Russian roulette is a potentially lethal game of chance in which participants place a cartridge in only some—typically one—of the several chambers of a revolver. A game of chance is a Game whose outcome is strongly influenced by some randomizing device and upon which contestants frequently wager money A cartridge (also known as a "round" packages the Bullet, Gunpowder and primer into a single metallic case precisely made to fit the rEVOLVEr is the fourth studio album by Swedish metal band The Haunted. The cylinder is spun and closed so that the location of the round or rounds are unknown. Participants would then aim the revolver at their own heads and pull the trigger, risking a likely death from the gunshot wound. It was famously portrayed in the 1978 film The Deer Hunter as a form of gambling, but the extent of real life gambling based on this activity is unknown. The Deer Hunter is a 1978 war Drama film about a trio of Rusyn American steel worker friends and their infantry service in the It was also portrayed in the film One Eight Seven. One Eight Seven (also known and abbreviated as 187) is a 1997 drama / crime / thriller film starring Samuel The roulette in the name is in reference to the real gambling game of roulette since it also involves risk taking and the spinning of the revolver's cylinder is reminiscent of the spinning of the roulette wheel. Roulette is a Casino and Gambling game named after the French word meaning "small wheel" The form of the game can be as varied as the participants or their motives (displays of bravado, suicide etc. ), but typically a single round is placed in a six-shot revolver resulting in a 1/6 (or 17%) chance of the revolver discharging the round. The revolver's cylinder can either be spun again to reset the game conditions, or the trigger can be pulled again. Using revolvers with fewer chambers (typically five) or increasing the number of rounds are other variations that increase the risk.
Legends abound regarding the invention of Russian roulette. Most of these, predictably, take place in Russia, or occur among Russian soldiers. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending
In one legend, 19th century Russian prisoners were forced to play the game while the prison guards bet on the outcome. In another version, desperate and suicidal officers in the Russian army played the game to impress each other. A suicide crisis, suicidal crisis, or potential suicide, is a situation in which a person is attempting to kill him or herself or is seriously contemplating
Whether Tsarist officers actually played Russian roulette is unclear. Tsar csar and tzar redirect here For other uses see Tsar (disambiguation. In a text on the Czarist officer corps, John Bushnell, a Russian history expert at Northwestern University, cited two near-contemporary memoirs by Russian army veterans: The Duel (1905) by Aleksandr Kuprin and From Double Eagle to Red Flag (1921) by Pyotr Krasnov. Aleksandr Ivanovich Kuprin (Александр Иванович Куприн September 7, 1870 ( August 26, 1870 OS) in the town Pyotr Nikolayevich Krasnov ( Петр Николаевич Краснов in Russian) ( September 22 (10 old style) 1869 — January 17 Both books tell of officers' suicidal and outrageous behaviour, but Russian roulette is not mentioned in either text. If the game did originate in real life behavior and not fiction, it is unlikely that it started with the Russian military. The standard sidearm issued to Russian officers from 1895 to 1930 was the Nagant M1895 revolver. The Nagant Revolver was designed and produced by Belgian industrialist Léon Nagant. A double-action revolver, the Nagant's cylinder spins clockwise until the hammer is cocked. While the cylinder does not swing out as in modern hand-ejector style double action revolvers, it can be spun around to randomize the result. However, it holds seven cartridges and not six, which throws some doubt on the accuracy of the reference in Collier's. It is possible that Russian officers shot six and kept the seventh cartridge live. Due to the deeply seated rounds unique to the Nagant's cartridge and that the primers are concealed, it would be very difficult to tell from the outside where the live round was and which were spent; this would add to the uncertainty of the results.
The only reference to anything like Russian roulette in Russian literature is in a book entitled A Hero of Our Time by Mikhail Lermontov (1840, translated by Vladimir Nabokov in 1958) in the story The Fatalist. This article is about literature from Russia For the song by Maxïmo Park, see Our Earthly Pleasures. A Hero of Our Time (Герой нашего времени is a short Novel by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1839 and revised in 1841. Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (Михаи́л Ю́рьевич Ле́рмонтов) ( –) a Russian Romantic Writer and Poet, sometimes This page is about the novelist For his father the politician see Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov.
It is assumed, probably solely based on some cinematic depictions, that two players either take turns spinning and firing the revolver so that each successive turn has an equal probability of failure (1/6 or 17%) or that the players simply take turns without spinning the cylinders until one is shot. In the latter case however, the player who takes the first turn has a significantly higher risk than the second player when only playing with two players, because the first player is more likely to take more turns. If playing with more than two players, still without re-spinning, the latter players can better predict their odds when it becomes their turn. If playing with six players and the game lasted to the sixth player his probability of losing would be 100%. In the former case, where they respin the chamber, the game could continue indefinitely and gamblers could presumably only wager on which players will survive and how many turns the game will last.
Unlike a revolver, using a semi-automatic pistol, if a round is chambered, cocking and pulling the trigger will fire the chambered round and load another round, if available, making the odds 100%. A semi-automatic pistol is a type of Handgun that can be fired in semi-automatic mode firing one cartridge for each pull of the trigger Use of a semi-automatic pistol in Russian roulette is usually due to misunderstanding. Firing a semi-automatic pistol, thinking it is empty, when in fact it was loaded, would not constitute a variation of the Russian roulette, but a mere suicide.
The humorous Darwin Awards, which grant their dubious honor to those who have "removed themselves from the human gene pool because of an act of extreme foolishness," awarded a man who played Russian Roulette with a semi-automatic pistol, apparently unaware that his odds of the firearm discharging were one, or 100%. A Darwin Award is a Tongue-in-cheek "honor" named after Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwin. 
A Toy gun that simulates the game and game conditions (rotating cylinder with six "chambers" or chances of "firing") can be employed as a non-lethal version of the game. Examples include cap guns with a rotating cylinder and a single loaded cap, a Nerf gun with a rotating cylinder, (most often the revolver shaped Maverick) an electronic toy gun similar to those used for laser tag, or a video game light gun connected to a computer programmed for Russian roulette simulation. A cap gun or cap pistol is a toy gun that creates a loud sound akin to a gunshot and a puff of smoke when the trigger is pulled NERF (or sometimes Nerf) is a type of toy created for safe indoor play that either shoots or is made of foam-like material Laser tag is a team or individual Sport where players attempt to score points by engaging targets typically with a hand-held Infrared -emitting targeting device A light gun is a Pointing device for Computers and a control device for arcade and video games. There is also a toy version available in Japan that uses a balloon, with one chamber containing a pin used to pop the balloon. All players put money in the pot. This article describes only the common terms rules and procedures of betting in poker Each player in turn pulls the trigger, and when the gun discharges, the person holding the gun is eliminated from the game. The last player remaining wins the pot.
The term is also used in reference to any potentially lethal form of risk taking, where the person is in effect gambling with his life.
A six pack of canned beer instead of a revolver is used in a slightly more humorous version known as "beer hunter". This version of Russian roulette is made popular by Bob and Doug McKenzie on their Great White North album. Bob and Doug McKenzie are a pair of fictional Canadian brothers who hosted "The Great White North" a A third party removes a random can from the six pack and shakes the can of beer vigorously and places it back in the six pack, then two contestants who have no knowledge of the shaken beer's placement draw a beer from the six pack. They place the can of beer as close to their head as possible and open the pop top. The shaken beer will spray the loser while the other five beers are uneventful. This game is most often played in public where the loser is openly ridiculed.
In a more lethal drinking game, a Darwin Award was given to a group of men playing Russian Roulette with fireworks. A Darwin Award is a Tongue-in-cheek "honor" named after Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwin. The men placed fireworks in their mouths and lit the fuses; the "winner" was the individual who delayed the longest before spitting out the firework. 
Occasionally in business partnership agreements, a "put provision" is called a Russian Roulette provision. For partnership in cricket terminology see List of cricket terms A partnership is a type of Business entity in which partners Essentially, the agreement authorizes any partner to set a "buy-sell" amount at any time and put that amount to the other partners. The other partners then have a choice of either buying the partner's share at that amount, or accepting that amount for their individual shares. It has developed the name Russian Roulette because the initiating partner is gambling with his stake in the partnership - either he subsequently owns everything or owns nothing.
