- "Social welfare" redirects here. For other uses see Welfare
A social welfare provision refers to any program which seeks to provide a minimum level of income, service or other support for unproductive peoples such as the poor, elderly, disabled, students, unpaid workers such as mothers and other caregivers. Social welfare programs are undertaken by governments as well as non-governmental organizations (NGO's). For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. Social welfare payments and services are typically provided at the expense of taxpayers generally, funded by benefactors, or by compulsory enrollment of the poor themselves. A benefactor is a person who gives some form of help to benefit a person group or organization (the Beneficiary, often gifting a monetary contribution in the form of an Welfare payments can take the form of in-kind transfers (e. g. , health care services) or cash (e. g. , earned income tax credit). Examples of social welfare services include the following:
- Compulsory superannuation savings programs. A pension is a steady income given to a person upon Retirement, typically in the form of a guaranteed annuity.
- Compulsory social insurance programs, often based on income, to pay for the social welfare service being provided. These are often incorporated into the taxation system and may be inseparable from income tax.
- Pensions or other financial aid, including social security and tax relief, to those with low incomes or inability to meet basic living costs, especially those who are raising children, elderly, unemployed, injured, sick or disabled. A pension is a steady income given to a person upon Retirement, typically in the form of a guaranteed annuity. Social security primarily refers to a Social insurance program providing social protection or protection against socially recognized conditions including poverty old
- Free or low cost nursing, medical and hospital care for those who are sick, injured or unable to care for themselves. This may also include free antenatal and postnatal care. Services may be provided in the community or a medical facility.
- Free or low cost public education for all children, and financial aid, sometimes as a scholarship or pension, sometimes in the form of a suspensory loan, to students attending academic institutions or undertaking vocational training. Public education is education mandated for or offered to the children of the general public by the Government, whether national regional or local provided by an institution Student financial aid refers to funding intended to help students pay education expenses including Tuition and fees Room and board, books and supplies etc
- The state may also fund or operate social work and community based organizations that provide services that benefit disadvantaged people in the community.
- Welfare money paid to persons, from a government, who are in need of financial assistance but who are unable to work for pay. Welfare is financial assistance paid to people by governments Wage labour is the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer in which the worker sells their labour under a Contract ( Employment
Police, criminal courts, prisons, and other parts of the justice system are not generally considered part of the social welfare system, while child protection services are. Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force Criminal justice is the system of practices and organizations used by national and local governments directed at maintaining Social control, deterring A prison, penitentiary, or correctional facility is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned and usually deprived of a range of There are close links between social welfare and justice systems as instruments of social control (see carrot and stick). The three major legal systems of the world today consist of civil law, Common law and Religious law. Carrot and stick (also spelled "carrot-and-stick" is an Idiom that refers to a policy of offering a reward for making progress towards benchmarks or goals but Those involved in the social welfare system are generally treated much like those in the justice system. Assistance given to those in the justice system is more about allowing an individual to receive fair treatment rather than social welfare. While being involved in the justice system often excludes an individual from social welfare assistance, those exiting the justice system, such as released prisoners, and families of those involved in the justice system are often eligible for social welfare assistance because of increased needs and increased risk of recidivism if the assistance is not provided. Recidivism ( IPA: /ɹɪˈsɪdɪvɪzm̩/ From recidive + ism, from Latin recidīvus "recurring" from re- In some countries, improvements in social welfare services have been justified by savings being made in the justice system, as well as personal healthcare and legal costs.
States or nations that provide social welfare programs are often identified as having a welfare state. This article refers specifically to the Welfare state of the United Kingdom. In such countries, access to social welfare services is often considered a basic and inalienable right to those in need. In many cases these are considered natural rights, and indeed that position is borne out by the UN Convention on Social and Economic Rights and other treaty documents. Accordingly, many people refer to welfare within a context of social justice, making an analogy to rights of fair treatment or restraint in criminal justice. Social justice, sometimes called civil justice, refers to the concept of a Society in which Justice is achieved in every aspect of society rather than Criminal justice is the system of practices and organizations used by national and local governments directed at maintaining Social control, deterring
- National Council of Welfare, Canada (2006). Affordable housing is a term used to describe dwelling units whose total housing costs are deemed " affordable " to a group of people within a specified The Canada Pension Plan ( CPP) is a contributory earnings-related Social insurance program Corporate welfare is a term describing a government's bestowal of money grants tax breaks, or other special favorable treatment on Corporations or select corporations A disability pension is a form of Pension given to those people who are permanently or temporarily unable to work due to a Disability. Folkhemmet (the people's home is a political concept that played an important role in the history of the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Swedish Welfare Government spending or government expenditure is classified by economists into three main types Guaranteed minimum income (GMI is a proposed system of Social welfare provision that guarantees that all Citizens or families have an income sufficient Income Support is an Income -related means-tested benefit in the United Kingdom for people who are on a low income The National Health Service is the name commonly used to refer to the four Publicly-funded healthcare systems of the United Kingdom collectively or individually (although A pauper's oath is a sworn statement or Oath by a person that he or she is completely destitute or a pauper, i Social insurance is any Government -sponsored program with the following four characteristics the benefits eligibility requirements and other aspects of the program The social safety net is a term used to describe a collection of services provided by The state, such as welfare, Unemployment benefit, Universal healthcare Social security primarily refers to a Social insurance program providing social protection or protection against socially recognized conditions including poverty old Social work is a discipline involving the application of Social theory and research methods to study and improve the lives of people groups and societies Subsidised housing (aka social housing) is government supported accommodation for people with low to moderate incomes This article refers specifically to the Welfare state of the United Kingdom. Welfare Incomes 2005 Report (Summer 2006). Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada. Retrieved on 2006-09-09. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1000 - Battle of Svolder, Viking Age. 1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian
- "welfare". Encyclopædia Britannica. (2006). Oxford: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. .
- Barak Y. Orbach (2006). Unwelcome Benefits: Why Welfare Beneficiaries Reject Government Aid?. Law and Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice.
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