The Senate House of the University of London
|Client||University of London|
|Construction Start Date||1932|
Senate House, the administrative centre of the University of London that formerly encorporated the School of Slavonic and Eastern European Studies (now a part of University College London), lies in the heart of Bloomsbury between the School of Oriental and African Studies to the north, with the British Museum to the south. The University of London is a university based primarily in London, England, UK. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Charles Henry Holden (12 May 1875 - 1 May 1960 was an English architect best known for his designs of some of the 1920s and 1930s stations on the London Underground railway The University of London is a university based primarily in London, England, UK. Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939 affecting the decorative arts such as Architecture, Interior design, and Industrial The University of London is a university based primarily in London, England, UK. The UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies ( SSEES) is the largest national centre in the UK for the study of Central, Eastern University College London ( UCL) is a multi-faculty university institution based in the United Kingdom and a constituent college of the University of London Bloomsbury is an area of central London in the south of the London Borough of Camden, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into The School of Oriental and African Studies (commonly abbreviated to " SOAS " pronounced (so as or (so az is a constituent college of the University of The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London.
The main building contains the administrative offices of the University of London, including the offices of the Chancellor of the University, as well as the entire collection of the Senate House Library. Senate House, the administrative centre of the University of London, lies in the heart of Bloomsbury between the School of Oriental and African Studies The building consists of 19 floors and is 210 feet (64 m) high. The main entrance is from Malet Street to the west and the rear entrance from Russell Square to the east. Malet Street is a street in Bloomsbury ( WC1) in the London Borough of Camden. Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden.
The fourth to the nineteenth floors of the building accommodate Senate House Library (formerly known as the University of London Library), which is open to staff and students of all colleges within the university and contains material relevant chiefly to arts and social science subjects.
The library is administered by the central university as part the University of London Research Library Services and in 2005 had over 32,000 registered users. A library is a collection of information sources resources and services and the structure in which it is housed it is organized for use and maintained by a public body an institution The University of London Research Library Services (ULRLS is a group of libraries together comprising an extensive research collection across the Social science and It is the second largest library in London, outside that of the British Library, less than one mile to the North. The library holds around three million volumes, including an impressive 120,000 volumes printed before 1851.  The Library’s history goes back to the official foundation of the University of London in 1836 but it really began life in 1871 when a bookfund was started.
Along with a subscription to over 5200 Journals, other resources include the Goldsmiths' Library of Economic Literature and the Palaeography room, the largest public collection in Europe of books relating to the study of western manuscripts. Palaeography, palæography ( British) or paleography ( American) (from the Greek grc παλαιός palaiós, A manuscript is any Document that is Written by hand as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way The library also holds over 170,000 theses by Graduate students.
The Library is also home to the University of London archives, which include the archive of the central University itself and many other collections, including the papers of:
After the First World War the University of London, then based at the Imperial Institute in Kensington was in urgent need of new office and teaching space to allow for its growth and expansion. Charles Booth ( 30 March 1840 - 23 November 1916) was an English Philanthropist and social researcher Thomas Sturge Moore ( March 4, 1870 – July 18, 1944) was an English poet author and artist Founded in 1898 by Gerald Duckworth, Duckworth is an independent British publisher Harry Price ( January 17, 1881 – March 29, 1948) was a British psychic researcher and author Florence Beatrice Emery ( Née) Farr (7 July 1860— 29 April 1917) was a British West End leading actress composer and director Opal Whiteley ( December 11, 1897 — February 16, 1992) was a nature writer and Diarist whose childhood journal was first Herbert Spencer ( April 27, 1820 – December 8, 1903) was an English Philosopher; prominent classical liberal World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross. In 1921 the government bought eleven acres (4. 4 ha) of land there from the Duke of Bedford to provide a new site for the University. However many within the university were opposed to a move, and in 1926 the Duke of Bedford bought back the land. The election of William Beveridge however to the post of Vice-Chancellor of the University in June 1926 was highly significant in that Beveridge supported a move to Bloomsbury. Beveridge persuaded the Rockefeller Foundation to donate £400,000 to the University and the original site was reacquired in 1927. The Rockefeller Foundation (RF is a prominent Philanthropic organization and Private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue New York City.
The grand Art Deco design was the work of architect Charles Holden, who was appointed as architect in February 1931. Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939 affecting the decorative arts such as Architecture, Interior design, and Industrial Charles Henry Holden (12 May 1875 - 1 May 1960 was an English architect best known for his designs of some of the 1920s and 1930s stations on the London Underground railway The construction, which was undertaken by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts began in 1932, and King George V laid the ceremonial foundation stone on 26 June 1933. Holland Hannen & Cubitts was a major building firm responsible for many of the great buildings of London. The building was completed five years later in 1937.
The structure is often considered to be London's second skyscraper, following 55 Broadway, the headquarters of London Underground, which was also the work of Charles Holden and is in effect its sister building. The University of London is a university based primarily in London, England, UK. 55 Broadway is a notable building overlooking Saint James's Park in London. The London Underground is a Metro system serving a large part of Greater London and neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire Its impressive size hailed the start of what was to be the largest seat of learning in the world; the original plans, however, detailed a building three times its original size, extending from the British Museum to the Octagon of University College London. The Main Building of University College London, includes the Octagon Quad Cloisters Main Library Flaxman Gallery and the Wilkins building University College London ( UCL) is a multi-faculty university institution based in the United Kingdom and a constituent college of the University of London A lack of funding and the onset of the Second World War deterred the original plans. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including A model of the full scheme can be seen today on the first floor.
During the 1930s Oswald Mosley, leader of the British Union of Fascists, intended to house Parliament in the building in the event of his taking power. Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley 6th Baronet (16 November 1896 &ndash 3 December 1980 was a British Politician, known principally as the founder of the British The British Union of Fascists (BUF was a Political party in the United Kingdom formed in 1932 by a Labour government minister and former MP The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories Hitler also intended it as his headquarters in London after the invasion of Britain - this may be truth or 'urban legend' . Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe was Germany's plan to invade the United Kingdom during World War II, beginning in 1940 An urban legend or urban myth is a form of modern Folklore consisting of stories thought to be factual by those circulating them An alternative theory is that as the second tallest building in central London, after St. Paul's Cathedral, Senate House was spared by the Luftwaffe as it provided a useful landmark for pilots navigating their way to the East End during the Blitz. ( German 'luftvafe is a generic German term for an Air force. The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941 in World War II.
At the outbreak of the Second World War, Senate House became home to the Ministry of Information offices, as the library was transported out of London, to avoid being destroyed by the Luftwaffe. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Minister of Information is a British government position that was created briefly during the First World War and again during the Second World
Senate House remains a prominent landmark throughout Bloomsbury and is visible from some distance away. The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is the tallest (its height is) Ferris wheel in Europe, and has become the most popular paid tourist The building continues to be home to the Vice-Chancellor of the University of London and is the home of the University library. In late 2005 most of the university administrative offices moved to the adjacent building, Stewart House (32 Russell Square). As of 2006 the future of the Grade II listed Senate House is being greatly discussed, as both the role of the University of London is under debate, as is the Bloomsbury area. It is likely that Senate House will remain a leading academic library serving the growing academic community of Bloomsbury. 
It is thought that the move of the Ministry of Information in the Second World War may have been a source of inspiration for the Ministry of Truth buildings in George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. The Minister of Information is a British government position that was created briefly during the First World War and again during the Second World World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Ministry of Truth (or Minitrue, in Newspeak) is one of the four ministries that govern Oceania in George Orwell 's novel Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950 who used the Pseudonym George Orwell, was an English writer Nineteen Eighty-Four (also titled 1984) by George Orwell (the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair) is a 1949 English Novel Also, a library office there may have been the inspiration for Room 101 in that novel's Ministry of Love. Room 101 is a place introduced in the Novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell. The Ministry of Love (or Miniluv in Newspeak) is one of the four ministries that govern Oceania in George Orwell 's novel Senate House is also popular with the film and television industries as a shooting location: