The Southern Uplands is the southernmost of Scotland's three major geographic areas (the others being the Central Belt and the Highlands). Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The Central Belt of Scotland is a common term used to describe the area of highest population density within Scotland The Scottish Highlands ( Scottish Gaelic: A' Ghàidhealtachd, Scots: Hielans) include the rugged and Mountainous They lie South of the Southern Uplands fault line that runs from Girvan on the Ayrshire coast in the West to Dunbar in East Lothian on the North Sea coast. Girvan is a Burgh in Carrick, South Ayrshire, Scotland, with a population of about 8000 people Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir ʃir̴əxg̊ iɲiɾʲˈaːɾʲ is a Registration county, and former administrative county in south-west Scotland, Dunbar is a town in East Lothian on the southeast coast of Scotland, approximately 30 miles east of Edinburgh and 28 miles from the English Border East Lothian ( Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 Unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. The North Sea is a marginal, Epeiric sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European Continental shelf. The Southern Uplands is the least populated of the 3 major Scottish geographic areas.
The Southern Uplands are a range of hills almost 200 kilometres (125 miles) long, interspersed with broad valleys.
The Southern Uplands includes among others the cross border Cheviot Hills shared with the Pennines that form the "backbone of England". The Cheviot Hills are a range of rolling hills straddling the England / Scotland border between Northumberland and the Scottish Borders. The Pennines are a low-rising Mountain range in Northern England and southern Scotland. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The Southern Uplands and Pennines are of a similar size both in terms of area covered and height. Although the summits are not as high as many in the Scottish Highlands (Ben Nevis and Ben Macdui both rise 1300 m above sea level) nor other famous mountain regions, the Southern Uplands is remote and mountainous, containing about 120 marilyns. Ben Nevis ( Gaelic: Beinn Nibheis, peˈɲivəʃ is the highest mountain in the British Isles. Ben Macdui, also spelled Ben Macdhui and Ben MacDui ( Gaelic: Beinn Mac Duibh) is the highest Mountain in the Cairngorms A Marilyn is a type of Mountain or Hill in Great Britain, Ireland or surrounding islands with a relative height of at least 150 metres
Some of the more notable peaks in the Southern Uplands include:-
A number of rivers run through the Southern Uplands. Merrick ( Gaelic: Mearaig) is the highest Mountain in the Southern Uplands of southern Scotland and is part of the Range Broad Law is the second highest Hill in the wide expanse of hill country in Southern Scotland, the Southern Uplands, and the highest for 30 miles The Cheviot is the highest summit in the Cheviot Hills in the far north of England, only 2 km from the Scottish border Corserine is the highest point of the Rhinns of Kells range in the Southern Uplands of southern Scotland. Cairnsmore of Fleet is a Mountain in the Scottish Lowlands, on the edges of Galloway Forest Park. For the drink see Tinto de verano. Tinto is a hill in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. These include the:-
There are numerous lochs in the Southern Uplands such as:-
Large areas of the Southern Uplands are covered with forests such as:-
The nearest international passenger airports are:-
There are 4 railway lines that pass through the Southern Uplands all in a North South direction. For the river in southwestern Ontario see Nith River. The River Nith (Abhainn Nid is the seventh longest river in Scotland The River Annan ( Uisge Annan in Gaelic is a River in southwest Scotland. The River Esk is a river in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, that flows into the Solway Firth. There are other rivers with this name see Tweed River The River Tweed ( Uisge Thuaidh in Gaelic (156 kilometres or long flows primarily through the The River Clyde ( Gaelic: Abhainn Chluaidh, avɪɲˈxɫ̪uəj is a major River in Scotland. A loch (usually Lough as a name element outside Scotland) is a body of Water which is either a Lake or Loch Ken is 9-mile long freshwater Loch in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Loch Trool is a body of water in Galloway, south-west Scotland lying in the valley of Glen Trool Loch Ettrick is a body of water near Thornhill and Ae, Dumfries and Galloway, in the Southern