|Sea of Japan|
Map showing the location of the Sea of Japan.
|English: Japan Sea|
|North Korean name|
|English: Korea East Sea|
|South Korean name|
|English: East Sea|
|English: Japanese Sea|
The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, bordered by Japan, Korea and Russia and is referred to in South Korea as the East Sea. are the Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese logographic writing system along with Hiragana (ひらがな 平仮名 Katakana is a Japanese Syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with Katakana and Kanji; the Latin alphabet The is named after James Curtis Hepburn, who used it to transcribe the sounds of the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet in the third edition of his Japanese–English English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language Romanization systems along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language Romanization system in South Korea. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language Romanization system in South Korea. McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language Romanization systems along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The modern Russian alphabet is a variant of the Cyrillic alphabet. The Romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic alphabet and English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A marginal sea is a part of an ocean partially enclosed by land such as Islands Archipelagos or Peninsulas Unlike mediterranean The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː  Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure. Characteristics A tide is a repeated cycle of sea level changes in the following stages Over several hours the water rises or advances up a beach in the flood 
The Sea of Japan is bound by the Russian mainland and Sakhalin island to the north, the Korean Peninsula to the west, and the Japanese islands of Hokkaidō, Honshū, and Kyūshū to the east. Sakhalin (Сахали́н səxʌˈlʲin Japanese:nihongo|樺太|karafuto or; Chinese: 庫頁 Kùyè also Saghalien, is a large elongated Physical geography See also Geography of North Korea, Geography of South Korea Mountains cover 70 percent of the Korean Peninsula and arable plains are For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines --> formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japan 's or Honshu is the largest Island of Japan. The nation's main island, it is south of Hokkaidō across the Tsugaru Strait, north of or Kyushu is the third-largest Island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.
It is connected to other seas by five shallow straits: the Strait of Tartary between the Asian mainland and Sakhalin; La Perouse Strait between the islands of Sakhalin and Hokkaidō; the Tsugaru Strait between the islands of Hokkaidō and Honshū; the Kanmon Straits between the islands of Honshū and Kyūshū; and the Korea Strait (genkainada) between the Korean Peninsula and the island of Kyūshū. A strait is a narrow navigable Channel of water that connects two larger navigable bodies of water Strait of Tartary ( Gulf of Tartary, Gulf of Tatary, Tatar Strait, Tartar Strait, Strait of Tartar, also Chinese 韃靼海峽 La Pérouse Strait is a Strait dividing the southern part of the Russian island of Sakhalin (Karafuto from the northern part of the Japanese island is a channel between Honshū and Hokkaidō in northern Japan connecting the Sea of Japan with the Pacific Ocean. The Kanmon Straits (関門海峡 Kanmon Kaikyō or the Straits of Shimonoseki is the stretch of water separating two of Japan 's four main islands The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan (East Sea in Physical geography See also Geography of North Korea, Geography of South Korea Mountains cover 70 percent of the Korean Peninsula and arable plains are The Korea Strait is composed of the Western Channel and the Tsushima Strait, on either side of Tsushima Island. also known as the Tsu Shima Strait or Tsu-Shima Strait) is the eastern channel of the Korea Strait, which lies between Korea and Japan, connecting Tsushima (対馬 Tsushima) are islands of the Japanese Archipelago situated in the middle of Korea Strait at 34°25'N and 129°20'E
The sea has three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast; the Japan Basin in the north; and the Tsushima Basin (Ulleung Basin) in the southwest. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Mean sea level (MSL is the average (mean height of the Sea, with reference to a suitable reference surface Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of Hydrologically an oceanic basin may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by Seawater, but geologically ocean basins are large geologic basins The ( Ulleung Basin in Korea is an Oceanic basin located where the Sea of Japan (East Sea meets the Korea Strait. The Japan Basin has the deepest areas of the sea, while the Tsushima Basin has the shallowest. This article is about the body of water For other uses see SEA and Seas.
On the eastern shores, the continental shelves of the sea are wide, but on the western shores, particularly along the Korean coast, they are narrow, averaging about 30 kilometres wide. The continental shelf is the extended perimeter of each Continent and associated Coastal plain, which is covered during interglacial periods such
The Tsushima Warm Current, a branch of Kuroshio Current, flows northward through the Korea Strait along the Japanese shore, and the Liman Cold Current flows southward through the Strait of Tartary along the Russian shore.
The Sea of Japan was once a landlocked sea when the land bridge of East Asia existed. A landlocked country is commonly defined as one enclosed or nearly enclosed by land A land bridge, in Biogeography, is an Isthmus or other land connection between otherwise separate areas which allows Animals and Plants 
The areas in the north and the southeast are rich fishing grounds. is a city located in Shimane, Japan. Izumo is known for Izumo Soba noodles and the Izumo Taisha Shinto shrine. For the computer security term see Phishing. Fishing is the activity of catching Fish. The importance of the fishery in the sea is well illustrated by the dispute between South Korea and Japan over Liancourt Rocks. A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more States or over the possession or control of land by one state after it has conquered The sea is also important for its mineral deposits, particularly magnetite sands. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition a highly ordered atomic structure and specific Magnetite is not to be confused with Magnesite or Maghemite. Magnetite is a ferrimagnetic Mineral with chemical There are also believed to be natural gas and petroleum fields. Natural gas is a Gaseous Fossil fuel consisting primarily of Methane but including significant quantities of Ethane, Propane, Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit With the growth of East Asian economies, the Sea of Japan has become an increasingly important commercial waterway.
The last documented observation of the Japanese Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus japonicus) was a sighting of 50 or 60 individuals on Liancourt Rocks in 1951. Japanese Sea Lion ( Zalophus japonicus) is thought to have become Extinct in the 1950s These animals bred in flat, open, sandy beaches and were indigenous to the Northwest Pacific shores of Japan and the Korean Peninsula. Hunted to extinction by fishermen, there is some disagreement as to whether the Japanese Sea Lion were a distinct species or a subspecies of the California Sea Lion. The California Sea Lion ( Zalophus californianus) is a coastal Sea lion of the northern Pacific Ocean. 
The name of the water is disputed. While Sea of Japan is the commonly used term to refer to the sea amongst most other countries, both North Korea and South Korea have advocated for different names to be used, either instead of or concurrent with "Sea of Japan". North Korea proposes the "East Sea of Korea" while South Korea proposes the "East Sea", or the "Sea of Korea/Korean Sea"  As a result of Korean objections to the name "Sea of Japan", some English-language publications refer to it as "Sea of Japan (East Sea)", incorporating a version of the Korean name. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States 
On August 27, 2007, both Korean states made proposals to the Ninth Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names instituted by the United Nations, asking for the official adoption of their respective preferred names. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The conference made no decision on the issue but called on all parties to find a commonly accepted solution. The chairman of the session stated that "individual countries could not impose specific names on the international community and standardization could only be promoted when a consensus existed".  In practice, this meant that UN institutions would continue to use the name "Sea of Japan".