cairo, Egypt) known as Julian Fellowes, was an actor
Mrs Ada Summers was elected first woman Mayor of Stalybridge in November 1919. At that time Mayors of Boroughs were justices as well as chairmen of borough benches by right of office. However, it was not until The Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 came into force on 23 December 1919 that women could become magistrates. Sitting ex-officio, Ada Summers became the first woman magistrate in the country and was sworn in on 31 December 1919. Mrs Summers was also therefore probably the first woman to adjudicate in court. Her picture appeared in the weekly journal Great Thoughts, 5 June 1920, alongside an interview on The First Woman JP on her work. Mrs Summers was the widow of a local ironmaster. She was an active suffragist and Liberal and used her wealth and position to support a number of schemes designed to improve conditions in the town. Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally These included a maternity and child welfare clinic, clinics for the sick and poor and an unofficial employment centre. She later became an Alderman and was appointed MBE. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. On 31st May 1939 she was awarded the Honorary Freedom of the Borough. Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by some municipalities in Australia, Canada, Ireland, France, Italy, New Zealand
In 1929, with no room for expansion at Stalybridge, the Summers sheet rolling and galvanising plants were transferred to Shotton in North Wales, having devastating effects on local employment; The new plant later became a major component in the British Steel Corporation. Shotton is a Town in Flintshire, north Wales, lying on the River Dee. British Steel was a major British Steel producer It originated as a nationalised industry the British Steel Corporation (BSC formed in 1967  By 1932, seven of the town's largest mills had closed and unemployment reached 7,000. In 1934 the borough council set up an Industrial Development committee for the purpose of encouraging new industries to settle in the town. The Committee purchased Cheetham's Mill and rented it out to small firms engaged in a wide variety of enterprises. Rt Hon John Frederick Cheetham (1835 &ndash 25 February 1916) was born in Stalybridge, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Cheetham By 1939 unemployment in the town had almost disappeared.
Stalybridge experienced intensive black-out periods and frequent air-raid warning during the second world war. Bombs dropped by enemy aircraft mainly landed in open country and there were no civilian casualties. Stalybridge war memorial was extended after the war to bear the names of an extra 124 men from the town. The extension was unveiled on 23rd April 1950. On 19th July 1946 Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visited Stalybridge. Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite 4 August 1900 &ndash 30 March 2002 was the Queen Consort of King George
In the post-war period social housing was provided by the Buckton Vale council estate constructed between January 1950 March 1953, the Stamford Park estate, constructed between January 1953 and January 1955, the Copley estate, construction commencing in August 1954 and the Ridgehill estate, construction commencing in January 1956. A housing estate is a group of buildings built together as a single development Copley is an area of the town of Stalybridge, which lies at the foot of the Pennines, 8 miles east of Manchester in Greater Manchester,
In 1955, after the adoption of the first post-war slum clearance plan, new housing estates were built to replace the slums and, gradually, redundant mills were occupied by firms in the various light industries. New applications of engineering principles, the manufacture of rubber goods, plastics, chemicals and packaging materials were all introduced, as well as the addition of synthetic fibres to the textile trade. Unemployment declined.
On 19 October 1970 a frightened red deer registered a speed of 42 mph on a police radar trap as it charged down Mottram Road. Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Red Deer ( Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest Deer species The early 1970s saw the development of private semi-detached and detached housing estates particularly in the Mottram Rise, Hough Hill, Hollins and Carrbrook areas. The redevelopment of Castle Hall was also completed.
The early 1980s saw the closure of the Public Baths after the completion of Copley Recreation centre. An overspill estate is a Housing estate planned and built for the rehousing of people from decaying Inner city areas usually as part of the process of Slum One of the symbols of the late nineteenth century civic improvement, the baths were subsequently demolished.
In 1991, for the first time since 1901, there was an increase in the population of Stalybridge to 22,295. The 1990s saw the proliferation of Mock Tudor style estates at Moorgate and along Huddersfield Road close to Staley Hall. This continued into the 21st century with the completion of the Crowswood estate in Millbrook.
The Huddersfield Narrow Canal, which had been culverted in the early 1970s, was reinstated to the town centre between 1999 and May 2001 as part of a two year, multi-million pound refurbishment. The canal now runs under the legs of an electricity pylon. The Huddersfield Narrow Canal Pylon, ( National Grid tower designation 4ZO251B) is an Electricity pylon which stands with its feet over the Huddersfield The market hall closed on New Year’s Eve 1999 and became the Civic Hall in 2001. Four years later, the area designated for retail space became exhibition space. There were plans to reopen the market and let the retail hall out to private contractors, though this came to naught. The town's cinema, The Palace closed on the 31st August 2003, with the last film being ‘American Pie 3: The Wedding'
In 2004 the Metropolitan Borough Council announced that they had granted permission to a developer to build 16 homes next to Staley Hall. The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. A condition of the planning consent was that the hall be restored.  As of 2008 the hall is still deteriorating. It is now listed as being in very bad condition on the English Heritage buildings at risk register. English Heritage is a Non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government ( Department for Culture Media and Sport) with a broad remit of 
Stalybridge received its charter of incorporation on March 5, 1857 and was granted municipal borough status. A Royal Charter is a Charter granted by the Sovereign on the advice of the Privy council to legitimize an incorporated body such as a city company Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a Click here for Indian Rebellion of 1857 Year 1857 ( MDCCCLVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the Municipal boroughs were a type of Local government which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974 in Northern Ireland from 1840 to The Royal Charter declared that the council should consist of a mayor, 6 aldermen and 18 councillors. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions A councillor or councilor ( Cllr, Coun, Clr or Cr for short is a member of a Local government council such as a The borough was divided into 3 wards: Lancashire; Staley and Dukinfield. A list of burgesses was published on 21st April 1857 and the first election of councillors was held on 1st May 1857. Burgess is an English word that originally meant a freeman of a Borough or Burgh. The contesting parties were the whites and the yellows. The council met for the first time on 9th May and elected the first six aldermen. From among the councillors the first mayor, William Bayley was elected.