Uplands of Scotland. St Mary's Loch is the largest natural Loch in the Scottish Borders Region and is situated about 72 km south of Edinburgh on the A708 The Forest of Ae is located between Nithsdale and Annandale in Dumfries and Galloway in south-west Scotland. Mabie is a collection of Mountain biking routes located in Dumfries and Galloway, southwest Scotland. Galloway Forest Park is a woodland park operated by the Scottish Forestry Commission, principally covering woodland in Dumfries and Galloway. Glasgow Prestwick Airport (Port-adhair Ghlaschu Phreastabhaig is an International airport serving Glasgow, situated north of the town of Prestwick Edinburgh Airport is located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the busiest Airport in Scotland in 2007 handling 9047558 passengers These are:-
There are a number of primary roads for travelling through the Southern Uplands. Stranraer ( Gaelic: An t-Sròn Reamhar, ən̴̪ t̪ɾɔːn ɾãũ Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom Girvan is a Burgh in Carrick, South Ayrshire, Scotland, with a population of about 8000 people Kilmarnock (Cill Meàrnaig locally known as Killie) is a large Burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland, with a population of 44170 Carlisle (pronounced CARLYLE(emphasis on the first syllable is a City in northern England the largest settlement in Cumbria. Dumfries (dəmˈfriːs is a town and former Royal burgh within the Dumfries and Galloway council area of Scotland and is situated close to the Edinburgh ( ˈɛdɪnb(ərə Dùn Èideann) is the Capital of Scotland and is its second largest city after Glasgow. Lockerbie ( Scottish Gaelic: Logarbaidh) is a town in the Dumfries and Galloway region of south-western Scotland. Berwick-upon-Tweed ( ˈbɛrɪk- ( Scots: Berwick or historically South Berwick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost Newcastle upon Tyne ( (often shortened to Newcastle) is a city and Metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England These generally travel in a North South direction with the most notable exception being the A75. The most significant of these roads is the M74. The M74 is the only motorway connecting Scotland and England. These roads include
The Southern Uplands comprises primarily (but not exclusively) of 2 regions (ie Scottish local government council areas):-
The largest town in the Southern Uplands is Dumfries. Moffat is a former Burgh and Spa town in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, lying on the River Annan, with a population of around The Devil's Beef Tub is a deep dramatic hollow in the hills north of the Scottish town of Moffat. Hawick ( ˈhɔɪk is a town in the Scottish Borders in the south east of Scotland. Galashiels is a Burgh in the Scottish Borders, on the Gala Water river The Scottish Borders, often referred to simply as the Borders, is one of 32 local government council areas of Scotland. Jedburgh (Referred to locally Jeddart or Jethart is a town and former Royal burgh in the Scottish Borders and historically in Roxburghshire. Newcastle upon Tyne ( (often shortened to Newcastle) is a city and Metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England Cairnryan is a small Scottish Village overlooking Loch Ryan and is notable today for its large modern ferry port which opened in 1973 originally operated Belfast ( is the capital city of Northern Ireland and the seat of government in Northern Ireland. Larne (&mdashthe domain of a Viking chieftain is a substantial seaport and industrial Town on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of Dumfries and Galloway ( Gaelic: Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh, d̪̊unˈfɾʲiʃ aɡ̊əs̪ əŋ ɡ̊auɫ̪ɣəɫ̪əv is one of 32 council areas The Scottish Borders, often referred to simply as the Borders, is one of 32 local government council areas of Scotland. The largest town in the Scottish Borders is Hawick. Hawick ( ˈhɔɪk is a town in the Scottish Borders in the south east of Scotland.
There are numerous walks through the Southern Uplands.  These include the Southern Upland Way, a 212 mile (340 km) coast to coast walk between Portpatrick in the west and Cockburnspath in the east. Opened in 1984, the Southern Upland Way is a coast to coast walk in Scotland between Portpatrick in the west and Cockburnspath in the east Portpatrick ( Gd Port Phàdraig) is a village hanging on to the extreme south-westerly tip of mainland Scotland, cut into a cleft in steep cliffs Cockburnspath lies near the North Sea coast between Berwick-upon-Tweed and Edinburgh in Scotland.