(Mohler, Roth, Schmidt & Boudreaux, 1967)
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L. ) is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual, usually with many long sharp spines on the leaves. Carl Linnaeus (Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as, May 23 new style (13 May old style 1707 who laid the foundations for A herbaceous plant (or in botanical use a Herb) is a Plant that has leaves and stems that die down at the end of This article is about the plant for other uses see Thistle (disambiguation. Plants are 30 to 150 cm tall with globular flower heads (capitula) and commonly, brilliant yellow, orange or red flowers which bloom in July. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head. Safflower has a strong taproot which enables it to thrive in dry climates, but the plant is very susceptible to frost injury from stem elongation to maturity. A Plant 's taproot is a straight tapering Root that grows vertically down
Traditionally, the crop was grown for its seeds, and used for colouring and flavouring foods and making red (carthamin) and yellow dyes, especially before cheaper aniline dyes became available, and in medicines. Carthamin is a natural red pigment derived from Safflower ( Carthamus tinctorius) earlier known as carthamine. Aniline, phenylamine or aminobenzene is an Organic compound with the formula C6H7N A dye can generally be described as a Colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied  For the last fifty years or so, the plant has been cultivated mainly for the vegetable oil extracted from its seeds. In April 2007 it was reported that genetically modified safflower has been bred to create insulin. April holidays and events National Poetry Month - in United States National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - in United Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Genetic engineering, Recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification/manipulation (GM and gene splicing are terms that apply to the direct Insulin is a Hormone with intensive effects on both metabolism and several other body systems (eg vascular compliance 
Safflower oil is flavorless and colorless, and nutritionally similar to sunflower oil. Nutrition (also called nourishment or aliment) is the provision to cells and Organisms of the materials necessary (in the form of food to support Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from Sunflower ( Helianthus annuus) seeds It is used mainly as a cooking oil, in salad dressing, and for the production of margarine. Cooking oil is purified Fat of Plant or Animal origin which is liquid at room temperature Salad is a mixture of cold foods usually including vegetables and/or fruits often with a dressing occasionally nuts or Croutons, and sometimes with the addition of Margarine (ˈmɑrdʒərɨn /ˈmɑrdʒəriːn/ or /ˈmɑrgəriːn/ as a generic term can indicate any of a wide range of Butter substitutes It may also be taken as a nutritional supplement. INCI nomenclature is Carthamus tinctorius. The International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, abbreviated INCI, is a system of names for Waxes Oils Pigments Chemicals and
Safflower flowers are occasionally used in cooking as a cheaper substitute for saffron, and are thus sometimes referred to as "bastard saffron. Saffron ( Kurdish/Persian زَعْفَرَان is a Spice derived from the dried Stigma of the Flower of the saffron crocus ( Crocus sativus " Safflower seed is also used quite commonly as an alternative to sunflower seed in birdfeeders, as squirrels do not like the taste of it. The sunflower ( Helianthus annuus) is an Annual plant in the family Asteraceae and native to the Americas, with a large flowering A birdfeeder, bird feeder, or bird table is a device placed out-of-doors to supply Bird food to Birds The success of a bird feeder in attracting A squirrel is one of the many small or medium-sized Rodents in the family Sciuridae.
There are two types of safflower that produce different kinds of oil: one high in monounsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid) and the other high in polyunsaturated fatty acid (linoleic acid). For discussion how dietary fats affect cardiovascular health see Diet and heart disease. Oleic acid is a Monounsaturated omega-9 Fatty acid found in various animal and vegetable sources In nutrition polyunsaturated fat is an abbreviation of polyunsaturated Fatty acid. Linoleic acid (LA is an unsaturated Omega-6 fatty acid. It is a colorless liquid Currently the predominant oil market is for the former, which is lower in saturates than olive oil, for example.
Safflower oil is also used in painting in the place of linseed oil, particularly with white, as it does not have the yellow tint which linseed oil possesses. Linseed oil, also known as flax seed oil or simply flax oil, is a clear to yellowish Drying oil derived from the dried ripe seeds of the Flax
Lana is a strain of Safflower that grows in the southwestern United States, most notably Arizona and New Mexico. The State of Arizona ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. New Mexico ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America.
Safflower is one of humanity's oldest crops. Chemical analysis of ancient Egyptian textiles dated to the Twelfth dynasty identified dyes made from safflower, and garlands made from safflowers were found in the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamun. Ancient Egypt was an Ancient Civilization in eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now The Eleventh (all of Egypt Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title Middle Kingdom. Pharaoh is the title given in modern parlance to the ancient Egyptian kings of all periods  John Chadwick reports that the Greek name for safflower occurs many times in Linear B tablets, distinguished into two kinds: a white safflower, which is measured, and red which is weighed. John Chadwick ( 21 May 1920 &ndash 24 November 1998) was an English linguist and classical scholar most Linear B is a script that was used for writing Mycenaean, an early form of Greek. "The explanation is that there are two parts of the plant which can be used; the pale seeds and the red florets. A flower, also known as a bloom or Blossom, is the reproductive structure found in Flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also "
Safflower was also known as carthamine in the 19th century.  It is a minor crop today, with about 600,000 tons being produced commercially in more than sixty countries worldwide. India, United States, and Mexico are the leading producers, with Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, China, Argentina and Australia accounting for most of the remainder. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Kazakhstan, also Kazakstan ( Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, qɑzɑqˈstɑn Казахстан, Kazakhstán,) officially the China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics.