|City of Scottsdale, Arizona|
|Nickname: "The West's Most Western Town"|
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA
|- Mayor||Mary Manross (D)|
|- Total||184. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Maricopa County (ˌmɛɹɨˈkoʊ̪pə is located in the central part of the U The State of Arizona ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically The State of Arizona ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. This is a list of counties in Arizona. There are 15 counties in the U Maricopa County (ˌmɛɹɨˈkoʊ̪pə is located in the central part of the U A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 2 sq mi (477. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 7 km²)|
|- Land||184. To help compare different Orders of magnitude and geographical regions we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km² 0 sq mi (477. 1 km²)|
|- Water||0. 2 sq mi (0. 6 km²)|
|Elevation||1,257 ft (380 m)|
|- Density||1,305. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 2/sq mi (503. 3/km²)|
|Time zone||MST (no DST) (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0011029|
Scottsdale (O'odham Vaṣai S-vaṣonĭ; Yaqui Eskatel) is a city in the eastern part of Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, adjacent to Phoenix. The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-7) during the shortest days of autumn Daylight saving time ( DST UTC−7 can be observed in Mountain Standard Time Zone Pacific Daylight Time Zone Canada A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks ImageArea_code_AZpng|right|Map of Arizona area codes in blue (and border statespoly 0 0 73 58 14 59 14 100 0 90 Area code 775 poly 73 58 68 92 64 92 58 88 48 88 51 125 Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout O'odham (/ɔʔɔdham/ is an Uto-Aztecan language of southern Arizona and northern Sonora where the Tohono O'odham and Pima reside Yaqui ( Yoem Noki) or Yoeme, is a Native American language of the Uto-Aztecan family Maricopa County (ˌmɛɹɨˈkoʊ̪pə is located in the central part of the U The State of Arizona ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Phoenix (ˈfiːˌnɪks O'odham Skikik, Yavapai Wasinka, Western Apache Fiinigis, Navajo Hoozdo, Scottsdale is regarded as an upscale tourist and shopping destination and as a representation of western American style. The Western United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American West or simply the West &mdashtraditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost The New York Times described downtown Scottsdale as "a desert version of Miami's South Beach" and as having "plenty of late night partying and a buzzing hotel scene. This article is about the section of Miami Beach known as South Beach " It is bordered to the east by Phoenix and Paradise Valley, to the north by Carefree, to the south by Tempe, and to the west by Fountain Hills and the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. Phoenix (ˈfiːˌnɪks O'odham Skikik, Yavapai Wasinka, Western Apache Fiinigis, Navajo Hoozdo, Paradise Valley is a prestigious Affluent town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Carefree is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. Tempe (tɛmpiː Oidbaḍ in Pima) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2007 population of 174091 Fountain Hills is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates the population of the town is 24669 The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community is comprised of two distinct Native American tribes the Pima (Akimel O'odham and the Maricopa (Piipaash
According to the 2007 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 240,410. 
Scottsdale was originally inhabited by Hohokam. Hohokam (ho-ho-KAHM From circa 300 BC to 1400 AD, this ancient civilization farmed the area and built some of the most ingenious irrigation canals the world has ever known. Events By place Egypt Pyrrhus, the King of Epirus, is taken as a hostage to Egypt after the Battle of Ipsus Irrigation is an artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops The name Hohokam translates as "vanished," as the civilization mysteriously disappeared without a trace.
Before European settlement, Scottsdale was a Pima village known as Vaṣai Svaṣonĭ, meaning "rotting hay. The European peoples are the various Nations and Ethnic groups of Europe. The Akimel O'odham or Pima are a group of American Indians living in an area consisting of what is now central and Southern Arizona ( USA " Some Pima remained in their original homes well into the 20th century. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on For example, until the late 1960s, there was a still-occupied traditional dwelling on the southeast corner of Indian Bend Road and Hayden Road. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 By now, however, all Pima have either moved into modern homes within Scottsdale, primarily residing in South Scottsdale, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, or elsewhere. The Akimel O'odham or Pima are a group of American Indians living in an area consisting of what is now central and Southern Arizona ( USA The Maricopa, or Piipaash, are a Native American Ethnic group who live in the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community and Gila
The Hohokam's legacy is their creation of more than 125 miles (200 km) of canals to provide water for their agricultural needs. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways The remnants of this ancient irrigation system were adapted and improved upon in 1868 by the first Anglo company to stake a claim in the Valley of the Sun, when Jack Swilling set up the Swilling Irrigation Canal Company. Year 1868 ( MDCCCLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap The term Anglo is used as a prefix to indicate a relation to the Angles, England or the English people, as in the phrases ' Anglo-Saxon ' ' The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a Metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of John W "Jack" Swilling ( April 1, 1830 &ndash August 12, 1878) founded the city of Phoenix, Arizona, in Twenty years later, Scottsdale's future would turn sharply upwards, when a U.S. Army Chaplain, Winfield Scott, paid the paltry sum of $2. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. 50 an acre for a 640 acre stretch of land where the city is now located. Winfield's brother, George Washington Scott, was the first resident of the town that was then known as Orangedale and later changed to Scottsdale in 1894. George Washington Scott ( February 22, 1829 &ndash October 3, 1903) was a noted Florida businessman Plantation owner Year 1894 ( MDCCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
In 1937, internationally renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright set up his "winter camp" at the foot of the McDowell Mountains, creating what is now known as Taliesin West. Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8 1867 &ndash April 9 1959 was an American (of Welsh descent Architect, Interior designer, Writer, and educator who The McDowell Mountain Range is located about twenty miles north-east of Phoenix Arizona, and may be seen from most places throughout the city Taliesin West was architect Frank Lloyd Wright 's winter home and school in the desert from 1937 until his death in 1959 at the age of 91 Scottsdale, and the rest of Phoenix, have seen an everlasting influence from Frank Lloyd Wright. Many buildings throughout the region were designed by the famous architect. Today, a Frank Lloyd Wright memorial stands in North Scottsdale and a major street bears his name.