The Arms of Stalybridge were granted by the College of Arms after the town received its charter of incorporation. The College of Arms, or Heralds' College, is an office regulating Heraldry and granting new Armorial bearings for England, Wales The arms and crest are blazoned
Argent a chevron engrailed gules between two crosses pointed voided in chief sable and a mullet in base also sable pierced of the field with two flaunces azure each charged with a cinquefoil of the field. In Heraldry and heraldic Vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of most often a Coat of arms or Flag, which enables a person to
A garb or in front thereof a wolf statant argent.
The design of the shield represents the main features of the arms of the Stayley, Ashton, Dukinfield and Astley families who owned the lordships of Staley, Ashton, and Dukinfield. The area of Stalybridge covers land which forms the whole of the manor of Staley and parts of the Manors of Ashton and Dukinfield . The golden wheatsheaf and wolf of the crest represent the Earldom of Chester. The Earldom of Chester was one of the most powerful earldoms in Medieval England. The motto of Stalybridge is Absque Labore Nihil which means Nothing Without Labour and the town's colours are sky blue. Azure is a Blue Color on the HSV color wheel at 210 degrees Azure is the Hue that is halfway between Blue and Cyan
Under the terms of the Public Health Acts 1873 and 1875 Stalybridge corporation, like other municipal boroughs governed under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, was designated as the authority governiing the Urban sanitary district. Sanitary Districts were established in England and Wales in 1875 and in Ireland in 1878.
The borough, both on the Lancashire and the Cheshire sides of the river, was placed wholly within the administrative county of Cheshire in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 and Cheshire was adopted as the postal county for the entire town. Administrative counties were a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government from 1889 to 1974 The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict c 41 was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1888 and established County councils and County borough The postal counties of the United Kingdom, now known officially as the former postal counties, were subdivisions of the UK in routine use by the Royal Mail The town is now part of the SK postcode area. The SK postcode area, also known as the Stockport postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Alderley Edge, Buxton, Cheadle, Cheadle
On 1 April 1936 Stalybridge was enlarged by gaining part of Matley civil parish which had previously been part of Tintwistle rural district. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1936 ( MCMXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Matley is a semi-rural area of Greater Manchester, England. It is located in the metropolitan borough of Tameside between the towns of Stalybridge A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. Tintwistle is a village and Civil parish in the High Peak district of the Non-metropolitan county of Derbyshire, Rural districts were a type of Local government area &ndash now superseded &ndash established at the end of the 19th century in England, Wales, and 
Stalybridge was twinned in 1955 with Armentières in France. Armentières is a commune in the Nord department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.  In 1974 the area and assets of the municipal borough were combined with those of others districts, to form the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside. A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England covering urban areas within metropolitan counties. The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. Stalybridge is currently represented by the occupants of 9 of the 57 seats on the local Metropolitan Borough Council. These seats are spread over three wards: Stalybridge North; Stalybridge South and Dukinfield Stalybidge. Stalybridge currently has four Labour councillors and five Conservative councillors. The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Since 1998 the nine Stalybidge councillors have been meeting on a bimonthly basis as the Stalybridge District Assembly.
As a county palatine Cheshire was unrepresented in Parliament until the Chester and Cheshire (Constituencies) Act 1542. Stalybridge and Hyde is a County constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A county palatine is an area ruled by a Count palatine (or Earl palatine who may hold the higher title of Duke) with special authority and autonomy Cheshire is a former United Kingdom Parliamentiary Constituency. Chester and Cheshire (Constituencies Act 1542 or 34 & 35 Hen VIII From 1545 Cheshire was represented by two Knights of the Shire. In English and Welsh politics from Mediaeval times until the Representation of the People Act 1884, Knights of the Shire were representatives of counties On the passage of the Great Reform Act of 1832, the area of Stalybridge south of the Tame was included in the North Cheshire constituency. The Representation of the People Act 1832, commonly known as the Reform Act 1832, was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system North Cheshire is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency.