Russian darts is a sport invented somewhere in the 2000s in Russia, where instead of playing Russian roulette with a human life a darts board is used. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Darts refers to a variety of related games in which darts are thrown at a circular target (dartboard hung on a wall Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Darts refers to a variety of related games in which darts are thrown at a circular target (dartboard hung on a wall Each person has a turn, before which he places a cartridge in three chambers of a revolver, and in his turn he shoots three times in a row. A cartridge (also known as a "round" packages the Bullet, Gunpowder and primer into a single metallic case precisely made to fit the rEVOLVEr is the fourth studio album by Swedish metal band The Haunted. The winner is the one getting the most points at the end of the game.
Numerous incidents have been reported regarding Russian roulette. Many are teenagers, with some players as young as 14. 
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|1955||Smiles of a Summer Night|
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|2004||Starsky and Hutch|
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|2006||Lage Raho Munna Bhai|
The 1948 film Unfaithfully Yours features a dream sequence where the main character challenges his wife's lover to a game of Russian roulette. Unfaithfully Yours is a 1948 Screwball comedy film written and directed by Preston Sturges and starring Rex Harrison, Linda Darnell Ballot Box Bunny is a 1950 Animated Warner Bros Merrie Melodies theatrical cartoon short released in 1951, directed Smiles of a Summer Night (Swedish Sommarnattens leende) is a 1955 film directed by Ingmar Bergman. El Topo ( The Mole) is a 1970 allegorical, cult Western movie and Underground film, directed by and Dirty Harry is a 1971 Crime film produced and directed by Don Siegel. Sholay ( Hindi: शोले Urdu: شعلے ( English: Embers or Flames) is an Indian Hindi film by The Deer Hunter is a 1978 war Drama film about a trio of Rusyn American steel worker friends and their infantry service in the is a 1993 Japanese film written directed edited by and starring Japanese filmmaker Takeshi Kitano. Arizona Dream is a 1993 film directed by Emir Kusturica and starring Johnny Depp, Jerry Lewis and Faye Dunaway. Léon (also known as The Professional and Léon The Professional) is a French 1994 action drama Film La Haine (la ɛːn French for "hatred" is a French Black-and-white film directed by Mathieu Kassovitz, released Die Hard with a Vengeance is a 1995 Action film, and the second Sequel in the ''Die Hard'' series. LA Confidential is a 1997 Feature film based on the 1990 Crime fiction novel of the same title by James Ellroy One Eight Seven (also known and abbreviated as 187) is a 1997 drama / crime / thriller film starring Samuel This article refers to the Queen & David Bowie song For other uses of the name see Under Pressure (disambiguation " Under The Way of the Gun is a 2000 Film, directed by Christopher McQuarrie and starring Ryan Phillippe, Benicio del Toro A Man Apart is a 2002 action Film starring Vin Diesel and Larenz Tate and directed by F Starsky & Hutch is a 2004 American comedy / Action film directed by Todd Phillips, director of Old School Kiss Kiss Bang Bang is a 2005 crime / Black comedy Film, which follows many conventions of the classic Film noir genre Lage Raho Munna Bhai ( Hindi:, ləgeː ɾəhoː mʊnːaːbɦaːɪ Carry on Munna Bhai is a 2006 Indian musical Comedy Live! is a 2007 Film directed and written by Bill Guttentag and starring Eva Mendes and David Krumholtz. Unfaithfully Yours is a 1948 Screwball comedy film written and directed by Preston Sturges and starring Rex Harrison, Linda Darnell
At the end of the 1950 Bugs Bunny cartoon short Ballot Box Bunny, Bugs and Yosemite Sam play Russian roulette. Clyde Rabbit (uncleMrs Bugs Bunny (wifePapa Bunny (fatherMama Bunny (motherRugs Bunny Ballot Box Bunny is a 1950 Animated Warner Bros Merrie Melodies theatrical cartoon short released in 1951, directed Yosemite Sam is an animated cartoon character in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons produced by Bugs loses and a shot is heard after the picture irises out, then the iris opens again to reveal Bugs saying "I missed!", followed by a pan over to reveal a singed and blackened Sam. (This scene is almost always cut from the cartoon when it is shown on television. )
In Ingmar Bergman's 1955 comedy Smiles of a Summer Night, Count Carl Magnus Malcolm challenges his wife's lover to a game of Russian roulette. Ernst Ingmar Bergman ( pronounced) (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007 was a nine-time Academy Award -nominated Swedish film, stage Smiles of a Summer Night (Swedish Sommarnattens leende) is a 1955 film directed by Ingmar Bergman. The count wins, having loaded his service revolver with a blank cartridge.
The 1970 Mexican film El Topo portrays Russian roulette as a previous religious practice. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. El Topo ( The Mole) is a 1970 allegorical, cult Western movie and Underground film, directed by and Each member of the congregation fired the gun at his head, and it was declared a miracle when the firearm did not discharge. (It is later revealed that the round was a blank. )
While not technically Russian roulette, the two scenes in 1971's Dirty Harry where Harry Callahan delivers his famous speech ("Do you feel lucky?") share similar features to the game. Dirty Harry is a 1971 Crime film produced and directed by Don Siegel. In both cases, the criminal Callahan aims his weapon at is forced to ask himself whether "six shots or only five" have been discharged from Callahan's magnum. In other words, they are forced to consider the chances (based more on their memory than on pure chance) of there being a bullet remaining in the chamber of the gun and the chances of them being shot if they reach for their own weapons. In the end, the first criminal does not take his chances, only to find that Callahan's weapon is empty. The second criminal, however, is not so lucky.
The 1975 Bollywood blockbuster Sholay depicts a form of Russian roulette. Bollywood (बॉलीवूड بالی وڈ is the informal term popularly used for the Mumbai -based Hindi-language Film industry in India Sholay ( Hindi: शोले Urdu: شعلے ( English: Embers or Flames) is an Indian Hindi film by Angry with his three colleagues for their cowardice, Gabbar Singh fires his gun into the air, spinning the chamber between each round to give each a 50-50 chance. Gabbar Singh (गब्बर सिंह is a Fictional character in the Hindi film Sholay, produced in 1975 He aims at each of the three in turn, threatening the last, "Tera Kya hoga re Kalia?" ("What will happen to you, Kalia?")
Russian roulette was made famous worldwide with the 1978 movie The Deer Hunter, which features three soldiers who are captured during the Vietnam war and forced to play Russian roulette as their captors gamble on the results. The Deer Hunter is a 1978 war Drama film about a trio of Rusyn American steel worker friends and their infantry service in the Their captors demand an especially brutal variation of the game: the game is played until all but one contestant is killed. The game takes place in a bamboo room above where the other prisoners are held, so that the losers' blood drips down on future contestants. According to one website claiming to offer insight into the practice of Russian roulette, Valerie Douglas, whose father's cousin and father were in the Vietnam War states that Russian roulette occurred both for gambling and murder.  Several teen deaths following the movie's release caused police and the media to blame the film's depiction of Russian roulette, saying that it inspired the youths.
A game of Russian roulette in the 1993 Japanese film Sonatine turns out to be a joke when the gun is found to not be loaded. The cinema of Japan (日本映画 is a 1993 Japanese film written directed edited by and starring Japanese filmmaker Takeshi Kitano.
Emir Kusturica's 1993 "Arizona Dream" movie features Johnny Depp pulling the revolver's trigger multiple times while playing Russian roulette.
In the director's cut of the 1994 film Léon, Mathilda (Natalie Portman) uses Russian roulette as part of an emotional game with Léon. A director's cut is a specially edited version of a Film, and less often TV series, Music video, commercials or Video games Léon (also known as The Professional and Léon The Professional) is a French 1994 action drama Film Natalie Portman (נטלי פורטמן born Natalie Hershlag June 9 1981 is an Israeli American Actress. Léon pushes the gun away from her head at the last minute and it discharges into the room.