From the 1950s through the 1970s, several large manufacturing companies in the Scottsdale and Tempe areas used the solvent trichloroethylene (TCE) in their manufacturing and operating processes. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. Tempe (tɛmpiː Oidbaḍ in Pima) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2007 population of 174091 A solvent is a liquid or gas that dissolves a solid liquid or gaseous Solute, resulting in a Solution. The Chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated Hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial Solvent.  In 1981, TCE began to show up in two Scottsdale drinking wells, and in 1983, the Indian Bend Wash superfund site was listed on the Environmental Protection Agency's National Priorities List. Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 The Indian Bend Wash area is a Superfund cleanup site in Scottsdale and Tempe Arizona.  Physical construction of cleanup systems was completed by 2006, with soil cleanup expected to be completed in five years and groundwater cleanup completed in 30 years. Soil, often typeset as SOiL, is a four piece rock band from Chicago Illinois United States founded by Shaun Glass Tom Schofield Tim King and Adam Zadel Groundwater is Water located beneath the Ground surface in Soil pore spaces and in the Fractures of lithologic formations 
Real estate development had begun in what is now the Old Town area, and moved south. With Phoenix bordering the west and an Indian reservation bordering the east, the town (which is now the long, narrow, extreme southern portion of Scottsdale) developed its narrow shape, stopped by Tempe in the south, and an enormous privately owned ranch, McCormick Ranch to the north. McCormick Ranch, located in Scottsdale Arizona, can today be recognized as one of the largest planned residential communities in Arizona Indian Bend Wash, a rarely flowing river (completely dry otherwise), bisected the city lengthwise, and the normally dry riverbed carried a significant river of water during what were supposed to be rare periods of heavy rains, so called "99 year floods", flowing into the long dammed up Salt River. As the city was home to mostly lower middle class suburbanites, there was no money for bridges over such a rarely running, normally dry river, so even major roads that crossed it simply ran right down into the river bed and out the other side. It flowed several times in the 60s during a succession of floods that were only supposed to occur every 99 years.
As Indian Bend Wash flowed more and more frequently in the late 1960s, federal tax dollars were allocated to allow the Army Corps of Engineers to cement Indian Bend Wash as a large canal, and build bridges over it, similar to the storm drains of Los Angeles, but using wider canals. This article is about a military unit For alternative meanings see Corps (disambiguation. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West Doing so would allow the condemnation and purchase of the houses that had been built in the wash, that the Federal government was required, under the Federal flood insurance laws at the time, to rebuild each time the wash flowed. However, it was believed that grass would channel the water as effectively as a cement canal, and a vote was held to determine whether the city should use the federal money allocated for the cement canal to build a system of parks and golf courses in the bottom of Indian Bend Wash instead of a cement canal. Because it would bisect the long narrow city, this system of parks and golf courses would be within biking range of nearly every child in the city and very near houses and condos in which retirees might want to live.
However, the Army Corps favored the canal as a tried and true approach, the idea of grass to channel flood water in a wash was untried, the grass would have to be watered, and the mud from the now more frequently flowing wash would have to be removed from the parks when it flowed, increasing maintenance costs. Although it would require increased property taxes to maintain that the cement canal would not, and was somewhat controversial at the time, the city voted to install the system of parks and golf courses in the Wash, a move that was seen as bold, by a city that was at that time, not particularly wealthy. The park and golf course system was built in such a way as to minimize damage when the water flowed, placing buildings up high on berms, and leaving the remainder as grass, ponds or streams, relatively immune from water damage. The system worked as a flood control channel, and has been retained as parkland or golf courses ever since. The success of the park and golf course system paid off: because the parks and golf courses followed closely on the heels of the mass production of affordable heat pump air conditioners in the 1950s, Scottsdale quickly became a city to which families and retirees wanted to move. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive The city, still relatively poor, overspent on the park system, building the El Dorado public pool in a protected berm at one edge of the wash, for example, and ran out of federal money to build all of the bridges over the wash. However, the channeling of the wash allowed condos to be built in places along its newly narrowed western border, and money from the taxes paid on the newly usable land was used to finally complete the bridges years later.
Its money having been spent on the park system, the city of Scottsdale allowed the downtown area, immediately to the east of the central shopping district on Scottsdale Blvd. to decay, and by the early 1970s, the area became a swath of old abandoned wooden buildings with broken windows. However, shortly after the park system was built, Ms. McCormick, the owner of McCormick Ranch, died, and instead of preserving the ranch as mostly scrub land, the McCormick ranch/Scottsdale Ranch area of Scottsdale was developed into homes and business parks, and began to generate tax revenues for the city. Because of the rising status of the city from the newly-built parks and golf course system, the developers were able to upgrade the houses they built in what became the McCormick Ranch/Scottsdale Ranch portions of the city, which opened up Scottsdale to the north and added a wide eastern portion, bulging on the middle of the map shown above. The nouveau riche that quickly filled these more expensive homes became the butt of many jokes and the source of the "Snottsdale" or "Snobbsdale" nickname. Nevertheless, the tax money that the city received from the development of McCormick Ranch was used to purchase the dilapidated area adjacent to Old Town via its powers of eminent domain, demolish the few remaining wooden buildings that had not by then been burned to the ground by vandals, and build a performing arts center and a restaurant row in place of part of it. The upscale locally owned restaurants that had been leaving the downtown area because of the blight were invited to be the first tenants in the restaurant row if they stayed in the area in the difficult years in which it and the arts center were built, and when the arts center and restaurants opened in the late to mid 1970s, it became another draw for the city.