Between the passing of the Second Reform Act in 1867 and the general election of 1918, the town was represented in its own right through the Stalybridge Borough constituency. The Reform Act 1867 (also known as the Second Reform Act, and formally titled the Representation of the People Act 1867) 30 & 31 Vict Stalybridge was a Parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1868 until 1918 Since the 1918 general election, the town has been represented in Parliament by the member for the Stalybridge and Hyde constituency. The United Kingdom general election of 1918 was the first to be held after the Representation of the People Act 1918, which meant it was the first United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories Stalybridge and Hyde is a County constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures goals or loyalty The current Member of Parliament is the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Rt Hon. James Purnell. The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions is a position in the UK cabinet responsible for the Department for Work and Pensions. The Right Honourable (abbreviated as The Rt Hon) is an Honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain James Mark Dakin Purnell (born 2 March 1970, London) is a British politician and the current Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Stalybridge lies in the foothills of the Pennines, straddling the River Tame, which, from its source to its confluence with the Mersey, forms part of the ancient boundary between Lancashire and Cheshire. The Pennines are a low-rising Mountain range in Northern England and southern Scotland. The River Tame is a River in Greater Manchester, England. Source Rises on Denshaw Moor See also Mersey River (Tasmania and Mersey River (Nova Scotia. The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea Cheshire (or archaically the County of Chester) is a county in North West England. On the boundary of the Peak District national park, the highest point in the town is the summit of Wild Bank at 1,309 feet (399 m). The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, lying mainly in northern Derbyshire, but also covering parts of Cheshire, Greater The United Kingdom has 14 national parks, 9 in England, 3 in Wales, and two in Scotland. Wild Bank is a Hill in Stalybridge, just outside the Peak District National Park. Harridge Pike is the second highest peak at 1,296 feet (395 m). Harridge Pike is a Hill situated within the boundaries of Stalybridge just outside the Peak District National Park. Buckton Hill, the site of the mediaeval Buckton Castle, is another prominent landmark. Buckton Castle is a Medieval Ringwork in the manor of Tintwistle near Carrbrook, Stalybridge, England. The town centre itself is stituated along the banks of the river between Ridge Hill to the North and Hough Hill 801 feet (244. 17 m) to the south. Stalybridge Weather Stationis voluntarily manned and has been providing statistics since 1999.
With the demolition of mid-nineteenth century high density housing the population of the town declined over the course of the 20th century. At the 2001 census Stalybridge had a population of 22,568. The town includes the localities of Heyheads, Buckton Vale, Carrbrook, Millbrook, Brushes, Copley, Mottram Rise, Woodlands, Matley, Hough Hill, Castle Hall, Hollins, Hydes, Rassbottom, Waterloo, Cocker Hill, The Hague, Springs, Ridge Hill and Heyrod. Heyheads is the easternmost area of Stalybridge, England. The area includes the sixteenth century Grade II listed Nos 1 2 and 3 Moorgate Farmhouse and adjoining Carrbrook is an area in the east of Stalybridge, in Greater Manchester, England. Millbrook is a village near Stalybridge, northwest England. It is part of the Stalybridge South ward of Tameside Metropolitan "Paintbrush" redirects here For other uses see Paintbrush (disambiguation. Copley is an area of the town of Stalybridge, which lies at the foot of the Pennines, 8 miles east of Manchester in Greater Manchester, Matley is a semi-rural area of Greater Manchester, England. It is located in the metropolitan borough of Tameside between the towns of Stalybridge Heyrod is a small village in Greater Manchester, north west England.
|Population change in Stalybridge since 1823|
Much of the upland areas of the town are grouse moors. Grouse are a group of birds from the order Galliformes. Often considered a family Tetraonidae, the American Ornithologists' Union Moorland or moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas characterised by low growing vegetation on Acidic soils Boar Flat is part of the Dark Peak Site of Special Scientific Interest, as classified by Natural England. The Dark Peak is the higher wilder northern part of the Peak District in England. Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of the Sites Natural England is a Non-Departmental Public Body of the UK government.  The slopes below the moors, particularly beneath Harridge Pike, are used for sheep grazing by the hill farms. The Stalybridge Country Park centres on two areas. Firstly, the Brushes Valley, with its four reservoirs running up into the Pennine Moors, and secondly Carrbrook, lying in the shadow of Buckton Castle. Buckton Castle is a Medieval Ringwork in the manor of Tintwistle near Carrbrook, Stalybridge, England. Linking the two areas, although outside the Country Park boundaries, is a good rights of way network, and areas of designated access land which take visitors into the Tame Valley, Longdendale and the Peak District. The freedom to roam, or everyman's right is a term describing the general public's right to access certain public or privately owned land for recreation and Exercise Longdendale is a valley in the north west of England, north of Glossop and south east of Holmfirth. The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, lying mainly in northern Derbyshire, but also covering parts of Cheshire, Greater The country park affords views of the Cheshire Plain, Jodrell Bank and on very clear days the mountains of Snowdonia are visible. The Cheshire Plain is a flat Boulder clay plain situated entirely within Cheshire. The Jodrell Bank Observatory (originally the Jodrell Bank Experimental Station, then the Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories from 1966 to 1999 is an Observatory Snowdonia (Eryri is a region of North Wales and a National park of in area Buckton Castle and Stalybridge cairn, a round cairn, west of Hollingworthhall Moor are both Scheduled Ancient Monuments . A cairn ( carn in Irish is an artificial pile of stones often in a conical form In the United Kingdom, a Scheduled Monument is a 'nationally important' Archaeological site or historic building given protection against unauthorised change
The town's two parks are the main open spaces in the town centre. Cheetham Park was opened in June 1932 to a crowd of 15,000 people, the park was left to the town under the will of John Frederick Cheetham along with his house, Eastwood, and his collection of paintings which now form part of the Astley Cheetham Art Gallery collection. Rt Hon John Frederick Cheetham (1835 &ndash 25 February 1916) was born in Stalybridge, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Cheetham The park is landscaped informally with large areas of woodland. Adjacent to Cheetham's Park lies the Eastwood Nature Reserve. Eastwood was one of the first reserves to be owned by the RSPB. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds ( RSPB) is a British Charitable organisation which works to promote conservation and protection It is managed by Cheshire Wildlife Trust. The Cheshire Wildlife Trust is a wildlife trust covering the county of Cheshire, England.  The reserve is a cut-over, lowland, raised mire SSSI, surrounded by a woodland fringe. A Site of Special Scientific Interest or SSSI is a Conservation designation denoting a Protected area in the United Kingdom. Characteristic bog plants include sphagnum mosses, cotton grass and cross-leaved heath. Sphagnum is a Genus of between 151-350 species of Mosses commonly called peat moss, due to its prevalence in Peat bogs 9 species of dragonfly and damselfly have been recorded on the reserve along with the Green Hairstreak butterfly. The Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi is a Butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. The steep-sided broadleaved woodland is bisected by Acres Brook and has several old mill ponds. The geology is shale and sandstone, with a rich variety of plants and animals typical of woodland habitat on an acid soil. Access is from the A6018 Mottram Road. Car parking is available in the Stalybridge Celtic Football Club car park. Stalybridge Celtic are an English Semi-professional football club from Stalybridge, Greater Manchester in North West England The reserve occupies 4. 7 hectares (11. 6 acres).
