Space technology is technology that is related to entering space, maintaining and using systems during spaceflight and returning people and things from space. Technology is a broad concept that deals with a Species ' usage and knowledge of Tools and Crafts and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt Outer space, often simply called space, comprises the relatively empty regions of the Universe outside the escape velocities of Celestial bodies. Spaceflight is the use of Space technology to fly a Spacecraft into and through Outer space.
Space technology has a huge impact on the everyday lives of people; and something as simple as checking the weather or watching satellite television or receiving a parcel guided by satellite, it touches most people's lives on any given day.
Earth is such an alien environment that attempting to work with it requires new techniques and knowledge. New technologies originating with or accelerated by space-related endeavors are often subsequently exploited in other economic activities. This has been widely pointed to as beneficial by space advocates and enthusiasts favoring the investment of public funds in space activities and programs. Political opponents counter that it would be far cheaper to develop specific technologies directly if they are beneficial and scoff at this justification for public expenditures on space-related research.
Technologies such as weather station satellites and GPS systems, satellite television, and some long distance communications systems critically rely on space infrastructure and these technologies touch the vast majority of lives in the Western world and very many people elsewhere, every single day.
Computers and telemetry were once leading edge technologies that might have been considered "space technology" because of their criticality to boosters and spacecraft. Telemetry (synonymous with Telematics) is a Technology that allows the remote measurement and reporting of Information of interest to the system designer They existed prior to the Space Race of the Cold War but their development was vastly accelerated to meet the needs of the two major superpowers' space programs. The Space Race was a competition of space exploration between the Soviet Union and the United States, which lasted roughly from 1957 to 1975 Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the While still used today in spacecraft and missiles, the more prosaic applications such as remote monitoring (via telemetry) of patients, water plants, highway conditions, etc. and the widespread use of computers far surpasses their space applications in quantity and variety of application.
Specific space technologies
- Ablative heat shield
- Aerobot (Planetary probe suspended in atmosphere. An aerobot is an aerial robot usually used in the context of an unmanned space probe While work has been done since the 1960s on robot " rovers quot to explore )
- Atmospheric braking
- Booster See also ICBM
- Human staffed missions
- Interplanetary Internet
- Isolation chamber
- Launch pad
- Real time
- Rocket sled
- Spacecraft propulsion
- Space probe
- Aerobot (Planetary probe suspended in atmosphere. Aerobraking is a Spaceflight maneuver that reduces the high point of an Elliptical orbit ( Apoapsis) by flying the vehicle through the Atmosphere In Spaceflight, a booster may be either an entire Launch vehicle or "launcher" used to lift a Spacecraft. A centrifuge is a piece of equipment generally driven by a motor that puts an object in Rotation around a fixed axis, applying a force perpendicular to the axis In Rocketry, a gantry is a Service tower, a multistory frame which encloses a rocket at its Launch pad, containing elevators and staircases that enable A human spaceflight is a Spaceflight with a human crew, and possibly passengers The Interplanetary Internet, as presently conceived is a set of floating nodes in space which can communicate with each other A launch pad is the area and facilities where rockets or spacecrafts liftoff A rocket or rocket vehicle is a Missile, Aircraft or other Vehicle which obtains Thrust by the reaction of the A rocket sled is a test platform that slides along a set of rails propelled by Rockets They were used extensively by the United States early in the Cold War A rover is a Space exploration vehicle designed to move across the surface of a Planet or other Astronomical body. The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV or lunar rover was a type of surface exploration rover used on the Moon during the Apollo program. Mars rover is a Spacecraft which propels itself across the surface of Mars after landing. This article is about artificial satellites For natural satellites also known as moons see Natural satellite. A communications satellite (sometimes abbreviated to comsat) is an artificial Satellite stationed in space for the purposes of Telecommunications. Earth observation satellites are Satellites specifically designed to observe Earth from Orbit, similar to Reconnaissance satellites but intended Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS is the standard generic term for satellite navigation systems that provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning with global coverage A space observatory is any instrument in Outer space which is used for observation of distant planets galaxies and other outer space objects Satellite television is Television delivered by the means of Communications satellites as compared to conventional Terrestrial television and Cable A communications satellite (sometimes abbreviated to comsat) is an artificial Satellite stationed in space for the purposes of Telecommunications. A weather satellite is a type of Satellite that is primarily used to monitor the Weather and Climate of the Earth. A spacecraft is a Vehicle or machine designed for Spaceflight. Spacecraft propulsion is any method used to change the velocity of Spacecraft and artificial Satellites There are many different methods A space probe is a scientific Space exploration mission in which a Robotic spacecraft leaves the Gravity well of Earth and approaches the An aerobot is an aerial robot usually used in the context of an unmanned space probe While work has been done since the 1960s on robot " rovers quot to explore )
- Space shuttle
- Space station
- Space suit
- Space capsule
Future space technologies
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- Race2Space.org - Advancing the Privatization of Space Travel 2006, Race2Space, in partnership with the X Prize foundation, is seeking sponsorship in order to support the privatization of space travel, research, and exploration for the upcoming Lunar Landing Challenge Contestants October 2006. NASA 's Space Shuttle, officially called the Space Transportation System ( STS) is the Spacecraft currently used by the United States A space station is an artificial structure designed for Humans to live in Outer space. A space suit is a complex system of Garments equipment and environmental systems designed to keep a person alive and comfortable in the harsh environment of outer space A space capsule is an often manned Spacecraft which has a simple shape for the main section without any wings or other features to create lift during Atmospheric reentry Splashdown is the method of landing a spacecraft by Parachute in a body of water Telemetry (synonymous with Telematics) is a Technology that allows the remote measurement and reporting of Information of interest to the system designer Raw resources and minerals could be mined from an Asteroid in space using a variety of methods A solar power satellite, or SPS or Powersat, as originally proposed would be a Satellite built in High Earth orbit that uses Microwave A single-stage-to-orbit (or SSTO) vehicle reaches Orbit from the surface of a body without jettisoning hardware expending only propellants and fluids A space elevator is a proposed structure designed to transport Material from a celestial body 's Surface into space. Space manufacturing is the production of Manufactured goods in an environment outside a Planetary atmosphere. The Centennial Challenges are NASA Space competition Prize Contests for non-government-funded technological achievements by American The exploration of Mars has been an important part of the Space exploration programs of the Soviet Union (later Russia) the United A human spaceflight is a Spaceflight with a human crew, and possibly passengers History First orbital flights The first successful orbital launch was of the Soviet unmanned Sputnik Space colonization (also called space settlement, space humanization, Space habitation, etc This Timeline of artificial Satellites and Space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators observatories lunar probes and interplanetary "
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