|Nickname: The Queen City of the Ozarks|
Location in the state of Missouri
|- Total||73. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee Missouri has 114 counties and one Independent city. St Louis City is separate from St Greene County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. Christian County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. Year 1838 ( MDCCCXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 8 sq mi (191. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 1 km²)|
|- Land||73. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 2 sq mi (189. 5 km²)|
|- Water||0. 6 sq mi (1. 7 km²)|
|Elevation||1,299 ft (396 m)|
|- Density||2,072. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 0/sq mi (800. 0/km²)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|- Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0735864|
Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. The Central Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time ( UTC−6) and five hours during Daylight saving Areas using UTC−6 Single zone countries Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Daylight saving time ( DST The Central Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time ( UTC−6) and five hours during Daylight saving UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks The area code 417 serves southwestern Missouri including the principal cities of Springfield, Joplin, West Plains, Lamar, and Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout Christian County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. Greene County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee On July 1, 2006, its estimated population was 150,797, of whom 150,790 lived in Greene County and 7 lived in Christian County, making it the third largest city statewide. Greene County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. Christian County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. It is the county seat of Greene County. A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States.  The Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the counties of Christian, Dallas, Greene, Polk, and Webster. The Springfield Missouri Metropolitan Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of five counties in southwestern Missouri, anchored Dallas County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. Polk County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. As of 2000 the population was 26992 Webster County is a County located in the US state of Missouri. According to Forbes Magazine's list of "America's Wildest Weather Cities," Springfield is the city with the most varied weather in the nation. Forbes is an American Publishing and media company Its flagship publication Forbes magazine is published bi-weekly 
When Missouri became a state, most of its indigenous population was removed to reservations further west. Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee The number of settlers arriving in Southwest Missouri increased rapidly and the city of Springfield was founded 17 years after Missouri gained statehood.
During the American Civil War, Missouri was divided and a number of battles were fought in the Ozarks. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Springfield itself saw a short but violent clash in 1863. Disambiguation For the Battle of Springfield during the American Revolutionary War, see Battle of Springfield (Revolutionary War The Second Battle of Springfield
Following the Civil War, Springfield saw some growth from Westward expansion. In 1865 the first “quick draw” duel of Old West fame took place on the town square when Wild Bill Hickok killed Davis Tutt Jr. James Butler Hickok ( May 27, 1837 &ndash August 2, 1876) better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a figure in the American Old
The first train of the Atlantic-Pacific Railway, which became the St Louis-San Francisco Railway or "Frisco," arrived in 1870. This led to rapid growth and for many decades Springfield prospered as an important railway junction.
In 1906 a mob broke into the jail and lynched three black men accused of various crimes. Lynching is an Extrajudicial punishment meted out by a mob Lynching an enumerated Felony in some states in the United States, is defined by some The men were hung on the town square from a tower which held a replica of the Statue of Liberty. Liberty Enlightening the World (La liberté éclairant le monde commonly known as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté was presented In the immediate aftermath, two commemorative coins were minted celebrating the lynching.
The origin of the name Springfield remains unclear. Writing in 1883 the historian R. I. Holcombe states, "The town took its name from the circumstance of there being a spring under the hill, on the creek, while on top of the hill, where the principal portion of the town lay, there was a field. " He goes on to note, "This version of the origin of the name is disputed by the editor of the Springfield Express, Mr. J. G. Newbill, who, in the issue of his paper, November 11, 1881, says: 'It has been stated that this city got its name from the fact of a spring and field being near by just west of town. But such is not a correct version. When the authorized persons met and adopted the title of the "Future Great" of the Southwest, several of the earliest settlers had handed in their favorite names, among whom was Kindred Rose, who presented the winning name, "Springfield," in honor of his former home town, Springfield, Robertson county, Tennessee. Springfield is a city in Robertson County, Tennessee, United States. '"  The most common view is that the city was named for Springfield, Massachusetts. Springfield is a City in and the County seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. One story is that a man named James Wilson, who lived in the then unnamed city, offered free whiskey to everyone who would vote for naming it after his home town of Springfield, Massachusetts. 
Springfield's nickname is the "The Queen City. " It is also known as "The Cultural Center of the Ozarks. " The area formerly known as North Springfield was once known as Moon City. Springfield is also known as "The Birthplace of Route 66," due to its early connection with the designation of U.S. Route 66. US Route 66 in Missouri ran from downtown St Louis at the Mississippi River to the Kansas state line west of Joplin. A placard in Park Central Square was dedicated to the city by the Route 66 Association of Missouri for its prominent role in the birth of Route 66.