In the alternate ending to the 1995 film Die Hard with a Vengeance John McClane (Bruce Willis) plays a form of Russian roulette with Simon (Jeremy Irons) which involves a small Chinese rocket launcher with the sights removed, meaning it cannot be determined which end is which. Die Hard with a Vengeance is a 1995 Action film, and the second Sequel in the ''Die Hard'' series. Walter Bruce Willis (March 19 1955 is an American actor and Singer-songwriter. Jeremy John Irons (born September 19 1948) is an English film television and stage Actor. McClane then asks Simon some riddles similar to the ones he played in New York. When Simon gets a riddle wrong, McClane forces him at gunpoint to fire the launcher, which fires the rocket through Simon, killing him.
In the 1997 movie "Under Pressure," the decorated fireman Lyle Wilder (Charlie Sheen) terrorises his noisy neighbours by playing Russian roulette with them.
Several films feature Russian roulette being used as an interrogation technique. Both 1997 film L.A. Confidential and 2003 film A Man Apart feature law enforcement playing Russian roulette with suspects until they reveal information. LA Confidential is a 1997 Feature film based on the 1990 Crime fiction novel of the same title by James Ellroy A Man Apart is a 2002 action Film starring Vin Diesel and Larenz Tate and directed by F This is spoofed in 2004's remake of Starsky and Hutch, and again in the 2005 comedy Kiss Kiss Bang Bang. Starsky & Hutch is a 2004 American comedy / Action film directed by Todd Phillips, director of Old School Kiss Kiss Bang Bang is a 2005 crime / Black comedy Film, which follows many conventions of the classic Film noir genre
In 2000's The Way of the Gun, Abner Mercer (Geoffrey Lewis) places a revolver with a single loaded cartridge into a bag containing more revolvers, jumbles them a bit, and pulls one out as his telephone rings. The Way of the Gun is a 2000 Film, directed by Christopher McQuarrie and starring Ryan Phillippe, Benicio del Toro Geoffrey Lewis may refer to Geoffrey Lewis (actor (born 1935 Geoffrey Lewis Lewis (1920-2008 professor of Turkish He places the gun to his head and appears to be mulling over answering the phone or pulling the trigger. After a few rings, he pulls the trigger, and nothing happens. He then answers the phone. Russian roulette also plays a pivotal role in the climax of Danny Boyle's 2000 film adaptation of The Beach, wherein beach community leader, Sal, (Tilda Swinton) holds Richard (Leonardo DiCaprio) at gunpoint at the behest of the island's marijuana farmers, who placed this ultimatum upon her in order to keep the island's existence a secret. Danny Boyle (born 20 October 1956 is an English director and Film producer, best known for his work on films such as Trainspotting The Beach is a 2000 Drama film by the Trainspotting team of writer John Hodge, producer Andrew Macdonald and Katherine Matilda "Tilda" Swinton (born 5 November 1960 is an Academy Award - BAFTA - BAFTA Scotland - and Coppa Volpi award-winning Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio (born November 11 1974 is a three-time Academy Award -nominated and Golden Globe -winning American film actor.
The 2001 film Intacto features a game of Russian roulette between two supernaturally lucky men at its climax, using a revolver with five loaded chambers and one empty chamber. Intacto is a Film thriller first released in 2000, directed by Juan Carlos Fresnadillo.
In the 2005 Venezuelan film Secuestro Express, the villain Budu plays "Ruleta Criolla" (Venezuelan Roulette). Venezuela (ˌvɛnəˈzweɪlə) officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country on the Secuestro Express ( English title Express Kidnapping) is a 2005 Venezuelan Crime film directed by Jonathan His rules: One round is loaded into an empty gun, the only one participating in the game is the victim, Budu keeps rolling the cylinder and firing at this person until theres one winner, and eventually this "winner" will be the victim.
For the 2006 noir film 13 Tzameti, the game is played as a means of underground high-stakes gambling where players stand in a circle and discharge their firearms into the successive player's head, one hammer pull per round with each round increasing in the number of cartridges in the revolver's chamber.
