|Samuel F. B. Morse|
|Born||April 27, 1791|
|Died||April 2, 1872 (aged 80)|
5 West 22nd Street, New York City, New York
|Occupation||Writer, Painter, and Inventor|
|Spouse||Lucretia Pickering Walker|
Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter of portraits and historic scenes, the creator of a single wire telegraph system, and co-inventor, with Alfred Vail, of the Morse Code. Events 1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated Year 1791 ( MDCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Charlestown is a part of the city of Boston, Massachusetts located on a peninsula north of Boston proper The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The City of New York New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e An inventor is a person who creates or discovers a new method form device or other useful means Events 1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated Year 1791 ( MDCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e An inventor is a person who creates or discovers a new method form device or other useful means Alfred Lewis Vail ( September 25, 1807, in Morristown New Jersey – January 18, 1859) was a Machinist and Inventor Morse code is a Character encoding for transmitting telegraphic information using standardized sequences of short and long elements to represent the letters numerals 
Samuel F. B. Morse was born on April 27, 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts, the first child of geographer and Pastor Jedidiah Morse and Elizabeth Ann Loose Morse. Events 1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated Year 1791 ( MDCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Charlestown is a part of the city of Boston, Massachusetts located on a peninsula north of Boston proper Jedidiah Morse ( July 23 1761 &ndash June 9 1826) was a US Clergyman and Geographer.  Jedidiah was a great preacher of the Calvinist faith and supporter of the American Federalist party. Calvinism (sometimes called the Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology) is a theological system and an approach to the The Federalist Party (or Federal Party) was an American political party in the period 1792 to 1816 with remnants lasting into the 1820s He not only saw it as a great preserver of Puritan traditions (strict observance of the Sabbath), but believed in its idea of an alliance with English in regards to a strong central government. A Puritan of 16th and 17th century England was an associate of any number of religious groups advocating for more "purity" of Worship and Doctrine, Jedidiah strongly believed in education within a Federalist framework alongside the instillation of Calvinist virtues, morals and prayers for his son. After attending Phillips Academy in Andover, Samuel went on to Yale College to receive instruction in the subjects of religious philosophy, mathematics and science of horses. Phillips Academy (also known as Phillips Andover or PA or simply Andover) is a co-educational University preparatory school for boarding Andover is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. Yale College was the official name of Yale University from 1718 to 1887 While at Yale, he attended lectures on electricity from Benjamin Silliman and Jeremiah Day. Benjamin Silliman ( 8 August 1779 &ndash 24 November 1864) was an American Chemist, one of the first American professors Jeremiah Day (Aug 3 1773 - Aug 22 1867 educator for twenty-nine years president of Yale College, was the son of Rev He earned money by painting. In 1810, he graduated from Yale. 
Morse's Calvinist beliefs are evident in his painting the Landing of the Pilgrims, through the depiction of simplistic clothing as well as the austere facial features. This image captured the psychology of the Federalists; Calvinists from England brought to the United States ideas of religion and government thus forever linking the two countries. More importantly, this particular work attracted the attention of the famous artist, Washington Allston. Allston wanted Morse to accompany him to England to meet the artist Benjamin West. An agreement for a three- year stay was made with Jedidah, and young Morse set sail with Allston aboard the Lydia on July 15, 1811 (1).
Upon his arrival in England, Morse diligently worked at perfecting painting techniques under the watchful eye of Allston; by the end of 1811, he gained admittance to the Royal Academy. This article refers to an art institution in London For other meanings of Royal Academy see Royal Academy (disambiguation. At the Academy, he fell in love with the Neo-classical art of the Renaissance and paid close attention to Michelangelo and Raphael. After observing and practicing life drawing and absorbing its anatomical demands, the young artist successfully produced his masterpiece, the Dying Hercules. Figure drawing is an exercise in Drawing the human body in its various shapes and positions
To some, the Dying Hercules seemed to represent a political statement against the British and also the American Federalists. The term " federalist " describes several political beliefs around the world The muscles apparently symbolized the strength of the young and vibrant United States versus the British and British-American supporters. During Morse’s time in Britain the Americans and English were engaged in the War of 1812 and division existed within United States society over loyalties. Anti-Federalists Americans aligned themselves with the French, abhorred the British, and believed a strong central government to be inherently dangerous to democracy. (3) As the war raged on his letters to his parents became more anti-Federalist in their tones. In one such letter Morse said, "I assert that the Federalists in the Northern States have done more injury to their country by their violent opposition measures than a French alliance could. Their proceedings are copied into the English papers, read before Parliament, and circulated through their country, and what do they say of them. . . they call them (Federalists) cowards, a base set, say they are traitors to their country and ought to be hanged like traitors. "
Although Jedidah did not change his political views, he did influence Morse’s in another way. It is unmistakably clear that Jedidah’s Calvinist ideas were an integral part of Morse’s other significant English piece Judgment of Jupiter.
Jupiter in the cloud, accompanied by his eagle, with his hand over the parties, is pronouncing judgment. Marpessa with an expression of compunction and shame, imploring forgiveness, is throwing herself into the arms of her husband. Idas, who tenderly loved Marpessa, is eagerly rushing forward to receive her, while Apollo stares with surprise… at the unexpectedness of her decision (5). A case can be made that Jupiter is representative of God’s omnipotence watching every move that is made. One might deem the portrait as a moral teaching by Morse on infidelity. Although Marpessa fell victim she realized that her eternal salvation was important and desisted from her wicked ways. Apollo shows no remorse for what he did, but just stands there with a puzzled look. A lot of the American paintings throughout the early nineteenth century had religious themes and tones and it was Morse who was the forerunner. Judgment of Jupiter allowed Morse to express his support of Anti Federalism while maintaining his strong spiritual convictions. This work represented American nationalism through Calvinism because these individuals expelled from England, contributed to the expulsion of the English (1776 and now in 1812) and established a free democratic society. West sought to present this image at another Royal Academy exhibition; unfortunately his time had run out. He left England on August 21, 1815 and began his full-time career as an American painter (6).
The years 1815-1825 marked significant growth in Morse’s paintings as he sought to capture the essence of America’s culture and life. He had the honor of painting former Federalist President John Adams (1816). He hoped to become part of grander projects and saw his opportunity with the clash between Federalist and Anti-Federalists over Dartmouth College. Morse was able to paint Judge Woodward (1817) who was involved in bringing the Dartmouth case before the Supreme Court and the college’s president, Francis Brown. He sought commissions in Charleston, South Carolina (1818). Morse’s painting of Mrs. Emma Quash symbolized the opulence of Charleston. It seemed for the time being, the young artist was doing well for himself (7).
Between 1819 and 1821, Morse experienced a great change in his' life. Commissions ceased in Charleston when the city was hit with an economic recession. Jedidah was forced to resign from his ministerial position as he was unsuccessful in stopping the rift within Calvinism. The new branch that formed was the Congregational Unitarians which he deemed as detestable anti-Federalists because these persons took a different approach over salvation. Although he respected his father’s religious opinions, he sympathized with the Unitarians. A prominent family that converted to the new Calvinist faith was the Pickerings of Portsmouth whom Morse had painted. This portrait can then be viewed as a further shift towards anti-Federalism. A person could argue that he made his full transition to anti- Federalism when he was commissioned to paint President James Monroe (1820). Monroe embodied Jeffersonian Democracy by favoring the common man over the aristocrat; later reemphasized upon the ascension of Andrew Jackson (8).