Springfield is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 73. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 8 square miles (191. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 1 km²), of which, 73. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 2 square miles (189. 5 km²) of it is land and 0. 6 square miles (1. 7 km²) of it (0. 87%) is water.(37. 195098, -93. 286213).
|Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures|
|Rec High °F||76||81||87||93||93||101||113||106||104||93||81||77|
|Norm High °F||41. 6||47. 7||57. 8||67. 7||75. 9||84. 6||89. 9||89. 5||81. 2||70. 6||56. 4||45. 5|
|Norm Low °F||21. 8||26. 4||34. 9||43. 6||53. 4||62. 2||67. 1||65. 6||57. 4||46. 1||35. 3||25. 9|
|Rec Low °F||-13||-17||-3||18||30||42||44||44||31||18||4||-16|
|Precip (in)||2. 11||2. 28||3. 82||4. 31||4. 57||5. 02||3. 56||3. 37||4. 83||3. 47||4. 46||3. 17|
|Source: USTravelWeather. com |
As of the census of 2000, there were 151,580 people, 64,691 households, and 35,709 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 2,072. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 0 people per square mile (800. 0/km²). There were 69,650 housing units at an average density of 952. 1/sq mi (367. 6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91. 69% White, 3. 27% African American, 0. 75% Native American, 1. 36% Asian, 0. 09% Pacific Islander, 0. 88% from other races, and 1. 95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. 31% of the population.
There were 64,691 households out of which 24. 0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40. 7% were married couples living together, 10. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44. 8% were non-families. 35. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 17 and the average family size was 2. 82.
In the city the population was spread out with 19. 9% under the age of 18, 17. 4% from 18 to 24, 28. 0% from 25 to 44, 19. 8% from 45 to 64, and 14. 9% are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92. 9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90. 0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,563, and the median income for a family was $38,114. Males had a median income of $27,778 versus $20,980 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,711. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 9. 9% of families and 15. 9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 1% of those under age 18 and 7. 9% of those age 65 or over.
In 2003, the city council of Springfield prohibited smoking in restaurants except for specific listed exceptions. 
In November 2004, voters turned down a plan to fund a new coal-fired power plant in the city. Many voters who were polled stated concerns about the pollution that a new coal power plant would cause. The power plant bond issue was again placed on the ballot for the residents within the city limits to decide in June, 2006, and was approved.
In August, 2005, Springfield announced plans to annex a large chunk of southeastern Greene County. Plans called, if necessary, to force the area into the city. The annexation was called off after an agreement was reached with Rogersville to the east which also filed to annex the same area. Rogersville is a city in Greene and Webster Counties in the U Annexation has become a controversial issue in recent years, causing a lawsuit with neighboring Brookline. Brookline is a former village in Greene County, Missouri, United States.
In November 2006, voters established a "bar ban" for anyone under 21. Those under 21 are (according to the bill) not allowed in any bar or restaurant that makes most of their profit by selling alcohol, after 9pm. This caused an uproar with the college students from Missouri State, Drury, and other schools, who pointed out that since most bars were strict on checking IDs, underage adults visited the bars to support local music and sober drive for older friends.
The public high schools in Springfield are Central High School, Kickapoo High School, Hillcrest High School, Parkview High School, and Glendale High School. Central High School is a High school located in downtown Springfield, Missouri. Kickapoo High School may refer to Kickapoo High School (Springfield Missouri Kickapoo High School (Viola Wisconsin Hillcrest High School is the name of several schools among them In New Zealand Hillcrest High School (New Zealand, in New Zealand Parkview High School may refer to Parkview High School (Lilburn Georgia, United States Parkview High School (Springfield Missouri, United Glendale High School can refer to Glendale High School (Glendale Arizona Glendale High School (Glendale California Glendale Private schools include Springfield Sudbury School and Greenwood Laboratory School. There are several private, Christian schools in Springfield as well, including New Covenant Academy, Springfield Lutheran School, Springfield Catholic High School, and Christian Schools of Springfield.
Colleges and universities located in Springfield include Missouri State University (until 2005 it was known as Southwest Missouri State University, or SMSU), Assemblies of God Theological Seminary, Baptist Bible College, Central Bible College, Drury University (known as Drury College until 2000) (which was attended by Bob Barker), Evangel University (until 2000 it was known as Evangel College, or EC), Forest Institute of Professional Psychology, Ozarks Technical Community College, St. Missouri State University is a State university located in Springfield, Missouri. The Assemblies of God Theological Seminary (AGTS is a Seminary located in Springfield, Missouri. Central Bible College is an Assemblies of God institution of higher learning located in Springfield Missouri. Drury University is a private Liberal arts college in Springfield Missouri. Robert William Barker (Born December 12 1923) is a nineteen-time Emmy Award -winning former American Television Game show Evangel University is a private Liberal arts University located in Springfield Missouri and has since its foundation been affiliated with the Ozarks Technical Community College (OTC is "the community's college" in Springfield Missouri, established by Springfield and thirteen surrounding public school districts John's College of Nursing and Health Sciences of Southwest Baptist University, Vatterott College, Everest College, Cox College (Nursing School), Webster University, and Bryan College. Southwest Baptist University (SBU is a private institute of higher education affiliated with the Missouri Baptist Convention which is part of the Southern Baptist Convention There are also three Cosmetology Schools, Academy of Hair Design, The System (A Paul Mitchel School) and Missouri College of Cosmetology (A Pivot Point School)
Springfield is headquarters for several national firms including:
Tourist destinations in the city include the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame, Bass Pro Shops, and Wilsons Creek National Battlefield. Bass Pro Shops (Outdoor World is a privately held sports equipment and Outdoor recreation goods store headquartered in Springfield Missouri. The Missouri Sports Hall of Fame in Springfield, Missouri, USA, showcases sports memorabilia of Missouri athletes and interactive displays Bass Pro Shops (Outdoor World is a privately held sports equipment and Outdoor recreation goods store headquartered in Springfield Missouri. Wilson's Creek National Battlefield at 6424 West Farm Road 182 near Republic Missouri, preserves the site of the Battle of Wilson's Creek.