The 2007 film Live! by director Bill Guttentag depicts a television station's attempt to launch a game show based on Russian roulette. Live! is a 2007 Film directed and written by Bill Guttentag and starring Eva Mendes and David Krumholtz. Six contestants can win 5 million dollars each if they play Russian roulette on live television. Also, in American Pie: Beta House, The Deer Hunter is parodied when Dwight Stifler challenges Edgar in a Greek Olympiad event where each of them plays a version of Russian roulette wearing military clothes, headbands, and being slapped by a neutral judge. American Pie Presents Beta House is a 2007 comedy Film that was shot in Toronto and Hamilton (some scenes at McMaster University Ontario The Deer Hunter is a 1978 war Drama film about a trio of Rusyn American steel worker friends and their infantry service in the However, instead of loading the chamber with a live round, a canister of 'old-aged horse semen' is loaded instead. The players are to place the nozzle in their mouths prior to pulling the trigger. At anytime, the number of canisters can be increased. The loser is the one actually 'shoots' himself with horse semen, which, in this case, falls to the unfortunate Edgar.
Russian roulette inspired the Game Show Network's TV game show of the same name. Russian Roulette is an American Game show created by executive producer Gunnar Wetterberg Players stood on trapdoors, arranged in a circle, and following rounds of answering questions, a spotlight would travel around the circle (mimicking the spinning of the cylinder of a revolver) before stopping on one of the trapdoors. If a player stood on a lighted spot, the door was triggered and opened, dropping the eliminated player into a circular shaft below where they would fall on a cushioned floor.
In the Tales From The Crypt episode "Cutting Cards," Russian roulette is one of the games played. Tales from the Crypt is a horror anthology American TV series that ran from 1989 to 1996 on the Premium Cable channel The following is a list of episodes for the HBO television series Tales from the Crypt which aired from 1989-1996
Russian roulette features in several animated series, including spirits playing in Dragon Ball Z, and comic animation Drawn Together (The One Wherein There Is a Big Twist, Part II, 2005). Drawn Together is an American Animated television series, which ran on Comedy Central from October 27, 2004 to November " The One Wherein There Is a Big Twist Part II " is the eighth episode of the animated series Drawn Together.
Russian roulette also features in several television series, including The X-Files (Pusher, 1996), and 24 (season three). The X-Files is a Peabody, Golden Globe and Emmy Award -winning American Science fiction television series created by Chris Carter " Pusher " is the seventeenth episode of the third season of The X-Files. 24 is an Emmy and Golden Globe award-winning American action Drama Television series. Season Three, also known as Day 3 of the television series 24 premiered in the United States on October 28 2003 and aired its season finale on May In the Argentine crime fiction series Epitafios, one character is depicted playing Russian roulette in order to earn money. Epitafios ( English: Epitaphs) also known as If The Dead Could Speak, is a 2004 13 Episode, Argentine Crime
Russian roulette is referred to in several comedy series. In an episode of King of The Hill, Dale lies and tells his wife he was playing the game. King of the Hill is an American animated series created by Mike Judge and Greg Daniels for the Fox Broadcasting Company She then asks him if he won, and he replies "You're not familiar with the game, are you? Yeah, I won. "; while in the Scrubs episode "My Screw Up", Dr. Scrubs is an Emmy and Peabody Award -winning American Comedy-drama that premiered on October 2 2001 on NBC. " My Screw Up " is the 60th episode of the American Sitcom Scrubs. Cox suggests to Jordan a Russian roulette in which rounds are placed in all the chambers of the revolver, thus "everybody wins. " In an episode of Family Guy, in which Peter Griffin, Joe, Cleveland, and Quagmire are fighting over possession of a trophy, Peter proposes that they settle the dispute by Russian roulette. Family Guy is an animated American television sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane that airs on Fox and regularly on other The "last man standing" keeps the trophy. Peter initially plans to go first, but then stops and says this is crazy. He then suggests that Quagmire go first.
In the Alias episode "Nocturne", a Russian roulette scene was shot but later omitted from the final cut. Alias is an American " Spy-fi " television series created by J Main characters Jennifer Garner as Sydney Bristow Ron Rifkin as Arvin Sloane Michael Vartan The extended scene is available on the DVD box set.