|Shark fin soup|
|Shark fin soup|
|Literal meaning:||Fish fin|
Shark fin soup (or shark's fin soup) is a Cantonese cuisine delicacy commonly served as part of a Chinese feast, usually at special occasions such as weddings and banquets as a symbol of wealth and prestige. Cantonese ( Yue) cuisine comes from Guangdong Province in Southern China, or specifically from Guangzhou (Canton Chinese cuisine ( Traditional Chinese: 中國菜 Simplified Chinese: 中国菜 originated from the various regions of China and has become widespread in A wedding is the Ceremony in which two people are united in Marriage. Wealth derives from the old English word "weal" which means "well-being The "finning" of sharks required to make this soup has been highly controversial. Sharks ( Superorder Selachimorpha) are a type of Fish with a full cartilaginous Skeleton and a highly streamlined body Some have called the practice brutal, and it is also named as a primary contributing factor in the global decline of many shark species.  China's booming economy has resulted in a large increase in demand for shark fins, and this, combined with the importance of this predator in oceanic ecosystems, has exacerbated the problems that the practice is said to perpetuate. 
Genuine shark fin soup or stew is made with shark fins obtained from any of a variety of shark species. Sharks ( Superorder Selachimorpha) are a type of Fish with a full cartilaginous Skeleton and a highly streamlined body Shark classification Sharks belong to the superorder Selachimorpha in the subclass Elasmobranchii in the class Chondrichthyes. In Biology, a species is one of the basic units of Biological classification and a Taxonomic rank. Raw shark fins are processed by first removing the skin, trimming them to shape, and thoroughly drying them. They may be bleached with hydrogen peroxide before drying to make their colour more appealing. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2 is a very pale blue liquid which appears colorless in a dilute solution slightly more Viscous than water Shark fins are the cartilaginous pectoral and dorsal fins of a shark. Cartilage is a type of dense Connective tissue. It is composed of specialized cells called chondrocytes that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix The Anatomy of Fish is primarily governed by the physical characteristics of Water, which is much denser than air holds a relatively small amount of dissolved A dorsal fin is a Fin located on the backs of some Fishes Whales Dolphins and Porpoises as well as the (extinct Sharks' fins are sold in two forms - frozen and dried. Both need to be softened before they can be used to prepare soup. The frozen form is ready to use as it has been prepared and therefore only requires about an hour of soaking. There are two types of the dried form, skinned (shredded) and whole, which require more preparation. 
Shark fins, in common with other costly east Asian delicacies such as Bird's nest soup and sea cucumber, have very little flavor of their own. Bird's nest soup is a delicacy in Chinese cuisine. A few species of swift, the cave swifts, are renowned for building the saliva nests used to Hoi sam is the name given to Sea cucumber or Sea slugs when used as an ingredient in a number of Chinese cuisines Most cultures in East  Their appeal lies more in their texture and their ability to absorb flavors from other soup ingredients, and also for the simple fact of their expense and supposed "rarity", as with many luxury goods. In Economics, a luxury good is a good for which Demand increases more than proportionally as income rises in contrast to a "necessity good" 
There is an imitation version that is usually sold in cans that may be labelled as shark fin soup; it sells for around USD$1. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been 50 per bowl and does not contain shark fins, but is instead made of mung bean vermicelli shaped to resemble shark fins. Cellophane noodles (also known as Chinese vermicelli, bean threads, bean thread noodles, or glass noodles) are a type of transparent Asian noodle It is not equivalent to genuine shark fin soup in either texture or colour. It is commonly served in chicken broth, with mushrooms and pork to enhance the texture and taste.
Shark fin soup is a popular delicacy in China, and is eaten in Chinese restaurants around the world.  A survey carried out in China in 2006 by WildAid and the Chinese Wildlife Conservation Association found that 35% of participants said they had consumed shark fin soup in the last year, while 83% of participants in an online survey conducted by the World Wide Fund for Nature, said that they had consumed shark fin soup at some time. WildAid is an international 501(c3 NGO whose mission is to end the illegal wildlife trade  In Hong Kong restaurants, where the market has traditionally been strong, demand from Hong Kong natives has reportedly dropped, but this has been more than balanced by an increase in demand from the Chinese mainland, as the economic growth of China has put this expensive delicacy within the reach of a growing middle class. Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders  Based on information gathered from the Hong Kong trade in fins, the market is estimated to be growing by 5% a year.  The high price of the soup means that is often used as a way to impress guests or at celebrations, 58% of those questioned in the WWF survey said they ate the soup at a celebration or gathering. 
A third of all fins imported to Hong Kong come from Europe.  Spain is by far the largest supplier, providing between 2000 and 5000 metric tonnes a year.  Norway supplies 39 metric tonnes, but Britain, France, Portugal and Italy are also major suppliers.  Hong Kong handles at least 50% and possibly up to 80% of the world trade in shark fin, with the major suppliers being Europe, Taiwan, Indonesia, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, United States, Yemen, India, Japan, and Mexico. Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. Singapore The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Yemen ( Arabic: اليَمَن al-Yaman officially the Republic of Yemen ( Arabic: الجمهورية اليمنية al-Jumhuuriyya India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. 
According to wildlife conservationists, much of the trade in sharks' fins is derived from fins cut from living sharks; this process is called finning. "Conservation Biology" redirects here For the Scientific journal, see Conservation Biology (journal.  Because shark meat is worth much less, the finless and often still-living sharks are thrown back into the sea to make room on board the ship for more of the valuable fins.  When returned to the ocean, the finless sharks, unable to move, either die from suffocation or are consumed by other sharks or animals. An ocean (from Greek, ''Okeanos'' (Oceanus) is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the Hydrosphere.
However, according to Giam Choo Hoo, the longest serving member of the CITES Animals Committee, "The perception that it is common practice to kill sharks for only their fins - and to cut them off whilst the sharks are still alive - is wrong. CITES (the United Nations Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments drafted . . . The vast majority of fins in the market are taken from sharks after their death. " However, this discounting of an international phenomenon is facile and refuted through extensive examination of fin sourcing and fisheries data as reported by Dr. Shelly Clarke in Ecology Letters. The first real-data study of sharks harvested for their valuable fins estimates that between 26 million and 73 million sharks are killed each year worldwide, three times higher than was reported originally by the United Nations, according to a paper published as the cover story in the October 2006 edition of Ecology Letters.
Finning of living sharks on an industrial scale does occur and has been witnessed and photographed within the protected marine area of Costa Rica's Cocos Island National Park by the crew of the conservation vessel Ocean Warrior.  The practice is featured in the documentary Sharks: Stewards of the Reef. which contains footage from W. Australian waters and Central America and also examines the cultural, financial and ecological impacts of shark finning. This incident was also recorded by underwater photographer Richard Merritt who has witnessed finning of living sharks in Indonesia where he saw the immobile finless sharks lying still alive on the sea bed under the fishing boat.  Finning has been witnessed and filmed within a protected marine area in the Raja Ampat islands of Indonesia. 
Finning is vigorously opposed by animal welfare groups; both on moral grounds and also because it is listed as one of the causes for the rapid decline of global shark populations. Animal welfare refers to the viewpoint that it is morally acceptable for humans to use nonhuman animals for food in animal research, as clothing and in entertainment In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology  On the IUCN red list there are 39 species of elasmobranches (sharks and rays) listed as threatened species (Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List) created in 1963 is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global Organisms with a conservation status of critically endangered have an extremely high risk of becoming extinct An endangered species is a population of an organism which is at risk of becoming Extinct because it is either few in numbers or threatened by changing environmental or predation A vulnerable species is a Species which is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances threatening its survival and reproduction improve  The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) lists three sharks in Appendix II: the basking shark, the great white shark and the whale shark. The basking shark, Cetorhinus maximus, is the second largest Fish, after the Whale shark. The great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, also known as white pointer, white shark, or white death, is an exceptionally large lamniform The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a slow filter feeding Shark that is the largest living Fish Species. Appendix II lists those species that are not in danger of extinction, but which require controls on international trade to maintain their populations. It is estimated that 10–100 million sharks are slaughtered each year for their fins, with a median figure of 38 million.  The industry is valued at US$1. 2 billion; because of the lucrative profits, there are allegations of links to organized crime.  They also raise questions on the medical harm from the consumption of high levels of toxic mercury reportedly found in shark fins.
Numbers of some shark species have dropped as much as 80% over the last 50 years.  Some organizations claim that shark fishing or bycatch (the unintentional capture of species by other fisheries) is the reason for the decline in the populations of some species and that the market for fins has very little impact - bycatch accounts for an estimated 50% of all sharks taken - others that the market for shark fin soup is the main reason for the decline.  Tommy Cheung, the legislator representing Hong Kong's catering sector, said: "I don't believe sharks are an endangered species. Some species of shark may be, but not all shark's fin comes from certain species. There are a lot of species that are plentiful. " Since many countries do not allow shark finning there is no reliable count for the numbers taken in the shark fin trade and thus it is hard to prove the claims on either side of the argument.  Sharks are caught for their fins and meat all over the world.
According to Giam's article, "sharks are caught virtually all parts of the world. Despite the strongly declared objectives of the Fisheries Commission in Brussels, there are very few restrictions on fishing for sharks in European waters. The meat of dogfishes, smoothhounds, catsharks, skates and rays is in high demand by European consumers. . . The situation in Canada and the United States is similar: the blue shark is sought after as a sport fish while the porbeagle, mako and spiny dogfish are part of the commercial fishery. . . the truth is this: Sharks will continue to be caught and killed on a wide scale by the more organized and sophisticated fishing nations. . . targeting shark's fin soup will not stop this accidental catch. The fins from these catches will be thrown away or turned into animal feed and fertilizers if shark's fin soup is shunned. "
New laws have been passed to prevent finning; though much of the international waters continue to be unregulated. International waterways Several international treaties have established freedom of navigation on semi-enclosed seas The United States recently issued a ban on finning, applicable only to U. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the S. -registered vessels, even in U. S. territorial waters; and shark fins cannot be imported into the USA without entire carcasses. International fishing authorities are in the process of banning shark fishing (and finning) in the Atlantic ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Finning is banned in the Eastern Pacific, but shark fishing and finning continues unabated in the rest of the Pacific and Indian ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's Oceanic divisions covering about 20% of the water on the Earth 's surface 
Hong Kong Disneyland dropped the dish from its wedding banquet menu after international pressure from environmental groups, who threatened to boycott its parks worldwide despite the high demand for the delicacy in China. Hong Kong Disneyland ( is the first Theme park inside the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort and is owned and managed by the Hong Kong International Theme Parks  The University of Hong Kong has banned shark fin being served on campus.  97% of respondents in the WWF Seafood Awareness survey said if fish species were threatened they would stop eating them (39%) or reduce the amount they ate (58%). 
NBA All-Star Yao Ming pledged to stop eating shark fin soup at a news conference on August 2, 2006. Yao Ming ( born September 12 1980 is a Professional basketball player who plays for the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association (NBA Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Yao's comments were largely unreported in the Chinese media and drew a reproach from Chinese seafood industry associations. Ironically, one of the items on Yao Ming's wedding dinner menu was shark fin soup.  Australian naturalist Steve Irwin was known to walk out of Chinese restaurants if he saw shark fin soup on the menu. Stephen Robert Irwin (22 February 1962 – 4 September 2006 known simply as Steve Irwin and Nicknamed " The Crocodile Hunter " was an iconic  US basketball player Tracy McGrady reportedly said that he was impressed by the soup when he tried it for the first time, but was criticized by the Hong Kong branch of the WWF for his remark. Tracy Lamar McGrady Jr (born May 24 1979 in Bartow Florida) is an American professional Basketball player currently positioned at starting  The Chinese-American chef, Ken Hom, sees double standards from the West, with little being done to protect stocks of cod and caviar-producing sturgeon while there is outcry over shark-finning, but he also stresses the wastefulness of harvesting only the fins. Ken Hom (born May 3, 1949 in Tucson Arizona, United States) is a notable Chinese American Chef, author and television Cod is the common name for the Genus Gadus of Fish, belonging to the family Gadidae, and is also used in the common name of a variety Caviar is the processed, Salted Roe of certain species of Fish, most notably the Sturgeon ( black caviar) and the Sturgeon is the Common name used for some 26 species of fish in the family Acipenseridae, including the genera Acipenser, 
On September 15, 2007, Malaysia's Natural Resources and Environment Ministry Azmi Khalid banned shark's fin soup from official function menus as commitment to the Malaysian Nature Society (for conservation of sharks species). Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and Azmi Khalid is currently the Malaysian minister of Natural Resources & Environment as of 2006. An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it in an Organisation or In a Restaurant, a menu is a printed brochure or public display that shows the list of options for a diner to select Malaysian Nature Society (MNS Persatuan Pencinta Alam Malaysia in Malay) is one of the most prominent environmental Not for profit, Non-governmental "Conservation Biology" redirects here For the Scientific journal, see Conservation Biology (journal. In Biology, a species is one of the basic units of Biological classification and a Taxonomic rank.