Springfield is served by Interstate 44 which connects the city with St. Louis and Tulsa, Oklahoma. The Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque (often known locally as "the Shrine Mosque" or simply "the Shrine" is a building of arabesque design located in downtown The Gillioz Theatre was built by M E Gillioz of Monett Missouri The 562-foot Jefferson Avenue Footbridge in Springfield Missouri, built in 1902 it allows pedestrians to cross 13 sets of railroad tracks Trainwatching Landers Theatre in Springfield Missouri was built in 1909 and is the oldest and largest civic theatre operation in Missouri. Springfield National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the city of Springfield, in Greene County Missouri. Stone Chapel is the oldest stone structure in Springfield Missouri. Wilson's Creek National Battlefield at 6424 West Farm Road 182 near Republic Missouri, preserves the site of the Battle of Wilson's Creek. Interstate 44 runs northeast through the state of Missouri, from the Oklahoma state line near Joplin to Interstate 55. U.S. Route 60, U.S. Route 65, and U.S. Route 160 pass through the city, and formerly U.S. Route 66 and U.S. Route 166 also passed through the city. For the US Route 60 in the 1925 plan see US Route 66. US Route 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2670 Miles US Route 65 is a north-south United States highway in the southern and midwestern United States. US Route 160 is a 1465 mile (2358 km long east-west United States highway in the Midwestern United States. US Route 66 in Missouri ran from downtown St Louis at the Mississippi River to the Kansas state line west of Joplin. US Route 166 is an 166 mile east-west United States highway. This route and US 266 are the only two remaining children of historic U Portions of the historic US 66 can still be seen in portions of the city. US 166's eastern terminus was once located in the northeast section of the city, and US 60 originally ended (westbound) in downtown Springfield. US 60 now goes through town on James River Freeway. James River Freeway is a fourteen mile-long Freeway located largely on the south side of Springfield Missouri. Route 13 carries traffic north towards Kansas City. Route 13 is a highway in Missouri which runs almost the entire north-south length of the state Kansas City Missouri only Items for the metro area Kansas City Kansas or North Kansas City MO should go on their respective pages Major streets include Glenstone Avenue, Sunshine Street, National Avenue, Campbell Avenue, Kansas Expressway, Battlefield Road, Republic Road, West Bypass, Chestnut Expressway, and Kearney Street. Springfield also has public transportation operated by City Utilities that serves most areas inside the city limits in its fleet of biodiesel-fueled busses.
The Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway has a major hub operation in Springfield. The BNSF Railway headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining Transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in Mainlines to and from Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis and Tulsa converge at the railroad's yard facility in the north part of the city. The Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad also operates several miles of (former Missouri Pacific) industrial trackage within the city. The Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad is a Class III Short-line railroad headquartered in Carthage Missouri. The Missouri Pacific Railroad ( MoPac; AAR Reporting mark MP) was one of the First railroads in the United States west of the Springfield was once home to the headquarters and main shops of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railroad (Frisco). The St Louis-San Francisco Railway, also known as the Frisco, is a defunct U The Frisco was absorbed by the Burlington Northern in 1980. The Burlington Northern Railroad was a United States -based Railroad company operating between 1970 and 1996 The BN subsequently merged with the Santa Fe in 1994, creating the current Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway. The BNSF Railway headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining Transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in
65-plus freight trains travel to, from, and through the city each day. In October 2006, BNSF announced plans to upgrade its Tulsa and Memphis mainlines into Springfield to handle an additional four to six daily intermodal trains between the West Coast and the Southeast. Passenger trains have not served Springfield since 1967. However, in 2006 the Missouri Department of Transportation and Amtrak began studying the possibility of restoring service to the city from St. The Missouri Department of Transportation ( MoDOT) is a state government organization in charge of maintaining public roadways of the U The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 Louis. The proposed service would utilize the current BNSF "Cuba Subdivision" mainline between the two cities via Rolla.
Springfield-Branson National Airport serves the city. Springfield-Branson National Airport, formerly Springfield-Greene County Airport, Springfield Municipal Airport and Springfield-Branson Regional Airport It is the principal air gateway to Springfield and Branson. Branson is a city in Stone and Taney counties in the US state of Missouri.
History of the University (6 Dec. 2006). Retrieved on 2006-12-18. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 218 BC - Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal 's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the