Seeing the once narrow city of Scottsdale annex area to the north and east, the city of Phoenix annexed a then undeveloped six foot wide, miles long stretch of county land north of Phoenix, immediately to the west of McCormick Ranch, effectively extending that western boundary for miles. Because city services would have to be provided on any annexed land, the merely 6 foot wide limit allowed Phoenix to annex the portion inexpensively, yet the annexation effectively blocked Scottsdale
During this period, the city government of Scottsdale was seen as one with progressive ideas. To the dismay of many businesses, the city passed one of the earliest sign ordinances, restricting the size and height of signs and billboards. The city stated it was protecting the safety of its residents, which it claimed were getting into traffic accidents craning their necks to see higher signs. The ordinance was highly controversial at the time and the city was taken to the U.S. Supreme Court, but now such ordinances are common. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. Scottsdale also contracted out its fire department in what was to be a wave of the privatization of operations of city government that never materialized. Afraid of lawsuits if it used the red color of firetrucks of other cities in the U. S. , the company that took over the contract painted the fire engines a fluorescent greenish yellow. The city also developed the first robot arm garbage truck, replacing crews who dumped cans into a train of open trailers pulled by a truck, with a single operator sitting in an air conditioned cab. 
From its official incorporation in 1951 with a population of 2000, the town of Scottsdale has grown to a 2007 Census of 240,710. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population It is now the state's sixth-largest city. Scottsdale is commonly defined by its high quality of life, and in 1993 was named the "Most Livable City," in the United States by the United States Conference of Mayors. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States Conference of Mayors (USCM is a Nonpartisan national organization founded in 1932.  This title is notoriously lampooned across the state because of the high cost of living in Scottsdale. It is continually ranked as one of the premier golf and resort destinations in the world, with a sizable portion of tax revenue being derived from tourism. It is also home to the FBR Open Golf Tournament held at the Tournament Players Club, which carries the distinction of the best-attended event on the PGA Tour. The FBR Open is a nationally televised Golf tournament a part of the PGA Tour, held at the Tournament Players Club (TPC of Scottsdale Arizona around Tournament Players Club (TPC is a chain of American public and private golf clubs operated by the PGA Tour. The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the main professional Golf tours in the United States.
Scottsdale is located at . The city is located in the Salt River Valley, or the, "Valley of the Sun," in the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert. The Sonoran Desert (sometimes called the Gila Desert after the Gila River or the Low Desert in opposition to the higher Mojave Desert) is Immediately to the east and northeast of Scottsdale is the McDowell Mountain Range. The McDowell Mountain Range is located about twenty miles north-east of Phoenix Arizona, and may be seen from most places throughout the city Scottsdale borders the city of Phoenix and town of Paradise Valley to the west, Tempe to the south, and Fountain Hills to the east. Phoenix (ˈfiːˌnɪks O'odham Skikik, Yavapai Wasinka, Western Apache Fiinigis, Navajo Hoozdo, Paradise Valley is a prestigious Affluent town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Tempe (tɛmpiː Oidbaḍ in Pima) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2007 population of 174091 Fountain Hills is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates the population of the town is 24669(33. 493118, -111. 926097)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 477. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 7 km² (184. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 4 mi²). The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 477. 1 km² (184. 2 mi²) of it is land and 0. 6 km² (0. 2 mi²) of it (0. 12%) is water.
Scottsdale's climate is arid. In general terms the Climate of a local or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available Water, to the extent of hindering Winters are mild and summers are very hot. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the city is 19. 0°F, on February 20, 1955, and the highest temperature ever recorded is 119. Events 1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a Dowry payment Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) 0°F, on June 26, 1970 and August 2, 1972. Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
|Rec. high °F (°C)||87 (30. 6)||92 (33. 3)||99 (37. 2)||105 (40. 6)||112 (44. 4)||119 (48. 3)||118 (47. 8)||119 (48. 3)||113 (45)||108 (42. 2)||95 (35)||85 (29. 4)|
|Avg high °F (°C)||68 (20)||72 (22. 2)||77 (25)||85 (29. 4)||92 (33. 3)||101 (38. 3)||104 (40)||103 (39. 4)||99 (37. 2)||89 (31. 6)||77 (25)||68 (20)|
|Avg low temperature °F (°C)||40 (4. 4)||43 (6. 1)||47 (8. 3)||52 (11. 1)||60 (15. 6)||68 (20)||76 (24. 4)||75 (23. 9)||69 (20. 6)||58 (14. 4)||46 (7. 8)||40 (4. 4)|
|Rec. low °F (°C)||21 (-6. 1)||19 (-7. 2)||24 (-4. 4)||30 (-1. 1)||35 (1. 7)||45 (7. 2)||53 (11. 7)||52 (11. 1)||45 (7. 2)||26 (-3. 3)||23 (-5)||20 (-6. 7)|
|Avg precipitation in. (mm)||1. 01 (25. 7)||1. 04 (26. 4)||1. 15 (29. 2)||0. 25 (6. 4)||0. 21 (5. 3)||0. 07 (1. 8)||0. 89 (22. 6)||1. 20 (30. 5)||0. 86 (21. 9)||0. 85 (21. 6)||0. 80 (20. 3)||1. 03 (26. 2)|
|Source: Weather. com |
The city is loosely divided into four areas: South Scottsdale (McKellips Road north to Chaparral Road), Old Town (Downtown) Scottsdale, Central Scottsdale (also known as the, "Shea Corridor"; extends from Chaparral Road north to Shea Boulevard), and North Scottsdale. The real estate market in Scottsdale is among the most expensive in the United States. In 2005, both Scottsdale and Paradise Valley were among the top ten markets in the nation for luxury home sales, and the only two cities outside of California. Paradise Valley was ranked ninth with $637 million in luxury home sales, while Scottsdale was ranked tenth with $594 million in luxury home sales. 
South Scottsdale has been known for many years as more or less the working class region of Scottsdale, although today it is transforming into a dynamic urban area. It contains the major nightlife for the area and is a major art center of metro Phoenix. The median resale home price is $291,500, compared to $667,450 in North Scottsdale. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been  A portion of McDowell Road in South Scottsdale is known as '"Motor Mile,'" with 32 dealerships represented along the street. The strip generates over $10 million in sale tax revenue each year and is one of the most profitable auto-miles in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the South Scottsdale will also soon be home to a new research center for Arizona State University, known as Sky Song. Arizona State University ( ASU) is the largest public Research university in the United States under a single administration with total student The development has attracted the research and development arms of a number of international corporations. 
Old Town Scottsdale is an area with many streets, stores, restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and western art galleries evoking the old cowboy era. Scottsdale's main cultural district is also in this area, which includes the high-end Scottsdale Fashion Square Mall, one of the twenty largest malls in the United States,. Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest Shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet (180000 m² of retail The district has currently seen a revival, with new condominiums and hotels under construction.
The Shea Corridor is so named because it is in close proximity to the east-west running Shea Boulevard. The homes in this region were generally built during the 1970s. Despite their older age, real estate in the Shea Corridor (Central Scottsdale) has increased during the 1990s, and overall, the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale real estate market has seen the largest gain in home prices in the nation, with a 38. 4% increase in value.  There are a number of communities in this central region of Scottsdale that remain among the most highly-desired residential areas in the metropolitan area, including Gainey Ranch and McCormick Ranch. A large portion of Scottsdale Road in the Shea Corridor has been dubbed Resort Corridor for the high number of resorts locating on the street. The second Ritz Carlton in the Phoenix metropolitan area will be constructed along this corridor. This article is about the hotel brand Ritz-Carlton Hotels for other uses please see Ritz (disambiguation Ritz-Carlton is a brand of luxury hotel
North Scottsdale is currently the most actively developed area of Scottsdale as it was historically the least built up. This portion of the city also claims many of the most expensive homes in the country, with many exceeding $5 million in value. The city's borders rapidly expand to the east and west in this area, containing the McDowell Mountain range. Troon is a large-scale development in North Scottsdale. Troon Village Arizona is a large-scale residential development in North Scottsdale Arizona. Much of the residential boom in North Scottsdale is driven by the fast growth of Scottsdale Airpark, the second largest employment center in the Phoenix metropolitan, and estimated to become the largest by 2010. For the film see 2010 The Year We Make Contact. For the book see 2010 Odyssey Two.  The Scottsdale Airpark, home to over 55,000 employees, 2,600 businesses and 23 million square feet of office space is expected to continue growing by over 3,000 employees per year.  Many important companies are headquartered or have regional headquarters in the park, including AXA, GE Capital, DHL, Discount Tire Company, Fidelity Investments, JDA Software and The Vanguard Group. AXA () is a French global insurance companies group headquartered in Paris and founded in 1985 by Claude Bébéar. GE Capital is one of four major units of General Electric, On 27 July 2008 General Electric announced that GE Capital is once again a single unit of GE DHL (originally standing for Dalsey Hillblom and Lynn) is a Deutsche Post World Net company of Germany that provides international mail Discount Tire Company is an American Tire and Wheel retailer The company was founded in 1960 when Bruce T Fidelity Investments is a provider of investment products and services JDA Software Group, Inc is a demand and supply chainpartner to the world’s leading retailers manufacturers and suppliers and is located in Scottsdale Arizona. For the anarchist group see Vanguard Group (anarchist. Vanguard is a United States Investment management company that manages
|Est. 2007||240,410||18. 6%|
As of the census of 2000, there were 202,705 people, 90,669 households, and 54,492 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 424. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 9/km² (1,100. 4/mi²). There were 104,974 housing units at an average density of 220. 0/km² (569. 9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 90. 19% White, 1. 23% Black or African American, 0. 61% Native American, 1. 96% Asian, 0. 08% Pacific Islander, 2. 27% from other races, and 1. 65% from two or more races. 6. 96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 90,669 households out of which 22. 6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49. 6% were married couples living together, 7. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39. 9% were non-families. 30. 8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 22 and the average family size was 2. 79.
In the city the population was spread out with 19. 3% under the age of 18, 6. 6% from 18 to 24, 30. 4% from 25 to 44, 26. 9% from 45 to 64, and 16. 7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93. 2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90. 5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $57,484, and the median income for a family was $73,846. Males had a median income of $51,204 versus $34,739 for females. The per capita income for the city was $39,158. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 3. 4% of families and 5. 8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 4% of those under age 18 and 5. 9% of those age 65 or over.
According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $69,017, and the median income for a family was $95,361. 
The tourism industry is Scottsdale's primary employer, accounting for 39% of the city's workforce. This is a listing of major corporations in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel In 2005, 7. 5 million visitors stayed in the city, providing an economic impact of $3. 1 billion.  The city is home to more than 70 resorts and hotels, with five of them listed as AAA Five-Diamond hotels in 2008, the second most of any city, behind New York City (The Phoenician, The Canyon Suites, Scottsdale Camelback Inn, Four Seasons Resort Scottsdale at Troon North, and the Fairmont Princess Resort and Spa). The AAA (usually read triple-A) formerly known as the American Automobile Association, is an American not-for-profit Automobile The City of New York Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc ( is a Hospitality ownership management and franchise organization based in White Plains New York. Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc ( is a Hospitality ownership management and franchise organization based in White Plains New York. JW Marriott Hotels is an up-scale brand of hotels operated by Marriott International, headquartered in suburban Maryland. Four Seasons Hotels Inc is a five-star Canadian -based international luxury Hotel chain Fairmont Hotels & Resorts is a Toronto, Ontario -based operator of luxury Hotels and Resorts Currently Fairmont operates properties in  Scottsdale also boasts the highest number of resort spas per capita of any city in the U. A destination spa is a short term residential/lodging facility with the primary purpose of guiding individual spa-goers to develop healthy habits S, earning the city a national recognition as an ideal destination for relaxation.  The city's year-round warm weather is a great factor in its appeal, as many tourists from the midwest (known locally as "snowbirds") flood the community during the winter season, and many also purchase second homes in the area. This article is about migratory people called Snowbirds for alternate meanings see Snowbird. 
Mayo Clinic has one of its three major locations in Scottsdale, as well as a hospital. Mayo Clinic is a Non-profit medical practice Its headquarters the Mayo Medical School and its research facilities are in Rochester Minnesota in 
The aviation industry has also grown in Scottsdale, with the Scottsdale Airport, which opened in the 1960s. Aviation refers to activities involving man-made flying devices ( Aircraft) including the people organizations and regulatory bodies involved with them Scottsdale Airport is a city-owned public-use Airport located nine miles (14 km) north of the Central business district of Scottsdale, By 2004, the airpark area around the airport employed nearly 50,000 people, and housed 2,200 businesses with a combined economic impact of $3 billion annually. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been
Notable companies that locate their headquarters in Scottsdale include a Fortune 500 company, Allied Waste, private fire protection and medical transportation company Rural Metro, web address registrar Go Daddy, the corprate headquarters of Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, Cold Stone Creamery, Chinese Bistro P.F. Changs and electroshock gun company TASER International. Allied Waste Industries ( is a Fortune 1000 company headquartered in Phoenix Arizona. Rural/Metro Corporation ( is a for-profit emergency services organization — the second-largest in the country — providing emergency medical transportation non-emergency general medical Go Daddy is an Internet domain registrar and Web hosting company which also sells e-business related software and services Fender Musical Instruments Corporation of Quincy Illinois is a manufacturer of stringed instruments such as solid-body Electric guitars including the Cold Stone Creamery is an American Ice cream parlor chain based in Scottsdale Arizona. STC PF Changsjpg|300px|thumb|right|PF Chang's at Stamford Town Center]] P Taser International Inc ( is a developer manufacturer and distributor of the Taser Less-lethal Electroshock guns in the United States.
In the late 90s, residential and resort development pushed north, driving residents out of downtown Scottsdale and relocating to the northern fringes. For several years, the downtown core suffered. Most stores and shops sold Indian and Western trinkets, losing appeal to younger residents.  However, the recent developments, have pushed more residents downtown and transformed downtown Scottsdale into one of the densest urban developments in the Phoenix area. Over a thousand new luxury condomium units are slated to be built in the heart of downtown Scottsdale, most starting at $1 million. These developments include Optima Camelview Village, Safari Drive, Portales Place, the Residences at Main Street Plaza, Third Avenue Lofts, and X Lofts. By 2008, downtown is expected to have over 6,500 residents, up from 1,500 in 2000.
Safari Drive, developed on the north-east corner of Scottsdale and Camelback, will create more street-scape retail to complement the currently present stores.
In addition, a plethora of luxury hotels and mixed-use developments have sprung up along the once desolate canal, including the W Scottsdale, Hyatt Place at Old Town, Hotel Valley Ho, Scottsdale Mondrian, Firesky Resort & Spa, and the British Hotel Indigo. Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc ( is a Hospitality ownership management and franchise organization based in White Plains New York. In August 2004 the Blackstone Group paid $800M to acquire Prime Hospitality The Morgans Hotel Group (MHG is a Hospitality company that operates owns acquires and redevelops Boutique hotels in the United States and Europe Kimpton Hotel & Restaurant Group Inc is a hotel and restaurant company founded in 1981 by Bill Kimpton and led by CEO Michael Depatie The newest member of the InterContinental Hotels Group family Hotel Indigo, is promoted as being "the industry’s first branded boutique hotel experience Many renowned and trendy restaurants have also recently opened in the midst of Scottsdale's revitalization.
Adjacent to Nordstrom at Scottsdale Fashion Square is the newly built retail center known as the Scottsdale Waterfront, featuring several upscale eateries and boutiques. The Scottsdale Waterfront is so named because it is located along 1,800 linear feet of the Arizona Canal and is one of the first phases of a master plan to create a pedestrian-friendly experience along the lines of the San Antonio Riverwalk. The Arizona Canal is a major canal in central Maricopa County that led to the founding of several communities now among the wealthier neighborhoods of suburban Phoenix The San Antonio River Walk (also known as Paseo del Río) is a network of walkways along the banks of the San Antonio River, one story beneath downtown San Antonio The twin 13-story Scottsdale Waterfront residential towers are the most prominent addition to the downtown skyline, with condominiums pricing as high as $4. 5 million or $1,000 per square foot.  Each tower has a rooftop pool and spa with views of the entire city.
Pink Taco, a restaurant originally begun at the Hard Rock Cafe in Las Vegas, opened its second restaurant location here, creating controversy not only locally, but also debated nationally, most significantly on Jon Stewart's The Daily Show. Pink Taco is a Mexican restaurant chain that has earned notoriety for its name which is the same as a Slang term for a human Vagina. Hard Rock Cafe was founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, and their first Hard Rock Cafe opened near Hyde Park Corner in London, Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally Jon Stewart (born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28 1962 is an American Comedian, Satirist, Actor, Writer, and The Daily Show (known in its current incarnation as The Daily Show 
Groundbreaking for a new $41 million retail/residential mixed-use project began in mid-2006. The European-style center, located directly across the canal from the Waterfront, is leased only to independent eateries and boutiques, turning away prominent national retailers. The development includes the construction of a bridge over the canal to adjoin Fashion Square to Old Town and 5th Avenue shops. The center has opened six restaurants and over 20 local boutiques. The project also includes a variety of office users in the floors above the eateries and shops.
Scottsdale is known for its affluent culture and high society. High Society ( 1956) is Musical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in VistaVision and Technicolor with music and lyrics The city boasts many luxury restaurants, bars, nightclubs, golf courses, art galleries, and other cultural diversions. A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. Many residents are often stereotyped as being somewhat arrogant, and some mockingly refer to the city by such nicknames as "Snottsdale" or "Snobsdale. A stereotype (from Greek: stereo + týpos = "solid impression" is a generalized perception of first impressions behaviors presumed by a group " Scottsdale's affluent culture has been depicted by shows such as MTV's My Super Sweet 16, which filmed an episode in the area in 2006, and by the short-lived CBS reality show Tuesday Night Book Club. MTV ( Music Television) is an American Cable television network based in New York City. For the 2007 Movie see Super Sweet 16 The Movie My Super Sweet 16 is an MTV reality series documenting the CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. Tuesday Night Book Club was a candid reality show that began airing June 13, 2006 on CBS, which delved into the lives of a group of 
The West's Most Western Town prides itself in its rich Western cowboy history, preserving while heavily promoting its plethora of "western" activities and events. The renowned Scottsdale Arabian Horse Show has been a Scottsdale tradition since 1955. Today, the show attracts thousands of visitors and tourists, hoping to catch a glimpse of nearly 2000 purebred Arabian and Half-Arabian horses competing for various prizes and recognition. The show also features over 300 vendors and exhibitions, and over 25 demonstrations and shows. 
Perhaps the most famous present-day cowboy event is the Scottsdale Jaycees Parada del Sol, an annual month long event held in Scottsdale since 1954. Originally named The Sunshine Festival, the PRCA Rodeo was added in 1956. Cowboys and cowgirls from across the nation converge in Scottsdale to participate in this cultural and historical event. The event begins each year with the Parada del Sol Parade, the world's largest horse-drawn parade with over 150 entries in any given year. 
North Scottsdale hosts the Barrett-Jackson Auto Show, an auto enthusiast's and collector's auction, in January of every year. The Barrett-Jackson Collector Car Auction is a collector car auction and exposition company started in 1960 The show features many exotic automobiles, and attracts car enthusiasts from all over the world.
Scottsdale is home to more than 125 art galleries.  The city has quickly become a center for art in the United States. Its galleries are most famous for western and Native American themed art.  The Scottsdale Gallery Association sponsors a weekly Art Walk on Thursday evenings, featuring many prominent artists.
Located in Old Town is Scottsdale's performing arts district. The Scottsdale Center for the Arts hosts musicals and plays, with several open-ended performances including the nationwide Menopause: The Musical and Arizona's longest running show, Late Night Catechism.
Taliesin West, architect Frank Lloyd Wright's winter home and school from 1937 until 1959, is also a popular tourist attraction. Taliesin West was architect Frank Lloyd Wright 's winter home and school in the desert from 1937 until his death in 1959 at the age of 91 Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8 1867 &ndash April 9 1959 was an American (of Welsh descent Architect, Interior designer, Writer, and educator who Wright also designed the Gammage Auditorium in nearby Tempe. Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium (widely known as Gammage Auditorium and often called the Gammage) is named for Dr Tempe (tɛmpiː Oidbaḍ in Pima) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2007 population of 174091
Also in this district since 1971 is the Scottsdale Arts Festival. Held every March, the Festival draws more than 40,000 visitors over a three-day weekend. It is Scottsdale's oldest arts festival, with proceeds supporting the Scottsdale Center for the Performing Arts' arts education and community outreach programs. The Festival includes arts and fine crafts for sale, as well as presentations, performances and demonstrations.
In the past decade, Scottsdale has become the shopping destination of both the Phoenix metropolitan area and the Southwest United States. The town is home to many upscale and high-end boutiques and shops, with many stores such as Tiffany and Co. reporting their Scottsdale location as one of the highest sales per square foot in the nation. Tiffany & Co ( is a US jewelry and silverware company founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City There are more than 15 shopping centers, including the more upscale Kierland Commons and Scottsdale Fashion Square. Kierland Commons is a lifestye center in Phoenix Arizona directly bordering Scottsdale Arizona. Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest Shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet (180000 m² of retail The shopping centers in Scottsdale claim dozens of unique marque brands to both Phoenix and the Southwestern region.
More recently, Scottsdale has experienced a large influx of international luxury stores and has been named as one of the top growing retail markets in the United States. Including the Barneys New York expansion at Scottsdale Fashion Square, the city currently has two additional upscale shopping complexes under construction - Scottsdale Quarter and One Scottsdale. Barneys New York is a chain of department stores headquartered in New York City headed by Judy Collinson EVP and GMM of the Women's Division and Tom Kalendarian EVP and GMM for the Men's Scottsdale Fashion Square is the largest Shopping mall in Arizona and the American Southwest, with approximately 2 million square feet (180000 m² of retail Scottsdale Quarter is under construction on the lot previously occupied by Dial. The center is planned to be connected to Kierland Commons by an overpass. Kierland Commons is a lifestye center in Phoenix Arizona directly bordering Scottsdale Arizona.
One Scottsdale, a collaboration between Macerich and DMB Associates, aims to be the next luxury retail center for the Phoenix Area. Macerich ( is a self-managed Real Estate Investment Trust headquartered in Santa Monica California. In a three-mile radius, the center sees an average household income of $110,292, and its 10-mile zone has more households earning over $100,000 than several famous retail destinations, including Bal Harbour, Naples, Aspen, and The Hamptons. Bal Harbour is a village in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. Naples is a city in Collier County, Florida, USA. As of 1 July 2006, the U The City of Aspen is a Home Rule Municipality that is the County seat and the most populous city of Pitkin County, Colorado, United The Hamptons refers specifically to the towns of Southampton and East Hampton on the east end of Long Island New York. 
The city also recently hosted its first Scottsdale Fashion Week, featuring runway shows from over 20 local designers and dozens of influential international designers, including Kate Spade, St. John, Betsey Johnson, Façonnable, and Pineda Covalin. Kate Spade (born Katherine Noel Brosnahan in Kansas City, Missouri in 1962 is the co-founder and Namesake of the designer brand St John is an upscale luxury American brand for formal wear founded in 1962 by Robert and Marie Gray Betsey Johnson (born 10 August 1942 in Wethersfield Connecticut) is a Fashion designer best known for her feminine and whimsical designs Façonnable is a French High-end retailer specializing in tailored men's and women's clothing
Named by the New York Times as one of the "hippest and most happening" places, Scottsdale is home to a wide variety of nightclubs and bars. A nightclub (or "night club" or "club" is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark A bar (also called a Pub or Tavern) is a business that serves drinks especially Alcoholic beverages such as beer liquor and mixed drinks for consumption The clubs, restaurants and trendy hotels have shifted their focus over the past decade to cater to a "young, fashion-conscious crowd"  The city has dozens of bars and more than 50 clubs, 30 of which are located in Old Town (four of which have earned the distinction as one of the Top 100 Nightclubs and Bars by Nightclub and Bar Magazine. ) The clubs located in Old Town and Fifth Avenue attract a late-night crowd of over 40,000 on weekends. 
To raise its national profile, Scottsdale has recently begun hosting the annual Scottsdale's Ultimate Block Party on New Year's Eve. New Year's Eve is on December 31, the final day of the Gregorian year and the day before New Year's Day. The New Year's Eve party attracted over 10,000 visitors in 2007. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The city also has many smaller, small town type venues like the Sandbar and Stoudamire's. Great places for young and old.
There are no major league professional team sports in Scottsdale. Many residents follow the teams in nearby Phoenix and Glendale. Phoenix (ˈfiːˌnɪks O'odham Skikik, Yavapai Wasinka, Western Apache Fiinigis, Navajo Hoozdo, Glendale ( is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, located about nine miles northwest from Downtown Phoenix. The city is the spring training home of the San Francisco Giants, who practice at Scottsdale Stadium. In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the Regular season. The San Francisco Giants are a Major League Baseball team based in, that currently play in the National League West Division. Scottsdale Stadium is a Baseball field located in Scottsdale Arizona.  Scottsdale Stadium also hosts the Scottsdale Scorpions, a minor league baseball team in the Arizona Fall League. The Scottsdale Scorpions are a Minor league baseball team of the Arizona Fall League located in Scottsdale Arizona. Minor leagues are professional Sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each The Arizona Fall League is a Minor league baseball league which operates during the fall in Arizona, United States at five Spring training
Scottsdale is widely known as a premier destination in the United States for golf. The FBR Open Golf Tournament is held annually each spring at the Tournament Players Club, and the city is home to more than 200 area courses offering layouts that range from the rolling green fairways of traditional courses to desert golf designs. The FBR Open is a nationally televised Golf tournament a part of the PGA Tour, held at the Tournament Players Club (TPC of Scottsdale Arizona around Tournament Players Club (TPC is a chain of American public and private golf clubs operated by the PGA Tour. In 2006, the Robb Report cited Scottsdale as, "America's Best Place to Live for Golf. The Robb Report is a Luxury Lifestyle Magazine, featuring products for affluent Connoisseurs, such as cars, Watches " The Boulders Resort & Golden Spa and Four Seasons Resort Scottsdale at Troon North were selected in 2005 as the second and fourth best golf resorts in the nation by Travel & Leisure Golf Magazine. Wyndham Hotels and Resorts is a concatenation of chains of Hotels and Resorts located mainly in the United States and Canada, but also in Four Seasons Hotels Inc is a five-star Canadian -based international luxury Hotel chain Travel + Leisure Golf is a bi-monthly Magazine published by American Express.  Other notable golf courses in the area include Desert Mountain, Grayhawk, and Desert Highlands.
Scottsdale is governed by a mayor and city council, all of whom are elected "at large" to represent the entire city. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. A city manager is responsible for the executive leadership of the city staff, as well as implementing council policies, developing programs and budgets to respond to council goals, and ensuring that citizens receive effective and efficient city services. A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a City, in a council-manager form of city government The city manager also serves as the city treasurer.
The current mayor is Mary Manross (term ends June 2008), and the current members of the city council are Betty Drake, Wayne Ecton, W. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. J. "Jim" Lane, Robert Littlefield, Ron McCullagh, and Tony Nelssen. The current city manager is Janet M. A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a City, in a council-manager form of city government Dolan.
Scottsdale has easy area freeway access, as it is located along State Route 101, which provides access to nearby Phoenix, Tempe, Mesa, Chandler, and other cities in the metro area. State Route 101, or Loop 101, (spoken as one-oh-one is a semi- Beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area in the United States Phoenix (ˈfiːˌnɪks O'odham Skikik, Yavapai Wasinka, Western Apache Fiinigis, Navajo Hoozdo, Tempe (tɛmpiː Oidbaḍ in Pima) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2007 population of 174091 Mesa ( "MACE-uh") is a city in Maricopa County, in the U Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, and is a prominent suburb of the Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA The speed limit on Loop 101, as well as on many city streets, has been enforced since February 2007 by photo radar. For a discussion of the maximum speed possible in the universe see Speed of light and Special relativity. A traffic enforcement camera is a system including a Camera and a Vehicle -monitoring device used to detect and identify vehicles disobeying a Speed limit 
Commercial air travel is served primarily by Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix. Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is a joint civil-military public Airport located three miles (5 km east of the Central business district of Phoenix An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around Phoenix (ˈfiːˌnɪks O'odham Skikik, Yavapai Wasinka, Western Apache Fiinigis, Navajo Hoozdo, The city is also home to Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SDL, ICAO: KSDL), a single-runway airport with over 500 operations per day. Scottsdale Airport is a city-owned public-use Airport located nine miles (14 km) north of the Central business district of Scottsdale, An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around While the airport serves some tour and commuter flights, the plurality of aircraft operations are transient general aviation traffic. General aviation (abbr GA) is one of two categories of Civil aviation.
Valley Metro provides frequent bus service on lines Green (Thomas Road), 17 (McDowell Road), 41 (Indian School), 50 (Camelback), 66 (Mill/68th Street), 72 (Scottsdale Road), 76 (Miller), 81 (Hayden Road), 84 (Granite Reef), 106 (Peoria/Shea), 114 (Via Linda), 154 (Greenway), 170 (Bell Road), and Express Routes 510 and 512. About Valley Metro Organization Contrary to popular belief Valley Metro does not actually operate the majority of transit services in the region it is considered An extension of the METRO light rail system, or modern streetcar service, along Scottsdale Road has been discussed as part of Scottsdale's Transportation Master Plan. METRO Light Rail is a Light rail system currently under construction in the cities of Phoenix, Tempe, and Mesa, Arizona
Two (rubber-tired) "trolley" routes provide free service: the Downtown Trolley connects the Loloma Station transit center with downtown shopping and attractions; and the Neighborhood Trolley circulates from Loloma to the Civic Center, Coronado High School, the Granite Reef Senior Center, Tonalea Elementary, and the Paiute Neighborhood center, with a connection to the free Tempe Orbit Earth shuttle at Roosevelt Road near Scottsdale Road. 
Scottsdale has been recognized by the League of American Bicyclists as a Bicycle Friendly Community at the Silver Level. 
Public education in Scottsdale is provided for primarily by the Scottsdale Unified School District. The following is a list of school districts that serve the city of Phoenix Arizona. Scottsdale Unified School District (SUSD is a School district that covers most of the city of Scottsdale, Arizona. A minority of the outlying parts of town fall under other school districts in the Phoenix Metro Area, including the Cave Creek Unified School District, Paradise Valley Unified School District, Phoenix Union High School District, Tempe Union High School District, and the Balsz Elementary School District. Paradise Valley Unified School District #69 is a school district serving Northeast Phoenix Arizona. Phoenix Union High School District is a School district based in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. The Balsz Elementary School District is a school district in Arizona that includes five schools Crockett Orangedale Griffith Brunson-Lee and Balsz
There are five major high schools in Scottsdale: Chaparral High School, Coronado High School, Horizon High School, Desert Mountain High School, and Saguaro High School. High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution Chaparral High School Coronado High School is a public high school located in Scottsdale Arizona. Desert Mountain High School (DMHS, opened in 1995 is located in northeast Scottsdale and serves a community which strongly supports the school system Saguaro High School is a former A+ and Blue Ribbon Schools Program certified high schools of the Scottsdale Unified School District in Scottsdale
The primary institution of higher education in the city is Scottsdale Community College, although the college actually lies within the boundaries of the Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Reservation. Scottsdale Community College, is located in Scottsdale, Arizona, a suburb of Phoenix. The Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community is a reservation for the Pima and Maricopa Indian tribes that is in the east-north east part of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area Many students also commute to nearby Arizona State University in Tempe. Arizona State University ( ASU) is the largest public Research university in the United States under a single administration with total student Tempe (tɛmpiː Oidbaḍ in Pima) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2007 population of 174091
Scottsdale is also home of the International School of Arizona, a non-profit language immersion school that teaches children classes in a foreign language (French or Spanish). The International School of Arizona (ISA founded in 1997 is a non-profit bilingual day school for all children aged 2 to 11 years old