Stamford Park is registered by English Heritage as being of special interest. English Heritage is a Non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government ( Department for Culture Media and Sport) with a broad remit of  In 1865, local mill owner Abel Harrison died and his home, Highfield House, and its extensive grounds, on the border with Ashton were bought by the two towns. Neighbouring land was donated by Harry Grey, 8th Earl of Stamford and Warrington and the whole area was landscaped to become Stamford Park. Earl of Stamford was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Henry Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Groby. The Park was opened by the earl on July 12, 1873. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The former mill reservoir known as Chadwick Dams was incorporated into the park in 1891. The reservoir was divided in two by an embankment, with the southern section becoming the present boating lake at which pedalos and rowing boats can be hired. The park contains a considerable area of woodland, dating back to the time when Stamford Park was the grounds to a house. This area includes waterfalls cascading over rock faces and gargoyles built into the bridges and walls. In Architecture, a gargoyle is a carved stone Grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building The park has tennis courts, putting greens,bowling greens, a children's playground, paddling pool and an animal corner with a variety of birds and animals. The park is the venue for the annual Tulip Sunday festival.
Stalybridge has an established musical tradition. The Stalybridge Old Band was formed in 1809 and was the first brass band in the world. A British-style brass band is a musical ensemble comprising a standardised range of brass and Percussion instruments. The band fled from the Peterloo Massacre of 1819. The Peterloo Massacre (or Battle of Peterloo) occurred at St Peter's Field Manchester, England on 16 August 1819 when cavalry charged into The band currently contests in the second section. There are five main brass band sections in Great Britain: Championship 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th Carrbrook Brass currently contests in the fourth section and represent the town annually at the Armentières festival. There are five main brass band sections in Great Britain: Championship 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th Armentières is a commune in the Nord department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France.
An annual brass band contest has been held on Whit Friday since at least 1870. Whit Friday, meaning White Friday, is the the name given to the first Friday after Pentecost or Whitsun (White Sunday Other contests have been held on the same day in the Stalybridge villages of Millbrook, Carrbrook and Heyrod. Millbrook is a village near Stalybridge, northwest England. It is part of the Stalybridge South ward of Tameside Metropolitan Carrbrook is an area in the east of Stalybridge, in Greater Manchester, England. Heyrod is a small village in Greater Manchester, north west England. There is now an established tradition of holding brass band contests on this day in various locations around Staybridge and Mossley and also in the villages of Saddleworth. Saddleworth is a Civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England Bands travel by coach from all over the United Kingdom and sometimes beyond to contest in as many locations as possible on the day.
The song It's a Long Way to Tipperary was written in Stalybridge in 1912 after composer Jack Judge was challenged by a friend to write, compose and produce a song in just one night. " It's a Long Way to Tipperary " is a British Music hall and marching Song written by Jack Judge and Harry Williams (Henry Jack Judge, (christened John born in Oldbury, Worcestershire in 1878 died 28 July 1938 West Bromwich) was a song-writer and music-hall entertainer best  On January 31, 1953 a memorial tablet was unveiled by Jack Hylton on the wall of the old Newmarket Tavern, where the song was composed. Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Jack Hylton ( 2 July 1895 &ndash 29 January 1965) was a British Band leader and Impresario. To coincide with the ceremony a wreath was laid on Jack Judge's grave by the mayor of Oldbury. Jack Judge is now also commemorated by a statue outside the Old Victoria Market Hall. 
More recently a live folk music tradition has developed in the town. The Buffet Bar Folk Club meets every Saturday at 9pm.  Some members of the Fivepenny Piece who sang traditional North Country music in the 1970s were from Stalybridge. The Fivepenny Piece are (as their name implies a five-piece band, originally formed in the area of East Lancashire around Ashton-under-Lyne and nearby  and the band performed songs such as Stalybridge Station and Stalybridge Market. They also took In Bowton's Yard, the work of local poet Samuel Laycock, and put it to music. Samuel Laycock (1826–1893 was a dialect Poet who recorded in verse the Vernacular of the Lancashire cotton workers
Built as a gift to the town of Stalybridge by John Frederick Cheetham and his wife Beatrice Astley, the Astley Cheetham Art Gallery originally opened to the public as a lecture theatre on 14th January 1901. Rt Hon John Frederick Cheetham (1835 &ndash 25 February 1916) was born in Stalybridge, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Cheetham The space was turned into a gallery to house the Astley Cheetham Collection, bequeathed in 1932. This collection has grown with gifts and donations throughout the twentieth century and is one of the most interesting small regional collections of 15th century Italian paintings. The collection of work by Italian old masters includes Portrait of a Young Man by Alessandro Allori. Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori ( May 3, 1535 - September 22, 1607) was an Italian portrait painter Also, British art of the 19th and 20th centuries is represented by artists such as John Linnell, Richard Parkes Bonington, George Price Boyce, Burne-Jones, Mark Gertler and Duncan Grant. John Sidney Linnell (born June 12, 1959, New York City, New York) musician is known primarily as one half of Brooklyn New York Richard Parkes Bonington ( 25 October 1802 - 23 September 1828) was an English Romantic landscape painter. George Price Boyce (1826–1897 was a British Watercolour painter of landscapes and Vernacular architecture in the Pre-Raphaelite style Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones 1st Baronet (28 August 1833 &ndash 17 June 1898 was an English Artist and Designer closely associated with the later Duncan James Corrowr Grant (21 January 1885 – 8 May 1978 was a Scottish painter and member of the Bloomsbury Group. Aske Hall by J. M. W. Turner is also part of the gallery's collection. Aske Hall is a Georgian country house, with parkland attributed to Capability Brown, 1 Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775 &ndash 19 December 1851 was an English Romantic landscape painter, Watercolourist and Alongside exhibitions of the collection, the gallery also hosts a programme of temporary exhibitions by regional artists.
During the earlier part of the 20th century, Stalybridge was artistically captured by the painter L. S. Lowry. Laurence Stephen Lowry (1 November 1887 – 23 February 1976 was an English Artist born on Barrett Street Stretford, Lancashire.  Some of his paintings were of the people of Stalybridge. Lowry continued painting pictures until his death in 1976. His house is marked with a blue plaque on Stalybridge Road, Mottram in Longdendale. In the United Kingdom, a blue plaque is a permanent sign installed in a public place to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person or event Mottram in Longdendale is a village in Longdendale, in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. There is also a statue of him, holding his sketch pad, cleverly positioned on a bench near the Stalybridge Road bus stop. Sheila Vaughan is a Stalybridge Artist working in oils and acrylic Her work and that of other Stalybridge artists such as Keith Taylor are displayed at The Peoples Gallery on Melbourne Street. 
As well as being described by Engels, Stalybridge was featured in Disraeli's Coningsby. Benjamin Disraeli 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (born Benjamin D'Israeli; 21 December 1804 &ndash 19 April 1881 was Coningsby, or The New Generation, is an English political novel by Benjamin Disraeli published in 1844 The children's author Beatrix Potter visited Gorse Hall many times as a child as it was the home of her maternal grandmother. 
Samuel Laycock (1826-1893) was a librarian at the Mechanics' Institute for two years. His poetry presents a vivid impression of mid 19th century, working class life and he drew on his personal experience in the cotton industry. His best-loved poems are 'Bowton's Yard' and 'Bonny Brid' - both written in Stalybridge. Tim Willocks, author of Bad City Blues, Green River Rising and Bloodstained Kings is from Stalybridge. Tim Willocks is a British doctor and Novelist. An experienced Psychiatrist, Willocks has worked for some years on the rehabilitation of the sufferers of 
Whit Friday is the name given to the first Friday after Whitsun in areas of northeast Cheshire, southeast Lancashire and the western fringes of Yorkshire. Whit Friday, meaning White Friday, is the the name given to the first Friday after Pentecost or Whitsun (White Sunday Whitsun ( Old English for "White Sunday" is the 49th day (seventh Sunday after Easter Sunday. The day has a cultural significance in Stalybridge as the date on which the annual Whit Walks were traditionally held. It is also the day on which the traditional annual Whit Friday Brass band contests are held.
The wakes were originally religious festivals that commemorated church dedications. The wakes week (or Wakes Week for specific usage is a Holiday period in parts of England and Scotland. Particularly important was the Rushcart festical associated with rogationtide. The rushcart ceremony according to "History and the Morris Dance" (2005 by John Cutting derives from Rogationtide. Rogation days are in the calendar of the Western Church four days traditionally set apart for solemn processions to invoke God's mercy During the Industrial Revolution the tradition of the wakes was adapted into a regular summer break in the mill towns of Lancashire, where each locality would nominate a Wakes Week during which the cotton mills would all close at the same time.  Stalybridge wakes occurs in the third week of July. Wakes week became the focus for fairs, and eventually for holidays where the mill workers would go to the seaside, eventually on the newly developing railways.
Stalybridge has the public house with the longest name in Britain – The Old Thirteenth Cheshire Astley Volunteer Rifleman Corps Inn – and also the one with shortest, Q.  The railway station is one of the last in Britain to retain its original buffet, the 1998 refurbishment of which won awards from CAMRA and English Heritage. The Campaign for Real Ale ( CAMRA) is an independent voluntary, Consumer organisation based in St Albans, England, whose main aim English Heritage is a Non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government ( Department for Culture Media and Sport) with a broad remit of 
The restoration of the canal between 1999 and 2001 attracted new commercial ventures such as riverside cafés and boat trips. The reopening of the canal and the fact that the Tame runs through the town centre resulted in the nickname Little Venice. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the  Stalybridge has in recent years, acquired another nickname, Stalyvegas, at first coined as a reaction to a council traffic management plan which included a large number of traffic lights surrounding the main shopping centre, making it difficult to access the shops, the nickname became popular and was used ironically after the controversial conversion of premises in the shopping area into nightclubs and bars, the proliferation of takeaways and the refurbishment of some of the more traditional pubs. Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally A nightclub (or "night club" or "club" is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark
The town's traditional foods include Tater Pie, a variation on Lancashire Hotpot, black peas, today mainly eaten on Whit Friday, and tripe. Lancashire hotpot is a culinary dish consisting essentially of Meat, Onion and Potatoes left to bake in the oven all day in a heavy pot and on a low heat Black peas, also called parched peas or maple peas, form a traditional Lancashire dish served often on or around Bonfire Night (5th November Whit Friday, meaning White Friday, is the the name given to the first Friday after Pentecost or Whitsun (White Sunday Tripe is a type of edible Offal from the Stomachs of various Domestic animals. Stalybridge is the location of the region's last remaining tripe shop. 
The Stalybridge Reporter weekly newspaper was established in 1855. With The North Cheshire Herald it now serves the wider district under the name The Tamesider Reporter. Its office, and that of The Glossop Chronicle is at Park House, Acres Lane. The weekly free newspaper The Tameside Advertiser was established in 1979 and is now owned by the Guardian Media Group and distributed throughout Stalybridge. Not to be confused with the Guardian Enterprise Group, an American media company (see. The town has been used for location shoots for various film and television series. The most notable of these was the John Schlesinger film Yanks which featured Richard Gere and was released in 1979. John Richard Schlesinger, CBE ( February 16, 1926 &ndash July 25, 2003) was an Academy Award -winning English Yanks is a 1979 John Schlesinger film set in World War II in the village of Dobcross, near Oldham, Lancashire Richard Tiffany Gere (born August 31, 1949) is a Golden Globe - and Screen Actors Guild Award -winning American Actor. The opening sequence of the film features Stalybridge war memorial on Trinity Street and the US army camp scenes were filmed at Stamford Golf Club in spring 1978 . In 1986 the BBC children's TV series Jossy's Giants was filmed in the town. Jossy's Giants was a children's footballing comedy drama that ran on BBC1 between 1986 & 1987 Scenes from Coronation Street, Making Out, Common As Muck and The League Of Gentlemen have also been shot there. Coronation Street (commonly known as 'Corrie' is an award-winning Soap opera created by Tony Warren In Human sexuality, making out is a sexual Euphemism of American origin dating back to at least 1949 Common As Muck was a BBC Comedy drama serial about the lives of a crew of binmen The League of Gentlemen is a quartet of British comedy writer/performers formed in 1995 by Jeremy Dyson, Mark Gatiss, Steve Pemberton The town lies in the BBC North West television region and the ITV Northwest England Region, the franchise for which is held by Granada Television. Independent Television (generally known as ITV) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters set up under the Independent Granada Television is the United Kingdom ITV contractor for North West England. In some northeastern parts of Stalybridge it is possible to pick up Yorkshire Television from the Emley Moor transmitter on UHF 47 (679. Yorkshire Television is the ITV contractor for the Yorkshire franchise Emley Moor is an area of Moorland in the village of Emley, in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England (national grid reference SE222128 25 MHz). The analogue transmission of Channel 5 is not available in all areas of the town.
The Cheshire Building Society and Yorkshire Building Society have branches in Stalybridge, as do Lloyds TSB, Natwest and Yorkshire banks. The Cheshire Building Society is a Building society based in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England. The Yorkshire Building Society is the third largest Building society in the UK, with its headquarters in Bradford, West Yorkshire, Lloyds TSB Group plc () is a leading British Financial institution with its Group Head office in London and its registered office National Westminster Bank Plc, or NatWest as it is commonly known is a Commercial bank in the United Kingdom which has been part of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Yorkshire Bank is a Commercial bank in England and Wales, a division of Clydesdale Bank, which in turn is a subsidiary of National Australia All branches are located on Melbourne Street. Viscount Melbourne, of Kilmore in the County of Cavan, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland held by the Lamb family  The General Post office is located on Trinity Street. The four sub Post Offices are Ridge Hill, Carrbrook, High Street and Mottram Road. Carrbrook is an area in the east of Stalybridge, in Greater Manchester, England. The Police Station is located on Waterloo Road but is open only during working hours on weekdays. The Fire Station is located on Rassbottom Street.
General practitioners' surgeries are Acres Lane Surgery, Acres Lane; Staveleigh Medical Centre, King Street; St Andrews House, Waterloo Road; Lockside Medical Centre, 85 Huddersfield Road and Grosvenor Medical Centre, Grosvenor Street. A general practitioner, or GP is a medical practitioner who provides Primary care and specializes in Family medicine.
The nearest point of access to the Motorway network is approximately 1 mile from the southern boundary of the town at junction 4 of the M67. The M67 is a five mile urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and The M67 is a feeder to the M60 Manchester orbital motorway. The M60 motorway is an orbital Motorway circling Greater Manchester, a Metropolitan county in North West England. The A635 A road passes through the town and the A6018 commences at Stalybridge. The A635 is a main road that runs between Manchester and Doncaster running east-west through Stalybridge, Saddleworth Moor, Holmfirth The Great Britain road numbering scheme is a Numbering system used to classify and identify all Roads in Great Britain. The B61675 and B6176 Huddersfield Road also pass through the town.
Stalybridge railway station is served by three lines, the Huddersfield Line to Manchester Victoria or Huddersfield, the TransPennine Express line to Manchester Piccadilly or Leeds and beyond, and the Stockport to Stalybridge Line, which is notable for its infrequent Parliamentary train gaining it popularity with trainspotters. Stalybridge railway station serves Stalybridge, Greater Manchester. The Huddersfield Line is the name given to one of the busiest rail services on the West Yorkshire MetroTrain network in northern England. Manchester Victoria station is the second of Manchester 's mainline railway stations Huddersfield ( is a large Market town within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England, 190 miles (306km north First TransPennine Express is a train operating company in the United Kingdom. Manchester Piccadilly station, known locally as just Piccadilly, is the principal railway station of Manchester in England. Leeds ( is located on the River Aire in West Yorkshire, England Closure Network Rail, in their Route Utilisation Strategy (RUS for the North West proposed closure of Reddish South and Denton stations and withdrawal of the remaining A Parliamentary train is nowadays a British English term for a train that operates a Parliamentary service - that is to say a token service to a given station thus A railfan or rail buff ( American English) railway enthusiast or railway buff ( Australian / British English) or (often  Stalybridge station is unusual in providing direct services to nine English cites: Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Wakefield, York, Hull, Middlesbrough, Durham and Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Liverpool ( is a City and Metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary Leeds ( is located on the River Aire in West Yorkshire, England Wakefield lies at the heart of the City of Wakefield, a Metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. York ( is an historic Walled city sited at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England. Kingston upon Hull ( almost invariably referred Middlesbrough ( IPA ( Received pronunciation) is a Town in the Tees Valley sub-region of the North East of England Durham (ˈdʌrəm in RP, locally ˈdʏrəm is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham, England Newcastle upon Tyne ( (often shortened to Newcastle) is a city and Metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England
The Huddersfield Narrow Canal is routed through Stalybridge. The Huddersfield Narrow Canal is an inland Waterway in northern England It is part of the South Pennine Ring and runs from the junction with the Huddersfield Broad Canal near Aspley Basin at Huddersfield to the junction with the Ashton Canal at Whitefields Basin in Ashton under Lyne. The South Pennine Ring is a Canal ring which crosses the Pennines between Manchester and Huddersfield. Aspley is an area to the south of Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England. The canal was completed in 1811, but was closed to navigation in 1951. It was reopened in 2001 and is now managed by British Waterways. British Waterways is the informal name of the British Waterways Board a Statutory corporation sponsored by the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs
From the end of the nineteenth century until 1909 the main football team in the town was Stalybridge Rovers. Stalybridge Rovers Football Club were an English football club from Stalybridge, Cheshire at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century The club reached the 1st round of the FA Cup in the 1900/1901 season and its players included Arthur Wharton and Herbert Chapman. Arthur Wharton (28 October 1865 &ndash 13 December 1930 is widely considered to be the first black professional association football player in the world Herbert Chapman ( January 19, 1878 – January 6, 1934) was an English Association football player and manager Today the town's team is Stalybridge Celtic, founded 1909. Stalybridge Celtic are an English Semi-professional football club from Stalybridge, Greater Manchester in North West England  They are one of four FIFA recognised teams to be called Celtic. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (French for International Federation of Association Football) Usually based in non-league football, they are presently members of the National Conference - North, in the sixth tier of English football. The Conference North (currently billed as Blue Square North for sponsorship reasons is a division of the Football Conference in England, taking its place 
There are two main cricket clubs in Stalybridge. Stayley Millbrook C. C. play in Millbrook and are members of the Saddleworth & District League. Saddleworth is a Civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England Stalybridge St Pauls C. C. play on Cheetham Hill Road, Dukinfield on the ground formerly used by the now defunct Stalybridge Cricket Club. They are members of the Cheshire League Pyramid. 
Stamford Golf Club on Huddersfield Road has an 18 hole course. The club was incorporated on Saturday 24th August 1901 and was named after the local landowner the Earl of Stamford. Earl of Stamford was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Henry Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Groby. It is a member of the Cheshire union of Golf Clubs. 
Priory Tennis Club is situated next to Cheetham's Park on Mottram Road. There are four astroturf courts, all with floodlights. The club is fully affiliated to the Cheshire branch of the Lawn Tennis Association. Cheshire (or archaically the County of Chester) is a county in North West England. The Lawn Tennis Association ( LTA) is the governing body of Tennis in Great Britain, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.  The Stalybridge Archery Club was founded in 1858 and is located close to The Priory. 
The local athletics club is East Cheshire Harriers which was founded in 1922 by an amalgamation of Dukinfield Harriers and Tintwistle Harriers. Th club headquarters were once in Stalybridge but their home is now the Richmond Park Stadium, Ashton-under-Lyne.
A snooker league is operated by The Stalybridge and District Snooker, Billiards and Whist League which has been in existence at least since 1910. Snooker is a Cue sport that is played on a large Baize -covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long The league starts around October each year and runs until May. 
There are two crown green bowling clubs in the town. Bowls (also known as Lawn Bowls or Lawn Bowling) is a precision Sport in which the goal is to roll slightly radially asymmetrical Balls One in Stamford park and one at Carrbrook village bowling green where there is also a petanque terrain. Pétanque (petɑ̃ːk in French is a form of Boules where the goal is while standing with the feet together in a small circle to throw metal balls as close as possible
In 1901 Joey Nutall, of Stalybridge, lowered the world swimming record for the quarter mile by 13 secs, his time being 5 min 38 secs. In the same year he asserted his right to the title of the champion swimmer of the world beating three competitors in the 600 yards championship race at Doncaster, and covered the distance in 6 min 30 secs. winning by a length and a half. His share of the spoil was £10, a cup, and two-thirds of the gate money. By 1901 Nutall had held the 500 yards world championship for over ten years. Stalybridge has a 25 metre 6 lane pool at Copley Recreation Centre which is home to the Stalybridge Amateur Swimming and Water Polo Club. 
Until the 18th century the Manor of Staley formed part of the parish of St Michael and All Angels, Mottram. St Michael and All Angels Church Mottram stands on Warhill overlooking the village of Mottram in Longdendale, Greater Manchester, England ( The first church to be built in Stalybridge was Old St George's church, Cocker hill which was consecrated by the Bishop of Chester on 25 July 1776. See also List of bishops of Chester The Bishop of Chester is the Ordinary of Events 285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler Year 1776 ( MDCCLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The church collapsed on 15 May 1778. Events 1252 - Pope Innocent IV issues the Papal bull Ad exstirpanda, which authorizes but also limits the Year 1778 ( MDCCLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or After the Industrial revolution, the rising population and the settlement of people from various parts of the country meant that Stalybridge became a centre for a wide range of denominations and sects. The history of these churches in the town is complex, with some churches having occupied many different sites. The influence of the churches in the town remained strong well into the twentieth century and formed part of the basis of Stalybridge's sense of identity.
The first Methodist chapel was erected in 1802 on the corner of Chapel Street and Rassbottom Street. . The Baptist chapel, King Street was opened by the Particular (Ebenezer) Baptists. This chapel was subsequently occupied by the Congregational Church on 3 October 1830. Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing Congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently Events 42 BC - First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's For the game see 1830 (board game. Year 1830 ( MDCCCXXX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display The Particular (Ebenezer) Baptists moved to a new chapel on Cross Leech Street on 28 October 1828. Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine The year 1828 ( MDCCCXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap
St George's is the parish church on the Lancashire side of the river in the Diocese of Manchester. The Diocese of Manchester is a Diocese of the Church of England in the Province of York. It is known as New St George's and its foundation stone was laid on 24 June 1840. Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place Year 1840 ( MDCCCXL) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year On the Cheshire side, the parish church of Holy Trinity and Christ Church, Diocese of Chester, is situated in the town centre on Trinity Street, beside the former market hall. The Diocese of Chester is a Church of England Diocese in the Province of York based in Chester, covering the county of Cheshire The foundation stone of the parish church of St Paul's, Staley was laid by Stapleton Stapleton-Cotton, 1st Viscount Combermere on 2 February 1838. Stapleton Stapleton-Cotton 1st Viscount Combermere GCB GCH KSI PC ( November 14 1773 &ndash 21 February Events 962 - Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor Year 1838 ( MDCCCXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common It is along with St James', Millbrook situated in the Diocese of Chester. Millbrook is a village near Stalybridge, northwest England. It is part of the Stalybridge South ward of Tameside Metropolitan The Diocese of Chester is a Church of England Diocese in the Province of York based in Chester, covering the county of Cheshire
There are two Roman Catholic parishes - St Peter's, Stalybridge, the foundation stone of which was laid on 8 June 1838 and St. Events 68 - The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba. 536 - St Silverius becomes Pope (probable Year 1838 ( MDCCCXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Raphael's, Millbrook. Both parishes are situated in the Diocese of Shrewsbury.
The octagonal Stalybridge Methodist Church on High Street opened in 1966
Stalybridge Congregational Church is to be found in a modern building on Baker Street. Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing Congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently Its original building, now demolished, was situated between Melbourne Street and Trinity Street.
The Unitarian Church on Forester Drive was established in 1870 and is part of the East Cheshire Union of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches.
Prior to 1910 primary education was provided by the church schools. Iin 1910 the borough opened its own school on Waterloo Road. In 1927, West Hill, a central school for boys was opened. The central school for girls opened in 1930. Until 1980 secondary modern education was provided schools in the town itself and grammar school education by Hyde Grammar School. For Roman Catholic pupils, grammar school education was provided by Harrytown, Romiley and Xaverian, Rusholme. Romiley is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England. Xaverian College is a Roman Catholic Sixth form college in the English city of Manchester. Catholic secondary modern education was available from 1963 at St Peter and St Paul, Dukinfield. In 1977 the Local Education Authority appealed to keep its Grammar Schools rather than be forced by the government to adopt a comprehensive system. The Lord of Appeal Lord Lane was personally critical of Fred Mulley, the Secretary of State for Education and Science for being "far from frank" about his reason for intervening in Tameside and joined in the judgment which found for Tameside and brought a halt to comprehensivisation. Geoffrey Dawson Lane Baron Lane AFC PC ( 17 July, 1918 &ndash 22 August, 2005) was a British Judge Frederick William Mulley Baron Mulley PC ( 3 July, 1918 – 15 March 1995) was a British Labour politician barrister-at-law However, following the election of a Labour council in 1980 the local grammar schools were abolished and all the secondary modern and grammar schools in Stalybridge, Hyde and Dukinfield became comprehensives.