There were two defining commissions that shaped Morse’s art career from his return to New Haven until the establishment of the National Academy of Design. A portrait is a painting, photograph, Sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person in which the face and its expression is predominant The Hall of Congress (1821) and the Marquis de Lafayette (1825) embroiled Morse’s sense of democratic nationalism. The artist chose to paint the House of Representatives, to show American democracy in action. He traveled to Washington D. C. to draw the architecture of the new halls, carefully placing eighty individuals within the painting and believed that a night scene was appropriate. He successfully balanced the architecture of the Rotunda with the figurines and the glow of the lamplight serving as the focal point of the work. Pairs of people, those who stood alone, individuals bent over their desks working were painted simply but had characterized faces. Morse chose nighttime to convey Congress’ dedication to the principles of democracy transcended day. The Hall of Congress however, failed to draw a crowd in New York City. One possible reason for the disappointment was the shadow of John Trumbull’s Declaration of Independence that won popular acclaim in 1820. Perhaps some individuals did not appreciate the inner-workings of the American government (9).
Morse felt a great degree of honor of painting the Marquis de Lafayette, leading supporter of the American Revolution. He felt compelled to paint a grandiose portrait of the man who helped to establish a free and independent America. In his image, he enshrouds Lafayette with a magnificent sunset as he stands to the right of three pedestals of which two are Benjamin Franklin and George Washington with the final reserved for him. A peaceful wooden landscape below him symbolized American tranquility and prosperity as it approach the age of fifty. The developing friendship between Morse and Lafayette and the discussion of the Revolutionary War, affected the artist upon returning to New York City (10).
Morse was in Europe for three years improving his painting skills, 1830-1832, travelling in Italy, Switzerland and France. Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The project he eventually selected was to paint miniature copies of some 38 of the Louvre's famous paintings on a single canvas (6 ft. The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Canvas is an extremely heavy-duty plain-woven fabric used for making Sails Tents Marquees Backpacks and other functions x 9 ft) which he entitled "The Gallery of the Louvre". The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France He planned to complete "The Gallery of the Louvre" when he returned home to Massachusetts and to earn an income by exhibiting his work and charging admission. The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. This was typical of Morse who stumbled haphazardly from one money-making scheme to another in those days.
On the sea voyage home in 1832 Morse encountered Charles Thomas Jackson of Boston who was well schooled in electromagnetism. Charles Thomas Jackson ( 21 June 1805 &ndash 28 August 1880) was an American physician and Scientist who was active Electromagnetism is the Physics of the Electromagnetic field: a field which exerts a Force on particles that possess the property of Witnessing various experiments with Jackson's electromagnet, Morse developed the concept of a single wire telegraph, and "The Gallery of the Louvre" was set aside. An electromagnet is a type of Magnet in which the Magnetic field is produced by the flow of an electric current. The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France The original Morse telegraph, submitted with his patent application, is part of the collections of the National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian Institution. The National Museum of American History collects preserves and displays American heritage in the areas of social political cultural scientific and military history The Smithsonian Institution (smɪθsoʊnɪən is an educational and research institute and associated Museum complex administered and funded by the Government of  He was devising his telegraph code even before the ship docked. 1 In time the Morse code would become the primary language of telegraphy in the world. Morse code is a Character encoding for transmitting telegraphic information using standardized sequences of short and long elements to represent the letters numerals
In 1836 Morse ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York under the Nativist banner, gathering only 1496 votes. Nativism is an Opposition to immigration which originated in United States politics with roots in the country's historic role as a Melting pot.
William Cooke and Professor Charles Wheatstone reached the stage of launching a commercial telegraph prior to Morse, despite starting later. Sir William Fothergill Cooke ( 4 May 1806 &ndash 25 June 1879) was with Charles Wheatstone, the co-inventor of the Cooke-Wheatstone Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS (6 February 1802 - 19 October 1875 was a British Scientist and Inventor of many scientific breakthroughs In England Cooke became fascinated by electrical telegraph in 1836, four years after Morse, but with greater financial resources. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electric signals The electromagnetic telegraph is a device for human-to-human transmission Cooke abandoned his primary subject of anatomy and built a small electrical telegraph within three weeks. Anatomy (from the Greek anatomia, from ana separate apart from and temnein, to cut up cut open is a branch of Biology that is the consideration The electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electric signals The electromagnetic telegraph is a device for human-to-human transmission Wheatstone also was experimenting with telegraphy and (most importantly) understood that a single large battery would not carry a telegraphic signal over long distances, and that numerous small batteries were far more successful and efficient in this task (Wheatstone was building on the primary research of Joseph Henry, an American physicist). In electronics a battery is a combination of two or more Electrochemical cells which store chemical Energy which can be converted into electrical energy Joseph Henry ( December 17 1797 &ndash May 13 1878) was an American scientist who served as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Cooke and Wheatstone formed a partnership and patented the electrical telegraph in May 1837, and within a short time had provided the Great Western Railway with a 13-mile (21 km) stretch of telegraph. The electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electric signals The electromagnetic telegraph is a device for human-to-human transmission The Great Western Railway ( GWR) was a British railway company and a notable example of Civil engineering, linking London with the West However, Cooke and Wheatstone's multiple wire signaling method would be overtaken by Morse's superior code within a few years.
Morse encountered the problem of getting a telegraphic signal to carry over more than a few hundred yards of wire. His breakthrough came from the insights of Professor Leonard Gale, who taught chemistry at New York University (a personal friend of Joseph Henry). New York University ( NYU) is a private, Nonsectarian, Coeducational Research University in New York City. Joseph Henry ( December 17 1797 &ndash May 13 1878) was an American scientist who served as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian With Gale's help, Morse soon was able to send a message through ten miles (16 km) of wire. This was the great breakthrough Morse had been seeking.
Morse and Gale were soon joined by a young enthusiastic man, Alfred Vail, who had excellent skills, insights and money. Alfred Lewis Vail ( September 25, 1807, in Morristown New Jersey – January 18, 1859) was a Machinist and Inventor Morse's telegraph now began to be developed very rapidly.
In 1838 a trip to Washington, D.C. failed to attract federal sponsorship for a telegraph line. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Morse then traveled to Europe seeking both sponsorship and patents, but in London discovered Cooke and Wheatstone had already established priority. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Morse would need the financial backing of Maine congressman Francis Ornand Jonathan Smith.
In 1839, while in Paris, Morse wrote a letter to the New-York Observer describing his visit with Louis J. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city M. Daguerre. The letter was published widely in the American press and provided a broad awareness regarding the daguerreotype, the first practical means of photography. The daguerreotype (original French daguerréotype) is an early type of Photograph, developed by Louis Daguerre, in which the image is exposed directly (See external link below. )
Morse made one last trip to Washington, D. C. , in December 1842, stringing "wires between two committee rooms in the Capitol, and sent messages back and forth -- and, for some reason, this time some people believed him, and a bill was finally proposed allocating $30,000 towards building an experimental line". ³
The general public was highly skeptical, and there were also a great many skeptics in Congress. A thirty-eight-mile (61-km) line was constructed between Washington, D. C. , and Baltimore. The most convincing demonstration was when the results of the Whig National Convention at Baltimore in the spring of 1844 reached Washington via telegraph prior to the arrival of the first train. The Whig Party was a Political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy. On 24 May 1844 the line (which ran along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between the Capitol and Baltimore) was officially opened as Morse sent his famous words "What hath God wrought" along the wire. Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned Year 1844 ( MDCCCXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad ( B&O) was one of the Oldest railroads in the United States and the first Common carrier railroad
In May 1845 the Magnetic Telegraph Company was formed in order to radiate telegraph lines from New York City towards Philadelphia, Boston, Buffalo, New York and the Mississippi. The City of New York Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə Buffalo (ˈbʌfəloʊ is the second largest city in New York State. 4
Morse also at one time adopted Wheatstone and Carl August von Steinheil's idea of broadcasting an electrical telegraph signal through a body of water or down steel railroad tracks or anything conductive. Carl August von Steinheil ( 12 October 1801 &ndash 14 September 1870) was a German Physicist. He went to great lengths to win a lawsuit for the right to be called "inventor of the telegraph", and promoted himself as being an inventor, but Alfred Vail played an important role in the invention of the Morse Code, which was based on earlier codes for the electromagnetic telegraph. Alfred Lewis Vail ( September 25, 1807, in Morristown New Jersey – January 18, 1859) was a Machinist and Inventor Morse code is a Character encoding for transmitting telegraphic information using standardized sequences of short and long elements to represent the letters numerals
Samuel Morse received a patent for the telegraph in 1847, at the old Beylerbeyi Palace (the present Beylerbeyi Palace was built in 1861-1865 on the same location) in Istanbul, which was issued by Sultan Abdülmecid who personally tested the new invention. The Beylerbeyi Palace (Beylerbeyi Sarayı is a palace located in Beylerbeyi neighbourhood of Istanbul, Turkey at the Asian side of the Bosphorus Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other Names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey Abdülmecid is a name Variants include Abdülmecit, Abdül Mecid, Abulmecid, Abdul Mecid, Abdul Mejid Abd-ul-Mejid Abdul Medjit etc  5
In the 1850s, Morse went to Copenhagen and visited the Thorvaldsens Museum, where the sculptor's grave is in the inner courtyard. Copenhagen (ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən ˈkəʊpənˌheɪgən ˈkəʊpənˌhɑːgən kʰøb̥ənˈhɑʊ̯ˀn kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn is the capital and largest city For alternative meanings of the word "court" see Court (disambiguation. He was received by King Frederick VII, who decorated him with the Order of the Dannebrog. Family Frederick was born at Amalienborg Palace to Christian VIII of Denmark and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. The Order of the Dannebrog (Dannebrogordenen is an Order of Denmark, instituted in Morse expressed his wish to donate his portrait from 1830 to the king. The Thorvaldsen portrait today belongs to Margaret II of Denmark. Early life Princess Margrethe was born, to Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Ingrid.
The Morse telegraphic apparatus was officially adopted as the standard for European telegraphy in 1851. Britain (with its British Empire) remained the only notable part of the world where other forms of electrical telegraph were in widespread use (they continued to use the needle telegraph invention of Cooke and Wheatstone). The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. The electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electric signals The electromagnetic telegraph is a device for human-to-human transmission 
Morse was a leader in the anti-Catholic and anti-immigration movement of the mid-19th century. Anti-Catholicism is a generic term for Discrimination, hostility or Prejudice directed at the Roman Catholic Church or its followers He worked to unite Protestants against Catholic institutions (including schools), wanted to forbid Catholics from holding public office, and promoted changing immigration laws to limit immigration from Catholic countries. On this topic, he wrote, “We must first stop the leak in the ship through which muddy waters from without threaten to sink us. ” 
Morse was the author of a number of letters to the New York Observer (his brother Sidney was the editor at the time) urging people to fight the perceived Catholic menace. These articles were widely reprinted in other newspapers. Among other claims, he believed that the Austrian government and Catholic aid organizations were subsidizing Catholic immigration to the United States in order to gain control of the country. 
In his Conspiracy Against the Liberties of the United States, Morse wrote: “Surely American Protestants, freemen, have discernment enough to discover beneath them the cloven foot of this subtle foreign heresy. They will see that Popery is now, what it has ever been, a system of the darkest political intrigue and despotism, cloaking itself to avoid attack under the sacred name of religion. They will be deeply impressed with the truth, that Popery is a political as well as a religious system; that in this respect it differs totally from all other sects, from all other forms of religion in the country. ” 
In the United States, Morse had his patent for many years, but it was both ignored and contested. Note that Mathew B Brady spelled his first name with only one "t" A patent is a set of Exclusive rights granted by a State to an inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an In 1853 the case of the patent came before the Supreme Court where, after very lengthy investigation, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled that Morse had been the first to combine the battery, electromagnetism, the electromagnet and the correct battery configuration into a workable practical telegraph. Roger Brooke Taney ( "tawny" March 17, 1777 – October 12, 1864) was the twelfth United States Attorney General In electronics a battery is a combination of two or more Electrochemical cells which store chemical Energy which can be converted into electrical energy Electromagnetism is the Physics of the Electromagnetic field: a field which exerts a Force on particles that possess the property of An electromagnet is a type of Magnet in which the Magnetic field is produced by the flow of an electric current. 6 Nevertheless, in spite of this clear ruling, Morse still received no official recognition from the United States government. Assisted by the American Ambassador in Paris, the governments of Europe were approached regarding how they had long neglected Morse while using his invention. An ambassador is the highest ranking Diplomat who represents their country Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city There was then a widespread recognition that something must be done, and "in 1858 Morse was awarded the sum of 400,000 French francs (equivalent to about $80,000 at the time) by the governments of France, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Piedmont, Russia, Sweden, Tuscany and Turkey, each of which contributed a share according to the number of Morse instruments in use in each country. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Piedmont ( Piemonte; Piedmontese and Occitan: Piemont; French: Piémont) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Tuscany (Toscana is a region in Italy. It has an area of 22990 km² and a population of about 3 Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches "7
There was still no such recognition in the USA. This remained the case until 10 June 1871, when a bronze statue of Samuel Morse was unveiled in Central Park, New York City. Events 1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem Year 1871 ( MDCCCLXXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Central Park is a large public Urban park in New York City, with about twenty-five million visitors annually The City of New York
In the 1850s, Morse became well known as a defender of America's institution of slavery, considering it to be divinely sanctioned. As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another In his treatise "An Argument on the Ethical Position of Slavery," he wrote:
My creed on the subject of slavery is short. Slavery per se is not sin. It is a social condition ordained from the beginning of the world for the wisest purposes, benevolent and disciplinary, by Divine Wisdom. The mere holding of slaves, therefore, is a condition having per se nothing of moral character in it, any more than the being a parent, or employer, or ruler. 
Samuel Morse was a generous man who gave large sums to charity. He also became interested in the relationship of science and religion and provided the funds to establish a lectureship on 'the relation of the Bible to the Sciences'. 9 Morse was not a selfish man. Other people and corporations made millions using his inventions, yet most rarely paid him for the use of his patented telegraph. He was not bitter about this, though he would have appreciated more rewards for his labors. Morse was comfortable; by the time of his death, his estate was valued at some $500,000.
Morse married Lucretia Pickering Walker on 29 September 1819, in Concord, New Hampshire. Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 1819 ( MDCCCXIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar in the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year The city of Concord (ˈkɒnkərd often mispronounced as " Concorde " is the Capital of the state of New Hampshire in the United States She died on 7 February 1825, shortly after the birth of their third child. Events 457 - Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire. 1074 - Battle of Montesarchio in which the Prince Year 1825 ( MDCCCXXV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common His second wife was Sarah Elizabeth Griswold. They were married on 10 August 1848 in Utica, New York. Events 612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire Year 1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Utica is a City in the American state of New York, and the County seat of Oneida County.
Morse died on 2 April 1872 at his home at 5 West 22nd Street, New York City, at the age of 81, and was buried in the Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The City of New York Brooklyn (named after the Dutch town Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. 
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Cousin coupleThis is a list of prominent individuals who have been romantically or maritally coupled with a Cousin, Niece, Nephew, Aunt Locust Grove, also known as the Samuel F B Morse House, is located on US 9 in the Town of Poughkeepsie, New York, USA on a small WorldCat is a Union catalog which itemizes the collections of more than 10000 libraries which participate in the OCLC global cooperative The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone